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cense. The Holy of Holies, which was also called the Sanctuary, was ten cubits long and ten broad: it contained the Ark of the Covenant, and was separated from the Holy Place by a veil or hanging made of rich embroidered linen, which hung upon four pillars of Shittim or cedar wood, that were covered with plates of gold, but had their bases made of brass; and at the entrance of the Tabernacle, instead of a door, there was a veil of the same work, sustained by the like pillars, which separated it from the outward court *.
“ The boards or planks, of which the body of the Tabernacle was formed, were in all forty eight, each a cubit and a half wide, and ten cubits higlı ; twenty of them went to make up each side of the Tabernacle, and at the west end of it were the other eight, which were all let into one another by tenons above and below, and compacted together by bars running from one end of it to the other; but the east end was open, and only covered with a rich curtain.
" The roof of the Tabernacle was a square frame of planks, resting upon their bases; and over these were coverings or curtains of different kinds ; of these the first in the inside was made of fine linen, curiously embroidered in various colours, of crimson and scarlet, purple and blue. The next was made of goats hair, neatly woven together, and the last of sheep or badgers skins (some dyed red, and other blue), which were to preserve the rich curtains from wet.
" Round about the Tabernacle was a large oblong court, an hundred cubits long, and fifty broad, encompassed with pillars overlaid with silver, and whose capitals were of the same metal, but their bases were of brass. Ten of these pillars stood towards the west, six to the east, twenty to the north, and twenty to the south, * Stackhouse on the Bible. See also Exodus xxxvi. and sequel.
at five cubits distance from each other; and over these hung curtains made of twined linen thread, in the manner of net work, which surrounded the Tabernacle on all sides, except at the entrance of the court, which was twenty cubits wide, and sustained with four columns overlaid with plates of silver. These columns had their capitals and bases of brass, and stood at proportionable distances, and were covered with a curtain made of richer materials.
“ In this court, and opposite to the entrance of the Tabernacle, stood the Altar of Burnt Offerings, in the open air, that the fire which was kept perpetually upon it, and the smoke arising from the victims that were burnt there, might not soil the Tabernacle. It was five cubits long, as much in width, and three cubits high, was placed upon a basis of stone work, and covered both within and without with plates of brass.
“ At the four corners of this Altar were four parts like horns, covered with the same metal; and as the altar itself was hollow, and open both at the top and bottom, from these horns there hung a grate made of brass (fastened with four rings and four chains) op which the wood and the sacrifice were burnt, and as the ashes fell through, they were received below in a pan. At a very small distance from this altur, there stood, on the south side, a brazen vessel, which on account of its extraordinary size, was called the Brazen Sea, in which the priests used to wash their feet, whene ever they were to offer sacrifice, or to go into the Ta. bernacle.
“ In that part of the Tabernacle, which was called the Holy Place, there was, on the north side, a table made of Shittim wood, covered with gold, two cubits long, one in breadth, and one and a half in length; about the edge of it was an ornament or border made
of gold, together with a crown of gold in the middle, and at each end was placed an offering of the shetu bread, viz. six loaves in a pile, to represent the twelve tribes. The bread was changed every day, and not allowed to be eaten by any but the priests.
* Over against this table, on the south side, stood the candlestick, which was made of pure gold, upon a basis of the same metal, and had seven branches on each side, and one in the middle. The branches were at equal distances, adorned with six flowers like lilies, with as many knobs like apples, and little bowls like half almond shells placed alternately, and upon each of these branches there was a golden lump, which was lighted every evening, and extinguished every morn. ing.
“ Betwixt the table and the candlestick was placed the Altar of Incense, which was but one cubit in length and breadth, and two cubits high; but it was covered with plates of brass, and had a crown of gold over it. Every morning and every evening, the priest in wait. ing for that week offered incense of a particular composition upon this altar, and for this end he carried a smoaking censer filled with fire, which he took from the altar of burnt offerings into the Tabernacle, and having placed it upon the other altar, retired.
66 The Ark was a kind of chest or coffer, made of Shittim wood, overlaid with pure gold within and without: it was two cubits and a half long, a cubit and a half broad, and the same in height, and round the
top of it was a crown of gold: it had rings of gold at each corner, and there were staves made of Shittim wood, covered over with gold, to put through them to bear it by.
“ On the top of the Ark was the mercy-seat, which served as a covering to it, and at each end of this was a
cherub, with his face towards the other, their wings extended, so that they met and covered the mercyseat *. In this Ark was deposited the Tables of Tesli. mony, and it was placed in the Holy of Holies.
“ Anciently, every head of a family was a priest ; but as the LORD had appointed a Tabernacle, or habitation of His holiness, and would not allow the people to enter the place where He designed to display His glory, He thought proper to establish an order of priests, to be His immediate servants.”
When Moses was on the mount the first time, he received command from the Lord to separate Aaron and his sons for the priests' office, and gave directions in respect to the habits they should wear, which were afterwards made. The dress of Aaron, as High Priest, was very magnificent. It consisted of the Ephod, with the breast-plate and girdle, the robe of the Ephod, the embroidered linen coat, and the mitre. These were all of linen, and covered the whole body from the neck to the heels; over these was a purple or blue tunick, which reached not so low, but was curiously wrought all over, and at the bottom of it were pomegranates and bells, at equal distances; the pomegranates were made of purple and crimson wool, and the bells of gold: the intent of the latter was to let the people know, by the sound of them, when the High Priest was going into the Sanctuary, and when he was coming out; and also to intimate to them, that he should not go without ceremony into the presence of Gon.
The Ephod was a kind of girdle, embroidered with gold thread, and other threads of divers colours, which, being brought from behind the neck over the two.
* The forn of the Cherubim carinot froin Scripture be exactly ascertained.
shoulders, was put across upon the stomach, and hung down as low as the feet. Upon that part of it which crossed the shoulders, were two large precious stones, on which were engraven the names of the twelve tribes of Israel, six on each stone ; and where the Ephod crossed the breast, there was a square ornament called the breast-plate, wherein were set twelve precious stones, with the names of the twelve tribes engraven on them, on each stone one. In the breastplate was the Urim and THUMMIM, or the ORACLE or God, by which the Divine Will on particular occasions was made known. The girdle of the Ephod was embroidered like the rest, and fastened close to the waist.
The Mitre was of fine linen; it covered the head, and on the forehead was a plate of gold; on which was engraven, Holiness TO THE LORD; this plate was also called the Holy Crown. The mitre was tied behind with two ribbons fastened to its ends.
The other priests had only a simple tunick, a linen mitre or bonnet, and a girdle, &c.
There was a great variety of utensils for the Taber, nacle service, such as censers, basons, spoons, &c. ; made of gold or brass.
It is impossible for us to know all that was meant by the institutions under the Mosaic dispensation; but we may collect, from several parts of the New Testament, that they were designed as types or représentations of various particulars in the heavenly kingdom;, and also as pledges of the blessings that God's faithful people should enjoy in a future'state.
We have before observed, that Moses - was the Me. diator between the Lord and the people :)his mediation, after the establishment of the priesthood, seems to have related chiefly to their temporal affairs; but he as.