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had been somewhat too polite and If you once dine together in the same complimentary, and even raved a box, before you have demolished the great deal about post-horses and last limb of the turkey, and sipt the Gretna Green. I was now asked by last glass of the Madeira, his face is a fat old lady, who turned out to be as familiar to you as your glove, my Dulcinea's aunt, whether I was and at the end of the evening, amidst serious in my proposals, and if so, the wreck of devilled bones, and the (which she could not permit herself remnants of what once was fruit to doubt,) what I was disposed to and flower,” opposite to you in a settle on her amiable, injured, too dim, mystic indistinctness, awful, susceptible, but unportioned niece and yet wonderfully beloved, you I professed a total ignorance of the see sitting the chosen friend of

your whole transaction, hinted that I was soul, whose name (which you never liable to fits of madness, in corrobo- heard) you wonder you have forgotration of which, 1 gnashed my teeth, ten, whose friends, home, parentage, and looked as horrible as I could, and and education, are to you mere obnext day removed into the delights jects of conjecture,—but who, in the and freedom of an inn. It is a me absence of all collateral ties, as you lancholy circumstance, that in a swallow the last bumper to his health, Christian land there should be places is “ dear as the ruddy drops which in which it is impossible to walk up warm your heart.” stairs without a candle after a quiet Such friendships as these are gedinner with a friend, without a ma- nerally lasting. You take a personal nifest risk of stumbling into a mar- pride in finding you have not been riage. Luckily, in a hotel there is no deceived in your choice, and he is such danger as this. Boots and the endeared to you by being a friend head waiter, who convey any incapa- entirely of your own acquisition citated gentleman to his room, rarely Far different this from the feelings translate his compliments and praises you entertain towards the friend of into a declaration of attachment; so your friend. In this case his kind. that, after an agreeable night of şi ness appears to you to be scarcely gars and conversation, I can comfort- voluntary, and you fancy, it is less ably lay myself down to sleep, in the bestowed on you, quasi yourself, assurance of waking next morning than as the representative of the perto the enjoyment of celibacy and so son who introduced you. You are da-water.

assured that any one with the same On first arriving in a town, I know recommendation, would be received nothing so detestable as letters of in with the same attention; and even troduction; but luckily, though it is the smiles of the ladies, though in impossible to refuse them from your the first instance falling on yourself, friends, there is not the least neces you

fear may have been intended to sity for presenting them. I have at cannon” on your friend. You enthis moment, I suppose, some scores act the miserable part of the hat of unknown acquaintances at the bot- stuck on a pole, to which as much tom of my trunk, whose fate I often deference is paid as to the distant inpity in having no opportunity of se dividual who hung it there; but, in curing the friendship of an individual spite of all the kindness and hospiso wonderfully recommended. A tality of those around you, you can't man ought always to form his own help feeling all the time that if Ges.friends, and assuredly there is no ler is deposed, the hat will sink from such field for a crop of them as the its bigb estate, and become a very coffee-room of an inn. There you ordinary, and by no means a favoumay speak for half an hour to your rite, beaver. To a man, who, likę neighbour on any subject you please: myself, trusts to his own taste in the if you find him a violent whig, a liberal, selection of his friends, Bath is an a profane swearer, or a hypocrite, or inexhaustible store shop, where he any thing of that sort, treat him in fu may find them of all sorts and sizes, ture with the silent contempt he de almost ready made. An universal serves. But if you discover him to be philanthropy seems spread over all one of the right kind, how easy it is to its inhabitants, and every county in convert the distance of unintrodu. England, Scotland, and the Emerald ced acquaintance into the cordiality Isle, seems to send a deputation of of old and well-cemented friendship. the most warm-hearted and access.

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ible of its sons and daughters to the and romance! Sad reality steps in, city of King Bladud. The ladies and overturns your“ noble theories; are winning beyond any ill-favoured -and the being that you painted as Benedict's belief. The high cheek- the inhabitant of some fairy bower, bones of Aberdeenawa, the delicate the creature who had been the object brogue of Munster, and the pure red of your far-off wonder and veneraand white of Lancashire or Surrey, tion,-“ Too fair to worship, too are all there-equally profuse of their divine to love," you are forced to smiles and kindness, and equally confess resides on the second floor of ready to form a friendship to be a boarding-house in Pulteney Street, ended only with their lives. Alas! is solicitous about the colour of a that, it is impossible to retain for ribbon, and above all things else in any length of time the vantage ground the world is anxious to get married. of non-acquaintance! Few faces can But, alas ! even in a town, Time's stand the test of intimacy. Some progress scarcely deserves the name tooth absent without leave is disco of flight. No contrivances can provered to the watchful observer in the tract breakfast beyondtwelve o'clock. negligence of the laugh, or some A newspaper--puffs, advertisements, trait of temper contracts the marble and all-is but a brief enjoyment to brow, where to the unacquainted those whom the schoolmaster and beholder good-humour " or solemn the march of intellect have taught to contemplation love to dwell.” And read without stopping very often to besides this advantage, unless you spell. For my own part, I was grateconverse with the object of your ful to the Russian Campaign ; the admiration, you run no risk of ha

very names of the heroes on either ving that admiration diminished by side were a tower of strength, and an exhibition of her colloquial de- prolonged the perusal by at least fects. At night, in the pauses of con twenty minutes. But after a while versation among the beaux esprits I felt tempted to skip over those of the Divan, you can whiff your çi- prodigious combinations of consogar, and raise a lovely dream of the

nants, and was contented to believe pure and delicate maiden you ad in the capture and demolition of unmired in the morning in the circus. nameable towns by gallant and unNo rude reality comes in the sem pronounceable generals. The Heblance of a silly question to destroy rald, talented and well-edited paper the magic of those rosy lips, no va as it is, comes by degrees to a concant stare dims the celestial loveli- clusion; street and square, bustling ness of those deep blue eyes; but and beautiful though they be, grow there she smiles upon you through silent and deserted; the

pump-room, the thin baze issuing from your gently where every fiddlestickseems less imbreathing Havannah, clothed in all bued with rosin than Rossini, closes earthly beauty, like a goddess of the its charmed doors, or exchanges days of old, revealing herself to some the group of beauty, and the swell, favoured worshipper through the of music, for the tottering steps of shadowing drapery of her ambrosial

superannuated invalids. Day after cloud. But short-lived and transi. day you miss some glass of fashion, tory is this blissful state of ignorance or some mould of form, from her ac y and admiration. By a variety of customed walk. « Star after star. I meetings, you cannot tell where, decays,”-gaiety comes imperceptiby seeing her smile so often that at bly to a close,---concerts are less frelast you fancy she smiles on you,-by quent, and the silver voice of Mansitting in the same box at the play, ners only at intervals, few and far and bowing to her cousin, with whom between, wraps your senses in Elyshe is generally to be found, you are sium; and in fact, (for there is no surprised to discover, in spite of denying it,) Bath itself becomes as your efforts to remain “ alike un dull and vapid as a pseudo-religious knowing and unknown,”, that you poem. Amidst the most fearfut is have met, and smiled, and cousined forebodings of the amount of your yourself into an acquaintance. Fare- , bill, you determine on migration ; 18 well after that, to the long protract- you mourn over the changeableness ed and unheeded gaze,-farewell to of pleasure, as you 'extricate your the turn of admiration after you are name from the ill-omened side of past, -farewell to dream, and reverie the ledger of the classic -Tully, in

ferior, perhaps, to his Roman pro on the whisper in the octagon a totype in eloquence, but immeasura- the rooms,- on the bracelet retained bly above even that vain-glorious in memory of your visit to the Sydorator in his puffs; and finally (how ney Gardens,-on the time when that can the most obdurate heart remain bracelet is faithfully to be returned. unmelted ?)-amid the tears of in —“ Hush, hush, my dark spirit.” I consolable waiters—amid the groans shall certainly get every room in my of overburdened Boots, you mount cottage painted, and have three or once more the vehicle which convey four apartments built during the aued you from your rural home, and tumn, - drawing-room, two bedreturn to muse till the succeeding rooms, a nursery. « There's a braw winter on all that you saw and heard; time comin'."! on the walk by the side of the canal,

An OXONIAN.

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1

BALANCE OF THE FOOD AND NUMBERS OF ANIMATED NATURE.*

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This Dissertation is the substance quirements; and of it Mr Sadler was of two Lectures delivered before the certainly by far the most able, eloPhilosophical and Literary Society quent, and learned member. Thouof Leeds, by that eminent person

sands knew his powers, and expectwho has lately made such a distin- ed their splendid and triumphant disguished figure in Parliament. Some play in Parliament. But his success years before Mr Sadler appeared in there as an orator and a statesman the House, we lauded his great abi. exceeded their highest hopes; for lities, as they were displayed in seve- though he is in the prime of life, it ral speeches deliveredat public meet was supposed that, without a long ings in Leeds, and we predicted in probation, no man could ever take his this work that he would, some time or place there in the first order. But Mr other, play a conspicuous part in po- Sadler did so at once; and, in spite litical life. Who is Mr Sadler? was the of the sneers of the seers who

precry of many on his being returned for dicted, after his brilliant maiden Newark. People who take an interest speech, that he would be singlein public affairs ought to keep their speech Sadler, he went on eyes and their ears open to what is good to better, daily self-surpassed," saying and doing by men of talents in and discomfited and dumbfounded our great and considerable towns and all the witlings. It was then said; cities. But gentlemen in Parliament, as the last resource of the dull and it would seem, pride themselves on shallow,--that he was declamatory their. ignorance of all that regards -and rhetorical--and even poetical; gentlemen out of Parliament, and -and verily he is so-on fit occaread no speeches but their own, sions; but they who have tried to which, certainly, praise and thanks grapple with him, in the House or be to the reporters, are sometimes out of it, have found that in argunot without merit. Mr Sadler was ment he can take good hold, and no obscure person in the north of knows a chip or two in wrestling. England before M.P. was added to as, for example, that amiable and inhis name; and, independently of his telligent member, Mr Wilmot Horhigh reputation as a speaker on the ton, who, on the Emigration Quesoccasions alluded to, he was exten- tion, suddenly challenged Mr Sadler sively known to be possessed, not to try a bout, and though the member only of great knowledge of the facts for Newark was taken by surprise; and laws of commerce, but to be a and without preparation, such anproficient in philosophy and litera other fair back-fall as he gave his ture. The Literary and Philosophi- challenger never resounded through cal Society of Leeds, like those of St Stephen's. It is all well for those other Jarge towns in England, con to accuse a speaker of declamation, tains men of no mean talents and ac who themselves cannot utter six con

* Dissertation appended to the Treatise on the Law of Population, by M, T. Sad.. ler, M.P. London. Murray. 1830.

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secutive sentences without the most out entire conviction, certainly with alarming and portentous stuttering; pleasure and profit, that very ingeprosers shew their piety in lauding nious plan of Emigration which formthe gods for that they have not been ed an appendix to one of its númmade poetical, and are naturally aš bers a few months ago. Let the wriafraid of a figure of speech as of a ter of that appendix give us another ghost; a summer-up of the tottle of in refutation of Mr Sadler, and we the whole, finding no rhetoric in pledge ourselves that it shall not go Cocker, despises it even in a Can- without an adverse, but, at the same ning; and none are so incapable of time, a friendly notice, as long perjudging of the argumentative as the haps as itself. The Spectator is a fair disputatious :—But the men of true and honourable opponent, though he power or genius, and who can them- would lose no character by ceasing to selves, as occasion requires, deal in sneer at such a man as Mr Sadler; declamation, rhetoric, poetry, rea but other papers there are some withsoning, like Plunkett or Brougham, out power, some without principle, have admitted that Mr Sadler is and some without either who keep the world goes--a master in all those dogging Mr Sadler's heels after the arts, and that on great subjects which uncertain fashion of curs, who some he has studied, and on which he rises times on the street push their snoprepared, AN ORATOR.

king noses against the calves of the But our business is not now with lieges' legs, whether in blind search of this distinguished man as a member a master, or in blinder hydrophobia, of Parliament he comes before the who can say though none can deny public as the author of one of the that they deserve their kicking. How most ingenious, able, and learned sardonically laughs the public-penworks, on perhaps the most difficult sive no more at the mongrels who and important part of Political Eco- imagine themselves Cynics, simply nomy, that has been given to the world because they can bark! They have since Political Economy deserved the entered into a league, offensive and name of a mixed Science. In an defensive, to sneer down a certain early number we shall give an ample public character-say Mr Sadlerstatement of his refutation of the and, on the third Saturday, they are Malthusian doctrine ; and also an stified in their own slaver. Derision account of that doctrine which he must be made of sterner stuff than an would substitute in its place. The article even in the Times to “sneer work was a good deal abused before down”-that we believe is the usual it was published, by some ingenious slang word of all slanderous scribpersons, who, since its publication, blers—any man of the most ordinary have been mum; nor, as far as we intellectual stature; for it is astonishhave seen, have any of the Malthu- ing to see the successful stand made sians yet made upon it

any

formid. even by a weak honest man against able attack. An answer to it, consist the strongest knave. But when the ing of a couple of columns, appeared Sneered-at is great in intellectual in that most excellent weekly paper, and moral power; and the Sneerer the Spectator; but though evidently wholly worthless, the growl of the written by an able man and conver- peevish starveling becomes a croak, sant with the science, it was truly à and the croak a hiss, and the hiss a lameand most mancaffair. The writer gasp that speaks of suicide by stranwas much puzzledand perplexed with gulation. So it often is—and in no Mr Sadler's long tables of figures other case more conspicuously than and well he might-for they contain in Mr Sadler's—with some of the calculations that seem to furnish the guides, forsooth, of Public Opinion ! most appalling refutations of many But the admirable old Public, God of the statements on which Mr Mal- bless her!-nay,saynotold the admithus sought to base his doctrine. If rable young, bold, bright, and buxom Mr Sadler is to be answered at all, Public-just like Miss in her teens it will not be in a couple of columns, running off to Gretna-Green with but it must be in a book. The Spec- her own chosen suitor, out of a score tator is strong in its Political Econo- of sailors, and soldiers, and civilians my, as indeed it is in almost every --selects such a man, for example, thing else ; and we read, if not with ås. the member of Newark, places her

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colours in his cap, and on his return nourishment prepared for it; accordfrom routing all his foes, flings her ing to him, nature has scattered the arms round his neck, and absolutely seeds of life abroad with the most smothers him with kisses. The re. profuse and liberal hand, but has jected slanderers sneak into corners been comparatively sparing in the and bite their thumbs—the nails room and nourishment necessary to whereof have already been nibbled rear them! And the deficiency thus to the quick in a habit unconsciously represented by him as established by acquired by thirst and hunger. all the analogies of nature, is pro

Of Mr Sadler's great work hereaf. nounced by him to have been the ter-at present we shall confine our source of the severest and most deattention to this most beautiful Dis- grading evils which the human race sertation, written in disproof of that has suffered. Has the Author of nasuperfecundity, by Malthus equally ture indeed made this grievous misasserted of all the inferior orders of calculation, Mr Sadler asks, in referanimated existences as of the human ence to the food and numbers of his race. Its argument is, indeed, as Mr offspring—or, in other words, a calcuSadler says, a corollary of the great lation that takes universal insufficienargument urged against the Malthu- cy as its basis? No; and forthwith he sian theory, if not an essential part sets himself to rebut that strange hy: of it. For that theory comprehends pothesis, by means of the very analoall the living orders of creation, from gies by which it professes to be supman down to his brother worm. We ported, and by an appeal not only to are necessarily so familiar every animated, but to inanimate creation. hour of the day with the proportion Each of these, he undertakes to observable between the numbers and shew, has the strictest mutual relanecessities of living beings, and the tions—in all their complicated adapmeans of subsistence prepared for tations, involving calculations the them, that our minds are apt either most minute as well as stupendous, to lose those feelings of admiration -nothing superfluous, nothing defiwith which it must otherwise be re- cient,,but open to our eyes when garded, or to be overwhelmed and freed from their film by the light of Jost in a vague astonishment. To philosophy and religion, without one bring and keep before our minds the single flaw. contemplation of the minute and The Dissertation is composed complicated means by which that throughout in an animated and elosupply is accomplished by Provi- quent style, and breathes a fine and dence, is the aim of this admirable chastened enthusiasm. Perhaps there Dissertation ; and we do not hesitate may be some occasional repetitions to say that it is a noble addition to and redundancies, chiefly, we susthose rich stores of learning and pect, arising from the circumstance wisdom which in our country have of its being two discourses blended been so poured and heaped up into into one ;-and to the same cause Natural Theology, that scepticism probably may be attributed, here and sinks and dies beneath the weight there, some little confusion in the of the accumulated proofs and evi- arrangement. But the main current dences of the perfect goodness of of the argument, though sometimes God.

rather broken, is always strong and The more knowledge has accumu- clear; its course, though circuitous, lated, the more sacredly plain, says is always seen tending towards one Mr Sadler, has this branch of the di- direction; and it has no resemblance yine economy become, and all doubts to a canal, but always to a river bavanished of the sufficiency of the ving its source among the sacred means of subsistence which nature mountains. Heaven preserve us! furnishes for all her offspring. But the how arid are the writings of the dogma broached by Mr Malthus, and economists! Reading their works is which Mr Sadler does not hesitate to like toiling across a flat desert anklecallan" indelible disgrace to the age,” deep in sand,--no well,-no oasis, does indeed darken dismally the de- all dry dust, and not a single tree. crees of Providence. According to No wonder so many travellers siuk him, there is a constant tendency in all and are seen no more; and that this aninated life to increase beyond the are now shy of joining even the

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