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you of all the eternal mercy of that everlasting covenant.
Ochen draw healing and refreshing waters out of the wells of salvation. Make serious preparation for this ordinance, and give holy attendance on it. Then may you hope, that God will there put joy and gladness into your hearts, which will serve to carry you through all the troubles of this life, and at last through death itself, and which then shall terminate in fulness of joy and rivers of pleafares for evermore.
Doct. II. God bestows fure mercies, on all them that are interested in the covenant of grace. Thore with whom God makes an everlasting covenant, he confers upon them the sure mercies promised to David, and purchased by Jesus Christ, of whom David was a type.
Quest. i. What are the mercies, which God bestows on them that are interested in the covenant of grace ?
Answ. Spiritual and eternal mercies. Not merely temporal mercies, which are only common mercies, chat others partake of as well as they, and oftentimes in greater abundance that they do ; but special and faving mercies, which are peculiar unto them that are really in covenant with God. Now these mercies are manifold. Mercies are spoken of, in the plural number, 10 denote che variety of them. Such as these fol. lowing....
1. Pardon of all their sins. This is one of the mercies of the covenant, promised to them, and bestowed upon them. Thus we read, Heb. viii. 12. I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their fins and their iniquities will I remember no more. Here is a promise of full and everlasting pardon of sin. Full pardon, for God will be merciful to their ünrighteousness, their fins and their iniquities, which comprehend all the forts and degrees of sin, they have been guilty of, how ag. gravated soever. They shall all be pardoned, not one unpardoned. And as the pardon is full, so it is everlasting. God will remember their fins and iniquities no
more for ever, so as to impute their fins to them, or“ bring them into condemnation for them. This is one of the choice blessings which God's covenant-people are made to partake of. And how great a mercy this is, we have David bearing bis testimony---- Psal. xxxii. 1, 2. Blessed is the man whose transgression is forgiven; whose finis covered. Blefjed is the man, to whom the Lord imputeth not iniquity.
2. Adoption of fons. This is another of the mercies promised and granted to God's covenant-people. 2 Cori vi. 18. I will be a father unto you, and ye small be my fons and daughters, faith the Lord Almighty. They stand in relation to God as his children, partaking in the glorious dignity of fonship to God. This is a most won. derful mercy and favour, that we who were by nature children of wrath, children of the devil, and children of disobedience, thould be made the children of God. The apostle John speaks of this as a most excellenc privilege, and a fruit of the astonishing love of God. ! Joh. 117. I. Behold, what manner of love the Father hash bestowed upon us, that we should be called the Sons of God! No relation to the greatest persons on earth, is so high, and honourable, and beneficial, as this relation of fons
3. Saving knowledge nf God. This is another mercy promised to, and bestowed upon, all that are really iné terested in the covenant of grace. Heb. viii. 11. They fball not teach every man his neighbour, and every man bis brother, sdying, Know the Lord; for all shall know me, from ibe least to the greatejt. It is not a knowledge of God merely humane, such as one man may teach another ; but a divine knowledge, such as God himself will teach them." He will inlighten their minds, open their understandings, and give them a saving knowledge of himfelf : Such a knowledge of himself, as fhall humble and abase them before God, as Mall draw forth their love to God, as shall be obediencial and fruiful in everv good work, as shall at last issue in the full and eternal vision of God and Christ in glory. N
4. Renewing and sanctifying grace. This is another mercy promised, and bestowedon God's covenani-peo. ple. Ezek. xxxvi. 25, 26. Then will I Sprinkle clean waster upon you, and we shall be clean : from all your filthiness, and from all your idols will I cleanse you. A new heart also will I give unto you, and a new fpirit will I put within you. God will purify them from all their spiritual polluti. ons, subdue all their corruptions, put a new principle of grace into them, whereby they ihall be made to Jive to God, in newness of life. Their understanding, will, and affections shall be renewed, fo as that they fhall become new creatures. They shall no more be the Jame creatures that they were before, but quite other creatures. They shall have new thoughts, huly, spiri. cual, heavenly thoughts : new wills, to will the things ihat please God, and that are conformed ro the will of God : new desires, after righteousness, grace, God, "Chrift, and the kingdom of heaven : now delights, delighting in God, and in his word, and ordinances, and people : new griefs, grieving for their own lins, and ihe sins of others : new ends, aiming at the glory of God in Chrift, the salvation of their own seuls, and the good of others. Thus all old things are done away in them, and every thing is become now.
5. Perseverance in grace to the end. This is another mercy promised to and bestowed upon God's corepanipeople. Jer. xxxii. 40. I will make an everlasting covenari with them, that I will not turn away from them to do thein good: but I will put in; foar in their hearts, that they shall not depart away from me. They Thall not wholly and finally depart away from God, and fall away from that state of grace and favour with God, which they are brought into. Adam might, and did, fall from his state of primitive holiness ; but believers' fhall never fail from that stare of holiness which they are restored unto. They may fall from fome degrees of grace received, but not from all grace. They shall never return again, out of a state of grace, into a state and way of fin. 'They may fall into fins, great and seandalous
lins ; but they fall not lie in them impenitently, and
ibat shall be granted, to them that are interested in 'the covenant of grace. This eternal life is made oveľ
to ihem by divine promise. I Joh. ii. 25. This is The promise that he hath promised us, even eternal life. And che God who has made this promise to them, is a God thai cannut lie. Tit. 1. 2. In hope of eternal life, which God that cannot lie, hath promised. They can therefore no more miss of eternal life, than God can fail of being the God of truth. God may as soon lie, as they fall short of glory. Eternal life is theirs now by fure promise, and it shall ere long be theirs by actual enjoymenc. And therefore Jesus Christ, in whom all the promises of God are yea, and amen, has faid, that he will give thein eternal life, and that they fball never perish, nor shall any be able to pluck them out of his hands. Joh. X. 28.... Thus for the firit ching, fhewing what are covanant-mercies.
Quest. 2. Why are these covenant-blessings called miercies ?
Answ. Because they flow from the pure inercy of God. The new covenant is a corepani of grace and mercy.
The first covenant, was a covenant of justice. Man was, in that covenant, to earn life by his own works. If he had perfectly and perpetually obeyed God, life had been due to him as a debr. Rom. iv. 4. Now to hien that workéth, is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.
Whereas now under the second covenant, all the blessings of grace and glory, are conferred on men, in a way of free and rich mercy. And this is implied in their being called mercies. For this supposes these two things, viz.
1. That the fubjects of these blessings do stand in need of divine mercy. The object of mercy, is a creature in misery. Thus all men, by the breach of the first covenant, are brought into a most miserable condition. Sin has plunged them into the depths of woe and misery. And in this state, they are no ways able to help themselves. They cannot, by any power of their own, deliver themselves out of their deplorable condition. Nor is there any help for them to be had. from any, or all, meer creatures. None of them all; can deliver the souls of sinners, out of their unhappy and doleful circumitances. If therefore they obrain any relief, it must be from the pure mercy of God. If his eye do not picy them, and his hand help them, they must lie and die in their misery. . Believers therefore must say, as in Lam. iii. 22. It is of the Lord's inercies, that we are not confurned, even because his cumpalfions fail
2. That the subjects of these blessings are undeseroing creatures. The subjects of mercy, are such as have no merit. For mercy excludes all merit of good. Thofe then that are made partakers of the blessings of the covenant of grace, are unworthy of those blessings. Yes, they are not only undeserving creatures, but illdeserving creatures. They deserve to have all evils inflicted upon them, instead of good things. They were so far from being lovely, that they were in themselves molt loathsome, such whom God might most justly have abhorred for ever. Whatever bleffings therefore God