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Thy choice of flaming warriors, lest the fiend, Goodliest of all the forest, hart and hind;
Or in behalf of man, or to invade

Direct to th' eastern gate was bent their flight. 190 Vacant possession, some new trouble raise :

Adam observ'd, and with his eye the chase Haste thee, and from the Paradise of God,

Pursuing, not unmov'd, to Eve thus spake. Without remorse drive out the sinful pair, 105 From hallow'd ground th' unholy, and denounce “O Eve! some further change awaits us nigh, To them and to their progeny from thence

Which heaven by these mute signs in nature shops, Perpetual banishment. Yet, lest they faint Forerunners of his purpose, or to warn 195 At the sad sentence rigorously urg'd,

Us, haply too secure, of our discharge
For I behold them soften'd and with tears 110 From penalty, because from death releas'd
Bewailing their excess, all terror hide.

Some days; how long, and what 'till then our life, If patiently thy bidding they obey,

Who knows? Or more than this, that we are dust, Dismiss them not disconsolate; reveal

And thither must return and be no more? 200 To Adam what shall come in future days,

Why else this double object in our sight As I shall thee enlightens intermix

115 of flight pursu'd in th' air, and o'er the ground, My corenant in the woman's seed renew'd; One way the self-same hour? Why in the east So send them forth, tho' sorrowing, yet in peace : Darkness ere day's mid-course, and morning light And on the east side of the garden place,

More orient in yon western cloud, that draws 205 Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbs, O'er the blue firmament a radiant white, Cherubic watch, and of a sword the flame 120 And slow descends, with something heavenly Wide waving, all approach far off to fright,

fraught ? And guard all passage to the tree of life: Lest Paradise a receptacle prove

He err'd not, for by this the heavenly bands To spirits foul, and all my trees their prey, 124 Down from a sky of jasper lighted now With whose stolen fruit man once more to delude." In Paradise, and on a hill made halt;


A glorious apparition, had not doubt He ceas'd; and th' archangelic power prepar'd And carnal fear, that day dimm'd Adam's eye. For swift descent, with him the cohort bright Not that inore glorious, when the angels met Of watchful cherubim; four faces each

Jacob in Mahanaim, where he saw Had, like a double Janus, all their shape

The field pavilion'd with his guardians bright ; 215 Spangled with eyes, more numerous than those 130 Nor that which on the flaming mount appear'd Of Argus, and more wakeful than to drowse, In Dothan, cover'd with a camp of fire, Charm's with Arcadian pipe, the pastral reed Against the Syrian king, who to surprise Of Hermes, or his opiate rod. Meanwhile,

One man, assassin like,

had levied war, To re-salute the world with sacred light, 134 War unproclaim'd. The princely hierarch 220 Leucothea wak'd and with fresh dews embalm'd In their bright stand there left his powers to seize The earth, when Adam and first matron Eve Possession of the garden; he alone, Had ended now their orisons, and found

To find where Adam shelter'd, took his way, Strength added from above, new hope to spring Not unperceiv'd of Adam, who to Eve, 224 Out ot despair, joy, but with fear yet link'd;


While the great visitant approach'd, thus spake: Which thus to Eve his welcome words renew'd :

Eve! now expect great tidings, which perhaps “ Eve, easily may faith admit that all

Of us will soon determine, or impose The good which we enjoy from heaven descends; New laws to be observ'd; for I descry But that from us ought should ascend to heaven From yonder blazing cloud that veils the hill, So prevalent as to concern the mind

One of the heavenly host, and by his gait 230 Of God bigb-bless'd, or to incline his will 145 None of the meanest, some great potentate, Hard to belief may seem ; yet this will prayer, Or of the thrones above ; such majesty Or one short sigh of human breath, upborne Invests him coming; yet not terrible, Even to the seat of God. For since I sought That I should fear, nor sociably mild, By prayer th' offended Deity t'appease,

As Raphael, that I should much confide, 235 Kneel'd, and before him humbled all my heart, 150 But solemn and sublime, whom not to oflend, Methought I saw him placable and mild,

With reverence I must meet, and thou retire." Bending his ear; persuasion in me grew That I was heard with favour; peace return'd He ended ; and the archangel soon drew nigh, Home to my breast and to my memory

Not in his shape celestial, but as man His promise, that thy' seed shall bruise our foe;' Clad to meet man; over his lucid arms 210 Which then not minded in dismay, yet now

156 A military vest of purple flow'd, Assures me that the bitterness of death

Livelier than Melibean, or the grain Is past,

and we shall live. Whence hail to thee, Of Sarra, worn by kings and heroes old Eve rightly call'd, mother of all mankind,

In time of truce; Iris had dipp'd the woof; Mother of all things living, since by thee, 160 His starry helm unbuckled show'd him prime 245 Man is to live, and all things live for man." In manhood, where youth ended; by his side,

As in a glist'ring zodiac, hung the sword, To whom thus Eve with sad demeanour meek: Satan's dire dread, and in his hand the spear. * Ill worthy I such title should belong

Adam bow'd low; he kingly, from his state To me transgressor, who, for thee ordain'd

Inclin'd not, but his coming thus declar'd: 250 A help, became thy snare; to me reproach 165 Rather belongs, distrust and all dispraise :

Adam ! heaven's high behest no preface needs: But infinite in pardon was my Judge,

Sufficient that thy prayers are heard, and death, That I, who first brought death on all, am grac'd Then due by sentence when thou didst transgress, The source of life; next favourable thou,

Defeated of his seizure, many days

254 Who highly thus to' entitle me vouchsaf'st, 170 Given thee of grace, wherein thou may'st repent, Far other name deserving. But the field

And one bad act with many deeds well done To labour calls us now, with sweat impos'd

May'st cover: well may then thy Lord, appeasid, Though after sleepless night; for see the morn, Redeem thee quite from death's rapacious claim; All unconcern'd with our unrest, begins

But longer in this Paradise to dwell Her rosy progress smiling; let us forth, 175 Permits not; to remove thee I am come, 260 I never from thy side henceforth to stray,

And send thee from the garden forth, to till Where'er our day's work lies, though now enjoin'd The ground whence thou wast taken, fitter soil." Laborious, till day droop; while here we dwell, What can be toilsome in these pleasant walks ? He added not, for Adam at the news Here let us live, though in fallen state, content." 180 Heart-struck with chilling gripe of sorrow stond,

That all his senses bound; Eve, who unseen, 265 So spake, so wish'd much humbled Eve, but fate Yet all had heard, with audible lament Subscrib'd not; Nature first gave signs, impressid Discover'd soon the place of her retire. On bird, beast, air, air suddenly eclips'd After short blush of morn; nigh in her sight “O unexpected stroke, worse than of death! The bird of Jove, stoop'd from his airy tour, 185 Must I thus leave thee, Paradise ? thus leare Two birds of gayest plume before him drove: Thee, native soil ! these happy walks and shades, 270 Down from a hill the beast that reigns in woods, fit haunt of gods?

where I had hope to spend, Pint hunter then, pursu'd a gentle


Quiet, though sad, the respite of that day


That must be mortal to us both. O flowers, True patience, and to temper joy with fear
That never will in other climate grow,

And pious sorrow, equally inur'd
My carly visitation, and my last

275 By nioderation either state to bear, Ai even, which I bred up with tender hand Prosperous or adverse. So shalt thou lead From the first op'ning bud, and gave ye names, Safest thy life, and best prepar'd endure 365 Who now shall rear ye to the sun, or rank

Thy mortal passage when it comes. Ascend Your tribes, and water from th' ambrosial fount? This hill; let Eve (for I have drench'd her eyes) Thee lastly, nuptial bower, by me adorn'd 280 Here sleep below, while thou to foresight wak'st; With what to sight or smell was sweet, from theo As once thou slept'st, while she to life was form'd." How shall I part, and whither wander down Into a lower world, to this obscure

To whom thus Adam gratefully replied : 370 And wild? How shall we breathe in other air "Ascend, I follow thee, safe guide! the path Less pure, accustom'd to immortal fruits ?” 285 Thou lead'st me', and to the hand of heaven submit,

However chast’ning, to the evil turn Whom thus the angel interrupted mild:

My obvious breast, arming to overcome “ Lament not, Eve, but patiently resign

By suffering, and earn rest from labour won, 375 What justly thou hast lost ; nor set thy heart, If so I may attain." So both ascend Thus over-fond, on that which is not thine: In the visions of God. It was a hill, Thy going is not lonely; with thee goes 290 Of Paradise the highest, from whose top Thy husband; him to follow thou art bound; The hemisphere of earth in clearest ken 379 Where he abides, think there thy native soil.” Stretch'd out to th' amplest reach of prospect lay.

Not higher that hill, or wider looking round, Adam by this from the cold sudden damp

Whereon, for different cause, the tempter set Recov'ring, and his scatter'd spirits return'd, Our second Adam in the wilderness, To Michael thus his humble words address'd: 295 To show him all earth's kingdoms and their glory

His eye might there command wherever stood 385 “ Celestial !' whether among the thrones, or nam'd City of old or modern fame, the seat Of them the highest, for such of shape may seem Of mightiest empire, from the destin'd walls Prince above prinoes, gently hast thou told

Of Cambalu, seat of Cathaian Can, Thy message, which might else in telling wound, And Samarchand by Oxus, Temir's throne, And in performing end us; what besides 300 To Paquin, of Sinæan kings, and thence 390 Of sorrow, and dejection, and despair,

To Agra, and Lahor, of great Mogul, Our frailty can sustain, thy tidings bring,

Down to the golden Chersonese, or where Departure from this happy place, our sweet

The Persian in Ecbatan sat, or since Recess, and only consolation left

In Hispahan, or where the Russian Czar Familiar to our eyes, all places else 305 In Moscow, or the Sultan in Bizance,

395 Inhospitable' appear, and desolate;

Turchestan-born; nor could his eye not ken Nor knowing us, nor known: and if by prayer Th'empire of Negus, to his utmost port Incessant I could hope to change the will

Ercoco, and the less maritime kings, Of him who all things can, I would not cease Mombaza, and Quiloa, and Melind, To weary him with my assiduous cries :

And Sofala, thought Ophir, to the realm 300 But prayer against his absolute decree

Of Congo, and Angola farthest sonth;
No more avails than breath against the wind, Or thence from Niger flood to Atlas mount,
Blown stifling back on him that breathes it forth: The kingdoms of Almansor, Fez, and Sus,
Therefore to his great bidding I submit.

Morocco, and Algiers, and Tremisen;

404 This most afflicts me, that departing hence, 315 On Europe thence, and where Rome was to sway As from his face I shall be hid, depriv'd

The world: in spirit perhaps he also saw His blessed count'nance; here I could frequent Rich Mexico the seat of Montezume, With worship, place by place, where he vouchsaf'd And Cusco in Peru, the richer seat Presence divine, and to my sons relate,

Of Atabalipa, and yet unspoil'd
On this mount he appear'd, under this tree 320 Guiana, whose great city Geryon's sons 410
Stood visible, among these pines his voice

Call El Dorado. But to nobler sights
I heard, here with him at this fountain talk'd :' Michael from Adam's eyes the film remov'd,
So many grateful altars I would rear

Which that false fruit that promis'd clearer sight grassy turf, and pile up every stone

Had bred; then purg'd with euphrasy and rue Of lustre from the brook, in memory,

325 The visual nerve, for he had much to see ; 415 Or monument to ages, and thereon

And from the well of life three drops instillid, Offer sweet-smelling gums, and fruits, and flowers. So deep the power of these ingredients pierc'd, In yonder nether world where shall I seek

Even to the inmost seat of mental sight, His bright appearances, or footstep trace ?

That Adam, now enforc'd to close his eyes, 419 For though I'fled him angry, yet, recallid 330 Sunk down, and all his spirits became entranc'd; To life prolor:g'd and promis'd race, I now

But him the gentle angel by the hand Gladly behold, though but his utmost skirts Soon rais'd, and his attention thus recallid: Of glory, and far off his steps adore."

"Adam ! now ope thine eyes, and first behold To whom thus Michael with regard benign: Th' effects which thy original crime hath wrought “Adam ! thou know'st heaven his, and all the earth, In some to spring from thee, who never touch'd 425 Not this rock only'; his omnipresence fills 336 Th' excepted tree, nor with the snake conspir'd, Land, sea, and air, and every kind that lives, Nor sinn'd thy sin, yet from that sin derive Fomented by his virtual power and warm'd: Corruption to bring forth more violent deeds." All th' earth he gave thee to possess and rule, No despicable gift; surmise not then

340 His eyes he open'd, and beheld a field, His presence to these narrow bounds confin'd Part arable and tilth, whereon were sheaves 430 Of Paradise or Eden: this had been

New reap'd, the other part sheep-walks and folds ; Perhaps thy capital seat, from whence had spread I'th' midst an altar as the land-mark stood All generations, and had hither come,

Rustic, of grassy sod; thither anon From all the ends of th' earth, to celebrate 345 A sweaty reaper from his tillage brought And reverence thee their great progenitor.

First fruits, the green ear, and the yellow sheaf,439 But this pre-eminence thou' hast lost, brought down Uncull’d, as came to hand; a shepherd next, To dwell on even ground now with thy sons : More meek, came with the firstlings of his flock Yet doubt not but in valley and in plain

Choicest and best; then sacrificing, laid God is as here, and will be found alike 350 The inwards and their fat, with incense strow'd Present, and of his presence many a sign

On the cleft wood, and all due rites perform'd, 440 Still following thee, still compassing thee round His offering soon propitious fire from heaven With goodness and paternal love, his face

Consum'd with nimble glance, and grateful steam; Express, and of his steps the track divine. 354 The other's not, for his was not sincere; Which that thou may'st believe, and be confirm'd, Whereat he inly rag'd, and as they talk'd, Ere thou from hence depart; know, I am sent Smote him into the midriff with a stone 445 To show thee what shall come in future days That beat out life; he fell, and deadly pale To thee, and to thy offspring; good with bad Groan'd out his soul with gushing blood effusidh Expect to hear, supernal grace contending

Much at that sight was Adam in his heart With sinfulness of men; thereby to learn 360 Dismay'd, and thus in haste to th' angel cried:


“O teacher, some great mischief hath befallen So may'st thou live, till like ripe fruit thou drop To that meet 'man, who well had sacrific'd;

Into thy mother's lap, or be with ease

536 Is piety thus and pure devotion paid ?

Gather'd, not harshly pluckd, for death mature:

This is old age; but then thou must outlive [change To whom Michael thus, he also mov'd, replied : Thy youth, thy strength, thy beauty, which will « These two are brethren, Adam, and to come To wither'd, weak, and gray; thy senses then 540 Out of thy loins; th' unjust the just hath slain, 455 Obtuse, all taste of pleasure must forego, For envy that his brother's offering found

To what thou hast; and for the air of youth, From heaven acceptance; but the bloody fact Hopeful and cheerful, in thy blood will reign Will be aveng'd, and th' other's faith approv'd A melancholy damp of cold and dry, Lose no reward, though here thou see him die, To weigh thy spirits down, and last consume 515 Rolling in dust and gore.” To which our sire. 460 The balm of life." To whom our ancestor: “ Alas, both for the deed and for the cause!

“ Henceforth I fly not death, nor would prolong But have I now seen Death?

Is this the way

Life much; bent rather how I may be quit I must return to native dust?

O sight

Fairest and easiest of this cumb'rous charge, Of terror, foul and ugly to behold,

Which I must keep till my appointed day 550 Horrid to think, how horrible to feel !" 465 Of rend'ring up, and patiently attend

My dissolution." Michael replied:
To whom thus Michael : “Death thou hast seen
In his first shape on man; but many shapes

“ Nor love thy life, nor hate; but what thou Of death, and many are the ways that lead

liv'st To his grim cave, all dismal ; yet to sense

Live well, how long or short permit to heaven: More terrible at th' entrance than within. 470 And now prepare thee for another sight." 555 Some, as thou saw'st, by violent stroke shall die, By fire, flood, famine; by intemp'rance more

He look'd, and saw a spacious plain, whereon In meats and drinks, which on the earth shall bring Were tents of various hue; by some were herds Diseases dire, of which a monstrous crew

Of cattle grazing: others, whence the sound Before thee shall appear; that thou may'st know Of instruments that made melodious chime What misery th' inabstinence of Eve

476 Was heard, of harp and organ; and who mov'd 560 Shall bring on men.” Immediately a place Their stops and chords were seen; his volant touch Before his eyes appear'd, sad, noisome, dark, Instinct through all proportions, low and high, A lazar-house it seem'd, wherein were laid

Fled and pursu'd transverse the resonant fugue. Numbers of all diseas'd, all maladies


In other part stood one who at the forge, Of ghastly spasm, or racking torture, qualms Lab'ring, two massy clods of iron and brass 565 Of heart-sick agony, all feverous kinds,

Had melted, (whether found where casual fire Convulsions, epilepsies, fierce catarrhs,

Had wasted woods on mountain or in vale, Intestine stone and ulcer, cholic pangs,

Down to the veins of earth, thence gliding hot Demoniac phrenzy, moping melancholy, 485 To some cave's mouth, or whether wash'd by stream And moon-struck madness, pining atrophy,

From underground,) the liquid ore he draind 570 Marasmus, and wide-wasting pestilence,

Into fit moulds prepar'd; from which he form'd Dropsies, and asthmas, and joint-racking rheums. First his own tools; then, what might else be Dire was the tossing, deep the groans; Despair Fusil or grav'n in metal. After these, [wrought Tended the sick, busiest from couch to couch; 490 But on the hither side, a different sort 571 And over them triumphant Death his dart

From the high neighb'ring hills, which was their Shook, but delay'd to strike, though oft invok'd Down to the plain descended: by their guise (seat, With vows, as their chief good, and final hope. Just men they seem'd, and all their study bent Sight so deform what heart of rock could long To worship God aright, and know his works Dry-eyed behold? Adam could not, but wept, 495 Not hid, nor those things last which might preserve Though not of woman born; compassion queli'd Freedom and peace to men: they on the plain 580 His hest of man, and gave him up tears

Long had not walk'd, when from the tents behold A space, till firmer thoughts restrain'd excess; A bevy of fair women, richly gay And scarce recovering words, his plaint renew'd : In gems and wanton dress; to th' harp they sung

Soft amorous ditties, and in dance came on. “O miserable mankind, to what fall 500

The men, tho' grave, eyed them, and let their eyes Degraded, to what wretched state reserv'd!

Rove without rein, till in the amorous net 586 Better end here unborn. Why is life given Fast caught, they lik'd, and each his liking chose; To be thus wrested from us? Rather why

And now of love they treat, till th' evening star, Obtruded on us thus? who, if we knew

Love's harbinger, appear'd; then all in heat What we receive, would either not accept 505 They light the nuptial torch, and bid invoke 590 Life offer'd, or soon beg to lay it down,

Hymen, then first to marriage-rites invok'd : Glad to be so dismiss'd in peace. Can thus

With feast and music all the tents resound. Th’image of God in man, created once

Such happy interview and fair event So goodly and erect, though faulty since,

Of love and youth not lost, songs, garlands, flowers, To such unsightly sufferings be debas'd 510 And charming symphonies, attach'd the heart 595 Under inhuman pains? Why should not man, Of Adam, soon inclin'd t' admit delight, Retaining still divine similitude

The bent of nature; which he thus express'd : In part, from such deformities be free, And for his Maker's image sake exempt?" 514 True opener of mine eyes, prime angel bless'd!

Much better seems this vision, and more hope
“Their Maker's image," answer'd Michael," then Of peaceful days portends, than those two past; 600
Forsook them, when themselves they vilified Those were of hate and death, or pain much worse;
To serve ungovern'd appetite, and took

Here nature seems fulfill'd in all her ends."
His image whom they serv'd, a brutish vice,
Inductive mainly to the sin of Eve.

To whom thus Michael : “ Judge not what is Therefore so abject is their punishment, 520 By pleasure, though to nature seeming meet, (best Disfiguring not God's likeness, but their own, Created, as thou art, to nobler end,

C05 Or if his likeness, by themselves defac'a,

Holy and pure, conformity divine. While they pervert pure nature's healthful rules Those tents thou saw'st so pleasant, were the tents To loathsome sickness; worthily, since they Of wickedness, wherein shall dwell his race God's image did not reverence in themselves." 525 Who slew his brother; studious they appear

Of arts that polish life, inventors rare,

610 I yield it just,” said Adam, "and submit. Unmindful of their Maker, though his Spirit But is there yet no other way, besides

Taught them, but they his gifts acknowledg'd none.
These painful passages, how we may come Yet they a beauteous offspring shall beget;
To death, and mix with our connatural dust ?" 529 For that fair female troop thou saw'st, that seem'd

Of goddesses, so blithe, so smooth, so gay,
“There is," said Michael, “if thou well observe Yet empty of all good, wherein.consists
The rule of not too much, by temp'rance taught, Woman's domestic honour and chief praise;
In what thou eat'st and drink'st, seeking from Bred only and completed to the taste
Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight (thence Of lustful appetence, to sing, to dance,
Tul many years over thy head return,

To dress, and troll the tongue, and roll the eye. 620

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To these, that suber race of men, whose lives High in salvation and the climes of bliss,
Religious titled them the sons of Gud,

Exempt from death; to show thee what reward Shall yield up all their virtue, all their fame, Awaits the good, the rest what punishment; 230 Ignobly, to the trains and to the smiles

Which now direct thine eyes, and soon behold." of these iair atheists, and now swim in joy, 625 Ere long to swim at large; and laugh, for which He look'd, and saw the face of things quite The world ere long a world of tears must weep."


The brazen throat of war had ceas'd to roar; To whom thus Adam, of short joy bereft: All now was turn'd to jollity and game, O pity' and shame! that they who to live well To luxury and riot, feast and dance;

715 Enter'd so fair, should turn aside to tread 630 Marrying or prostituting, as befell, Paths indirect, or in the midway faint !

Rape or adultery, where passing fair But still I see the tenor of man's wo

Allar'd them; thence from cups to civil broils. Holds on the same, from woman to begin."

At length a reverend sire among them came,

And of their doings great dislike declar'd, 720 “ From man's effeminate slackness it begins," And testified against their ways; he oft Said th' angel," who should better hold his place Frequented their assemblies, whereso met, By wisdom, and superior gifts receiv'd. 636

Triumphs or festivals, and to them preach'd
But now prepare thee for another scene."

Conversion and repentance, as to souls.
In prison under judgments imminent;

725 He look'd, and saw wide territory spread

But all in vain : which when he saw, he ceas d Before him, towns, and rural works between, Contending; and rernov'd his tents far oft'; Ciues of men with lofty gates and towers; 640 Then from the mountain hewing timber tall, Concourse in arms, fierce faces threat'ning war, Began to build a vessel of huge bulk;

729 Giants of mighty bone, and bold emprise :

Measur'd by cubit, length, and breadth, and height, Part wield their arms, part curb the foaming steed, Smear'd rouni with pitch, and in the side a door Single, or in array of battle rang'd,

Contriv'd; and of provisions laid in large Both Horse and foot, nor idly must'ring stood : 645 For man and beast : when lo, a wonder strange! One way a band select from forage drives

Of every beast, and bird, and insect small 731 A herd of beeves, fair oxen, and fair kine,

Came sevens, and pairs, and enter'd in, as taught From a fat meadow-ground; or fleecy flock, Their order; last the sire, and his three sons, Ewes and their bleating lambs, over the plain, With their four wives; and God made fast the door. Their booty; scarce with life the shepherds tly, 650 Meanwhile the south wind rose, and with black But call in aid, which makes a bloody fray;

wings With cruel tournament the squadrons join;

Wide hovering, all the clouds together drove Where cattle pastur'd late, now scatter'd lies From under heaven; the hills to their supply 740 With carcasses and arms, th' ensanguin'd field Vapour, and exhalation dusk and moist, Deserted : others to a city strong


Sent up amain; and now the thicken'd sky Lay siege, encamp'd; by battery, scale, and mine, Like a dark ceiling stood ; down rush'd the rain Assaulting; others from the wall defend

Impetuous, and continued till the earth With dart and javelin, stones, and sulphurous fire; No more was seen; the floating vessel swam 7-15 On each hand slaughter and gigantic deeds. Uplifted, and secure with beaked prow In other part the sceptred heralds call

660 Kode tilting o'er the waves; all dwellings else To council in the city gates; anon

Flood overwhelm'd, and thein with all their pomp Gray-headed men and grave, with warriors mixu, Deep under water roll'd; sea cover'd sea, Assemble, and harangues are heard, but soon Sex without shore; and in their palaces, 750 In factious opposition; till at last

Where luxury late reign'd, sea-monsters whelp'! Of middle age one rising, eminent

665 And stabled; of mankind, so numerous late, In wise deport, spake much of right and wrong, All left, in one small bottoin swam imbark'd. Of justice, of religion, truth and peace,

How didst thou grieve then, Adam, to behold And judginent from above: him old and young The end of all thy offspring, end so sad, 755 Exploded, and had seiz'd with violent hands, 669 Depopulation ? thee another floor, Had not a cloud descending snatch'd him thence Of tears and sorrow' a flood thee also drown'd, Unseen amid the throng: so violence

And sunk thee as thy sons; till gently rear'd Proceeded, and oppression and sword-law,

By th' angel, on thy feet thou stood'st at last, Through all the plain, and refuge none was found. Though comfortless, as when a father mourns 760 Adam was all in tears, and to his guide 674 His children, all in view destroy'd at once; Lamenting turn'd full sad ; “O what are these, And scarce to th' angel utter'dst thus thy plaint: Death's ministers, not men, who thus deal death Inhunanly to men, and multiply

« O visions ill foreseen! better had I Ten thousand-fold the sin of him who slew

Liv'd ignorant of future, so had borne His brother; for of whom such massacre

My part of evil only, each day's lot Make they but of their brethren, men of men ? 680 Enough to bear; those now, that were dispens'd But who was that just man, whom had not heaven The burden of many ages, on me light Kescued, had in his righteousness been lost ?" At once, by my foreknowledge gaining birth

Abortive, to torment me ere their being, To whom thus Michael: “ These are the product With thought that they must be. Let no man seek Of those ill-mated marriages thou saw'st;

Henceforth to be foretold what shall befall 771 Where good with bad were match'd, who of them. Him or his children; evil he may be sure, selves

685 Which neither his foreknowing can prevent, Abhor to join; and by imprudence mix'd,

And he the future evil shall no less Produce prodigious births of body' or mind.

In apprehension than in substance feel, 775 Such were these giants, men of high renown; Grievous to bear: but that care now is past, For in those days might only shall be admir'd, Man is not whom to warn ; those few escop'd, And valour and heroic virtue call'd;

690 Famine and anguish will at last consume, To overcome in battle, and subdue

Wand'ring that wat'ry desert. I had hope, Nations, and bring home spoils with infinite When violence was ceas'd, and war on earth, 780 Man-slaughter, shall be held the highest pitch All would have then gone well, peace would have Of human glory, and for glory done

crown'd, Of triumph, to be styl'd greai conquerors, 695 With length of happy days, the race of man: Patrons of mankind, gods, and sons of gods,

But I was far deceiv'd; for now I see Destroyers rightlier call'd, and plagues of men. Peace to corrupt no less than war to waste. Thus fame shall be achiev'd, renown on earth, How comes it thus? unfold, celestial guide, 783 And what most merits fame in silence hid.

And whether here the race of man will end." But he, the seventh from thee, whom thou beheld'st The only righteous in a world perverse, 701 To whom thus Michael : « Those whom last And therefore hated, therefore so beset

thou saw'st With foes, for daring single to be just,

In triumph and luxurious wealth, are they And utter odious truth, that God would come First seen in acts of prowess eminent, To judge them with his saints: him the Most High, And great exploits, but of true virtue void : 790 Wrapp'd in a balmy cloud, with winged steeds 706 Who having spilt much blood, and done much Did, as thcu saw'st, receive, to walk with God Subduing nations, and achiev'u thereby wastt


Fame in the world, high titles, and rich prey, His sluices, as the heaven his windows shut. 849 Bhall change their course to pleasure, ease, and The ark no more now floats, but seems on ground, sloth,

Fast on the top of some high mountain fixa, Surfeit, and lust, till wantonness and pride 795

And now the tops of hills as rocks appear; Raise out of friendship hostile deeds in peace. With clamour thence the rapid currents drive The conquer'd also, and enslav'd by war,

Tow'rds the retreating sea their furious tide. Shall, with their freedom lost, all virtue lose, Forthwith from out the ark a raven flies, 855 And fear of God, from whom their piety feign'd, And after him, the surer messenger, In sharp contest of battle found no aid


A dove, sent forth once and again to spy Against invaders; therefore cool'd in zeal,

Green tree or ground whereon his foot may light; Thenceforth shall practise how to live secure, The second time returning, in his bill Worldly or dissolute, on what their lords

An olive-leaf he brings, pacific sign:

860 Shall leave them to enjoy; for th' earth shall bear Anon dry ground appears, and from his ark More than enough, that temp'rance may be tried : The ancient sire descends with all his train; So all shall turn degenerate, all deprav'd; 806 Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout, Justice and temp'rance, truth and faith forgot; Grateful to heaven, over his head beholds One man except, the only son of light

A dewy cloud, and in the cloud a bow,

865 In a dark age, against example good,

Conspicuous with three listed colours gay, Against allurement, custom, and a world 810 Betokening peace from God, and cov'nant new. Offended; fearless of reproach and scorn,

Whereat the heart of Adam, erst so sad, Or violence, he of their wicked ways

Greatly rejoic'd, and thus his joy broke forth: Shall them admonish, and before them set The paths of righteousness, how much more safe, “O thou who future things canst represent 870 And full of peace, denouncing wrath to come 815 As present, heavenly instructor, I revive On their impenitence; and shall return

At this last sight, assar'd that man shall live Of them derided, but of God observ'd

With all the creatures, and their seed preserve. The one just man alive; by his command

Far less I now lament for one whole world Shall build a wondrous ark, as thou beheld'st, Of wicked sons destroy'd, than I rejoice 875 To save himself and household from amidst 820 For one man found so perfect and so just, A world devote to universal wrack.

That God vouchsafes to raise another world No sooner he, with them of man and beast

From him, and all his anger to forget. Select for life, shall in the ark be lodg'd,

But say, what mean those colour'd streaks in heaven, And shelier'd round, but all the cataracts

Distended as the brow of God appeasid, 880 Of heaven, set open on the earth, shall pour 825

Or serve they as a flowery verge to bind Rain, day and night; all fountains of the deep The fluid skirts of that same wat'ry cloud, Broke up, shall heave the ocean to usurp

Lest it again dissolve and shower the earth ?” Beyond all bounds, till inundation rise Above the highest hills; then shall this mount To whom th' archangel: “Dextrously thou Of Paradise by might of waves be mov'd 830

aim'st; Out of his place, push'd by the horned flood, So willingly doth God remit his ire,

885 With all his verdure spoil'd, and trees adrift, Though late repenting him of man depravid, Down the great river to the opening gulf,

Griev'd at his heart, when looking down he saw And there take root, an island salt and bare, The whole earth tillid with violence, and all The haunt of seals, and orcs, and sea-mews' clang:

flesh To teach thee that God attributes to place 836

Corrupting each their way; yet, those remov'd, No sanctity, if none be thither brought

Such grace shall one just man find in his sight, 890 By men who there frequent, or therein dwell. That he relents, not to blot out mankind, And now what further shall ensue, behold."

And makes a covenant never to destroy

The earth again by flood, nor let the sea He look'd, and saw the ark hull on the flood, 840 Surpass his bounds, nor rain to drown the world Which now abated; for the clouds were fled, With man therein or beast; but when he brings Driven by a keen north wind, that blowing dry Over the earth a cloud, will therein set 896 Wrinkled the face of deluge, as decay'd;

His triple-colour'd bow, whereon to look, ! And the clear sun on his wide wat'ry glass

And call to mind his cov'nant: day and night, Gaz'd hot, and of the fresh wave largely drew, 845 Seed-time and harvest, heat and hoary frost, As after thirst, which made their flowing shrink Shall hold their course, till fire purge all things From standing lake to tripping ebb, that stole


900 With soft foot tow'rds the deep, who now had Both heaven and earth, wherein the just shall stopp'd


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