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we are all sprung; and it seems pretty clear, that the posterity of Cain were all cut off in the general deluge, so that Noah was a pure descendant from Seth. Nor had Noah aay brothers spared; fo that he, only, became a second root from whence all nations are sprung, who may properly deserve the endearing name of-brethren; and then, surely, I may look upon every human being as my neighbour ; and our Lord has abundantly confirmed this

: in that striking story of the good Samaritan, who looked upon himself as neighbour to him who fell among the thieves *.

4. We are all redeemed with one blood-namely, the blood of Him who gave himself a ranfòm for all, to be teftified in due time. I know nothing which can be a greater motive to brotherly love, than the inestimable price, paid upon the Cross, by Him who came to redeem us from all iniquity, , and purify unto himself a people zealous of good works. Great ftress is laid opon this in various parts of God's word. St. Paul uses it as a motive to fir up the Elders to great diligence, that they should feed the Church of God which he had purchased with HIS OWN BLOOD,t. So, in like manner, St. Peter makes use of the very same argument to excite the churches to feek after holiness, in all its branches --Fora much as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruprible things, such as filver and gold : But with the previous blood of Christ, as of a lamb wiihcut blemish and without spot : Who verily was fore-ordained before the foundation of ihe world, but was manifest in these lal times for you t. And what can be a

greater * Luke x. 30–37

+ Alts xx. 28. 1 1 Pet. i. 18, 19, 20.


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greater motive to love, than that amazing love manifested in Jesus bleeding and dying for finful worms ? --All we, like sheep, had gone astray; we had turned every one to his own way—but the Lord laid on him the iniquity of us all. St. John raises a very striking argument from hence, namely, that if God so loved us as to lay down his life for us, we ought alo to lay down our lives for each other *. This very theme creates the harmony of heaven, so that the glorified Church fings,-To him that loved us, and washed us from our fins in his own blood, and hath made us kings and priests to God and his Father : to him be glory and dominion for over t. Nay, the very angels take a part in the heavenly chorus, and heartily join the exalted fubject; for thus the Evangelift informs us,-- And I beheld, and lo, in the midst of the throne, and of the four living ones, flood a Lamb, as it had been flain, having ferven horns and leven eyes, which are tbe feven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth. And be came and took the book out of the right hand of him who fat

And when he had taken the book, the four living ones, and the twventy-four elders, fill down before the Lamb, ha ving every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints. Audibey sung a new fong, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof : for thou wast sain, ana haft redeemed us to God by thy blood, out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation : A.d hajt made us unto our God kings and prifts: and we shal reign on the earth. And I bihed, and I beard the voice of many angels round about i he throne, and the living ones, I and ihe elders ; and the number of them was

upon the throne.


* John iii. 16.

+ Rev. i.


6. 1 So choofe to render {wwy. The term, beafts, seems highly incongruous to any inhabit.n.š of heaven.

ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands ; Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was flain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blefing. And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, keard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that fitteth upon the throne, and unto th: Lamb, for ever and ever. Aud the four living ones Said, Amen. And the twenty-four elders fell down and cvora shipped him that liveth for ever and ever*. This passage fhall apologize for so large a quotation. Thus we find what sacred harmony centres in the Redeemer of the hu. man race, and well it may; for it is he who hath reconciled all things unto himself by the blood of his Cross, having thereby flain the enmity which fubfifted, taking it out of the way, and nailing it to the Cross. There is one paffage more, which I must not pass by, upon this delightful and interesting subjec : the Apostle views a multitude, which po man can number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, which stand before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands; and who are these which compose so lovely a neighbourhood ? and whence came they? Let an elder answer :---These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb to Such are the effects of thy agony and bloody sweat--thy cross and passion--thou bleeding reconciler, and sweet harmonizer of a fallen world! Who would not willingly and heartily join those choirs above, who thus freely cast their crons at thy pierced feet, and

ascribe * Rcv. v. 6-14.

+ Ibid vii. 9-5.


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ascribe all honour and glory to the Eternal Jenovah, whose very attributes proclaim love and good-will to a fallen race. Here is the centre of union and tellowship, and, from this divine source, I Mall love my neighbour as myself; and surely this great and noble end must be answered fully and universally, before the last trumpet Shall blow. 5 WE

may be said to be neighbours, in that we are all labouring with the same difficulties, in a lesser or a. larger degree. This was undoubtedly implied in that awful denunciation,-Upon the sweat of thy brow shalt thou eat bread all the days of thy life, until thou return unto the duft again *. So again,-Man that is born of a woman is of a few days, and full of trouble. t Full of trouble ! How full is the description! But is there no avoiding of it? No; not in the present state of things. All have weak and frail bodies, full of calamities and diseases, and liable to fundry kinds of deaths. In sorrow we are conceived and born, and how foon do fierce diseases overtake us! Yea, more than they have found names for, or any regular méthod of cure. There is no age, sex, rank, country, or climate, exempt ;-no, all the human race is involved in the uni. versal calamity, seeing all have finned and come short of the glory of God. And how is life checkered with its innumerable disappointments ! Herein man is born to trouble as the sparks fly upward. It is true, all things work together for good to such as love God; and an unspeakable bleffing that is ; yet no afliction is pleafing; they are badges of our captivity, marks of our fall, and in which we groan, being burthened, and must groan, till the deli


* Gen, iii. 19.

It Job xiv. 1.



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verance comes ; either cutting the cord of life, or the bringing on this blessed season, when a general deliverance fhall take place, and the ransomed of the Lord shall return to Zion with songs, and everlasting joy shall be upon their heads; they shall obtain joy and gladness, and forrow and fighing shall flee away. In the mean-time, all creation groans, and travails, in pangs, to be delivered. It is in a restless, uneasy state ; and pain, anguilh, forrow, and tears are on every fide, until the time of refti. tution shall come from the presence of the Lord !

6. I AM, therefore, to look upon that man as my neighbour that needs my help, let him be Jew or Gentile. Nothing can excuse my benevolence and good-will but incapacity. If my neighbour is in captivity, if I cannot redeem him, can I cover his naked limbs? If not, can I fill his hungry belly? If I cannot do that, can I give him a draught of cold water, anoint his fores, or wash his Aripes ?-In this case, it is expected according to what we have, and not according to what he hath not. The widow's two, mites were more acceptable to God than more costly offerings, seeing that was her all, and also there was much faith and love in the same. It seems, then, that every child of man which we know, or may know, or have any intercourse with-is our neighbour.

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II. LAM now to consider my duty to my neighbour, viz. to love him as myself. How deep a lesson, and how needful! But I shall never do this till I love

my God with all my heart; the latter will regulate the former :


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