Page images

The Epicurean Hypothesis, That the World was made by a casual

Concurrence and Cohesion of Atoms, rejected, 31, 32, 33. Their

Declination of Atoms juftly derided, and their whole Hypothesis

ingeniously confuted by Cicero.

Page 34, 35, 36, 37.

The Cartesian Hypothesis, That supposing God bad only created Mat-

ter, divided it into a certain Number of Parts, and put it into

Motion, according to a few Laws, it would of itself bave produced

the World without any more ado, confuted in Dr. Cudworth's


p. 37, &c. to 46.

Des Cartes his Affertion, That the Ends of God in any of his Works

are equally undiscover'd by us, censur'd and reprov'd.

p. 38, 39, 40, 41.

His Opinion concerning the Cause of the Motion of the Heart.

p. 45, 46, 47

The honourable Mr. Boyle's Hypothesis consider'd, and pleaded a-


p. 48, 49, 50.

The Author's Mistake concerning the Hypothesis of Mr. Boyle, ac-


p. 50.

The Parts
of the Body form'd and

situated contrary to the Laws of the

Specifick Gravity.

p. 51.

A plastick Nature under God, superintending and effecting natural


p. 52, 53:

Their Opinion that hold the Souls of Brutes to be material, and the

whole animal Body and Soul to be a mere Machine, not agreeable to

the general Sense of Mankind.

p. 54, 55, 56.

Of the visible Works of God, and their Division, p. 57, 58. The

atomick Hypothefis approv'd.

p. 59.

The Works of Nature far more exquisitely formid than the Works of


The various species of inanimate Bodies to be attributed to the divers

Figures of their Principles, or minute component Particles, p. 60.

That these Principles are naturally indivisible, prov'd, ibid. "They

are not very numerous.

Of the heavenly Bodies, p. 61. That the whole Universe is divided

into two Sorts of Bodies, viz. thin and fluid, dense and confiftent,

ibid. That this last Sort are endu'd with a twofold Power. 1. Of

Gravity. 2. Of circular Motion, and why, p. 62. The heavenly

Bodies mou'd in the most regular, facil, and convenient manner.

p. 63, 64

Of the Sun, bis Uses, and the Convenience of his Situation and


p. 65.

Of the Moon, and its Uses.

Of the rest of the Planets, and fixed Stars; the Regularity and Con-

ftancy of their Motions ; whence Cicero rationally infers, that they

are govern'd by Reason.


Eclipses useful to settle Chronology, and determine Longitudes.

Page 68. of terrestrial inanimate fimple Bodies, as Elements, commonly se

called: 1. Fire, its various Uses; p. 69, 70. Of Air, its USE and Necesity for breathing to all sorts of Animals, aquatick®as well as terrestrial; nay, in a sort to Plants themselves, p. 71, 72, 73. The Effects and Uses of its Gravity and elastick Quality.

p. 72, 73• That the Fætus in the Womb bath a kind of Respiration, and whence it receives the Air.

P. 73, 74, 75. That the Air insinuates itself into the Water for the Respiration of

Fishes, p. 76. and even into subterraneous Waters, whence it clears the Mines of Damps, p. 76, 77. A plastick Nature necessary for putting ibe Diaphragm and Muscles for Respiration into motion at first.

p. 77. Of Water, its Uses, p. 78. Of the Sea, and its Tides, p. 79. An

Obje&tion concerning the Needlesness of so much Sea, of no Use to Mankind, answer'd; and the Wisdom of God in tbus unequally dividing Sea and Land, manifested and asserted; p. 80, 81. The Ule of Floods.

p. 82, 83. That the Winds bring up more Vapours from the Sea than they carry down thither.

p. 84, 85 That the Motion of the Water levels the Bottom of the Sea, p. 85.

The reason why the Sea Plants grow for the most part flat, like a

Fan, and none in the great Depths. Of Springs and Rivers, Baths and mineral Waters. Simple Water nourijbeth not.

p. 87. Of the Earth, its Ufes and Differences.

ibid. Of Meteors, or Bodies imperfečtly mix’d. And, 1. Of Rain, p. 88. 2. Of Wind, and its various Uses.

p. 90. Of inanimate mix'd Bodies. 1. Stones, their Qualities and Uses,

p. 91, 92, 93. Particularly of the Loadstone, its admirable Pbanomena, Effeets and Ujes, p. 95. 2. Metals, their various Uses, of great Importance to Mankind, as Iron, without which we could bave had nothing of Culture or Civility; Gold and Silver for the coiring of Money, which how many ways useful, is mewn out of Dr. Cockburn's El ays.

p. 96, 97. That the minute comporent Particles of Bodies are naturally indivifible, proved.

p. 98, 99. Of Vegetables or Plants, their Stature and Magnitude, Figure, Shape,

and Site of Leaves, Flowers, and Fruits, and their Parts, all determind, as also their Age and Duration, p. 100, 101. The admirable Complication of the seminal Plants, p. 101, 102. The Uses of the several Parts of Plants, Roots, Fibres, Vesels, Barks and Leaves, p. 103, 104. The Beauty and Elegancy of the Leaves,

B 4


p. 86.

Flowers, and Fruits of Plants, p. 105. That there is such a thing as Beauty and Comeliness of Proportion, prov'd.

Page 105. The Uses of Flowers, p. 107. Of Seeds, and their Teguments, and

Observations concerning themi, p. 108, 109. Their lasting Vitality or Fæcundity, p. 110. The pappous Plumage of Seeds, ibid. The Tendrels and Prickles of Plants, of what Use. P. IIl.

That Wheat, the best of all Grains, is patient both of Heat and Cold,

and scarce refuseth any Climate, and that scarce any Grain is more fruitful.

p. 112, Of the Signatures of Plants.

p. 113 Of Animals, the Provision that is made for the Continuance of Spe

cies, p. 114. That Females have within them from the beginning the Seeds of all the Young they mall ever bring forth, p. 115. An Observation of Cicero's about multiparous Creatures, p. 116. Why Birds lay Eggs, ibid. of what Use the Yolk of the Egg is to the Chicken,

p. 117.

[ocr errors]

Birds that cannot number, yet omit not any one of their Young in feed

ing of them, p. 117. Tho they cannot number, yet that they can distinguish many from few, prood, p. 118. The speedy Growth of the young Birds in the Neft, p. 119. The Process of building their Nefts, and Incubation, p. 120. Feeding, breeding, and defending their Young, and the admirable Etaggð, ibid. The due numerical Proportion between Males and Females in all kinds of Animals kept up conftantly, p. 121. The Conveniency of the Time of the Year when the several sorts of Animals are brought forth, p. 122. Why Birds swallow Pebble-Stones, p. 130. The Provision of Nature for keeping of Birds-Nefts clean, p. 132, 133. Various frange Infinēts of Animals, p. 125, 126, 127, &c. as, that Animals mould know where their natural W'eapons are situate, and how to make use of them; that the Weak and Timorous should be made swift of Foot or Wing for Flight ; that they should naturally know their Enemies, and such as prey, upon them, tho they had never seen them before ; that as soon as they are brought forth they should know their proper Food; that Ducklings, thoʻted by a Hen, so soon as they see Water jould venture into it, the Hen in vain endeavouring to binder or reclaim them; that Birds of the Same Kind jould make Nefis exatly alike, wherescever bred, and tho' they had never seen a Neft

made. The Migration of Birds from que Country to another, a frange and

unaccountable Action.

P. 128.


The wonderful Art obfervable in the Construction, Situation, and Fi

gure of the Cells in Honey-Combs, p. 132, 133, 134.. Thai Bees and other Animals lay up in store, either for the Food of their Young, or their own Winter Provision.

Page 135 The Provision that is made for the Preservation and Security of weak and timorous Creatures, and for the diminishing of the rapacious,

p. 136, 137, 138. The Fitness of the Parts of the Bodies of Animals to every one's Nature

and manner of living, infanc’d_in. 1. The Swine, p. 139, &c. 2. The Mole, p. 341. 3. The Tamandua, or Ant-Bear, p. 142. 4. The Chamælion, p. 143. 5. The whole Genus of Wood-peckers, ibid. 6. Swallows, p. 144.

7. Doukers or Loons, P: 145. In Birds all the Members are fitted for the Uje of flying, p. 146, &c. The Use of the Tail in Birds.

p. 147The Bodies of Fishes most conveniently form'd and provided for the Use

of swimming, p. 150, 151. And particularly those of cetaceous Fishes, for the Respiration, and preserving iheir natural Heat, p. 151, 152. And of amphibious Creatures.

ibid. The fitting of the Parts of Animals one to another, viz. the Genitals

of the Sexes, p. 153. The Nipples of the Paps to the Mouth and Organs of Suétion, ibid. The admirable Structure of the Breasts or Paps, for the preparing and separating, the containing and retaining of the Milk, that it doth not flow out without Preffure or Suction.

p. 154Several Observations of Aristotle's relating to the Fitness of the Parts

to the Creatures Nature and manner of living, and to their respeEtive Ujes.

p. 155, 156. Another remarkable Instance, in proportioning the Length of the Necks

to that of Legs in Animals, p. 157, 158. Of the Aponeurofis in the Neck, why given to most Quadrupeds, and not to Man, p. 157. That some Birds have but hort Legs, and yet long Necks; and why, p. 158. That this Instance cannot be accounted for by Atheists.

ibid. The various kinds of Voices the fame Animal uses on divers Occasions,

and to divers Purposes, argumentative of Providence and Council in conferring them upon it, being so extreamly useful and serviceable to the Creature.

P: 159. An Objection against the Use of several Bodies 1 bave instanc'd in re

lating to Man, answerd, p. 160. A Disiourse in the Person of Almighty God to Man.

p. 161, 162, &c. The incredible Smallness and Subtleness of some Animalcules, an Argument and Proof of the admirable Art of the Creator. p. 166, 167.


Practical Inferences from the precedent Discourse, wherein it is shewn,

that the World was in some Sense made for Man, yet not so as to bave no other End or Use of its Creation but to serve him, p. 169, 170, &c. The Contemplation and Confideration of the Works of God may probably be some part of our Employment in Heaven.

Page 171, 172. The Sun, Moon, Stars, &c. are called upon to praise God, which they

can do no'otherwise, than by affording Man, and other intelligent Beings, Matter or Subječt of praising him; and therefore Men and Angels are called upon to consider those great Effects of the divine Power, Wisdom and Goodness, and to give God the Praise and Glory due to him for them, p. 178, 179, 180, &c. That God doth, and may jusly intend and design bis own Glory.

p. 182, 183, 184, 185.


« PreviousContinue »