Asian Slaves in Colonial Mexico: From Chinos to Indians

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 23, 2014 - History
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During the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, countless slaves from culturally diverse communities in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia journeyed to Mexico on the ships of the Manila Galleon. Upon arrival in Mexico, they were grouped together and categorized as chinos. Their experience illustrates the interconnectedness of Spain's colonies and the reach of the crown, which brought people together from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe in a historically unprecedented way. In time, chinos in Mexico came to be treated under the law as Indians, becoming indigenous vassals of the Spanish crown after 1672. The implications of this legal change were enormous: as Indians, rather than chinos, they could no longer be held as slaves. Tatiana Seijas tracks chinos' complex journey from the slave market in Manila to the streets of Mexico City, and from bondage to liberty. In doing so, she challenges commonly held assumptions about the uniformity of the slave experience in the Americas.

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China Slave and Popular Saint
The Diversity and Reach of the Manila Slave Market
The Rise and Fall of the Transpacific Slave Trade
Slave Labor and Liberty
Free Filipinos
The Church on Chino Slaves versus Indian Chinos
The End of Chino Slavery
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About the author (2014)

Tatiana Seijas is Associate Professor of History at Pennsylvania State University.

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