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produce a county court clerk’s certificate, according to this act, and the secretary, or his deputy shall refusc, upon request, to grant a licence or pass, no Caveat being entered according to this act, the secretary, or his deputy, so refusing, shall forfeit and pay five hundred pounds current money, one moiety to his majesty, his heirs and successors, for and towards the better support of this government, and the con

tingent charges thereof, the other moiety to the party Prosecution grieved, prosecuting within twelve months next after in twelve such refusal, to be recovered, with costs, by action of months. debt, in any court of record of this dominion.

IX. And to the end every master of a ship, or other vessel, lawfully transporting any person out of this colony, may be enabled to manifest the same,

tioned, after he has lost his licence or pass, Be it furCertificates ther enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That every and passes county court clerk shall register, in his office, all cershall be re- tificates by him issued from time to time pursuant to gistered

this act: That the secretary's deputies shall, in October general court annually, return to the secretary's office, a list of all licences or passes by each of them respectively issued the preceding year: That the clerk of the said office shall register the same, as soon as they come to his hands, or within a reasonable time thereafter: That if the secretary himself shall grant any licence, or pass, he shall cause the same to be re

gistered in his office within a year after granting it: Penalty on

And that if any of the persons aforesaid shall at any failure. time fail in any particular of him or them respectively

as aforesaid required, every such person shall forfeit and pay five hundred pounds current money, for every such failure, one moiety to the king, his heirs and successors, for the use aforesaid, the other inoiety to the informer, recoverable in manner aforesaid.

X. And be it further enacted by the authority aforeRepealing said, That all and every other act and acts, clause clause.

and clauses, heretofore made, for or concerning any matter or thing within the purview of this act, sball

be, and are hereby repealed. Commence- XI. And be it further enacted, That this act shall ment.

commence and be in force from and immediately after the tenth day of June, which shall be in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and fifty one.

CHAP. XXIII.

An Act for prevention of abuses in

tobacco shipped on freight.

I. BE it enacted, by the Lieutenant Governor, Council, and Burgesses, of this present General Assembly, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, Masters of That every master of a ship or vessel in this colony, ships intendintending to take tobacco on board, before bis obtaining to load

tobacco, ing a permit for the same shall give bond, to the king, shall give his heirs and successors, in the sum of two hundred bond, and pounds current money, with condition, That he will make oath, not crop, cut away the bulge, draw the staves, or not to injure

Tobacco otherwise abuse or injure'any tobacco cask, freight- cask. ed in his ship or vessel, nor cause or suffer the same to be done, with his knowledge, privity, or procurement, without the approbation and consent of the freighter or freighters; and shall also make oath and swear, or being a quaker, solemnly aflirm and declare, to the same effect; which bond, and oath or affirma. tion, the naval officer of the district wherein such ship or vessel rides, is hereby authorized and required to take and administer: And if any paval officer shall Penalty on grant any permit to load tobacco, before such bond officer grant. given, or oath or affirmation made, he shall forfeit ing permit,

before bond and pay two hundred pounds current money, one and oath tamoiety to the king, his heirs and successors, for and ken. towards the better support of this government, and the contingent charges thereof, the other moiety to the informer, recoverable with costs, by action of debt or information, in any court of record of this dominion.

II. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- On officers said, That if any officer, mariner, or other person, and men on belonging to or hired on board any ship or vessel board, injurtaking in tobacco, shall crop, cut away the bulge, cask.

ing tobacco draw the staves, or otherwise abuse or injure, any tobacco cask freighted on board, without the approbation and consent aforesaid, or shall be aiding or assisting therein, every such offender shall forfeit and pay five pounds current money to the informer, to be recovered with costs, by action of debt, or informatian, in any county court, whereupon the defendant

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Defendant may be held to special bail, and the fact may be laid may be held

any county where the defendant or defendants shall to bail.

be arrested, without liberty of traverse: And if there be several offenders in the same fact, each person shall pay the whole penalty, and the master of such ship or vessel shall also be liable to the action of the party

injured, for his or her damages. Parties in III. And that for the better discovery of the truth, the fact may every mariner, summoned and appearing as a witor informers

, ness, shall be allowed to give evidence, and thereby and thereby discharged of prosecution for the same fact: And if indemnified. any mariner whatsoever, in such offence, shall be the

informer, such information shall indemnify him from

all accusation or penalty for the same. Penalty on IV. And that it shall be lawful for any collector, persons op- naval officer, searcher, or any person having tobacco posing a search.

on board, to go on board such ship or vessel, in the day time, during her loading, to search and discover whether any breach has been made of this act: And if any master, officer, or mariner', shall hinder or oppose such search, he shall for every such offence, forfeit and pay ten pounds current money, one half to the king, his heirs and successors, for the better support of this government, and the contingent charges thereof, the other half to the informer, recoverable with costs, by action of debt or information, in any

county court. Repealing V. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforeclause. said, That one act made in the ninth year of Queen

Anne, For prevention of abuses in tobacco shipped on freight; and all and every other act and acts, heretofore made, for or concerning any matter or thing within the purview of this act, shall be, and are hereby

repealed. Commence- VI. And be it further enacted, That this act shall ment of this commence and be in force, from and immediately after pto

the tenth day of June, which shall be in the year our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and fifty-one.

of CHAP. XXIV.

An Act to prevent the tending of Seconds.

I. WHEREAS the tending and curing tobacco Preamble: slips and suckers, for the making of seconds, is greatly prejudicial to the people of this colony, by debasing the quality and depreciating the value thereof. II. Be it therefore enacted by the Lieutenant Govern

Penalty for or, Council, and Burgesses of this present General As-tending sesembly, and it is hereby enacted, by the authority of the conds. same, That if any person shall weed, top, hill, sucker, house, cure, strip, or pack any seconds, suckers, or slips of tobacco, or shall cause or suffer the same to be done upon any plantation to him or her belonging, or under his or her direction or management, he or she shall forfeit and pay five hundred pounds of tobacco, for every person employed thereon in that year; and if such plantation shall be under the care of an overseer, being a freeman, such overseer shall be liable and pay the whole forfeiture aforesaid; which shall be recovered by action of debt or information, in any county court of this dominion, with costs; one moiety thereof, to his majesty, his heirs and successors, for the use of the county wherein the offence shall be committed, towards lessening the levy thereof, and the other moiety to the person who shall inform or sue for the same.

III. Provided nevertheless, That if any plants shall But where a be destroyed by tempest, or otherwise, when growing, plant is deand thrown away without being cured, or housed, stroyed, and

not housed, any person may tend seconds, or slips, upon

seconds may stalks, without being liable to the penalty aforesaid. be tended

IV. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- upon the said, That every constable within this colony shall same stalk.

Duty of con yearly, between the last day of July, and the tenth stables in day of August, and between the twentieth day of Au- viewing togust, and the tenth day of September, and at such bacco other times as he shall think proper, repair to all the grounds. fields and places whereon tobacco shall be planted or tended, within his precinct, and diligently view the same, to discover whether any slips, or suckers, shall be turned out and tended, from the stalks, from which any tobacco plant hath been before cut, or taken; and

the same

seer,

Sworn

if he shall find any such, he shall make information Of county thereof to the next court held for his county: Which courts, court shall, and is hereby required, upon such inforwhere the

mation to them made, forth with to direct and order constable informs.

the attorney, appointed to prosecute in such court for

his majesty, to bring suit against such offender, for Penalty on the forfeiture aforesaid: And if any owner, or overhindering a view.

seer of a plantation, shall refuse to shew the constable all his tobacco grounds, or shall hinder or obstruct the officer in viewing the same, such owner or over

shall be liable for the whole forfeiture aforesaid,

to be recovered and divided in the same manner: And On consta- if any constable shall turn out, or tend any slips or bles tending suckers, contrary to this act, he shall incur the like

forfeiture, to be recovered and applied as herein be

fore directed. Constables V. And be it further enacted by the authority aforeshall be

said, That every constable shall, before some justice

of peace of his county, take the following oath, to wit: Their oath.

i A. B. do swear, That I will diligently and carefully view the several fields and places whereupon tobacco shall be planted and tended, within the precinct whereof I am constable, and will make true information of all persons within my precinct, whom I shall know to be guilty of the breach of any law of this colony, made against the tending of slips or seconds, to the next court held for my county, after the same shall come to my knowledge.

So help me God. Which oath such justice is hereby impowered and Penalty for required to administer: And if any constable shall renot taking fuse to take upon him the duty directed by this act, or the oath, or breach of

taking the oath herein before directed; shall neglect duty. his duty, or shall knowingly allow any person within

his precinct to tend any seconds, slips, or suckers, without making information thereof, he shall forfeit one thousand pounds of tobacco, to be recovered and divided in the same manner as the other forfeitures in this act are directed to be.

VI. And that for encouraging the constables to per

form their duty, one pound of nett tobacco shall be Their allow- levied on every tithable in each county, and distribuance. ted to the several constables, in proportion to the

number of tithables in their respective precincts; which the court of every county is hereby required to raise annually, and the county collector to pay, to the con

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