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cember 1. Experience with the first budget proved that this was too short a time in which to prepare the final budget, so the Board has asked that the estimates be sent in early, so it may complete its work by December 1.

QUALIFIED VOTERS NUMBER MORE THAN MILLION.—Returns from two hundred and fifty counties and an estimate as to another, show, according to the Dallas News, "that 1,013,835 citizens of Texas registered as 1922 voters in connection with the payment of poll taxes, as compared with 705,308 in 1920 and 624,568 in 1921. Adding to each of these numbers fifteen. per centum thereof to cover exemptions, it is indicated that there are 1,165,910 qualified voters in Texas this year, as compared with 811,103 in 1920 and 682,964 in 1921."

The size of the woman vote is estimated to be over 300,000, being one-half of the total number in some counties. This is a great increase over 1920 and 1921. The registration fell off in 1921 because it was considered an “off” year.

REDISTRICTING ACT HELD VALID.—The Supreme Court has upheld the constitutionality of the redistricting act passed at the special session of the Legislature last summer. The act was attacked because Swisher County was omitted in the reapportionment, and on the ground that the voters were deprived of their right of representation in the Legislature.

The Court held that it was the intention of the Legislature to put Swisher County in the 120th District, and "that a legislative enactment will not be held unconstitutional and invalid unless it is absolutely necessary to so hold."


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Professor M. S. Handman will spend the summer in Europe, visiting Germany, Poland, and Roumania.

Professor A. B. Wolfe will give courses in sociology at Cornell University this summer.

A new appointment is that of Professor M. E. Gettys of Texas Christian University, as adjunct professor of sociology. He will continue the work established several years ago under the auspices of the Red Cross.

Mr. Vincent W. Lanfear has completed his general courses for the doctorate at Columbia University, and has been granted leave of absence for another year in order that he may serve at Yale University as an assistant professor of economics, while he is gathering material for his dissertation.

Professor Charles G. Haines has resigned to accept a proferrsorship of public law in the University of Texas. During the summer he will offer courses in the University of Southern California.

Mr. R. N. Richardson, instructor, has completed his graduate work in the University and has returned to Simmons College, Abilene, Texas.

Professor H. G. James has been granted leave of absence for 1922-23 to accept an appointment as research associate of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. He left in June for Brazil where he will remain for six months making a study of the government of that country.

In the absence of Professor James, Mr. Frank M. Stewart will act as editor in charge of the Quarterly.

Adjunct Professor C. P. Patterson will serve as chairman of the department for next year.

New instructors in the department for next year are: Ben F. Wright, Jr., tutor in government, who has spent the past year in graduate work at Harvard; Irvin Stewart, assistant in the government research division, who completed his graduate work this year; and Dr. M. W. Graham, who

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has been instructor in the University of Missouri during the past year.

Professor F. F. Blachly of the University of Oklahoma will offer courses in the second term of the summer school in the University of Texas.

The general faculty of the University of Texas has approved the separation of the department of business administration from the College of Arts and Sciences and the establishment of a School of Business Administration. The question is now up to the Regents.

The Tenth Annual Convention of the League of Texas Municipalities was held at Waxahachie, Texas, on May 1718. The most important question before the meeting was the question of the regulation of public utilities. No final action was taken upon the subject, but a committee of nine was appointed to study the entire question and report to a meeting of the league to be called by the president later in the year.

Officers elected were: E. R. Cockrell, mayor, Fort Worth, president; C. H. Fulwiler, mayor, Breckenridge, first vicepresident; E. E. McAdams, city manager, Bryan, second vice-president; 0. B. Black, mayor, San Antonio, third vicepresident. The officers, with past President H. J. Graeser, city manager of Tyler, and executive Secretary Frank M. Stewart, constitute the executive committee.

Bryan was selected for the 1923 meeting place.

The May “Texas Municipalities" contained four tables giving the 1921 tax rates and taxable values for one hundred and fifty Texas cities.

Miss Gladys Dickason, for the past three years assistant secretary of the Oklahoma Municipal League, has been awarded a scholarship by Columbia University and will enter that institution for graduate work next fall. Miss Dickason received the B.A. degree from the University of Oklahoma this year.

Dr. Theodore C. Gronert, of the Texas College of Industrial Arts, has been elected professor of history and political science in the University of Arkansas and will enter upon his duties in the summer session.


INMAN, SAMUEL GUY. Problems in Pan-Americanism.

(New York, 1921. Pp. VII, 415.)

Of recent years there has been a marked increase of interest in the larger problems involved in the relations between the United States of America and the Latin-American states of this hemisphere. The World War contributed its important part in stimulating this interest on both sides of the Rio Grande. What is needed above all else at the present time is a sympathetic presentation of the Anglo Saxon point of view by Latin-Americans and of the LatinAmerican point of view by North Americans. The present volume is a worthy example of the latter type of presentation.

The work begins with an inventory of the assets and liabilities of Latin-America, physical, mental, and moral. The weaknesses, courteously termed problems, are presented from the point of view of prominent Latin-Americans, not merely the customary supercilious criticisms of the typical Anglo Saxon when estimating other nations and races. Strong as is the racial and national pride of the Latin-Americans, introspection and self criticism are by no means wanting on the part of prominent writers, as is clearly shown in this presentation of Latin-American problems.

Having laid the basis for a fair estimate of the merits and weaknesses of Latin-Americans and their states, the author then traces the development of Pan-Americanism from its earliest beginnings to the present time, showing the changes in attitude of Latin-America towards the United States and the developments that led to such changes. Especially interesting is the chapter devoted to the problems of the Caribbean countries, terminating in a group of suggestions for the future conduct of our relations with those countries.

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Pan-Americanism versus Pan-Latinism is the title of a chapter that sets forth the two apparently opposing schools of thought that exist in Latin-America and shows how these principles can be reconciled in practice. The final chapter, dealing with the next steps in Inter-American friendship, summarizes the author's conclusions as to the solution of the problems in Pan-Americanism about which the whole work is concerned.

The book as a whole is a distinct contribution to the literature in English about our Latin-American neighbors. To the unfortunately large group of intelligent North Americans who are quite without information on the subject the work will serve as an excellent introduction to the field. To teachers of history and politics concerned in acquainting their students with the national characteristics of the Latin-Americans and their attitude towards the United States the book will prove of real value. Bibliographies at the end of each chapter and a general bibliography at the close enhance the value of the work for college classes. University of Texas.


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MATHEWS, JOHN MABRY. The Conduct of American For

eign Relations. (New York: The Century Co., 1922. Pp. 341.)

The increasing interest of the American people in world politics makes it desirable that they know how their own government conducts its foreign relations. This information is now available in adequate and accurate form for the first time. Some of the most illuminating chapters of Professor Mathews' book are those relating to the organization of the department of state, the personnel and procedure of diplomatic intercourse, the consular service, the theory and practice of the treaty-making power, the beginning and termination of war.

The book is not a chronological discussion of American foreign affairs, but a topical analysis, using historical events to illustrate principles and methods. In this respect, a departure is made in the direction of political science. Stu

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