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ib.

These signs are to continue till our Lord's advent with the clouds of heaven

238 Concluding division of our Lord's discourse.—Passages cited from St. Matthew xxiv. 31. and St. Luke xxi. 34.

239 Our Lord appears, in the above passage of St. Matthew, to affirm

that the whole of the prediction was to be fulfilled during the generation then living upon earth

ib. This difficulty has greatly perplexed those who have endeavoured to interpret our Lord's prophecy

240 Mede's attempt to remove the difficulty, by understanding Yeve

to mean, in this passage, a nation, and not a generation, con

sidered—and reasons given for rejecting it Remarks on the word, supposed to indicate the complete fulfilment of the whole events in that generation

241 The proper sense of that word is not to be completely fulfilled, but

it means commencement, running into subsequent continuance of action....

ib. And the clause signifies that the whole series of events were to begin to be accomplished in that generation

jb. Thus our Lord gave an answer, as far as it was proper, to the first

question, When shall these things be? but he adds a caution, that the day and hour of the second advent were unknown to all but the Father .....

243 The inference from the whole of this prophecy is, that the times of the Gentiles, or 1260 years, ended at the fall of the French monarchy, in the year 1792 ......

ib. An inference deduced from this prophecy, compared with the six

teenth chapter of Revelation, that the celestial signs predicted by our Lord, synchronize with the seven Apocalyptic vials .... 244

CHAPTER XV.

ON THE PROPHETICAL PERIOD OF TWELVE HUNDRED AND SIXTY

YEARS, CONCLUDED.

In this chapter an auxiliary argument will be offered, in aid of

the conclusion, that the 1260 years ended at the French Revolution, founded on another mysterious number, in the eighth chapter of Daniel

245 In the third year of Belshazzar Daniel saw, in vision, a ram with

two horns—This ram is a symbol of the empire of the Medes and Persians

ib. The establishment of the Medo-Persian empire did not take place

till the year A. C. 536.—But the rise of the empire may be dated from the year A. C. 559

246

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The period when Daniel first beheld the ram was, however, laterand could not be prior to the year A. C. 536 ...

...... 2 46 When Daniel first saw the ram, he was butting westward, north

ward and southward-These actions refer to a series of successful wars.....

218 Reasons why these wars must be those of Darius Hystaspis, and no other

249 The period of the reign of Darius, which will be found exactly

to answer to the actions of the ram, when first seen by Daniel, must be sometime between the year A. C. 513 and 497

ib. Reasons for fixing the commencement of the vision in the year A. C. 508

250 Daniel next saw a he-goat come from the west, and overthrow the

ram--This symbol denoted the Macedonian empire under Alexander.....

ib. The four kingdoms which rose out of the empire of Alexander were typified by the four horns of the goat .....

ib. The prophet afterwards saw a little horn come out of one of these

horns, which waxed exceeding great, even to the host of the symbolical heaven....

251 This horn is a symbol of the Roman power in the east, after its

conquests extended to the territories of the he-goat....... ib. An historical statement of particulars, wherein the Roman empire

in the east answered to the character of this horn............ ib. Chronological coincidence between the rise of the horn and that

of the Roman sovereignty, within the territories of the Macedonian empire

255 *Question concerning the length of the vision, cited from Dan." viii. 13.

257 The answer declares that it shall be unto two thousand three hun. dred days, then shall the sanctuary be cleansed

258 This period shown to be the whole length of the vision....

ib. The cleansing of the sanctuary will receive its accomplishment,

when the church is freed from those Gentiles who tread it under foot, during the 1260 years

ib. This cleansing must therefore begin at the sounding of the seventh trumpet

ib. Another argument stated to prove this point, and a consequence

deduced from it, that the 2300 days must be used for years, and

that they end precisely at the same tinie with the 1260 years.. 259 It follows, therefore, that the 2300 years must have ended in the year 1792 ....

ib. This conclusion is further confirmed by computing the 2300 years

ram

back from the year 1792, for thus calculated they bring us to the identical year A. C. 503, which we have already seen is the probable date of the commencement of Daniel's vision of the

259 Among the objections to the conclusion that the 1260 years ended

in 1792, only one seems entitled to much weight, which is founded on a passage in the last chapter of Daniel-The passage cited .......

201 Three different numbers are mentioned in the above passage, viz.

a time, times, and a half; i. e. 1260 days-1290 days, and 1335 days; i. e. years-All these periods begin together. The second contains thirty years beyond the first, and the third forty-five years beyond the second.......

262 The 1335 years probably introduce the full glories of the Millen

nium-An opinion stated that the intermediate period will probably be signalized by the commencement of the restoration of Judah ....

ib. The argument of Mr. Faber, founded on the above passage, is,

that the restoration of Judah will begin precisely at the close of the 1260 years ...

263 Answer to this argument.

264 The answer confirmed, by passages cited from Wintle-and Lowth 265 It may be objected, that we yet see no signs of the Restoration of

Judah, and that it is incredible that so mighty an event should be accomplished within five years

ib. Answer to this objection, by a reference to the past history of that

people, and to the declarations of prophecy respecting the suddenness of their future conversion, and the marvels which shall accompany their future Exodus

ib. Reasons for concluding that their national conversion is already beginning

268

CHAPTER XVI.
THE FOURTEENTH CHAPTER OF THE APOCALYPSE.
A lamb standing on Mount Sion, and with him an hundred and

forty-four thousand - A song heard in heaven-None can learn

the song but the 144,000—Their character described : ....... 273 The interpretation of this vision given by most expositors rejected ib. It is applied by Bishop Newton and Mr. Faber, to the state of the

true spiritual church in the wilderness, during the reign of the beast ...

ib. This exposition is a natural consequence of the erroneous explanation given by these writers, of the sixth seal

274

Archdeacon Woodhouse bas, very inconsistently with himself,

adopted the same explanation of the vision of the 144,000.... 274 Reasons for rejecting this opinion, and for referring this vision to

the period of the sixth seal, and seventh trumpet, and seven vial's

275 The appearance of the 144,000 op Sion, is emblematical of the

triumphant attitude assumed by the true spiritual church, in the period of the vials....

....... 277 The song which they learn is the Song of Moses and the Lamb,

mentioned in the following chapter-What are its distinguishing features

ib. During this period, the members of the true church shall not,

however, be exempted from suffering-—But the church, as a body shall be saved

278 The church is here presented to us as returned from the wilderness; but not yet entered into her rest

ib. The church is already assuming, or rather has assumed, the posture here mentioned ...,

ib. Three angels seen, the first having the everlasting Gospel; the

second proclaiming that Babylon is fallen; the third denouncing

eternal punishment against the worshippers of the beast...... 279 Somne writers interpret the above vision, of the preaching of

Luther and the reformers of his age-others refer it to an

earlier period ... Reasons for rejecting both these interpretations

ib. The whole of the fourteenth chapter of the Apocalypse belongs to the period of the seventh trumpet

281 The light of the first angel denotes a preaching of the Gospel much more extensive than any that preceded it

ib. It also denotes the diffusion of the written word, with a rapidity

before unexampled and that this circulation of the Scriptures shall be accompanied with awful and signal judgments of God 282 This prophecy seems now to be receiving its accomplishment.... ib. The flight of the second and third angels is yet future

283 Some remarks on the mission of these two angels

ib. After dcclaring the purport of the message of the third angel, the

Holy Spirit gives a significant warning, that the events of that time shall call into exercise the utmost degree of the faith and

patience of the saints-Remarks on this warning: ...... ... 284 A voice heard from heaven, saying, Write, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth

235 Remarks on this passage

ib.

..... 280

...

The Son of Man sits on a white cloud, with a sharp sickle, and reaps the harvest of the earth ....

286 This advent of Christ is the same with that mentioned in the

seventh of Daniel and other passages—The reaping of the harvest of the earth is the gathering of his elect from the four winds of heaven..

287 This explanation of the wheat harvest is different from that

offered by Mede, Bishop Newton, and Mr. Faber, but it is supported by the authority of Bishop Horsley .......

288 Another angel appears, with a sharp sickle-He gathers the vine of

the earth, and casts it into the winepress of wrath-The winepress is trodden without the city ...

ib. This vision coincides with the treading of the wine-press at Armageddon, and with certain passages in Isaiah and Joel

ib. Recapitulation of the foregoing review of the fourteenth chapter of the Apocalypse

239

CHAPTER XVII.

THE VISION OF SEVEN ANGELS WITH THE SEVEN VIALS OF WRATH. Apocalyptic description of this scene....

291 The fifteenth chapter of the Apocalypse is an introduction to the

prophecy of the seven vials, and contains some marks, whereby we may fix the proper place of the vials

292 Remarks on the scenery of this vision

ib. A practical inference from these remarks .

293 Who the harpers in this vision are, and the beautiful fitness of

their being introduced as leading the chorus of praise....... ib. The temple in heaven is.opened. This denotes the opening of the

holy of holies--Argument hence deduced for the absolute certaiuty of the conclusion, that the seven vials all belong to the seventh trumpet

294 Observations on the ceremonial and awful import of this vision.. ib. The opening of the holy of holies denotes the near approach of the glorious rest of the church.....

295 But not its actual commencement, which is not till the close of the vials

ib. The return of the church from the wilderness is denoted by the opening of the holy of holies

ib. And the entering of men into the holy of holies, coiucides with the marriage-supper of the Lamb

296

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