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KESSEL, or BESSEL, a town of Holland, province Guelderland, with a handsome castle; on the Maas, 7 m N Roermond.

KESSELDORF, a village of Saxony, 7 m w Dresden, where a victory was gained by the king of Prussia over the Saxons in 1745.

KESTHELY, a town of Austria, Lower Hungary, with a castle, and an agricultural seminary called the Georgicon. It stands on the x side of the w end of the Balatonsee, 64 m sw Sthulweissenburg.

KESWICK, a town of England, county Cumberland, with a market on Saturday. It is seated in a vale near the Greeta. This vale is much visited by the admirers of nature. Here is the lake-of-Keswick, or Derwent-water; and N of this soars the lofty mountain Skiddaw, one of the most distinguished in England. Keswick has manufactures of stuffs, flannels, &c., and is 25 m Nw Kendal, 291 NNW London; P. 2159. Polling-place.

KETSCHEMET, a town of Austria, Hungary, which in the summer has frequent fairs, resorted to by merchants from distant parts of Europe. It is 60 m SSE Pest.

KETTERING, a town of England, county Northampton, with a market on Friday, and manufactures of tammies, serges, lastings, &c. It is 12 m NE Northampton, 74 NW London; P. 4099. Polling-place.

KEW, a village of England, county Surry, 7 m w by s London. Here is a royal palace, built by George III, and a stone bridge over the Thames to Brentford; P. 837.

KEXHOLM, a town of Russia, government Wiburg, chief of district, on two islands in the Voxa, which here flows into lake-Ladoga. The houses are built of wood; but it is well fortified, and has a strong castle. It is 60 m NE Wiburg, and 67 N Petersburg: Lg. 30.44 E, Lt. 61.1 N.

KEYNSHAM, a town of England, county Somerset, with a market on Thursday and a trade in malt. It is seated on the Chew, near its conflux with the Avon, 5 m SE Bristol, 114 w London; P. 2142.

KESLEV, or KOSLOF; see EUPATORIA. KHANDEISH, a province of Asia, Deccan of Hindostan, 200 m long by 80 broad; bounded N by Malwah, E by Gundwana, s by Berar and Aurungabad, and w by Gujrat. Though of an irregular surface, and containing many fortresses, it is not mountainous, but in general fertile, and produces abundance of cotton. The chief

rivers are the Nerbudda and Tuptee. It belongs to the Mahrattas; but the whole of Holcar's territories were ceded to the British in 1818. Boorhanpoor is the capital.

KHARKOF, or SLOBODSKAIA-OUCRAINSKAIA, a government of Russia, extending E to w 185 m, and N to s 333 m; bounded N by Coursk and Voronéje, E by Voroneje and Cosaque, the territory of the Don, s by Ecatherinoslav, and w by Poltava. It is divided into 10 districts, each bearing the name of its chief town, viz. Kharkof, containing the capital of the same name, Valki, Bohodoukhof, Akhtyrka, Lébédine, Soummy, Voltchansk, Coupensk, Izume, and Zmief. It also contains the towns, Crasmokoutsk, Nedrigaïlof, Belopolié, Zo

lotchef, Miropotic, and Tchougouief. The

chief rivers are the Severnoie-Donetz, Oscol Vorscla, and Psiol. The soil is very productive, exporting much corn, subject to suffer by locusts. It has manufactures of fur, carpets, tanneries and cloth, and is the see of an archbishopric; P. 835,501.

KHARKOF, a city of Russia, capital of government Kharkof, chief of district, on 2 small rivers, the Kharkow and Lopan, 972 m Petersburg, 532 Moscow. It has 10 churches, 2 convents (one of them containing a college), a university, gymnasium, 2 printing offices, a house of charity, and a hospital; and it has manufactures of soap, candles, and leather. The climate is temperate; P. 10,000: Lg. 36.35 E, Lt. 50.17 N.

KHEMLASA, a walled town of Asia, Hindostan, in Malwah, with a fort adjoining, 97 m NE Bopal.

KHERSON, a government of Russia, bounded by Taurida, Ecatherinoslav, Kiow, Podolia, Bessarabia, and the Black-sea. The principal rivers are the Dnepr, Boug, and Dnestre. The whole country is nearly level, and the soil to the N is fertile, producing plenty of corn; but that near the mouths of the rivers and Black-sea is sandy and barren. Timber and fuel are very scarce. Divided into 4 districts, viz. Kherson, Elizabethgrad, Olviopol, and Tyraspol. Has 1 archbishop, of Ecatherinoslav, whose title is of Kerson and Taurida: P. 300,000.


KHERSON, a fortified city of Europe, Russia, capital of government Kherson, on the Liman or estuary of the Dnepr, here about 10 m wide; 1200 m Petersburg, 914 Moscow, and 58 from the Black-sea. was founded by Catherine II, in 1778, on the N bank of the Dnepr, as a convenient station for the trade of the Black-sea, and has a dock, from which men of war and merchant ships have been launched; but owing to the increase of sand-banks in the river, and the more advantageous situation of Odessa, the naval establishment was

transferred thither. The churches and many of the houses are built of stone; but the town is sinking into decay. In 1787 the empress made a triumphal journey to this capital, and was met by the emperor Joseph II. Here, in 1790, the philanthropic Howard fell a victim to his indefatigable humanity, and was interred near the adjacent village of Dauphigny; P. about 2000: Lg. 31.16.15 E, Lt. 46.38.29 N.

KHERSONESE TAURICA, Russia, the present name of the Crimea.

KHIVA, Asia, the capital of Charasm. It has a strong wall of earth, with 3 gates, turrets at small distances, and a broad wet ditch. The houses are low, mostly built of mud, the roofs flat, and covered with earth. It stands on a rising ground, amid fertile plains, 210 m Nw Bokhara: Lg. 58.50 w, Lt. 40.58 N.

KRMILNIK, a small town of Russia, government Podolia, district Litusk.

KнOI, a city of Asia, Persia, in Aderbijan, surrounded by a wall, recently rebuilt, and a wide ditch. It is the residence of a governor, has 20 mosques, and about 30,000 inhabitants, of which the greater part are Arminians. It stands on a rich and beautiful plain, near the Otur, 83 m wNw Tabriz; P. about 30,000: Lg. 45.8 E, Lt. 38.32 N.

KHOLM, a town of Russia, government Pskov, chief of district; seated on both banks of the Lovat, which falls into lakeIlmen, and on the Counia, which here joins the Lovat. Both these rivers are navigable, and abound in fish during spring. Kholm is 275 m NE Pskov. It has 2 churches; P. about 2000: Lg. 32.5 E, Lt. 57.15 N.

KHOLMOGORY, a town of Russia, government Archangel, chief of district; on an island in the Dvina, 47 m Archangel. It is an ancient town; but having been built of wood, as also its walls and towers, frequent fires have materially diminished its buildings, so that at present it scarcely contains 300 houses, the inhabitants chiefly

removing to Archangel.

KHONSAR, a town of Asia, Persia, in Irak, in a rich valley, between 2 ranges of rocky hills, 80 m Nw Ispahan.

KHOPERSK, a small town of Russia, government Voronej, chief of district, on the N and very high bank of the Khoper, 225 m w Voronej. The fortifications consist of ramparts of earth, flanked by 4 bastions, and a dry ditch. The town contains 1 hospital and 2 churches; P. about 500.

KHOROLE, a small town of Russia, government Poltava, chief of district: on the Khorole, 67 m Poltava. It has 4 annual fairs.


KHOTMYCHSK, a town of Russia, government Coursk, on the Vorskla, 170 m s Coursk. It has 3 churches; P. about 2000.

KHOWAR, a town of Asia, Persia, in Irak, in a pass of the Albores mountains, called the strait-of-Khowar, 60 m SE Teheran.

KHOZDAR, a city of Asia, Ballogistan, capital of Jalawan. Though a small place, the traffic is considerable, being chiefly in habited by Hindoos, who have a pagoda here. It is seated in a fruitful valley, 100 m SSE Kelat: Lg. 66.45 E, Lt. 27.54 N.

KHYRABAD, a town of Asia, Hindostan, in Oude, capital of a fertile district, near a branch of the Goomty, 45 m N by w Luck. now; Lg. 80.45 E, Lt. 27.29 N.

KHYRPOOR, a town of Asia, Hindostan, in Sinde, the residence of an ameer, or prince. It has some trade, and is noted for the dying of cloth. It is 112 m SSE Hydrabad: Lg. 69.27 E, Lt. 24.59 n.

KIA-KING, a city of Asia, China, of the first rank, in Tche-kiang. The streets have beautiful piazzas to shelter passengers from the sun and rain; and there is scarcely a house where they do not breed silkworms. There are many triumphal arches both in the city and suburbs, and several marble towers on the sides of a canal w of the city. It is 590 m SSE Peking: Lg. 120.14 E, Lt. 30.50 N.

KIAKTA, a town of Asia, Russia, Siberia, government Irkoutsk, on the borders of Chinese Tartary. It has a considerable fur trade, and is the mart of the Russian and Chinese commerce. It stands on a small river, near its conflux with the Selenga, 75 m ssw Selenginsk: Lg. 106.30 E, Lt. 50.20 N.

KIANGARI, a town of Asia, Turkey, in Natolia, chief place of a sangiacat, with a castle on a rock. It is 230 m E Bursa: Lg. 34.47 E, Lt. 39.56 N.

KIANG-NAN, a province of Asia, China, bounded w by Ho-nan and Hou-quang, s of-Nanking, and N by Chan-tong. It is of by Tche-kiang and Kiang-si, E by the gulf

vast extent, and contains 14 cities of the first rank, and 93 of the second and third, which are very populous, and of the greatest note for trade in the empire. It is full of lakes, rivers, and canals; and its silks, cottons, japanned goods, and paper, are in high esteem. Nanking is the capital.


KIANG-SI, a province of Asia, China, bounded N by Kiang-nan, w by Hou-quang, Tche-kiang. s by Quang-tong, and E by Fo-kien and The N part contains the great Poyang lake and some extensive morasses; the middle and s parts abound in mountains, but there are fine valleys among them. It contains 13 cities of the

first rank, and 78 of the second and third. The arrack is excellent, and its porcelain is the finest and most valuable in the empire. Nantchang is the capital.

KIAKHTA, a large bourg of Russia, government Irkoutsk, district Verkhné-Oudinsk, of considerable importance in the trade with China; seated on the Kiakhta, 330 m Irkoutsk. It has a great fair in December, which gives life to the whole of Siberia. Good water is scarce here. The fort, which is square, is palisaded, and has bastions well supplied with cannon, faces Contains the frontier post of the Chinese. 1 church, some shops, and 120 ill-built


KIDDERMINSTER, a corporate town of England, county Worcester, returns 1 M.P. It has a market on Thursday, and manufactures of carpets, poplins, crapes, bombazeens, &c. The Staffordshire and Worcestershire canal passes by this place. It is seated on the Stour, 14 m SE Bridgenorth, 126 Nw London; P. 20,865.

KIDEL, a parish of Russia, government Vibourg, district Serdobol, remarkable for the quantity of garnets in its vicinity, and even in ploughing the ground many are collected.

KIDGE, or KEDJE, a city of Asia, Ballogistan, capital of Mekran. The fort stands on a high precipice, on the left bank of the Dustee, and is surrounded by the town. The country is flat, and produces It is 280 m SE great quantities of dates. Kerman: Lg. 62.25 E, Lt. 26.25 N.

KIDWELY, a town of Wales, county Carmarthen, 8 m s Carmarthen, 226 w by N London. It is governed by a mayor, and has a market on Tuesday. It stands on a creek of the Bristol-channel, and has a canal to some collieries, whence coal is brought and exported. Here also is an iron foundry and a tin mill; P. 1435.


KIEL, a town of Denmark, duchy Holstein, with a castle and a university. It stands on a peninsula, at the head of a bay of the Baltic, and has a commodious harbour for ships of the largest size.

It is one

of the most commercial places in Holstein; and its trade is augmented by means of the Eyder canal to Rendsburg. Kiel is 37 m NW Lübec, 46 N by E Hamburgh: Lg. 10.16 E, Lt. 54.21 N.

KIEN-NING, a city of Asia, China, of the first rank, in Fo-kien. At the time of the conquest of China by the Tartars, it sustained 2 sieges, in the last of which it was taken, and all the inhabitants were put to the sword. It was afterwards re-established by the Tartars, and is a place of considerable trade. It stands on the Min-ho,

260 m SE Nan-king: Lg. 117.2 E,

Lt. 27.5 N.

KIEN-TCHANG, a city of Asia, China, of the first rank, in Kiang-si, in a fertile country, 340 m ssw Nan-king: Lg. 116.35 E, Lt. 27.35 N.

KIEOU-KIANG, a city of Asia, China, of the first rank, in Kiang-si, on the Kian-ku, immediately above the influx of the Poyang

hou. It is the rendezvous of all the boats that pass to and from other places in this province, and the provinces of Kiangnan and Houquang. It is 250 m sw Nan-king. Lg. 116.0 E, Lt. 29.54 N.

KIEW, a government of Russia, bounded N by Minsk, E by the Dnepr and Tchernigof and Poltava, s by Podolia, and w by Podolia and Volhinia. It is exceedingly fertile, producing good fruit, pasture, corn, honey, wax, tobacco, and cattle; but timber and fuel are scarce. It is divided into 12 districts, viz. Kiew, which contains as chief town, Kiew, the capital of the government, Vasilkof, Bohouslaw, Skvira, Tcharkassay, Tchiguirine, Lipovetz, Houmane, Makhnovka, Zvenigorod, Radomysle, and Tarastcha. The principal rivers are the Téteref, Irpen, Khorobra, and Tiasmine, all falling into the Dnepr. The archbishop's title is of Kiew and Galitche, whose vicar is bishop of Tchiguirine; P. 1,066,198.

KIEW, or KIOw, a city of Russia, the capital of a government and district of the same name, on the Dnepr, 1025 m Petersburg, 568 Moscow. It is composed of 3 towns, the fortress of Petchersk, with a suburb, ancient Kiew, and the town of Podol, each of them separately fortified, and the whole intrenched and garrisoned. The fortress of Petchersk, also called the New-Fort, stands on a hill to the s, and contains all the military government buildThe fortifiings and several churches.

cations are modern, consisting of ramparts and 9 bastions, with outworks, in good order. The suburb contains some churches and the imperial palace. The ancient town is situated on a hill, the fortifications of which are irregular, and it has some horn and crown-works; the cathedral is magnificent and very rich; it also contains 10 churches. The lower town, or Podol, is in the plain, on the Dnepr, but contains merely merchants' houses and private dwellings, with several churches and convents, and the college. The university is under the immediate superintendance of the archbishop; the students are about 1500 in number. The whole contains 32 churches, 500 shops, and 4000 houses; 27 tanneries, 6 manufactures of candles, 3 bell foundries, and an earthenware manufacture. The exports and trade considerable; P. about 30,000.

KII, a small island of Russia, in the White-sea, government Archangel, district Onega, the place where foreign ships receive cargoes of timber, chiefly deals.

KILBARCHAN, a village of Scotland on the w side of Lech-Winnach, 5 m sw Renfrew. It is occupied by weavers, and has extensive bleach-fields; P. 4803.

KILBEGGAN, a borough of Ireland, in County West-Meath, on the Brosna, 14 m E Athlone, and 42 w Dublin.

KILBRIDE, 3 in Scotland:-1st, a parish, county Argyle; P. 2109.-2nd, a parish, county Bute; P. 2656.-3rd, Kilbride West, a parish, county Air; P. 1635.

KILCAL MONIL, a town of Scotland, County Argyle, in the peninsula of Cantyre, 17 m N Campbeltown; P. 2495.

KILCOCK, a town of Ireland, county Kildare, on the Blackwater, 17 m w by N Dublin.

KILCOOL, a county-town of Ireland, county Wicklow, near which is the celebrated salt-marsh of Cooldross; near the sea, 18 m SSE Dublin.

KILCULLEN-BRIDGE, a town of Ireland, County Kildare, on the Liffey. A mile to the s is the village of Kilcullen, anciently a walled town, with 7 gates, one of which yet remains, and some other antiquities. It is 26 m sw Dublin.

KILDARE, a county of Ireland, province Leinster, 37 m long by 20; bounded on the E by Dublin and Wicklow, w by King's county and Queen's county, N by EastMeath, and s by Catherlough. It is divided into 113 parishes, and returns 2 M.P. The principal rivers are the Liffey, Barrow, and Boyne.

It is a very fertile and arable country. Kildare is the capital; but the assizes are held alternately at Athy and Naas; P. 108,401.

KILDARE, a borough of Ireland, capital of county Kildare, and a bishop's see. The nave of the cathedral has been long in ruins. The town is chiefly supported by frequent horse-races on the Curragh, a fine lofty plain, containing near 5000 acres, which feeds a great number of sheep. It is 32 m wsw Dublin; P. 1014: Lg. 6.54 w, Lt. 53.9 N.

KILFENORA, a small town of Ireland, County Clare, and a bishop's see united to Killaloe. The cathedral is very ancient, but in good repair. It is 14 m NW Ennis.

KILGARAN, OF KILGERRAN, a town of Wales, county Pembroke, near the Tivy, 30 m N Pembroke, and 231 wNw London, with a market on Wednesday. Here are the remains of a castle, on a high rock, and near it are large tin-plate works; P. 879.

KILHAM, a town of England, county East-York, with a market on Saturday, 31 m ENE York, and 200 N London.

KILIA, a fortified town of Europe, Turkey, in Bessarabia, on an island at the mouth of the Danube. It was taken by the Russians in 1790, but restored at the subsequent peace. It is 86 m sw Bielgorod: Lg. 28.46 E, Lt. 45.22 N.

KILI-SAARI, or KOZEI-OSTROW, a small island of Russia, in lake Ladoga, government Vibourg. It has quarries of pyrites and iron, and fine moths, called the Apollo.

KILKENNY, a county of Ireland, province Leinster, 40 m long by 20; bounded on the E by Catherlough and Wexford, w by Tipperary, N by Queen's county, and s by Waterford. It is divided into 147 parishes, and returns 3 M.P. The surface is in general level, and the soil fertile. is a considerable article of trade, and it is noted for its black marble, and for its coal, which makes no smoke in burning. The principal rivers are the Barrow, Suir, and Nore; P. 193,024.


KILKENNY, or IRISHTOWN, a city of Ireland, capital of county Kilkenny, on the Nore, over which are two bridges. The borough of Irishtown, on the E side of the river, is joined to it, and both together form one of the most populous and commercial cities in Ireland. It returns 1 M.P. Kilkenny formerly had a bishop; and the cathedral, which stands in Irishtown, belongs to the bishop of Ossory. Here is also a college and the remains of a monastery, which have been converted into a shirehouse. The chief manufactures are coarse woollens and fine blankets; and in the vi. cinity are large quarries of black and white marble. It is 30 m N Waterford, and 57 sw Dublin; P.23,741: Lg.7.32 w, Lt.52.36 x.

KILLALA, a small town of Ireland, county Mayo, and a bishop's see, united with Achonry. The cathedral serves for the parish church. In 1798 a number of French landed here, and were joined by some infatuated rebels, who committed many atrocities in this county and Sligo, before they were subdued. It stands on a bay to which it gives name, 26 m N Castlebar; P. 2517: Lg. 9.40 w, Lt. 54.8 N.

KILLALOE, a town of Ireland, county Clare, and a bishop's see, united with Kilfenora, on the Shannon, over which is a bridge, 12 m NNE Limerick. The cathedral is the only church.

KILLANAULC, a town of Ireland, county Tipperary, 10 m ENE Cashel.

KILLANY-BAY, Ireland, on the E coast of the island of Arranmore, county Galway: Lg. 9.36 w, Lt. 52.41 N.

KILLARNEY, a town of Ireland, county Kerry, with an extensive linen manufacture, near lake Killarney, 14 m SE Tralee; P. 4206.

KILLESHANDRA, a town of Ireland, County Cavan, on the Croghan, 10 m w Cavan.

KILLINGLY, a town of North America, in the United States, state Connecticut, Windham county, on the Quinabaug, 18 m NE Windham; P. 3261 in 1830.

KILLINGWORTH, a town of North America, in the United States, state Connecticut, Middlesex county, on the Hammonasset, on Long-island sound, 24 m E Newhaven ; P. 2483, in 1830.

KILLOUGH, a village of Ireland, county Down, on the sea-shore, with a good quay, and a fine harbour; P. 1140.

KILLYBEGS, a borough and seaport of Ireland, county Donegal, with a spacious harbour, on Killybegs-bay, 16 m w Donegal: Lg. 8.52 w, Lt. 54.40 N.

KILLYLEAGH, a borough of Ireland, county Down, with a linen and thread manufacture: on an arm of Lough-Strangford, 7 m x by E Downpatrick.

KILMACDUAGH, a village of Ireland, County Galway, and a bishop's see, united to Clonfert. The ruins of the cathedral, a monastery, &c. denote the former importance of this now wretched place. It is 2 m sw Gort (in which is its parish church), and 15 N Ennis.

KILMACTHOMAS, a town of Ireland, County Waterford, on the Mahon, 14 m wsw Waterford.

KILMAINHAM, a town of Ireland, in a valley, about m sw Dublin. It has a session-house, gaol, foundling hospital, and a hospital for invalid soldiers. Here the knights for the county of Dublin are elected; and it was the seat of government before the castle at Dublin was appropriated to that purpose.

KILMALLOCK, a borough of Ireland, county Limerick; much reduced; on the Maig, 20 m s Limerick.

KILMARNOCK, a town of Scotland, county Ayr, with manufactures of carpets, serges, and other woollen goods, and a trade in sadlery, leather, &c. It has been recently enlarged and improved. Near it are the remains of Dean castle, which was destroyed by fire in 1735. It is seated on a rivulet of the same name, which here joins the Irvine, 11 m NNE Ayr, and 22 sw Glasgow; P. 18,093.

KILMAURS, a town of Scotland, county Ayr, with a trade in cutlery, 2 m Nw Kilmarnock; P. 2130.

KILMEADEN, a village of Ireland, on the Suir, 6 m w Waterford. Here is a celebrated spa, of a chalybeate quality.

KILMORE, a town of Ireland, county Cavan, and, with Armagh, the see of a bishop, who has a palace here; but there is no cathedral. It is 3 m wsw Cavan.

Londonderry, on the Bann, 28 m E LonKILREA, a town of Ireland, county donderry.

KILRENNY, a decayed borough of Scotland, county Fife, on the frith-of-Forth, 2 m NE Anstruther.

KILRUSH, a town of Ireland, county Clare, near the mouth of the Shannon, 25 m sw Ennis.

KILSYTH, a town of Scotland, county Stirling, 15 m sw Stirling, and 15 NE Glasgow. The vicinity abounds with coal and iron-stone; of the latter a great quantity is sent to Carron; P. 4297.

KILWINING, a town of Scotland, county Ayr, on the Garnoch, 5 m NNW Irvine. Here are the remains of a magnificent monastery and on the site of its church a modern one has been built in a style to correspond with the venerable ruins. The vicinity abounds in limestone and coal; P. 3772.

KILWORTH, a town of Ireland, county Cork, near the Funcheon, 25 m NNE Cork.

KIMBERWORTH, a village of England, County West-York, 2 m w Rotherham, noted for its woollen and linen manufactures; P. 4031.

KIMBOLTON, a town of England, county Huntingdon, with a market on Friday, 7 m NW St. Neot, and 63 N by w London. Here is a castle, the seat of the duke of Manchester, where queen Catharine, first wife to Henry VIII, died in 1535; P. 1584. KIMI, or KIEMI; see KEM.

KIN, or KAIN, a town of Asia, Persia, in Chorasan, at the foot of a mountain, 60 m ssw Herat.

KINCARDINE, 5 in Scotland:-1st, a town and parish, county Ross, with a small harbour on the frith-of-Dornech, 14 m w by N Tain; P. 1887.-2nd, Kincardinein-Monteith, almost surrounded by Clackmannanshire, with a commodious harbour in the frith-of-Forth. Ship-building is carried on here, and it has a coasting and foreign trade. It is 2 m SE Alloa, 22 m s by w Perth.-3rd, Kincardine-O'Neil, a district, county Aberdeen; P. 15,415.4th, Kincardine O'Neil, a parish, county Aberdeen, on the Dee, 23 m w by s Aberdeen.-5th, Kincardine or Mearns, county, bounded on Nw and N by Aberdeenshire, E by the German-ocean, and s and sw by Forfarshire. It extends 30 m along the coast, and 20 is its greatest breadth. It returns 1 M.P. The Nw part is mountainous, and chiefly adapted for pasture; but to

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