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which was above the waters of the river, when he held up bis right hand and his left hand unto hieaven, and sware by Him that liveth for ever, that it shall be until a time, and times, and a half; and, when he shall have finished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these wonders shall be finished *. 8. And I heard, but I understood not f. Then said I, O my Lord, what is the end of these things I? 9. And he said, Go thy way, Daniel, for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.

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* And, when he shall have finished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these wonders shall be finished.] Mr. Wintle translates this passage, And, after the accomplishment of the dispersions of the holy people, all these things shall be fulfilled. For his reasons, which are founded on a slight alteration of the text, see his note iu. loc. The sense according to either translation will be tøe same, though Mr. Wintle's, if his alteration be allowable, is more clear. He understands the passage in the same manner that I do; namely, that the Jews will begin to be restored at the close of the 1260 years. See Mr. Lowth in loc.

+ I hcard, but I understood not.] I did not understand “ what time was allotted for bringing to pass this event,

namely the restorution of the Jewish nation. Mr. Lowth in loc.

Illat is the end of these things ?] Or, as the passage ought perhaps to be translated, What shall be the futurity of these things? That is, what shall occur after these things, namely after the period of the three times and a half? To this question the angel gives no other answer than by specifying two chronulogical numbers, at the close of the latter of which the period of millennian blessedness commences. The word here used is Aarith.

10. Many

10. Many shall be purified,' and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand.: 11. And from the time of the taking away of the daily sacrifice even by the setting up of the abomination that maketh: desolate, there shall be computed a thousand two hundred and ninety days. 12. Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to a thousand three hundred and five and thirty days. - 13. But go thou thy way until the end: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot, at the end of the days. :Rev. xyi. 12. And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon

the great river Euphratés; and the water thereof was dried up, that a way might be prepared for the kings, who are from the rising of the sun. - 13. And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false propbet. 14. For they are the spirits of demons working signs, to go out to the kings of the earth even of the whole habitable world *, to gather them together to the war of that great day of God Almighty. . 15. Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his gar

* The whole habitable world.] That is, the Roman empire, which was wont to be styled ολη or σασα η οικομενη. ! See Parkhurst's Greek Lex. Vox. oire jeun, and Mede's Daniel's Weeks, wer. 26.


705. Vide supra Note'on Isaiah xiii. 11. in Pro

phecy y,


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ments, lest he walk paked, and they see his shaine. And they gathered them together * into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon (or the cursing to atter destruction at Megiddo...',

.17. And the seventh angel-poured out his yial into the air: and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is cope: : :18. And there were voices, and thunders; and lightnings : and there was a great eartliquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake and so great. 19. And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell, and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath, 20. And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.” 21. And there fell upon' men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent; and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail: for the plague thereof was exceeding great. ·xviði.i]. And after these things I saw another angel.come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory. 2.


They gathered them together. ] That is, the unclean spirits gathered them together. According to a well known rule of the Greek grammar,

" the verb singular ournyayev agrees with " the neater plural axabupata wrivuata, whose office it was to " collect the kings (ver. 14.). This is observed by Daubuz,” Archdeacon Woodhouse's Apocalypse translated, p. 410,


And he cried mightily witin a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen; and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and liateful bird, 3. For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies. 4. And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her my people, that ye be not partakers, of her sins, and that ye receive not of heri plagues. 5. For her sins have reached unto heaven, aud God hath, remembered her iniquities. 6. Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works; in the she hath filled fill to her double. - 7. How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her. For she saith in her heart, I șit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow. 8. Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death and mourning and famine: and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth lier. 9. And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her and lament for her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning; 10. Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for 'in one hour is thy


cup which

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judgment come. 11. And the merchants of the
earth shall weep and mourn over her, for no man
buyeth her merchandise any more. - 19. The mer-
chandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones,
and pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk,
and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner
of vessels of ivory, and all manner of vessels
of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron,
and marble. 13. And cinnamon, and ocours,
and ointinents, and frankincense, and wine, and
oil, and fine flour, and wheat; and beasts, and
sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and
souls of men--21. And a mighty angel took up a
stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the
sea, saying, Thus withi violence shall that great
city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found
no more at all-23. For thy merchants were the
great men of the earth : for by thy sorceries were
all nations deceived. 24. And in her was found
the blood of prophets and of saints, and of all that
were slạin upon the earth.
. xiv. 17. And another angel came out of the
temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp
sickle. 18. And another angel came out from the
altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a
loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying,
Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters
of the vine of the earth ; for her grapes are fully
ripe. 19. And the angel thrust in his sickle into
the earth, and gathered the vine of the earthi, and


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