Methods in Chemical Process Safety

Front Cover
Faisal Khan
Elsevier, Jul 15, 2019 - Technology & Engineering - 300 pages

Process safety is a disciplined framework for managing the integrity of operating systems and processes handling hazardous substances. Continued occurrence of major losses have had a significant impact on the industry's approaches to modern process safety. Consequently, the process safety management is now globally recognized as the primary approach for establishing the level of safety in operations required to manage high-hazard processes. With this in mind, and also due to the evolution in regulatory thinking that integrated traditional occupational safety with process safety, several process safety methods were developed by industry associations around the world. Although all these methods share the same basic objectives, the number of program elements may vary depending on the criteria used. Consequently, selecting the best method to chemical process safety could be challenging due to the existence of different options. I decided to write this project to address this challenge by provide an overview of the most important recent advancements and contributions in chemical process safety. The project helps researchers and professionals to obtain guidance on the selection and practice of chemical process safety methods.



The main features of this volume are:

  • To acquaint the reader/researcher with the fundamentals of the process safety
  • To provide most recent advancements and contributions in the given topic from practical point of view
  • To provide readers views/opinions of the expert in each topic
  • To provide guidance on the practice of the given topic
  • The selection of the author(s) of each chapter from among the leading researchers and/or practitioners for each given topic
 

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Contents

Fundamentals
8
Factors influencing ignitability and explosibility of dust clouds
11
Ignition sources that can start dust explosions
20
Detonation of dust clouds
27
A serious concern
33
Illustrative dust explosion incidents
46
Lessons learned and open challenges
57
References
65
References
164
Risk assessment
167
Consequence assessment
170
Likelihood assessment
178
Risk assessment
182
Risk management
188
Summary
191
Martin P Clouthier Luc Cormier Marc Hodapp and Damilare Ogungbemide 1 Introduction
193

Test methods
71
Stage 1Material identification
73
Stage 3aReactive as a cloud deflagration
75
Stage 3bReactive as a pile or layer combustion
78
Stage 4aDeflagration testing
82
Stage 4b combustion testing
107
Concluding remarks
121
Hazard identification
123
What is a dust hazard analysis? What does it seek to achieve?
124
Some basic concepts for the conduct of DHAs
128
Hazard identification
131
Technique selection
133
Evaluating safeguards
146
Crafting recommendations
148
Documenting the DHA and sharing the learnings
150
Review and endorsement of the DHA report
151
Resolving DHA recommendations
152
When should DHAs be conducted?
154
Management of change
155
Application of DHA learnings
158
DHA procedure
160
Prevention measures
195
Mitigation measures
201
Electrical classification
213
Ignition source controlElectrostatic hazards
219
Housekeeping
225
Conclusion
226
References
227
Regulations standards and guidelines
229
International dust explosion standards
230
North American regulations and standards
238
European regulations and standards
259
Regulations and standards in other continents and nations
274
Concluding remarks
278
Acknowledgments
279
Further reading
280
Emergingunique scenarios
283
Conclusions
310
References
311
Further reading
316
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About the author (2019)

Dr. Faisal Khan is Professor and Vale Research Chair of Safety and Risk Management. He has established a new research center- Centre for risk integrity and Safety and Engineering (C-RISE), which has over research 40 research members. His areas of research interest include: offshore safety and risk engineering, inherent safety, risk management, and risk-based integrity assessment and management. He is actively involved with multinational oil and gas industries on the issue of safety and asset integrity. In 2006, he has spent eight months as risk and integrity expert with Lloyd's Register (UK) a risk management organization. He also served as Safety and Risk Advisor to Government of Newfoundland, Canada. He continue to serve subject matter expert to many organizations that include Llyod's Register EMEA, SBM Modco, Intecsea, Technip, and Qatargas. In 2008-10, he visited Qatar University and Qatargas LNG Company as Process Safety and Risk Management Research Chair. In 2012-14 he served as Visiting Professor of Offshore and Marine Engineering at Australian Maritime College (AMC), University of Tasmania, Australia. Where he lead development of offshore safety and risk engineering group and an initiative of global engagement with many international institutions. He is recipient of President Outstanding Research Award of 2012-13, CSChE National Award on Process Safety Management of 2014, President Outstanding Research Supervision Award of 2013-14, and recently Society of Petroleum Engineer award for his contribution in Health, Safety and Risk Engineering. He has authored over 300 research articles in peer reviewed journals and conferences on safety, risk and reliability engineering. He has authored five books on the subject area. He is Editor to Journal of Process Safety and Environmental Protection, and Journal of Process Engineering. He regularly offers training program/workshop on safety and risk engineering in different places including St John's, Chennai, Dubai, Beijing, Aberdeen, Doha and Kuala Lumpur.

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