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could afford, either for this, or other charitable purposes, to him, in the form of goods, provisions, or cash. This they regularly did; and his faithful Louisa was accustomed to assist him in the judicious distribution of the articles or money thus collected.* In return for these gifts, he always presented the donors with a few words of acknowledgment on the back of one of the papers on which his texts were printed, and of which specimens have been given. He always kept the most strict account of every expenditure, and was never known to owe even so much as a single sou to any person.

One of the maxims which, among many others, he used to endeavour to impress upon the minds of his people was, that they “ought to avoid debts as they would do the evil spirit.”

*“In spite of the smallness of his resources, he knew how to make them sufficient for every thing; and had, by his own example, made his parishioners contract the precious habit of putting aside, each week, a portion of their savings for pious purposes; and by this means, they found themselves able to encourage, and to assist in sustaining, inany institutions established in the true spirit of the gospel." Noticesur le Pasteur Oberlin.

Notwithstanding the poverty of its inhabitants, scarcely a mendicant was ever seen in the valley, unless indeed some pauper from the neighbouring communes, attracted by the well known disposition of the pastor and his people, might have wandered thither to implore that assistance, which, if deserving, he never failed to receive. “Why do you not work ? " was Oberlin's usual interrogation. " Because no one will employ me,” was the general reply. "Well then, I will employ you. There carry these planks

break those stones fill that bucket with water

and I will repay you for your trouble.”

Such was his usual mode of proceeding; and idle beggars were taught to come there no


But how, it will naturally be asked, were Oberlin and his family supported, and even enabled to assist others, when deprived not only of their little income, but also of the annual contributions of their parishioners ?

It appears, indeed, to have been owing to the extraordinary interposition of Providence, that they were watched over and cared for in so peculiar a manner, at a time when many individuals were reduced to the most forlorn situation, and compelled to forsake their home

and their country.

The gospel reduces to very little the sufficiency of the Christian; and as in the days of greater prosperity, they had accustomed themselves to habits of the strictest economy and the most rigorous self-denial, in order to facilitate their power of assisting others, so now, in the season of adversity, God did not leave them comfortless, but supplied all their necessary wants, and supported, strengthened, and blessed them. The principal circumstance that gave


any uneasiness, was the diminution in his means of doing good; and in the year 1794, with the hope of increasing it, he announced his intention of undertaking the charge of ten or twelve pupils whose education should devolve almost entirely upon himself, although' he had to provide for his own family of six children, the youngest of whom was now ten years of age, and to superintend their instruction.

The children of several foreigners of distinction were soon committed to his charge : and, in the true spirit of philanthropy, he appropriated a considerable part of the emoluments which he received for their education to the improvements and insttiutions of his parish.

The duty of devoting a certain portion of his property to charitable purposes, was a subject that had weighed heavily on his mind for some years previous to the Revolution. He had happened to read one day, with more attention than usual, the accounts of the tithes in the Books of Moses, and had been so struck with some of them as to resolve from that moment to devote three tithes of all he possessed to the service of God and the


The olution was no sooner made than put into execution, for whatever Oberlin conceived it to be his duty to do, he conscientiously, and without delay, set about it. From that period till the end of his life, even during the most calamitous seasons of the Revolution, he always scrupulously adhered to the plan, and often said that he "abounded in wealth.


The following letter contains an account of the passages that struck him so particularly, and of the manner in which he set about the dedication of the tithes :

“My dear friend,

“ You ask me for some explanation respecting the different tithes which God has commanded us to pay. I will tell you how I


I endeavour to devote three tithes of all that I earn, of all that I receive, and of all my revenue, of whatever name or nature it may be, to his service, or to useful objects.

“For this purpose I keep three boxes; the first for the first tithe ; the second for the second; and the third box for the third tithe.

- When I cannot pay ready money all at once, I mark how much I owe upon a bit of paper, which I put into the box; and when, on the contrary, a demand occurs which ought to be defrayed by one of the three allotments, and there is not sufficient money deposited, I advance the sum, and make the box my debtor, by marking upon it how much it owes me.

* By this means I am always able to assist in any public or charitable undertaking; and as God has himself declared, that it is more blessed to give than to receive,' I look upon this regular disbursement of part of my property rather in the light of a privilege than a burden.

The first of the afore-mentioned boxes con

tains a deposit for the worship of God.

“I put a paper, with the following verses from the Old Testament written upon it, into this box :

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