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(To the Fourth Edition),


IN this fourth edition a few illustrations have been added, and some alteration made in the interpretation formerly given of one or two places of Scripture.

Such alterations, I am persuaded, will be so far from being considered as marks of weakness and inconstancy, that they will rather be commended by all ingenuous persons. For the book of Revelation, as well as that of Nature, contains many passages which have not yet been sufficiently explored and unfolded; and our long imbibed and obstinate prejudices always leave something to be discovered and corrected by future industry and a more candid inquiry.

But the writer has found no reason of change whatsoever, respecting the chief object of the work, and cause of relinquishing his benefice and

withdrawing himself entirely from the established worship of the church of England, now more than

eight years ago. For, in reading the sacred writings, fresh conviction has continually poured in upon him, and still more confirmed him in his persuasion, that divine worship is to be paid, and prayer to be offered, to the One, living and true God, the Father, only; and not to Jesus Christ, or any other person.

As few are disposed to read a long Latin epistle, however curious and elegant, and many not able, it has been judged proper to give a translation of the letter of John Fox, our pious and learned martyrologist, to Queen Elizabeth, in which he entreats her to save from the flames two unfortunate Dutch Anabaptists, condemned for heresy, who had fled hither from their own country for refuge. It is therefore now taken from the Appendix, and inserted in the course of the narrative.




I. THE Introduction, with some strictures on the origin of the doctrine of the Trinity, and the opposition it met with to the time of the Reformation


II. Of the state of the Unitarian doctrine,

in our own country more especially,
from the era of the Reformation, with
an account of those Christians who
have professed it....

III. That there is but One God, the Father.
Religious worship to be offered to this
One God, the Father, only

IV. The causes of the unhappy defection
among Christians from the simplicity
of religious worship prescribed in the
Scriptures of the New Testament






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Principal Matters contained in this Volume.

N. B. This mark * refers to the note in the page annexed to it.

ALLIX (Dr.) obtrudes his own Trinitarian notions on the
Chaldee paraphrasts

Anabaptists (Dutch) among other things denied the doctrine
of the Trinity, and that Christ was God

cruelly put to death by Queen Elizabeth

Authority (Human) in the things of religion, the cause of the greatest and most lasting miseries and corruptions of the truth

Author (The) account of the rise and progress of his scruples concerning the Trinity

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189, &c.

what determined him at last to quit his ministrations
in the Church of England, and withdraw himself entirely
from its worship

Baptism in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of
the Holy Ghost, no argument for the doctrine of the
Beveridge (Bishop) very perplexed on the subject of the

owns that the Jews never had been able to find
a Trinity in the Old Testament

his uncharitable zeal

Biddle (John) the Socinian, or Unitarian, an account of

his excellent character

Calamy (Dr.) his useful and valuable work


13, 14




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Calvin (John) causes Servetus to be burnt alive for opposing the doctrine of the Trinity

quoted with respect

Capellus (Louis) his interpretation of the Chaldee phrase, the word of the Lord

Christ not accused by the Jews, John v. 18, of making himself equal, but like to God. What meant by his being like to God

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honouring him as the Father, how to be understood
declares he received his being from the Father

a teacher of the Divine Unity

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his being joined together with God, no proof of equality

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87, &c.

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his office of mediator and high priest, a demonstration that he cannot be God to whom he is a priest and minister

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ascribing blessing and honour, &c. to him, does not
imply that he is God, or the object of worship
prayer to him not commanded nor authorized in the

his power and dominion, what? no ground of
praying to him

the true doctrine concerning him very early corrupted by the heathen converts

their errors concerning him

Christians at first, and for some time ignorant of the Trinity, both name and thing

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119, &c.

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the Jewish, always preserved the true doctrine concerning Jesus Christ, and the Divine Unity

Clarke (Dr. Samuel) his character

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a great reviver of the doctrine of the Divine Unity an instance of his christian courage and sincerity vindication of his memory from a groundless aspersion

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his zeal for the worship of the One true God, the Father

spent much time and labour in amending the Liturgy of the Church of England

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strikes out of the Liturgy, or reforms, all those parts, in which prayer or worship is offered to Jesus Christ or the Holy Ghost

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a list of his amendments of the Liturgy Clerical Petitioners, design of their association

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