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the modern conception and status of good government in relation to citizenship and public officials. The next two chapters deal with the election of city officials. Then comes a chapter on city charter-making, followed by a chapter on each of the three types of City government, the federal, the commission and the commission-manager, and a chapter entitled “Essentials of an Ideal Type of Government." A chapter on school administration and two chapters on the financial administration of cities complete the book. Fifteen charts showing the organization of typical cities are included in the book.

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THE SOUTHWESTERN POLITICAL SCIENCE

QUARTERLY VOL. III SEPTEMBER, 1922

No. 2

The editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by contributors

to THE QUARTERLY

THE COURTS OF THE SOUTHWEST

C. PERRY PATTERSON
University of Texas

Their Organization

The general scheme of courts for the southwestern states consists of a differentiated set of courts, very loosely related in both jurisdiction and administration, beginning at the bottom with the justice of peace courts and ending at the top with supreme courts which exercise primarily appellate jurisdiction with the power to issue the usual mandatory and remedial writs necessary to enforce their jurisdiction. There are important differences in the organization of the intermediate courts. In Texas and Louisiana there are separate appellate courts subordinate to the supreme courts. In Texas and Oklahoma there are separate courts of criminal appeals, which are really supreme courts since they exercise final jurisdiction in criminal cases. There are no county courts in Louisiana and no district courts in Arizona and Arkansas. In New Mexico there is no county court of the usual type, but instead a probate court whose jurisdiction is coextant with the county. In Arizona, there is a superior court in each county, which is a sort of expanded county court or an abridged district court, but its territorial jurisdiction is restricted to the county. In Arkansas there are circuit courts instead of district courts. There are no

1Paper read at the Third Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Political Science Association, Norman, Oklahoma, March 25, 1922.

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