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in distress--if it be restricted from opinion in the abstract. If the Jews, l'emoving the sources of loss and on the whole, be rather hostile than want, and compelled to multiply friendly to the measure-and such them, it is impossible for it to stand we believe is the fact--it is highly for a moment, save through the sup. improper to press it. A change is port of an Opposition.
attempted at the cost of the Church, If the Whigs enter office, and make in favour of which no public nécesno change, how will they be cir- sity or benefit can be pleaded, and cumstanced ?. The country is filled which is distasteful to the only peowith misery and discontent; and, in- ple whom it can serve. The Church stead of being able to remove, they must naturally infer, that its injury, will be compelled to increase them. and not the advantage of the Jews, Their puerilities touching retrench- is the real object of the Whigs; and ment and the reduction of taxes will it must throw its political weight avail them nothing, because these into the scale against them. are incapable of yielding any sensi Speaking with reference to party ble relief. Not a single leading pub- interests only, nothing could be more lic evil can they attempt to remove; preposterous than the aggressive war all their measures must be unpopu. which the Whigs wage against the lar ones, and calculated to array Church. She must, and will, be supagainst them the most powerful in- ported by the aristocracy and the terests. And they will have to en body of the country; and they must counter a potent opposition, which provoke the political hostilidyut both will have the advantage of argument, if they provoké hers. Ivis hopeless and be supported by the country at for any party to triumph by heading large. A large part of the present the Dissenters against hig'i in: offenministers will back out of their creed, sive hostilities, and it rodga ke so. and their supporters will be relieved A Ministry should be sa ponservafrom silence. In such a state of tive body; and should neteinbonsist things, it would be utterly impossi- of men who would mutilate and unble for the Whig Ministry to endure, dermine national institutions, fan the saying nothing of other matters. flame of religious strife, and aid such
The formation of such a Ministry, strife in producing the worst conseto act on the present system, would quences. at once give to party warfare the By attacking the Church, the Whigs proper character; it would make will do that for the Wellington Party, such warfare turn on the real nature which its own efforts can never do; of principles and measures. The they will coerce the Church and Whigs in late years have rested their country into the support of this hopes of office on supporting go- party against them. vernment; but if the present Minis Here are Lord Milton and other ters lose it, their hopes of regaining Whigs assailing the corn laws. Let it must stand on general opposition. the body of Whigs support them in The currency, the free trade laws, it, and they will make the aristocracy the relief and defence of the landed and landed interest their enemies and other interests, would form the from necessity; whatever dislike the topics of contention; the Opposition latter may feel towards the Wellingwould take its ground on public in ton Party, they must still support it ; terest and feeling, and it would be however they may wish for a change irresistible.
of ministry, they must still do their As an Opposition, if the Whigs aet utmost to prevent the existence of a as they have done, they will only Whig one. uphold the Ministry and destroy In the Greek business, the counthemselves. Nothing, in truth, could try at large takes no interest. This be more ridiculous and vain than for business, in all its changes of form," a body of men who profess to agree never varies its character for folly with the Ministry in essentials, and and iniquity. It began in plundering especially in those on which the Turkey, and it is ending in plundercountry differs from it, to stand for- ing Greece. It was originally a wild ward as its regular opponents. crusade to give to the Greeks free
Here is the Jewish Question, on dom and independence ; and it is which we have already given our now a savage conquest over them, to
deprive them of the most sacred na- attend to her own interests without tional rights, and hawk them about mixing herself up in their broils. for a sovereign as something even Year after year the interests of this below slaves. Here is a pretended country are neglected and sacrificed independent nation, which is not in relation to Portugal; and for suffered to have a voice in the de- what ? Is it to plunge that nation infining of its own territory or the to war and anarchy, or to enable the choice of its own monarch! In hap- Brazilian emperor to deprive it of py consistency with the whole, is the all national rights? Or is it to gratify þungling portion which concerns pique and revenge in a personal war Prince Leopold. The three great against the king? Nothing could be powers, without troubling themselves more foolish than the conduct of the even to assert that they have a right Whigs on this subject. Granting to do it, and in utter scorn of the that the Portuguese sovereign is what opinion of the people, fix the terri- he is represented to be, it is still clear tories of Greece and offer its throne to all men, that in what he has done, to a foreigner. The foreigner, who he has had, not only the country's has not the smallest claim, instantly consent, but its assistance. His acts, assumes all the airs of ownership, in so far as England can take cogniand insists, that with the throne, they zance of them, are the acts of Portushall supply him with a treasury and gal—they form no ground of quarrel; a portion of the dominions of Turkey. yet to be revenged on him the Whigs Because they will oply suffer him to call for the sacrifice of public integrasp thei
money, and refuse him rests, and even the violation of napermission to draw his own bound- tional law and right. The country aries,, hei rejacts the gift they offer, does not participate in their folly ; and seals, skem a-begging through and it naturally asks itself whether a Europe dyr a king for Greece. Whig Ministry would not light up
On this business, the Whigs might general war by endeavouring to de take strong ground. They might throne the King of Portugal. ask, why, if the Greeks be compe Conduct like this must compel the tent to form an independent nation, country to support the Wellington they have not been suffered to ma- Party against them. nage their own affairs. They might In regard to affairs generally, if the protest against the right of the three Whigs as an Opposition only differ powers to assign limits to their ter- from the Ministry on petty points, in ritory, and impose on them a form which the country takes little inte of government and a ruler. And they rest—if the difference reach no farmight make a stand against imposing ther than triling details of retrenchon Britain the liability to pay the ment, impracticable reductions of debts of Greece. They even might taxes, and minor points of foreign denounce the policy of forming a policy; and if in it they trample on number of souls into an independent public advantage, sacrifice practical state, who are incapable of conquer- good to abstract creed, and thwart, ing their own territory, selecting impede, and oppose merely for party their form of government and king, gain; they will cover themselves providing themselves with revenue, with the contempt of the country: managing their general affairs, de. And if on important matters they fending themselves in a word, of support the Ministry—if when great discharging the duties and obliga- masses of the community petition tions of independence. Instead of Parliament for relief from injury and doing this, the Whigs are identifying suffering, they join in refusing it if themselves with all the folly and when the community at large calls wrong, and labouring to give the for enquiry and remedy under dismatter the worst issue possible touch- tress, they combine with the Minising public interests.
try to disobey the call if they assist What is the public feeling in re in forcing on the country perilous spect of Portugal ? It is that the peo- changes and innovations against its ple have a right to choose their own wishes--if they aid in refusing to enform of government and sovereign, quire into the operation of laws and that it is the duty of England to which are alleged to be destructive,
to remove evils and to redress wrongs tems of the empire, and the time, at
if they do this, they will cover any rate, has arrived when rigorous themselves with the country's hatred. enquiry should be made into the Such conduct will ruin them, and fruits. The public feeling, as well as make the Wellington party omnipo- the public weal, imperiously detent.
mands such enquiry. Have these There is only one path which can changes succeeded, or met with depossibly lead the Whigs to success cided failure ? Has the empire flour if they take it, their triumph must be rished, or declined, under them? equally certain and glorious. The Opposition, instead of taking
An Opposition, to tread this path, for granted that the dogmas on which must, in foreign policy, advocate the they have been made are true, must settlement of the Greek and Portu- ascertain how far their truth or false guese questions, on such grounds as hood has been established by exper public law and British interests prer riment; it must cast mere opinion scribe. It must separate itself from to the winds, and call for demonstras romance, abstract visions, and fo- tion. reign interests; and labour to pro Agriculture is in great suffering; mote the weal of this empire by ra and, disregarding abstract creed, it tional, practical means, and in an must enquire impartially into the English spirit. When Mi sters, in
It must, looking at every obedience to the existing system, of- article of produce, ascertain how far fer to surrender British monopolies the present laws yield that protecto foreigners, or to give advantages tion to the agriculturists which is esto the latter, it must firmly withstand sential for preserving them from 'loss them; when they neglect to use the and suffering, and advocate sound power and means which this country measures for giving them prosperity. possesses for obtaining monopolies The shipping, and many other inand advantages against its competi- terests, are distressed; and it must tors, it must denounce their conduct. act towards them in the same man
The West India colonies are in It must not be the partisan, great discontent and suffering. It but, on national grounds, it must remust advocate such a settlement of ceive facts, scrutinize causes, and the slave question as will meet their support the approved means for resanction, and such sober practical moving evils and creating prosperity. measures as will give them better Various counties are suffering seprices for their produce.
verely from excess of labourers and The Canadas are in danger of be pauperism. It must endeavour to ing grievously injured by the con- apply a remedy, not by mutilating cession of their West India trade to and making experiments on the Poor the United States. It must strongly Laws, but by the rational means of oppose such concession.
removing the excess. The influx of The Colonial fisheries are distress« Irish labourers does great injury to ed and declining. It must state their the body of the working classes and condition, detail the benefits they are the payers of poor-rates; it must capable of yielding, and call for boun- endeavour to prevent it, by provi. ties, and other means of enabling ding such labourers with employthem to contend successfully with ment on their waste lands at home, their competitors, and to flourish. causing them to emigrate to the co
It must oppose the monopoly of lonies, and compelling Ireland to the East India Company, as being maintain her own poor. A vast part one enjoyed, not by this country of the labouring orders are enduring against foreign nations, but by a few great misery from inadequate wages; individuals to the prejudice of the it must investigate the sources of community at large. And it must call such wages, and call for the proper for measures to encourage in the remedies. East Indies the production of various With regard to the currency, it commodities which this country now must examine its working, and colbuys of foreigners.
lect facts to discover whether the Great changes have been made in charges against bank-notes, and the the commercial and monetary sys« praises bestowed on gold, be true or
erroneous. It must insist on com
Our object is merely to shew the prehensive enquiry, and the adop- state of parties, and to point out tion of the measures which the result what will flow from the course they of such enquiry may prescribe. may decide on.
That they will cast In church matters, this Opposition from them the golden opportunity must make itself the friend and pro- for retrieving their character, and tector of the Church as well as of the obtaining power, is pretty certain; Dissenters, It must, in alliance with if they even be not compelled to do her heads, assist her in accomplish- so, their past madness almost demons ing such necessary reforms, as will strates that they will do it from relieve her from odium, render her choice. general clergy more efficient, and in But whatever course the Whigs crease her popularity and stability. may take, the country can scarcely When she is slandered, it must vin- fail of benefiting, largely from their dicate her; when she is unjustly at- acting as a regular Opposition. If tacked, it must defend her. It must they do not take the right one themcultivate
peace between her and the selves, they will in time drive the Dissenters, keep both as much as Ministry into it. Let the war be fairpossible from party politics, and re- ly commenced, and one of the bellistrict both from attempting vicious gerents must make its stand on pubencroachments.
lic interest and feeling. Its weakIt must on all occasions labour to ness on some points will compel it protect and promote the interests of to court public support by sacrifices religion and public morals.
on others; its interest will lead it to Were an Opposition to act in this place itself under the direction of manner, it would, on most important the country. points, fange itself against the Minis In this state of things, it is evident, try on upa sailable national grounds; ly the duty of all patriotic men to the support of the country would disregard names, to look at creed render it irresistible, and, as a Mi- and conduct alone, and to make their nistry, the success of its measures support depend solely on merit. Inwould give it the confidence and po- stead of being again degraded and pularity requisite for enabling it to trampled on as the instruments of crush every enemy.
party, let them, in conjunction with We are not saying what the Whigs the country, control and direct it. will do, or what they ought to do.
LETTER TO THE EDITOR.
Sir, My aunt Adelgitha Penelope Smith was a most worthy old lady; and her memory will long be held in respect, in consequence of her various good properties; but more especially for the inflexible resolution with which she defended herself against the attacks of a legion of lovers, and, at length, departed this life, leaving many grounds of consolation to her relatives. Yet, during her valuable life, she lived not for herself alone. She was kind to the poor, and supported a school for their children, which was holden daily in a small building, in the roof of which dwelt an aged favourite, whose habits and temper, in his latter days, rendered him an unfit companion for her boudoir, wherein he had whilom spent much of his time. The animal, thus banished from society, became morose and ascetic, which we should not have wondered at, had we been aware that he had taken to scribbling, a propensity which commonly leads the victim thereunto 'to believe himself a very important animal, whatever other people may think or say to the contrary. So-there he seems to have sat, " alone in his glory,” profiting by the instruction of the schoolmaster, and hugging himself, according to the manner of his kind, in the belief that he was inditing what would astonish the world.
It was my lot to discover his papers, which have been sadly nibbled by the mice; and I forward you two or three of the most perfect sheets, thinking that they may be found to contain matter quite as important as the “Reminiscences” of certain bipeds which have lately been given to the publie.
I am, Sir,
THE REMINISCENCES OF AN OLD MONKEY.
For the last few days I have felt of my race; and love cannot exist myself extremely uncomfortable. My without hope ! appetite has failed me, and I have Of this latter truth I was long been troubledwith unpleasant dreams since convinced, by an adventure and strange fancies, both by day and which befell me in my voyage from night. Why is this ?” I ask my India to Europe. The ship in which self, “ what can the matter be? I can I was a passenger, or rather a prinot surely be in love in my old age ?” soner, stopped to take in a supply of Oh, no! The years of such pleasing water, and was, as I then thought, folly have long since past, and all the very fortunately, becalmed. The face gaieties and frolicsome pranks of my of the country was altogether too youth are but as a dream. I recall tempting to be withstood, and I made them to memory alternately with a my escape to the shore, where I roved smile and a sigh; and, as I sit and and revelled for many hours in all the mumble my nuts in solitude with luxury of newly recovered liberty. my few remaining teeth, and view But, when evening drew near, I felt the grey hairs which cover my ema a painful sense of loneliness, and was ciated and shrivelled frame, I find it beginning to wish myself again on difficult to imagine that I am the shipboard, when my eyes were rasame monkey that was once the life vished by the sight of one of the and soul of every party. And as for most beautiful creatures I had ever love-even if my years did not ex beheld. She was sitting upon the empt me from the torments of the bank of a small rivulet, with her eletender passion, who could I be in gant tail gracefully spread in a circle love with ? I have often felt a con upon the ground close around her, viction that I am the only survivor so as to appear as though she was