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gians. They consist of 16 districts or tribes, which are generally at variance with each other, and with their neighbours. Those belonging to the districts of Wapi, Angusht, and Shalka, submitted to Russia in 1770. The Tshetshen tribe is so numerous and warlike, and has given the Russians so much trouble, that its name is usually given by them to the whole Kistni nation. The Ingushi, who are capable of arming above 5000 men, live in villages near each other; they are diligent husbandmen, and rich in cattle. Many of their villagers have a stone tower, which serves in time of war, as a retreat to their women and children, and a magazine for their effects. These people are all armed, and have the custom of wearing shields. Their religion is very simple, but has some traces of Christianity. They believe in one God, whom they call Daile, but have no saints nor religious persons; and celebrate Sunday, not by any religious ceremony, but by resting from labour. They observe no ceremonies either at births or deaths, allow of polygamy, and eat pork.

KISTNAGHERY, a town of Asia, Hindostan, in Salem, chief of the district of Barramahal, 50 m N by E Salem, and 54 SE Bangaloor. The country around consists of a plain, in which are scattered rocky insulated mountains of a very singular appearance. That on which the fort stands is 700 feet in perpendicular height, never taken except by surprise. In 1791 the British attempted to storm it, and were repulsed with great loss; but it was subsequently ceded to them, and its fortifications destroyed, the altered condition of the My. sore sovereignty rendering them unnecessary: Lg. 78.18 E, Lt. 12.30 N.

KITCHIGUINSKAÏA-CREPOST, a fort of Russia, government Orenbourg, district Tcheliabinsk, on the precipitous banks of the Ouvelka, 68 m Tcheliabinsk; it has 1 church, and about 100 houses.

KITRIES, a town of the kingdom of Greece, Morea, department Laconia, on the E side of the gulf-of-Koroni, 12 m sw Mount St. Elias, 2 m NE cape-Kephali: Lg. 22.10 E, Lt. 36.53 N.

KITTANING, a county-town of North America, United States, state Pennsylvania, Armstrong county, on the left bank of the Allegany, 183 m Harrisborg; P. 1620 in 1830.

KITTERY, a town of North America, United States, state Maine, York county, on Sturgeon creek, 8 m ssw York; P. 2202

in 1830.

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KIUTAJA, or KUTAIEH, a city of Asia, Turkey, capital of Natolia,_ on the skirt of a mountain, near the river Poursak, 145 m SSE Constantinople. Here are 20 mosques, and 1 Greek and 4 Arminian churches. The houses are built of stone and wood painted entirely over. In the vicinity are some warm baths, much esteemed in several disorders; P. 55,000: Lg. 30.14 E, Lt. 39.22 N.

KIZILAGATCH, a town of Asia, Persia, in Ghilan, and a place of some commerce. It stands on the Kizilagatch, near its entrance into a large bay of the Caspian-sea; situated 150 m NNW Resht: Lg. 49.24 E, Lt. 39.17 N.

KIZILSKAÏA-CREPOST, a fort of Russia, government Orenbourg, at the junction of the Kizil and Oural, 428 m Orenbourg. It has 1 church, and barracks, a garrison with 2 squadrons of dragoons and half a company of infantry.

KLAPPENDORF, a post-town of Saxony, 20 m NW Dresden, high-road Dresden to Leipzig.

KLECZEW, or KLECZEWO, a village of Russia, province Poland, post-road Warszawa to Posen; dirty wooden houses; P. 500.

KLODAWA, a post-village of Russia, province Poland, voevod Masovvien, post-road Warszawa to Berlin; P. 400.

KLOSTER-NEUBURG, a small town of Lower-Austria, 6 m N Vienna, famous for of the archdukes of Austria, and many other a monastery containing the ancient crown

historical relics.

KNARESBOROUGH, a borough of England, county West-York, 18 m w by N York, and 202 N by w London, with a marrugged rock, almost encompassed by the ket on Wednesday; returns 2 M.P. On a Nid, are the ruins of its castle, and near it is a famous spring, called the DroppingWell, which falls in drops from the top of a rock, and is of a strong petrifying quality: celebrated for its linen cloth, sheeting, &c.; P. 5296. Polling-place.

KNIGHTON, a town of Wales, county

KITZBUHL, a town of Germany, in Ty- Radnor, with a market on Thursday, on rol, on the Acha, 11 m SE Kufstein.

KITZINGEN, a post-town of Germany, Bavaria, Franconia, Lower-Mayn, on the

the Teine, 7 m N by w Presteign, and 158 NW London; P. 1259.

KNIGHTSBRIDGE, a village of England,

county Middlesex, the first from London on the great western-road: extensive barracks for soldiers, large brewery, and a considerable manufactory of painted floor-cloths.

KNISTENEAUX, a tribe of Indians of North-America, residing chiefly in the British possessions, N of lake-Superior, but some bands reside along the stream leading into the Red-river; they are of a middle size, well-made, and active, of a coppercolour, with black hair and eyes, and with agreeable countenances: their women are the most comely among the Indians.-MACKENZIE'S Travels.

KNOCTOPHER, a borough of Ireland, county Kilkenny, on a rivulet that joins the Nore, 12 m s by E Kilkenny.

KNOTTINGLEY, a village of England, County West-York, on the Aire, 3 m ENE Pontefract: noted for its trade in lime, made here in great quantities; P. 3666.

KNOX, 4 counties in North America, United States:-1st, state East-Tennessee, Knoxville county-town; P. 14,498.-2nd, state Kentucky, Barboursville county-town; P. 4321.-3rd, state Ohio, Mount-Vernon county-town; P. 17,124.-4th, state Indiana, Vincennes county-town; P. 6557, in 1830.

KNOXVILLE, a county-town of North America, United States, state Tennessee, Knox county, on the right bank of the Holston, nearly opposite the conflux of the French Broad-river, which junction forms the Tennessee, 199 m Nashville, and 516 Washington: Lg. 83.54 w, Lt. 35.59 N.

KNUTSFORD, a town of England, county Chester, 7 m NE Northwich, and 173 NNW London, with a market on Saturday: a cot

ton-mill, and manufacture of shag-velvets; P. 2823. Polling-place.

KOANG-NAN, a city of Asia, China, of the first rank, province Yun-nan, 170 m ESE Yun-nan.

KOANG-SI, a city of Asia, China, of the first rank, province Yun-nan, 170 m ESE Yun-nan.

KOANG-SIN, a city of Asia, China, of the first rank, in Kiang-si: manufactures of good paper, and the best candles in the empire: 250 m s by w Nan-king: Lg. 118.20 E, Lt. 28.30 N.

KOBEN, a town and castle of Prussia, province Silesia, on the Oder, 15 m Glogan.

SE

KOBI, or CHAMO, a vast desert of Asia, Chinese-Tartary, which occupies almost all the s extremity of the province of Kalkas, more than 100 leagues from E to w, and almost as much from N to s.

KODIAK, a large island of North America, on the w coast, in the Pacific-ocean, at the

entrance into Cook's-inlet: s extremity, Lg. 154.10 w, Lt. 57.0 x.-BEECHEY'S Map.

KOEI-TCHEOU, a small province of Asia, China, bounded on the s by Quang-si, E by Hou-quang, N by Setchuen, and w by Yunnan: it is almost a desert, but produces the best horses in China: the inhabitants are mountaineers, independent, and form a separate nation, they are ferocious, and quite uncivilized: Koei-yang is the capital, and it contains 9 cities of the 1st class, and 38 of the 2nd and 3rd classes.

KOEI-TCHEO, a city of Asia, China, of the first rank, in Se-tchuen, on the great Kian-ku, 537 in ssw Peking: has a customhouse, and is very rich from its great com. merce; musk in abundance, and several salt-springs: Lg. 106.19 E, Lt. 26.30 N.

KOEI-YANG, a city of Asia, China, capital of province Koei-tcheou: ruins of temples and palaces show its former magnificence; 420 m xw Canton: Lg. 106.19 E, Lt. 26.30 x.

KOHISTAN, a province of Asia, Ballogistan, N of Mekran, and bordering on Persia, 220 m long by 90: little cultivated, and thinly inhabited, the N part being full of hills, and the s a sandy desert: chief place Bunpoor.

KOIDANOVO, a small burgh of Russia, government Minsk; built all of wood, tolerably neat, with a square in the centre; post-road Moscow to Warszawa; P. 800.

KAKANOVO, a burgh of Russia, government Mohilew, in a small hollow; houses of wood, scattered; P. 300, mostly Jews.

KOLA, or COLA, a town and district of Russia; see ARCHANGEL, and COLA. pital of the Koranko country. KOLAKOUKA, a city of West-Africa, ca

KOLBERG, a fortified post-town on the seacoast of Prussia, Pomerania, at the mouth of the Persante, 20 German m NE by best post-road, via Stargard, from Stettin. The Russians besieged it in 1758 and 1760, and failed, but succeeded in 1761; restored at the peace. It has a collegiate church, linen and woollen manufactures, and its aqueduct deserves attention; P.3000: Lg. 15.50 E, Lt. 54.12 N.

KOLDING, KOLDINGEN, or COLDING, a small seaport-town of Denmark, NorthJutland, in the Little-Belt, 65 m NNW Sleswick trade trifling.

KOLM, a town of Bohemia, in the circle of Kaurzim, with a castle. Á little to the w of this place, in 1757, the Austrians gained a victory over the Prussians: 26 m ESE Prague.

KOLOMNA, a town of Russia; see Co

LOMNA.

KOLYVAN, OF COLYVAN, a small town

of Asia, Russia, government Tomsk, on the Berda, at its conflux with the Oby, 480 m ESE Tobolsk: in its neighbourhood are silver mines of considerable produce: Lg. 82.15 E, Lt. 54.48 N.

KOMORN, a town and fort of Austria, Upper-Hungary, capital of a county, at the angle formed by the junction of the Waal with the Danube, 58 m SE Presburg: has a trade in wine, grain, honey, and timber; P. 9283.

KONG, a town of Africa, Nigritia, capital of a kingdom, on the borders of Guinea, from which it is separated by a ridge of mountains, 230 m ssw Sego: Lg. 3.20 w, Lt. 11.20 N.

KONGSBACHA, OF KUNGSBACHA, a town of Sweden, province Halland, at the head of a bay of the Cattegat, 14 m SSE Goteborg.

KONGSBERG, a town of Norway, province Buskeruds, on both sides of the Lowen, 44 m sw Christiania: the mountains in its vicinity are celebrated for the richest silver mines in Europe; and here is a royal institution for instruction in mineralogy and

other sciences.

KONGSWINGER, a town of Norway, province Hedemarkens, on the Glommen, at the foot of a steep rook, on the summit of which is a citadel, 46 m ENE Christiana: Lg. 12.28 E, Lt. 60.12 N.

KONG-TCHANG, a city of Asia, China, of the first rank, in Chen-si, on the Hoei, surrounded by high mountains, where is a tomb which the Chinese pretend to be that of Fo-hi; 650 m wsw Peking: Lg. 104.20 E, Lt. 34.56 N.

KONIA, or KONIEH; see COGNI.

KONJEUR, or KONDOJURRY, a town of Asia, Hindostan, in Orissa, capital of a district capable of high cultivation, near the Byturnee, 77 m NNW Cuttack: Lg. 85.45 E, Lt. 21.34 N.

KONIGINGRATZ, a fortified town of Austria, Bohemia, capital of district, and a bishop's see, on the Elbe, 44 m E Prague; it has a spacious market-place and many elegant buildings. In 1762 a body of Prussian troops entered the town, and laid the greater part in ashes.

KONIGSBERG, a town of Prussia, province Brandenburg, 25 m NNW Custrin.

KONIGSBERG, a fortified city of Prussia, with a university, a magnificent palace, and a public library. It stands on an island in the Pregel, near its entrance into the FrischHaff, and communicates with the shore by 7 bridges: the townhouse, the exchange, the royal mint, and the cathedral, are fine structures: the tower of the castle is very high, whence there is a beautiful prospect.

The city is 7 m in circuit, and contains 56,000 inhabitants, who are principally of the Lutheran religion. Many of the houses are large and elegant; and the trade is very considerable, exporting the same objects as Danzig. The strong citadel called Fredricskburg, is a regular square, surrounded by broad ditches and the river, and within it are a church and an arsenal. No ships drawing more than 7 feet water can pass the bar, so that large vessels anchor at Pillau, a small town on the Baltic. Konigsberg was taken by the Russians in 1758; and in 1807, after the battle of Friedland, it was entered by the French; 170 m N Warszawa : Lg. 20.29 E, Lt. 54.42 N.

KÖNIGSBERG, an ancient castle of Würtemberg, 8 m Nw Ravensburg.

KONIGSHOF, a town and castle of Austria, Bohemia, on the Elbe, 12 m N Konigingratz.

KÖNIGSHOFEN, a town of Bavaria, with a castle, 18 m NNE Schweinfurt.

KONIGSLUTTER, a town of the principality of Braunschweig, with a celebrated abbey, 13 m E Braunschweig.

KONIGSTEIN, a town and fort of Saxony, on the left bank of the Elbe, and on the frontiers of Austria. It stands on a high rock, and is deemed impregnable: here the archives and treasures of Saxony are deposited; and a well, 900 feet in depth, supplies the garrison with water: on the opposite bank of

the water is Lilienstein: manufactures of woollen and linen: on an elevated plain, 18 m SE Dresden: Lg. 14.14 E, Lt. 50.54 N.

KÖNIGSTEIN, a town of Nassau, with a castle on a rock, 11 m Nw Frankfort.

KONITZ, a town of Prussia, province West-Preussen, 38 m Nw Culm.

KOOм, a city of Asia, Persia, in Irak, 64 m ssw Teheran, famous for its sanctity. Taken and destroyed by the Afghans in 1722, but since partly rebuilt; above 40 mosques and other sacred edifices are in ruins. The only exception is the mosque of Fatima, a descendant of Mohamed, which has been repaired, enriched, and its dome overlaid with gold; it contains the shrine of the fair saint, the relics of numerous other beatified persons, and the superb tombs of Sefi I and Abbas II, and it is one of the most considerable sanctuaries in Persia: no manufactures.

KOORBA, a town of Asia, Hindostan, in Gundwana, on the Hatsoo, 32 m E Ruttunpoor.

KOORNAGALLE, a town of Asia, Ceylon, chief of the fertile district of the SevenKorles, at the base of a chain of rocky heights, the loftiest of which rises more than 500 feet above the plain, and is called Elephant-rock, from its form being very like

an elephant. Here are remains of a palace, formerly the residence of the princes of the district, a small temple, a bazaar, and a tank: 27 m WNW Candy, and 48 NNE Co. lombo.

KOORANKO, a kingdom of West-Africa, E of the Rokelle, and bounded E by the Niger; extensive, but thinly peopled: the king resides at Kolakouka. In language and costume the natives greatly resemble the Mandingoes.-LAING's Travels in Western Africa.

KOORWEY, a town of Asia, Hindostan, in Malwah, with a stone fort, on the Betwah, 80 m NE Bopal.

KOPAUL, a town of Asia, Hindostan, in Bejapoor, with 3 forts, on a steep rocky mountain, deemed one of the strongest

places in the s of India: 22 m SSE Gujun. dergur, and 35 wNw Bijanagur.

KOPING, a town of Sweden, province Westeras, on a river that soon after enters lake Maeler, 20 m wsw Westeras.

KORAH, a town of Asia, Hindostan, in Allahabad, on the Riride, which flows into the Jumna 24 m s Caenpoor.

KORDOFAN, a country of Africa, between Dayher and Seunaur. The language is Arabic: Ibeit is the capital.-BROWNE'S Travels.

KORELITZI, a burg of Russia, Lithuania, post-road from Moscow to Warszawa; houses all of wood, a mean dirty place;

P. 500.

KORFAKAN, a town of Asia, Arabia, in Oman, on a bay of the gulf-of-Ormus, 110 m N by w Rostak.

KORIACS, a people of Siberia, Asia, divided into two sorts. Those properly called Koriacs have a fixed residence, the others are wanderers, and are known by the appellation of Reindeer-Koriacs. Their flocks of deer are numerous, which they conduct to those cantons that abound with moss; and when these pastures are exhausted, they seek for others. In this manner they wander about, encamping under tents of skin, and supporting themselves with the produce of their deer, which are as serviceable for draught to the Koriacs as the dogs are to the Kamtschatdales. There is, in many respects, a great resemblance between the fixed and the wandering Koriacs; yet the misunderstanding which subsists among them causes them to be considered as two

different people. Their country, however, is the same, and takes in a vast extent; bounded on the s by Kamtschatka and the gulf-of-Pengina, E by the country of the Oluterians, N by that of the Tchoukchis, and w by the Tongouses, the Lamouts, and the Yakouts. The number of fixed Koriacs

scarcely exceeds 900, and the wandering

Koriacs, it is imagined, do not much exceed that amount: the manners of the former are a mixture of duplicity, mistrust, and avarice. Robbers by nature, they are suspicious, cruel, perfidious, and savage; and hence proceed their insurrections against the Russians, and their incursions upon the people who surround them. The practice of attacking, and of defending themselves, creates in them an inflexible courage, which delights in perpetual combat, and glories in contempt of life. Superstition lends its aid to this thirst of blood, by imposing a law that obliges them to conquer or to die. The vanquished never seek their safety by flight, and not a Koriac will survive the slaughter of his countrymen. Their regular occupa tion is hunting and fishing, but every season will not permit them to follow it. During these intervals they sleep, smoke, and get drunk, and come not out of their jourts till urgent necessity compels them. These jourts are larger than those of the Kamtschatdales, but their filthiness is more disgusting, for there is no door, nor venthole for the smoke. They live upon dried fish and the flesh and fat of the sea-wolf and whale, the last commonly eaten raw. Reindeer is their favourite dish. Vegetables also form a part of their food: they gather in autumn various sorts of berries, of a part of which they make a refreshing beverage, and the rest is bruised to powder, and kneaded with the oil of the whale or sea-wolf. Their passion for strong liquors, increased by the difficulty of procuring brandy, has led them to invent a drink equally potent, which they extract from a red mushroom. The features of the majo rity of the Koriacs are not Asiatic; and they might be considered as Europeans, but for their low stature, their ill shape, and the colour of their skin. The other Koriacs have the same characteristic outlines as the Kamtschatdales. Among the women, particularly, there are very few who have not sunk eyes, flat noses, and prominent cheeks. The men are almost entirely beardless, and have short hair. A plurality of wives is not allowed, although there have been instances of its being practised without scru ple. When a Koriac dies his relations and neighbours erect a funeral pile, upon which they place a portion of his wealth, and a stock of provisions, consisting of whatever they conceive he will want for his great journey, and to keep him from starving in the other world. If he be a wandering Koriac, his deer conduct him to the pile; if a resident Koriac, he is drawn by his dogs, or carried by his relations. The body is exhibited, clothed in his best attire, and lying in a kind of coffin. It now receives the adieu of the attendants, who, with torches in their hands, consider it a duty speedily to reduce the body to ashes. They feel only

the regret of a short absence, not of an eternal separation; and the funeral pomp terminates in a scene of intemperance. They acknowledge a Supreme Being, the Creator of all things: he inhabits the sun, whose burning orb they consider as the throne or palace of the Lord of Nature: they neither fear nor worship him; goodness, they say, is his essence, and it is impossible he should do any injury. The principle of evil they consider as a malignant spirit, who divides with the good Being the empire of nature: as the one is intent on the happiness of mankind, the other endeavours to render them unhappy by calamities of every kind. To pacify his wrath, they offer to him various animals, the first-fruits of their hunting and fishing, and whatever they possess that is most valuable; but there is no temple for his votaries, who conceive they render him propitious by piously getting drunk in their jourts, for drunkenness is become with these people a religious practice, and the basis of all their solemnities.

KORUMABAD, or KHORREMABAD, a town of Asia, Persia, in Irak, with a fort on a conical hill, at the junction of a river with the Karansu, 75 m SSE Kirmansha.

KOSEL, a fortified post-town of Prussia, province Silesia, on the Oder, 64 German m by post-road SE by s Oppeln: canal to Peiskretscham, a post-town 26 m E; P. 3300.

KOSLOF, or KEZLEV, Russia; see EU

PATORIA.

KOSLOF; see KHERSON.

military school.

It is 203 m SE Ulea:

Lg. 20.10 E, Lt. 63.20 N.

Kous, or Coss, a town of Africa, Egypt, on the E bank of the Nile, once a place of great wealth and trade, being the entrepôt of commerce between the Nile and Red-sea, 18 m s Dendera, and 45 NNE Esne.

KRASNOIE, or KRASNOY, Russia; see CRASNOÏ.

KRAPPIZ, a post-town of Prussia, province Silesia, 16 m by post-road, s by E Oppeln, on the Oder, at the influx of the Pruduiz.

KRASNOY, a town of Russia; see CRAS

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KRAUPEN, a town of Austria, Bohemia, It has considerable province Leutmeritz. tin mines in the vicinity; and is 17 m WNW Leutmeritz,

KREMS, a town of Austria, at the conflux of the Krems with the Danube, 36 m WNW Vienna; it has alum-works, and manufactures of velvet, silk-stuffs, and excellent thread: Lg. 15.36 E, Lt. 48.24 x.

KREUZBURG, a town of Prussia, Silesia, with a castle, on the Stober; trades in honey, wax, leather, and flax ; 13 German m by post-road ESE Breslau.

KREUZNAH, a town of Prussia, province Lower-Rhine, on the Nake. Taken Dec. 2, 1795, by the French, then by the Austrians, and retaken by the French: trades in wine,

KOSTROMA, a government of Russia; salt, corn, wool, and tobacco. It is 5 Gersee COSTROMA.

KOSTROMA, a town of Russia; see Cos

TROMA.

KOTAH, a town of Asia, Hindostan, Ajmere, capital of Harowty district, on the Chumbul, 150 m SE Ajmere, inclosed by a stone wall, with circular bastion; several handsome buildings, and governed by a raja: Lg. 75.45 E, Lt. 25.12 N.

KOTTBUS, a post-town of Prussia, province Brandenburgh, on the left bank of the Spree, 60 m SE Berlin, or 173 German m, by post-road; P. 6000.

KOTTOKOLEE, a town of Africa, Nigritia, capital of a district, 200 m NE Gago: Lg. 5.45 E, Lt. 12.45 N.

KOTUN, a city of Asia, Usbec-Tartary, in Cashgur, 110 m SE Ireken: Lg. 81.36 E, Lt. 37.50 N.

KOUE-TE, a city of Asia, China, first rank, in Ho-nan, in a vast plain, between two large rivers, 312 m s Peking: Lg. 115.29 E, Lt. 34.30 N.

KOUOPIO, a town of Russia, grand-duchy Finland, government Kouopio, on lake Kalavessi; has some trade, a fishery, and a

man m by post-road sw Mainz; P. 3200.

KRISHNA; see RIVER KISTNA. KRONBERG, a town of Austria, on the Danube, opposite Closter Neuburg, 8 m NNW Vienna.

KRONBERG; see CRONENBERG.

KRONOBERGS, or WEXIO, a province of Sweden, bounded N by Jonkopings, E by Kalmar, s by Blekings and Christianstads, and w by Halland : area, 2450 geographical square m. It contains several lakes and small rivers; P. 101,901. Wexio is the capital.

KROOK, a city of Asia, Persia, capital of a fertile district, called Nurmanshur, in the SE part of the province of Kerman, sur rounded by a dry-ditch, and has a citadel, with other fortifications. It stands on a rivulet, 150 m ESE Kerman: Lg. 58.13 E, Lt. 29.2 N.

KROPSTEDT, a post-town of Prussia, province Sachsen, 2 German m by post-road NE Wittenberg; post-road Berlin to Leipzig.

KROSNCEWICE, a post-village of Russia, province Poland, post-road Warszawa to Berlin.

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