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of Manorbeer castle; P. 2128: Lg. 4.40 w, Lt. 51.44 N.

TEN-CHEOY, or TENCHOO, a city of Asia, China, of the first rank, in Changtong, with a good port, and a strong garrison, on the s coast of the Yellow-sea, 260 m SE Peking: Lg. 120.52 E, Lt. 37.46 N.

TENDA, a town of Italy, Sardinia, Piedmont, with a fortified castle on a rock, 28 m NNE Nice, and 65 s Turin.

TENDAY; see SAMAR.

TENEDOS, an island of the Archipelago, on the coast of Natolia, 14 m s of the straitof-Gallipoli, 9 m long by 6, inhabited almost wholly by Greeks; it has excellent muscadine wine. On the NE side is the town, at the foot of a mountain, with a harbour, defended by a castle: Lg. 25.58 E, Lt. 39.48 N.

TENEN, or KNIN, a town of Austria, Dalmatia, on the borders of Bosnia, and a bishop's see. It has several times been taken by the Turks and Venetians; 48 m s Bihaez.

TENERIFF, one of the Canary-islands, Africa, the most considerable for riches, trade, and population. It lies w of GrandCanary, or Canario, 70 m long by 22, and abounds in wine, fruit, cattle, and game. Part of this island is surrounded by mountains, and one in particular, called the Peakof Teneriff, is 12,500 feet above the level of the sea; the ascent of the Pike, or Peak, from the port of Oratava, at the base of the mountain, is above 11 m; and the summit is a small crater, of about an acre and a half. This island is subject to earthquakes; and in 1704 one destroyed several towns, and many thousands of people. The rocks and strata are wholly volcanic, and the soil is famed for fertility. The laborious works in this island are chiefly performed by oxen and mules, horses being scarce, and reserved for the use of the officers. Hawks and parrots are natives of the island, as also swallows, seagulls, partridges, and blackbirds. There are also lizards, locusts, and dragonflies. St.-Christoval-de-Laguna is the capital, but the governor resides at Sta.-Cruz: Lg. 17.20 w, Lt. 28.5 N.

TENERIFF, a town of South America, Colombia, province Sta.-Martha, on the Magdalena, 105 m s by w Sta.-Martha: Lg. 74.33 w, Lt. 9.45 N.

TENEZ, or TENIS, a town of Africa, Algiers, province Mascara, capital of a district, with a fort. The chief export is corn, it has no harbour, and the road is exposed to the N and w winds. It is seated near the mouth of a river, 4 m from the sea, and 135 w by s Algiers: Lg. 0.54 E, Lt. 36.28 N.

TE-NGAN, a city of Asia, China, of the first rank, in Hou-quang. It is 550 m s by w Peking: Lg. 113.21 E, Lt. 31.20 N.

TENNESSEE, one of the United States of North America, bounded N by Kentucky, E by North-Carolina and Virginia, s by Georgia, Alabama territory, and Mississippi, w by Mississippi; extending from Lg. 81.30 to 91.30 w, and from Lt. 35.0 to 36.30 N; area about 40,000 square m, divided into East and West Tennessee by the Cumberland mountains; the former containing 22 counties and the latter 40: Nashville is the capital, 714 m Washington. The chief rivers are the Mississippi: on the w the Cumberland, Holston, Tellico, Duck, Redfoot, Obian, Wolf, and Tennessee; the E is mountainous, and w partly level and gentle hills: the climate temperate and salubrious. Amongst the minerals are alum, lead, nitre, silver, iron, lead, coal, and common salt; the lower lands are rich, and those of the mountains, poor: produce, wheat, baney, oats, rye, buck-wheat, Indian-corn, hemp, flax, indigo, rice, cotton, tobacco, and excellent vegetables and fruits; P. 105,602 in 1800; 420,813 in 1820; 684,822 in 1830, of whom 142,382 are slaves.

TENNIS, a town of Africa, Egypt, on an island in lake-Tennis, 28 m SE Damietta. TENSAW; see MOBILE.

TENTERDEN, a town of England, county Kent, 24m sw Canterbury, and 56 E by s London; governed by a mayor, with a market on Friday. The steeple of the church is very lofty, and at the Spanish invasion in 1588, was made use of as a beacon; P. 3177.

TENTUGAL, a town of Portugal, province Beira, 8 m wNw Coimbra.

TEPEACA, a town of North America, Mexico, Tlascala, built by Cortes, and then called Segura-de-la-Frontera. In the principal square is a fort, now in a dilapidated state, a beautiful church, and a magnificent convent. Manufactures of woollen cloth; it is 17 m SSE Puebla.

TEPELEN, a town of Europe, Turkey, in Albania, with a palace of the vizier of Janina, where he sometimes holds his court. It is seated on the Viosa, at the influx of the Bentza, 32 m ESE Valota, and 58 NW

Janina.

TEPIKINSKAIA, a stanitza, or Don-Cosaque village of Russia, on both banks of the Khoper.

TEPIC, a town of North America, Mexico, Guadalaxara, capital of a district extending to the seacoast. Seated on the summit of a mountain, 110 m w by N Guada laxara: Lg. 104.45 w, Lt. 21.36 N.

TEPOZCOLULA, a town of North America, Mexico, in Tlascala, capital of a district fertile in corn, cotton and cochineal, amid mountains, 160 m s Puebla. Manufactures

TER

of cotton stuffs and chamois: Lt. 97.51 w, Lt. 17.16 s.

TEQUIA, a town of South America, Colombia, district Tunja, which has a great trade in sugar, sweetmeats, and the produce of a rich country. It is 32 m ssw Pam

plona, and 100 NNE Tunja.

TERASSO, or TERSOOS, the ancient Tarsus, a city of Asia, Turkey, in Caramania, a Greek archbishop's see. Most of the remains of antiquity have been destroyed, or converted into modern buildings. There are many mosques, and the bazaars are well stocked; cotton and silk are the principal branches of commerce. It stands in a large fertile plain, on the Terasso (the ancient Cydnus), 12 m from the Mediterranean, and 150 SE Cogni: Lg. 34.53 E, Lt. 36.56 x.

TERCEIRA, one of the Azores, or Western islands of Africa, next in size to St.Michael. It is of an oval form, about 55 m It contains in circuit, and very fertile.

several towns and villages, with a number of forts. Angra is the capital, and the seat of government for all the islands.

TERCHIZ, OF TERSHIZ, a town of Asia, Persia, in Chorasan, 120 m wyw Herat : Lg. 57.25 E, Lt. 35.5 N.

TERGA, a town of Africa, Morocco, on the Omirabi, 90 m N Marocco:

TERGOVIST, OF TERVIS, a town of Europe, Turkey, in Walachia, with a fine palace; on the Jalonitz, 35 m NNW Bucharest: Lg. 25.48 E, Lt. 45.28 N.

TERGOUW; see GOUDA.

TERMED, OF TOOR MOOZ, a town of Asia, Usbec-Tartary, in Bokharia, on the Amu, 50 m N Balk, 150 SSE Samarcand.

TERMINI, a town on the N coast of Sicily, in Val-di-Mazara, 20 m ESE Palermo, is a caricatore or place endowed with immunities by Charles V, for exporting produce; but the anchorage being exposed during two-thirds of the year, it can only be frequented by vessels light enough for taking the beach: the sodorific baths celebrated for their efficacy in rheumatic and nervous disorders, are still used, although not well kept; its strong castle on a high rock is in Lg. 13.42.00 E, Lt. 37.57.28 x'; P. 11,000.

-SMYTH.

TERMOLI, a town of Italy, Naples, in Capitanata, near the sea, 43 m NNW Lu

cera.

TERNATE, the most northern and important island of the Moluccas, Asia, though not above 25 m in circuit. It is hilly, and has a number of woods that furnish much game; but it produces a great quantity of cloves and other fruits proper to the cli

mate.

The chief quadrupeds are goats, deer, and hogs; the birds are of distinguished beauty, particularly the kingfisher,

of a scarlet and mazarine blue. The Boaserpent is sometimes found here of the length of 30 feet, and is reported sometimes to swallow even small deer. It is governed by a sultan, who also controls Machian, Motir, and Mortay, with the N part of Gilolo, and even some Celebezian isles, and part of Papua, whence he receives a tribute of gold, amber, and birds of paradise. In 1638 the Dutch formed an alliance with the sultan of Ternate and inferior princes, which has been repeatedly renewed. In 1810 it was taken by the British, and restored in 1815. This island lies a little off the w side of Gilolo; and fort-Orange is at the E end, where is the chief town: Lg. 127.32 E, Lt. 0.50 N.

TERNEUSE, a town and fort of Holland, province Zeeland, North-Flanders, on the w branch of the Scheld, called the Hondt: it was taken by the French in 1794. It is 8 m N Sas-van-Ghent, and 25 wNw Antwerp.

TERNI, a town of Italy, duchy of Spo leto, on the Nera, near the influx of the Velino, which has a famous cataract a mile from the town. It is the birthplace of Tacitus the historian. It is 15 m ssw Spoleto, 56 x Rome.

TERNOVA, a town of Europe, Turkey, in Bulgaria, an archbishop's see. It was formerly the seat of the princes of Bulgaria, and a strong place, but the fortifications are ruined. It is seated on a mountain, near the Jenera, 88 m Nw Adrianople, 97 NE Sofia: Lg. 26.2 E, Lt. 43.1 N.

TERNOVA, a town of Europe, Turkey, in Thessaly, a bishop's see, on the Salempria, 10 m wxw Larissa.

TERODANT, Africa, capital of the king. dom of Suse, and the residence of a governor, or some xeriff related to the emperor of Morocco. It is famous for the manufac ture of saltpetre and leather, and is 120 m sw Morocco; P. about 25,000 : Lg. 8.35 #, Lt. 29.58 N.

TEROUENE, a town of France, depart. ment Pas-de-Calais, on the Lis, 6 m s St.Omer.

TERRA-AUSTRALIS, OF AUSTRALIA, in Australasia, the largest territory on the globe

that does not bear the name of a continent. It extends from Lg. 109 to 153 E, and from Lt. 11 to 39 s, being about three-fourths as large as Europe. When this great south-land was first discovered is uncertain; but it is believed that the Nw parts were visited by Europeans nearly a century before any authentic accounts speak of its discovery. A Dutch yacht, the Duyfhan, in exploring New-Guinea, made the first authenticated discovery of Terra-Australis, early in 1606, passing to the w and s of the N point, now called Cape-York, to Lt. 13.45 s, but some

of the crew being murdered by the natives, and the want of provisions, prevented further researches. Torres, a Spaniard, from Callas in Peru, was the next who saw the country, in the same year, and near the same place; but he had as little knowledge of the nature of his discovery, as had the Duyfhan. He spent two months in passing the intricate strait that divides Terra-Australis from New-Guinea; and his account of this and other discoveries, addressed to the king of Spain, was kept so secret, that the existence of such a strait was generally unknown till 1770, when it was passed by Cook, who called it Endeavour-strait: but a copy of Torres' letter being found in the archives of Manila, after that city was taken by the British in 1762, the passage, in honour of the enterprising navigator, has since been nained Torres-Strait. In 1617, and afterward, the N and w coasts were traced by the Dutch; and Van-Dieman-Land, then deemed the s extremity, was discovered by Tasman in 1642. Cook, in 1770, explored the E and NE coasts; and in 1773, captain Furneaux, by connecting Tasman's discoveries with those of Cook, completed the circuit. But in 1798, surgeon Bass discovered a strait, which separated VanDiemen-Land from the s part of the mainland. This discovery produced surmises that there might be other such sections in this vast region; but in 1802 captain Flinders circumnavigated the whole, and ascertained it to form one land. Terra Australis is divided longitudinally, by the meridian line of 135 degrees, into New-Holland and New-South-Wales; but in its most extensive signification, it includes Bass-Strait, Van-Diemen-Land, and the numerous adjacent islands.

TERRA-DI-BARI, LAVORO, and OTRANTo, see BARI, &c.

TERRA-DEL-ESPIRITU-SANTO, the most western and largest island of the New-Hlebrides, Australasia, in the Pacific-ocean, being 40 leagues in circuit. The land is exceedingly high and mountainous, and in many places the hills rise directly from the sea. Except the cliffs and beaches, every part is covered with wood, or laid out in plantations. Beside the bay-of-St-Philip and St.-Jago, on the N side, the isles which lie along the s and E coast form several good bays and harbours: Lg. 167 E, Lt. 15 s.

TERRA-FIRMA, a name formerly given to the whole N coast of South America; including the isthmus, or province of Panama, and all other provinces E of it as far as the Atlantic-ocean.

TERRA-DEL-FUEGO, a large island, separated from the southern extremity of South America, by the strait-of-Magalhaes. This

seas.

land-of-fire did not receive its name from any volcanos observed, but from the fires lighted up along the coasts by the natives, when the first navigators were seen in these It is of considerable extent, and on all sides penetrated by numerous inlets, some of which meet in the interior, and intersect the country into several islands. The E part is low ground, with some inequalities of surface; but the soil is not favourable to the growth of plants, and no trees are to be seen. The s and sw coasts, and the w part abound with forests and mountains; many of the latter have their summits continually covered with snow. Quadrupeds are few if any; but aquatic fowls are numerous, and in the woody parts there is a variety of birds. The natives are short in stature, not exceeding five feet six inches; their heads large, their faces broad, their cheek bones prominent, and their noses flat, small inanimate brown eyes, hair black and lank, and besmeared with trainoil, scarcely any beard. Their natural colour an olive brown, but they paint themselves with various colours. The females are better featured.-WEDDELL's Voyage to the South Seas. They have no other clothing than a piece of seal-skin, hanging from their shoulders to the middle of the back, being fastened round the neck with a string. Their arms are bows and arrows, and darts; and their instruments for fishing are a kind of fishgigs. They live chiefly on seal's flesh, preferring the oily part. There is no appearance of any subordination among them; and their whole character is a strange compound of stupidity, indifference, and inactivity. The E extremity is opposite the w end of Staten-island, and the passage between is the strait-of-Le-Maire.

TERRACINA, a town of Italy, in Campagna-di-Roma, with a castle on a rock; the ancient Anxur, capital of the Volsci, and the cathedral was originally a temple of Jupiter. Pius VI built a palace here, and resided during the spring and autumn, in order to urge on his noble undertaking of draining the Pontine marshes, which he begun in 1778, and effectually completed in ten years. It is seated among orange and citron groves, near the sea, on the frontiers of Naples. 54 m SSE Rome.

TERRANOVA, a seaport of Sicily, in Valdi-Noto, famous for the export of sulphur; near the mouth of the Terranova, 46 m WNW Noto: Lg. 14.25 E, Lt. 37.5 N.

TERRANOVA, a seaport, island-of-Sardinia, on the gulf-of-Terranova, NE coast, 62 m ENE Sassari: Lg. 9.35 E, Lt. 41.3 N.

TERRASSON, a town of France, department Dordogne, 27 m E Perigueux.

TERRENATE, a town of North America, Mexico, in Sonora, 60 m x Arispe.

TES

TERRIDAN, LOCH; see LOCH-TERRI

DAN.

TERRIORE, a town and fortress of Asia, Hindostan, in the Carnatic, 25 m N Trichinopoly.

TERSHIZ, or TURSHISH, a city of Asia, Persia, in Chorasan. The chief trade is in iron, wrought in thick plates; indigo and other drugs brought from the w, and wool, cloths, and rice from Herat. It is 180 m WNW Herat, and 180 s by E Mesched; P. about 20,000.

TERUEL, a city of Spain, province Aragon, a bishop's see, with a citadel, in a fertile plain, at the conflux of the Guadalquiver and Alhambra, 75 m sw Saragossa, and 112 E Madrid.

TERVERE, or VEERE, a fortified seaport of Holland, province Zeeland, on the NE coast of the isle-of-Walcheren. It has a good harbour, and fine arsenal, 4 m N by E Middleburg, with which it communicates by a canal: Lg. 3.42 E, Lt. 51.36 N.

TESCHEN, a town of Austria, Moravia, surrounded by a wall, and at a little distance is the old castle, on an eminence, where the ancient dukes resided. Trade in leather, woollen stuffs, wine, and excellent gunbarrels. It was taken by the Prussians in 1757, and restored in 1763. In 1779 a treaty of peace was concluded here between the emperor of Germany and the king of Prussia. It is seated in a morass, near the Elsa, 36 m ESE Troppau, and 60 E by N Olmutz: Lg. 18.32 E, Lt. 49.43 N.

TESEGELT, a town of Africa, Morocco, on a craggy rock, said to be impregnable, at the mouth of the Techubit, 140 m wNw Morocco.

TESHOO LOOMBOO, Asia, capital of Tibet, or of that part which is immediately subject to the Teshoo lama, sovereign of the country during the minority of the grand lama; at the N end of a plain, upon a rocky eminence, at the entrance of a narrow defile, defended by the fortress of Shiggatzee. The large monastery of Gylongs, the temples and mausoleums, with their numerous gilded canopies and turrets, and the palace of the lama, render it a magnificent place. plain, above 14 m long by 5, is encompassed by rocky hills of the colour of rusty iron, and intersected by the Painom-tchieu, which passes by the fort, and soon joins the Sampoo. It was plundered by the Nepaulese in 1792; but on their return, they were overtaken and defeated by the Chinese. is 160 m w by s Lasa: Lg. 88.55 E, Lt. 29.5 N.

The

It

TESIN, a canton of Switzerland, bounded N by Uri, E by Grisons, s and w by Italy. It is very mountainous, but rich in pastures and small cattle. Bellinzona is the capital.

TESINO, a town of Austria, Tyrol, 25 m ENE Trent.

TESSET, a town of Africa, Sahara, capital of a district, 350 m ssw Tafilet: Lg. 5.45 w,

Lt. 25.54 N.

TESSOUA, a town of Africa, Fezzan, near a river, 90 m ESE Moursouk.

TETBURY, a town of England, county Gloucester, with a market on Wednesday, and a trade in yarn and wool. It is 25 m ENE Bristol, 99 w London.

TETHOEROA-ISLAND, Pacific, small, coral, 7 leagues from Otaheite; a place resorted to by the Otaheitans to recruit their health; SE extreme: Lg. 149.30.58 w, Lt. 17.02.23 s.—) -BEECHEY.

TETSCHEN, or TETZEN,a town of Austria, Bohemia, province Leitmeritz, with a castle on a rock, on the Elbe, 29 m SE Dresden.

TETTNANG, a town of Baden, 8 m N Lindau.

TETUAN, a city and seaport of Africa, Morocco, province El-Garb, with a castle. The houses are 2 stories high, flat at the top, and whitewashed, with little holes toward the streets; and the windows are on the inside, facing a courtyard, in which is generally a fountain. Some of the women scarcely ever take the air, excepting on these flat roofs; where also the inhabitants dance, sing, and take all their amusements. The Jewish town is quite distinct from that of the Moors; but the only difference between them is, that the streets are covered with a roof extending from the houses on each side, and have the appearance of subterranean passages. The trade is very considerable; chief manufactures are silk, carpets, and mats. The environs abound in vineyards and gardens, and the fruits here are better nurtured than in any other part of the empire. It was the residence of several European consuls till the year 1770, when the emperor rejected them. seated on the St.-Martin, near the Mediterranean, 140 m NNW Fez; P. considerable; Lg. 5.23 w, Lt. 35.50 N.

It is

TETUCHI, a small town of Russia, government Cazan, chief of district, on the banks of the Volga, 56 m s Cazan: Lg. 49.25 E, Lt. 54.53 N.

TEU-CHOO; see TEN-TCHEOU.

TEUKERA, a seaport of Africa, Barbary, in Barka, on a bay of the Mediterranean, 120 m wsw Derna: Lg. 19.40 E, Lt. 32.25 N.

TEUPITZ, a town of Prussia, province Brandenburg, with a castle, in a lake, 25 m SSE Berlin.

TEUSING, a town of Austria, Bohemia, district Pilsen, 30 m Nw Pilsen.

TEWKESBURY, a borough of England,

county Gloucester, on the Avon, near its union with the Severn, 10 m N Gloucester, and 103 wNw London, returns 2 M.P., with a market on Wednesday and Saturday. Here are the remains of a monastery, and its church now forms one of the noblest parish churches in the kingdom. In 1471 Edward IV gained here a decisive victory over the Lancastrians. It has manufactures of nails, cotton stockings, and mustard, and a considerable trade in ntalt; P. 5780. Polling-place.

TEXAS, a province of North America, Mexico, part of San-Luis-Potosi.

TEXEL, an island of Holland, province North-Holland, separated from the continent of North-Holland by a narrow channel of the same name, defended by a strong fort on the mainland, called the Helder. The Texelchannel is the best and most southern entrance into the Zuider-zee, and through it most of the ships pass that are bound to Amsterdam. In 1799 the fort was taken by the British: and the whole of the Dutch fleet, lying within the channel, surrendered to them; but the British abandoned the fort soon afterward: Lg. 4.59 E, Lt. 53.10 N.

TEZA, a town of Africa, kingdom of Fez, with handsome streets and neat houses. The principal mosque is very large, and has a fine porch; on a hill, by a small river, 75 m E Fez: Lg, 3.40 w, Lt. 34.10 N.

TEZCUCO, a city of North America, Mexico, formerly one of the most populous and celebrated, and still has some magnificent buildings.-BULLOCK's Mexico. Here Cortez caused a canal to be dug, and built 18 brigantines to carry on the siege of Mexico. It has woollen and cotton manufactures, and stands on the river and near the lake of its name, 16 m ENE Mexico; see MEXICO.

TEZELA, a town of Africa, Algiers, province Mascara, with a castle, 15 m Oran.

SW

TEZOUT, a town of Africa, kingdom of Fez, on the point of a rock, 15 m s Melilla.

TEZZOUTE, a town of Africa, Algiers, province Constantina. Its ruins are 10 m in circuit, among which are magnificent remains of city gates, an amphitheatre, a temple dedicated to Esculapius, and other elegant structures. It is 90 m ssw Constantina.

THAINEE, a town of the kingdom of Tunis, near the mouth of the Thainee, 120 m s Tunis: Lg. 10.15 E, Lt. 34.50 N.

THAME, or TAME, a town of England, county Oxford, with a market on Tuesday, on the Thame, 12 m E Oxford, and 44 w by N London; P. 2885.

THANET, an island of England, compris

ing the E angle of Kent, being separated from the mainland by the 2 branches of the Stour. It produces much corn, and the s part is a rich tract of marsh land. It contains the towns of Margate and Ramsgate, and several villages.

in Delhi, on the Sereswati, and in the THANUSAR, a town of Asia, Hindostan, vicinity of a lake, both of which are held in high religious veneration by the Hindoos; 85 m N by E Delhi: Lg. 76.48 E,

Lt. 29.55 N.

THASO, an island of Turkey, on the coast of Macedonia, at the entrance of the gulf-of-Contessa, 12 m long by 8, and abounds in all the necessaries of life; the fruits and wine are very delicate; and there are mines of gold and silver, beside quarries of fine marble. The chief town, Thaso, has a harbour frequented by merchants: Lg. 24.32 E, Lt. 40.59 N.

THAXTED, a town of England, county Essex, with a market on Friday, and has a large and beautiful church, near the source of the Chelmer, 20 m N by w Chelmsford, and 44 NNE London; P. 2293.

THEAKI, OF ITHACA, one of the Ionianislands in the Mediterranean-sea, 24 m long by 6, separated from the NE part of Cefalonia by the narrow channel of Viscardo. It is the ancient Ithaca, celebrated as the birthplace and kingdom of Ulysses. The chief town is Vathy, which has a spacious harbour, in the gulf-of-Molo, that nearly intersects the island into 2 parts: Lg. 20.40 E, Lt. 38.25 N.

THEBAID, Africa, part of Upper-Egypt, that extends from the plain-of-Thebes to the borders of Nubia. It is now the least fertile and populous of any part in Egypt, being almost a desert; but celebrated for its immense grottos or excavated temples, and for having been the retreat of a great number of Christians, who lived here in a solitary manner. It is now inhabited principally by Arabs.

THEBES, an ancient city of Africa, Upper-Egypt, which stood on both sides the Nile, on a plain between Kous and Esne, and was celebrated for having 100 gates. The extent of its ruins, from each bank of the river to the sides of the enclosing mountains, and the immensity of its colossal fragments, whose dimensions almost exceed belief, still offer many astonishing objects. The villages of Carnack and Luxor, on the E side of the Nile, are among its ruins, which are hence called the antiquities of Carnack and Luxor; and on the w side of the river is Gournou, at the entrance of a long and narrow valley, containing the sepulchres of its kings, which are excavations in the mountains, of numerous apartments covered with sculptures and paint

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