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ARTICLES OF RELIGION,
AS ESTABLISHED BY THE BISHOPS, THE CLERGY, AND LAITY OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN. THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, IN CONVENTION, ON THE TWELFTH DAY OF SEPTEMBER, IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1801.
ing to the perfection of man's nature, wherewith he ascended into heaven, and there sitteth, until he return to judge all men at the last day.
ART. V. Of the HOLY GHOST. The HOLY GHOST, proceeding from the FATHER and the SON, is of one substance, majesty, and glory, with the FATHER and the SON, very and eternal GOD.
ART. VI. Of the Sufficiency of the
ART. II. Of the WORD, or SON OF GOD, which was made very man. Holy Scripture containeth all things The SON, which is the WORD of necessary to salvation: so that what.. the FATHER, begotten from everlast soever is not read therein, nor may ing of the FATHER, the very and be proved thereby, is not to be reeternal GOD, of one substance with quired of any man, that it should be the FATHER, took man's nature in believed as an article of faith, or be the womb of the blessed virgin, of thought requisite or necessary to her substance: so that two whole and perfect natures, that is to say, the GODHEAD and manhood, were joined together in one person, never to be divided, whereof is one CHRIST, very GOD, and very man; who truly suffered, was crucified, dead, and buried, to reconcile his FATHER to us, and to be a sacrifice, not only for original guilt, but also for actual sins of men.
ART. III. Of the going down of
CHRIST into Hell.
salvation. In the name of the Holy Scripture we do understand those canonical books of the Old and New Testament, of whose authority was never any doubt in the Church.
of the names and number of the
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numeri, Deuteronomium, Joshue, Judges, Ruth, The First Book of Samuel, The Second Book of Sam. uel, The First Book of Kings, The Second Book of Kings, The First Book of Chronicles, The Second Book. of Chronicles, The First Book of Esdras, The Second Book of Esdras, The Book of Hester, The Book of ART. IV. Of the Resurrection of Job, The Psalms, The Proverbs, Ecclesiastes or Preacher, Cantica or CHRIST did truly rise again from Songs of Solomon, Four Prophets death, and took again his body, with the greater, Twelve Prophets the flesh, bones, and all things appertain- less.
AS CHRIST died for us, and was buried; so also is it to be believed, that he went down into hell.
And the other books, (as Hierome do vainly talk;) but it is the fault saith) the Church doth read for ex- and corruption of the nature of every ample of life and instruction of man-man, that naturally is engendered of ners; but doth it not apply them the offspring of Adam, whereby man yet to establish any doctrine; such are is very far gone from original rightthese following: eousness, and is of his own nature inclined to evil, so that the flesh lusteth always contrary to the Spirit; and therefore in every person born into this world, it deserveth GOD'S wrath and damnation. And this in
The Third Book of Esdras, The Fourth Book of Esdras, The Book of Tobius, The Book of Judith, The rest of the Book of Hester, The Book of Wisdom, Jesus the Son of Sirach, fection of nature doth remain, yea, in Baruch the Prophet, The Song of them that are regenerated; whereby the three Children, The Story of the lust of the flesh, called in Greek, Susanna, Of Bel and the Dragon,
The Prayer of Manasses, The First Ppóvпμa σaρxòs, which some do exBook of Maccabees, The Second pound the Wisdom, some Sensuality, Book of Maccabees.
All the books of the New Testament, as they are commonly received, we do receive and account them canonical.
some the Affection, some the Desire of the Flesh, is hot subject to the law of God. And although there is no condemnation for them that believe and are baptized; yet the Apostle doth confess, that concupiscence and lust hath of itself the nature of sin.
ART. X. Of Free-Will.
ART. VII. Of the Old Testament. The Old Testament is not contrary to the New; for both in the Old and New Testament everlasting life is The condition of man after the fall offered to mankind by CHRIST, who of Adam is such, that he cannot turn is the only mediator between GOD and prepare himself, by his own and man, being both God and inan. natural strength and good works, to Wherefore they are not to be heard, faith, and calling upon GoD: wherewhich feign, that the old fathers fore we have no power to do good did look only for transitory pro- works pleasant and acceptable to GOD, mises. Although the law given without the grace of GoD by CHRIST from GOD by Moses, as touching preventing us, that we may have a ceremonies and rites, do not bind good will, and working with us when Christian men, nor the civil precepts we have that good will. thereof ought of necessity to be received in any commonwealth; yet notwithstanding, no Christian man whatsoever is free from the obedience of the commandments which are called moral.
ART. XI. Of the Justification of
GOD, only for the merit of our Lord We are accounted righteous before and Saviour JESUS CHRIST by faith; and not for our own works or de. ART. VIII. Of the Creeds. servings. Wherefore, that we are The Nicene Creed, and that which justified by faith only, is a most is commonly called the Apostles' wholesome doctrine, and very full Creed, ought thoroughly to be re- of comfort, as more largely is ex ceived and believed: for they may pressed in the Homily of Justification. be proved by most certain warrants of Holy Scripture.
ART. XII. Of Good Works. Albeit that good works, which are ART. IX. Of Original or Birth-Sin. the fruits of faith, and follow after Original sin standeth not in the justification, cannot put away our sins, following of Adam (as the Pelagians and endure the severity of God's
judgment; yet are they pleasing and ART. XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. acceptable to GOD in CHRIST, and Not every deadly sin, willingly do spring out necessarily of a true committed after baptism, is sin and lively faith; insomuch that by against the HOLY GHOST, and unthem a lively faith may be as evi- pardonable. Wherefore the grant of dently known, as a tree discerned by
ART. XIII. Of Works before Justi
repentance is not to be denied to such as fall into sin after baptism. After we have received the HOLY GHOST, we may depart from grace given, and Works done before the grace of fall into sin, and by the grace of GoD CHRIST, and the inspiration of his (we may) arise again, and amend our SPIRIT, are not pleasant to GOD, lives. And therefore they are to be forasmuch as they spring not of faith condemned, which say, they can no in JESUS CHRIST, neither do they more sin as long as they live here, make men meet to receive grace, or or deny the place of forgiveness to (as the School-authors say deserve such as truly repent. grace of congruity: yea rather, for ART. XVII. Of Predestination and that they are not done as God hath willed and commanded them to be
Predestination to life is the ever
done, we doubt not but they have the lasting purpose of GOD, whereby
(before the foundations of the world
nature of sin. ART. XIV. Of Works of Superero-were laid, he hath constantly decreed, by his counsel, secret to us, to deliver
Voluntary works, besides over and from curse and damnation, those above God's commandments, which whom he hath chosen in CHRIST they call Works of Supererogation, out of mankind, and to bring them cannot be taught without arrogancy by CHRIST to everlasting salvation, and impiety. For by them men do as vessels made to honor. Where declare. That they do not only render fore they which be endued with unto GOD as much as they are bound so excellent a benefit of GOD, be to do, but that they do more for his called according to God's purpose sake than of bounden duty is required: by his SPIRIT working in due sea whereas CHRIST saith plainly, When son: they through grace obey the ye have done all that are command. calling: they be justified freely: they ed to you, say, We are unprofitable
be made sons of GOD by adoption: they be made like the image of his only-begotten Son JESUS CHRIST : they walk religiously in good works; and at length by GOD's mercy they attain to everlasting felicity.
CHRIST in the truth of our nature, was made like unto us in all things, As the godly consideration of sin only except, from which he was predestination, and our election in clearly void, both in his flesh, and in CHRIST, is full of sweet, pleasant, his spirit. He came to be a Lamb and unspeakable comfort to godly without spot, who by sacrifice of persons, and such as feel in themhimself once made, should take away selves the working of the SPIRIT of the sins of the world; and sin (as St. John saith) was not in him. But all we the rest (although baptized and born again in CHRIST) yet offend in many things; and if we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
CHRIST, mortifying the works of the flesh and their earthly members, and drawing up their mind to high and heavenly things, as well because it doth greatly establish and confirm their faith of eternal salvation, to be enjoyed through CHRIST, as be
cause it doth fervently kindle their God's word written; neither may it love toward GOD: So, for curious so expound one place of Scripture. and carnal persons, lacking the Spirit that it be repugnant to another of CHRIST, to have continually before Wherefore, although the Church be their eyes the sentence of GOD's a witness and a keeper of Holy Writ, predestination, is a most dangerous yet as it ought not to decree any thing downfall, whereby the devil doth against the same, so besides the same thrust them either into desperation, ought it not to enforce any thing to or into wretchlessness of most un- be believed for necessity of salvation. clean living, no less perilous than ART. XXI. Of the Authority of desperation. General Councils.*
Furthermore, we must receive GOD's promises in such wise as they be generally set forth to us in holy Scripture: and in our doings, that will of GOD is to be followed, which we have expressly declared unto us in the word of GOD.
ART. XVIII. Of obtaining Eternal Salvation only by the Name of CHRIST.
They are also to be had accursed, that presume to say, that every man shall be saved by the law or sect which he professeth, so that he be diligent to frame his life according to that law, and the light of nature. For holy Scripture doth set out unto us only the name of JESUS CHRIST, whereby men must be saved.
ART. XIX. Of the Church. The visible Church of CHRIST is a congregation of faithful men, in the which the pure word of God is preached, and the sacraments be duly ministered according to CHRIST'S ordinance, in all those things that of necessity are requisite to the same.
As the Church of Hierusalem, Alexandria, and Antioch, have erred; so also the Church of Rome hath erred, not only in their living and manner of ceremonies, but also in matters of faith.
ART. XX. Of the Authority of the Church.
ART. XXII. Of Purgatory. The Romish doctrine concerning purgatory, pardons, worshipping, and adoration, as well of images, as of reliques, and also invocation of saints, is a fond thing vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to the word of GOD.
ART. XXIII. Of Ministering in the Congregation.
It is not lawful for any man to take upon him the office of public preaching, or ministering the sacra ments in the congregation, before he be lawfully called, and sent to execute the same. And those we ought to judge lawfully called and sent, which be chosen and called to this work by men who have public authority given unto them in the congregation, to call and send ministers into the LORD'S vineyard.
ART. XXIV. Of Speaking in the
Congregation in such a tongue as the People understandeth.
It is a thing plainly repugnant to the word of GOD, and the custom of the primitive Church, to have public prayer in the Church, or to minister the sacraments in a tongue not under. standed of the people.
ART. XXV. Of the Sacraments.
Sacraments ordained of CHRIST be not only badges or tokens of Christian men's profession; but rather they be
The Church hath power to decree rites or ceremonies, and authority in controversies of faith: and yet it The Twenty-first of the former Articles is nature, and is provided for, as to the remaining omitted, because it is partly of a local and civil parts of it, in other articles.
is not lawful for the Church to ordain any thing that is contrary to
certain sure witnesses, and effectual promise, although they be ministered signs of grace, and GOD's good will by evil men. toward us, by the which he doth Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the work invisibly in us, and doth not discipline of the Church, that inqui only quicken, but also strengthen and ry be made of evil ministers, and confirm our faith in him. that they be accused by those that There are two sacraments ordained have knowledge of their offences: of CHRIST our Lord in the Gospel, and finally being found guilty, by that is to say, Baptism, and the Sup-just judgment, be deposed. per of the LORD.
Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and Extreme Unction, are not to be count ed for Sacraments of the Gospel, being such as have grown, partly of the corrupt following of the apostles, partly are states of life allowed by the Scriptures; but yet have not like nature of sacraments with Baptism and the Lord's Supper, for that they have not any visible sign or ceremony ordained of GOD.
ART. XXVII. Of Baptism. Baptism is not only a sign of profession, and mark of difference, whereby Christian men are discerned from others that be not christened: but it is also a sign of regeneration, or new birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that receive baptism rightly are grafted into the Church: the promises of the forgiveness of sin, and of our adoption to be the sons of GOD by the HOLY GHOST, are visibly signed and sealed: faith is conThe sacraments were not ordained firmed, and grace increased by virtue of of CHRIST to be gazed upon, or to prayer unto God. The baptism be carried about, but that we should of young children is in any wise to duly use them. And in such only be retained in the Church as most as worthily receive the same, they agreeable with the institution of have a wholesoine effect or operation: but they that receive them unworthily, purchase to themselves damnation, as St. Paul saith.
ART. XXVI Of the Unworthiness of the Ministers, which hinders not the effect of the Sacraments.
ART. XXVIII. Of the Lord's
The Supper of the LORD is not only a sign of the love that Christians ought to have among themselves one to another; but rather it is a sacrament of our redemption by CHRIST'S death: insomuch that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith receive the same, the bread which we break is a partaking of the body of CHRIST; and likewise the cup of blessing is a partaking of the blood of CHRIST.
Although in the visible Church the evil be ever mingled with the good, and sometime the evil have chief authority in the ministration of the word and sacraments: yet, forasmuch as they do not the same in their own name, but in CHRIST'S, and do minister by his commission and author. Transubstantiation (or the change ity, we may use their ministry, both of the substance of bread and wine) in hearing the word of God, and in in the Supper of the LORD, cannot receiving the sacraments. Neither be proved by Holy Writ; but it is is the effect of CHRIST's ordinance repugnant to the plain words of taken away by their wickedness, nor Scripture, overthroweth the nature the grace of God's gifts diminished of a sacrament, and hath given occa from such, as by faith, and rightly, sion to many superstitions. do receive the sacraments minister- The body of CHRIST is given, ed unto them, which be effectual, be- taken, and eaten in the supper, only cause of CHRIST's institution and after a heavenly and spiritual man.