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nerally prowl about, either in companies, or so near each other, that when the alarm is given they flock together, either for mutual defence, or the destruction of whatever comes in their way., In these lands they have long since been destroyed; yet in many parts of America, as well as in other places, they do exist, and are destructive, and will be fo, till the general change shall take place.*

2. If we attend again unto the Serpent kind, we shall find them equally malignant, and almost as destructive, and some of them using a great deal of cunning to accomplish their design, infomach, that the Devil is ftiled that old Serpent, + seeiag it was in that form he deceived the Mother of Mankind. Not to lay any stress

upon counts which are deemed fabulous, which, indeed, appear incredible, but to 'such things as are well attested. To fall in the way of the rattle snake, is sure death ; for tho' he makes that noise, from whence he has his name, before be makes his spring, yet it is too late for the unwary to escape. Ochers again lie fo concealed, at the foot of old trees, or in the grass, or in old walls, or ruins, so that if the foot touches them, they instantly bite; and the poison which accompanies that bite, is so speedy in its operation, that it kills before any remedy can be had ; nay, and so penetrating is the poison, that it will even affect iron and


some ac.

* Julius Cæsar mentions a most dreadful animal, which he says the Germans call Uri, of which I have read no where else.

Tertium eft genus eorum, qui Uri aupellentur. Hi sunt magnitudine paullo infra elephantos; specie, et colore, et figura tauri. Magna vis eorum, et magna velocitas : neque homini, nequi feræ quam confpexerint, parcunt, &c.

Comment. Lib. vi. cap. 28.

steel.Our climate is too cold for many of those very poisonous animals ; yet we have an Adder, by some called a Blind Worm, whose venom is fure death, without a speedy remedy. There are said to be others, the touch of which will convey the mortal contagion.

The Crocadile is a most dreadful creature, and is said to conceal itself in the reeds of the river ; upon whose banks it resides, and will mimick a human voice so in its cries, that the unwary are apt to turn aside to look for the person they suppose in distress, and so fall a prey to the devourer.

3, With regard to the winged tribes, it is true, they are not so formidable to the human race as beasts and ferpents ; yet many of these are birds of prey, and, therefore, are continually devouring, and herein differ from their original state; and which plainly fhews they have partook of the fall, and, therefore, in their capacity, are breaking the order and harmony which subfifted when every thing was very good.

4. If we turn our attention to the Great Deep; this may be called death's capital, where destruction is continually raging : for all the inhabitants of this awful region are strictly cannibals; and, in the most literal sense, are devoaring each other. Here, battles, murders, and sudden deaths, are hourly manifélied. Some of these fea monsters are extremely voracious, as the Shark, the Grampus, and the like, and spare nothing that has life which they can master. Now, whether we consider destruction, pain, agony, and death, raging among the ho man kind, or in the brute creation, we must consider it as the pleasing work of the great Abaddon, the first destroyer,


and contrary to His nature—whose essential character is that of love, and whose tender mercy is over all his works.

5. I can but take a very transient view of things, the limits of a Sermon will not admit any thing more; but from these short hints, we see clearly what a mere shambles the creation is, and how it daily groans, being burdened, and seems to pant for deliverance.

6. As to the vegetable parts of the creation, death hath also found its way into their composition, and likewise marks 'ruin and desolation in the same. Even in those plants which are pleafing and profitable to us, how foon do they vary and turn to dust! See, yonder verdant grove, how rural, how pleasing to the eye, how grateful to the smell ! yet, in a short space, a surprizing change will take place-death will tear its graceful locks, and shed its blooming honours in the dust. See, these blooming fruittrees, the general resort of the industrious Bee, whose delicate whiteness vies with the new fallen snow, and decorated with purple spangles, how soon must it fade! Yea, the grass withered and the fiower fadeth, and the fashion of it pafith away. Proud man, who admires his strength or beauty, is often sent to school here, to learn humility and self-abasement *. But not only the ornamental parts of the vegetable creation, but even the most useful and necessary, are but creatures of a day; even the hardy grain, the staff of life, is but of a very short duration ; it foon spoils and perilhes, whatever care is taken to preserve ii: and so the most delicious fruits of the earth, they, like their users, mult speedily turn to dust, though raised with


very * Ilv. xl. 6---9. Pl. xc. 5. Jam. i. 10.

very great labour and toil. Indeed, we have reason to bless God for causing the earth to yield that increase which it does, seeing all were forfeited when man fell ; and, we must not forget, they are thus far restored in the covenant of redemption, the head of which is the feed of the woman, who shall bruise the serpent's head. Now, if death and destruction have entered such fruits, plants, and flowers, as are useful and pleasing to us, what shall we say of numbers, known and unknown, which are extremely pernicious ? Some plants are so poisonous, that the very touching them will cause an immediate numbness to penetrate the hand and arm that has dared to approach it; and if the juices are expressed from them, and touch any part, that blisters and foreness will instantly ensue. Now this was not the case, when all these were food for eicher man or beast ; and I am thoroughly persuaded, that those poisonous qualities entered into their essence only when man had linned ; for it was not till then God said, Cursed is the ground for thy fake; thorns, also, and thistles fall it bring forth unto thee *. With that awful Curse, entered in all the poisonous influence which affects a great many fruits and plants, and, it is very probable, affects more or less every thing which the ground produceș.

7. Such is the present state of things. The brutes are at perpetual war with each other, and the greater part of them are in hoftility against man, who led the way in the grand rebellion himself; and, as his fin has brought a curse into the creation, it seems both animate and inani

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* Genesis iji.

mate are ready to avenge the quarrel of the affronted Creator. I here fay nothing of thunder and lightening, hail, ttorm, and tempeft; I say nothing of dreadful volcanos, destructive earthquakes, and defolating inundations, though joined in league, as it were, with all the reít, to chastise man for his disobedience, and are sad effects of that daring rebellion against God. But must things remain in this state ? Must the great destroyer for ever triumph in destruction and defola:100? God forbid.-Tiere is a Redeemer of the world--a Divine Restorer of all things-ma serpent's Bruiser--and a gracious Undertaker: and this shall,

III. Lead me to view the bright side of the moun. tain-that nothing shall hurt or destroy therein. But here I must appeal to the law and the testimony. If God has said it, he will make it good.

I HAVE already observed the state in which the creation originally was, how harmonious and beautiful, how compleat and lovely, and how sin has brought confusion and destruction into the whole fabrick; therefore nothing less than an Almighty Power can reftore things to their primitive rectitude. Let us see what is said upon this important point.

First, the state of animals. I make no doubt but many of the inspired speakers were carried out of their own depth, and did not fully understand the extent of their own {ayings. One may see (as as remarked) instance of this in the Apostle Peter, when on the day of Pentecost he said the promise (viz. of the Holy Ghost) is unto, you, and to your



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