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manner, our prayers and supplications to the divine Majesty, for averting those heavy judgments which our manifold sins and provocations have most justly deserved."

It may be remembered by some now present, that in the year 1759, when Great Britain sat as queen among the nations, we were called together by a proclamation from the throne, to return public thanks to Almighty God, for the great and public blessings which enriched and distinguished that memorable year.

It was then my object, to warn my fellow citizens against the criminal abuse of our national felicity, by perverting, into weapons of rebellion against God, the fruits of that success with which be had been pleased to favour us.

Since that time we have enjoyed a period of very un. common prosperity as a kingdom. While riches have been flowing to us from all quarters, luxury and dissipation advancing with an equal pace, have proved at once the propriety and the neglect of that warning. Enormous fortunes, suddenly acquired in our foreign settlements, have accelerated that corruption of manners, which is the usual concomitant of prosperity. Success. ful adventurers, coming home with sums almost beyond the calculation of a moderate mind, produce a disdain of the slow and sober paths of industry: and “men hastening to be rich fall into temptation, and a soare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown them in destruction and perdition.” Our table hath indeed become our snare; and the uncommon blessings conferred on us, instead of heightening our gratitude, have only caused us to forget the band that bestowed them, and proved the means of alienating our bearts from God.

For this abuse of prosperity, the land doth mourn this day. They must be blind indeed, who do not see the uplifted hand of God, and even read, on the rod with which he hath smitten us, our national guilt engraved in such deep and legible characters, that it may be truly said, “ Our own wickedness hath corrected us, and our backslidings have reproved us."

Do we complain of the ingratitude of our American colonies, which flourished so long, and prospered so much in a state of union with the mother country, and as the free subjects of a free state? In what words can we utter our complaints more expressive than those which are preoccupied, if I may so speak, by the great Lord of heaven and earth, in that solemn appeal which is recorded (Isaiah i. 2.), “ Hear, O heavens, and give ear, 0 earth, for I have nourished and brought up chil.

. dren, and they have rebelled against me.” So that the very expressions with which we would naturally reproach our rebellious colonists, may justly remind us of that more aggravated rebellion, wherewith we ourselves are chargeable against that God, who hath not only planted, but cherished and protected us in a good land unto this day.

Now, whatsoever things were written aforetime, were written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. God is always the same. He is in one mind, and none can turn him. His love to righteousness, and his hatred of sin, are both unchangeable: and there. fore, the truth of that assertion must be equally unchangeable, that righteousness exalteth a nation; whereas sin is the reproach, and without repentance must, in the issue, be the ruin of any people. Would we then pray with acceptance for the peace and prosperity of our Jerusalem, let us begin with praying for the good of Zion; that it may please God to pour down the spirit of


repentance and reformation on men of every rank. Until we thus turn to God, solid prosperity will not return to our land. There may be gleams of transient success: but these interruptions of calamity will only aggravate our final doom. Whereas if we sincerely repent of our evil ways, and return to that God from whom we have revolted, he will stay his hand, now lifted up in wrath, " and God, even our own God, shall bless us.”—“ Behold the hand of the Lord is not shortened, that it cannot save; neither is his ear heavy, that it cannot hear; but our iniquities have separated between us and our God.” We have a most gracious and explicit promise to encourage us, (Jerem. xviii. 7, 8.) “ At what instant, (saith God) I shall speak concerning a nation and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up and pull down, and to destroy it: if that nation against whom I have pronounced, turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them.”

Here then is a large field, in which every man may labour for the good of his country. In this view, the meanest subject has the consolation to think, that he may become useful to the community with which he is connected. The meanest subject may so order his life and conversation, as to render himself, in the eyes of his Maker, one of the 6 excellent ones of the earth," one of that “ holy seed which is the substance of the land." The meanest subject may put up the fervent supplications of a pious, pure, and humble soul, to the throne of grace; and with that holy ardour, which alone will find acceptance, solicit the Supreme Disposer of all events, for blessings and benefits of every kind to his country. The meanest subject can walk with God” in the duties of devotion, can display the beauty of holiness, and stir

up others to imitate the example of his virtue and piety,

Thus far I have considered both the matter and order of the two petitions in my text. - The

Third thing proposed was, To make some practical observations on the temper of mind with which they appear to have been accompanied. And it is obvious, in general, that David had a just impression of his absolute dependance on God, and that he did not trust in the arm of flesh, but looked for help from God alone. No man possessed larger measures than David, either of political wisdom or warlike skill; but he did not confide in bis own talents for building or defending the walls of Jerusalem: He knew, as he expresseth it in another of his Psalms, that “except the Lord build the house, they labour in vain that build it; and except the Lord watch the city, the watchman walketh in vain." He therefore looks directly to the God of Zion, and commits Jerusalem, and her walls, to his keeping, who neither slumbers nor sleeps, even the Creator of the ends of the earth, who fainteth not, neither is weary.

The form of his address doth likewise discover the deep conviction he had of his own unworthiness. He pleads with God, as a humble supplicant, with that penitent and contrite heart, of which he speaks in the verse preceding my text. He claims nothing upon the terms of justice, but applies solely to the mercy and free favour of God. “ Do good," saith he, “ In thy good pleasure, unto Zion."

This expression may be further considered, as denoting that submissive and resigned frame of spirit with which he puts up his requests both for Zion and Jerusalem. He did not presume to limit the Holy One of Is. rael; but left it entirely to his own wisdom and good ness, to grant the matter of his prayer at what time, and in what manner, or by wbat means, he should choose.

In all these respects, he presents to our view an approved example for our imitation in similar circum. stances.

It now only remains that I should inquire, what is incumbent on those who adopt the Psalmist's prayer, in order to prove the uprightness of their bearts, and that they sincerely wish to obtain what they ask.

I observed, in the introduction to this discourse, that every request which we make to God, is not only an ex, plicit declaration that we highly esteem, and ardently desire, the benefits which we pray for, but doth likewise imply an obligation and promise on our part to use all the means in our power to obtain them.

As to what concerns the public state of the nation, and the means of building up and cementing the walls of our Jerusalem, these matters I leave to those who have the constitutional charge of them. The best aid I can contribute in my sphere, is to pray for wisdom to direct the public counsels, and to do what I can for the good of Zion; and in this you all may and ought to be work. ers together with me. If, then, we have any love for our country, or any sincere desire of saving her from im. pending calamity, let us now form hearty and vigorous resolutions of correcting and amending our ways. Let our reformation begin in those points from which our corruption may be traced. Remember, that piety to. wards God is the best support of all those virtues which form the good man, or the useful citizen. Legislators may devise what regulations they please; but if there is no sense of a God or of a providence among the sub. jects, they will never be able to execute their plans, or to attain their ends. Let personal reformation, therefore, be our first care; and having given all diligence to make our own calling and election sure, let us, in our respec.

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