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by the public, are grossly erroneous wisdom, and the imbecility of ministhat no man in the nation can make ters, which have been so long clearly correct arithmetical calculations ex- seen by himself and that five milcept himself—and that the calumni- lions be annually set apart for the mainous and groundless attacks which he tenance of his distinguished friends, is in the practice of making on absent the Spanish refugees. In his speech individuals, are exceedingly just and on the latter topic, he may introduce praiseworthy. He may then move some droll and pointed story like this: for permission to place on the table a -A distinguished foreigner, whom I series of calculations, shewing, 1. That have the honour to call my particular the national debt is more by one hun- friend, asked me the other day—why dred and eighty-two millions than it are the members of your party called really is. 2. That to expend ten thou- Whigs? My answer was—Because sand pounds on a building on shore, is our office is to cover with plasters the to expend twenty thousand on a num- broken heads of foreign runaways ! ber of seamen at sea. 3. That two and I would place a mighty burden on two are five. 4. That armies and fleets Mr Brougham's shoulders. Whatever should be lessened in proportion as the authors of a revolution may be in territory is extended, and that the personal character and principles, such number of public servants should be revolution cannot fail of being in the diminished with the increase of public highest degree beneficial to the state business. 5. That his own popularity in which it takes place. Every man, is just eighty-nine times greater at or at least every foreigner, who plots present than it was before he became the overthrow of his government, and the object of public derision. And, his own exaltation to a share of the 6. That the supporters of the Whigs sovereign power, is a disinterested paare one hundred times more numerous triot, and friend of liberty. It is essenthan they were two years ago. He tially necessary that the sovereign may then make the following mo- power in every country be exclusively tions:-1. That he be appointed solefi- possessed by factions, for factions cannancier and accountant to the state, and not oppress and tyrannize. Liberty to every individual in it. 2. That
that can only exist under the rule of a face horrid old nuisance the Church of Eng- tion. That kingdom must of necessiland be destroyed, and that Richard ty be free, prosperous, and happy, in Carlile be made director-general of the which the king is stripped of all pownation's conscience. 3. That utter ig- er, and the sway of a faction is absonorance of a subject be regarded as a lute. The same institutions will promember's best qualification for making duce the same effects in all countries, a long speech on it. And, 4. That and the English constitution is as well every detection of his errors in calcu- calculated for any other country as for lation and opinion be regarded by the England; for the working of public House and the nation as a proof that institutions depends in no degree whathe cannot err. His zealous friend, ever on the conduct and circumstances Mr H. G. Bennet, being, of course, of the people. Public institutions his constant seconder.
ought to be invariably founded on the Let Mr Hobhouse move, that Don axiom,--Man is a perfect creature. Juàn and Tom Paine be used in our In proportion as this axiom is adhered churches instead of the Prayer Book to, they will render him perfect, and and the Bible.--Lord Nugent, that vice versa. The Spanish Revolutiona dukedom and pension be decreed ists, as a body, were embued with him for his glorious exploits in the the principles of the French RevoSpanish war.–And Mr Peter Moore, lutionists,-therefore, it was impossithat the nation be indicted for per- ble for the revolution which they acjury, because it will not buy " A complished to be anything but a blessVoice from England, in reply to A ing to Spain. Because the constitution Voice from St Helena."
was forced upon Spain by the army, Lord Holland may move, that the it was unanimously called for by the Bishop of Peterborough be expelled people. Spain can only be free, by hathe church for intermeddling with ving a form of government and a set of church matters that the nation may rulers which she detests. The friends be placed under the care of some eye- of revolution throughout Europe are doctor, to enable it to see his own notoriously infidels, as well as enemies
of substantial monarchy, and their hos- with made the oracle and emperor of tility is avowedly directed as much the whole universe. against religion as against existing go- I will supply no more motions at vernments. They are, in general, not present. These will furnish the Whigs less immoral and profligate as mem- with ample matter of declamation for bers of society, than mercenary and more than one session, and they will unprincipled as public men : There- enable those eminent and distressed fore they are admirably qualified for persons to bring themselves and their revolutionizing Europe, and remodel- creed more fully than ever before the ling society; and they are the sole eyes of the country. If they do not friends of knowledge, liberty, patriot- profit by it, let not my charity be viism, and philanthropy—the sole friends tuperated for the failure. I do not of mankind that the world contains, seek to trepan them into inconsistensave and except the Whigs and Radi- cy~ I propose no new faith for their cals of Great Britain. Mr Brougham adoption. So far as general principles must embody all this in a set of reso- are comprehended in my motions, I lutions, and prevail on the House to only translate into plain English what adopt them by a speech of inordinate they have again and again, though in length, and replete, even to redundan- a less honest tongue, declared to be cy, with misrepresentations, miscalcu, their own. lations, hideous metaphors, low scur- I will honestly own, that I have the rility, nauseous Billingsgate, and hor- good of the State in view, as well as rible imprecations. He may afterwards that of the Whigs; but I must now move,-1. That it be made high trea- cease to be jocular. A party like this, son to call a man who maintains this, which makes The Morning Chronicle, " a Brummagem statesman.”—2. That The Times, and their copyists, its the House do issue an order for be- organs--which spreads its protecting heading the French Minister of Fo- wings over every blasphemer and traireign Affairs.--3. That a committee tor, from Lord Byron to Carlilebe appointed to ascertain why his pub- which never has the weapon out of its lic prayer for the destruction of the hands, when royalty, the church, and Bourbons was not granted.-4. That all the best institutions and feelings Mr Canning be compelled to hear in of society, can be attacked—which silence anything that Mr Brougham openly.fraternizes with the revolutionmay be pleased to say of him.-5. That ary factions of Europe—and which the community be compelled, on pain boldly maintains, what are called “ liof extermination, to forget all the po- berał opinions,” to be the only true litical predictions which he has hither- onesÀ party like this is tolerated to delivered in Parliament, the Edin- among us, as an equally honest and burgh Review, and elsewhere.—6. harmless one, and with even increasing That the Lord Chancellor be impeach- feelings of indulgence and good will! ed for refusing silk gowns to himself We see here the mighty magic of a and Mr Williams.--7. That the ex
There are neither Whigs nor clusive power of prosecuting for libel Tories in the land, according to the be vested in the Whigs.-8. That if a original meaning of the terms; and man call himself a Whig, he be per- assuredly, if any men amongst us can mitted to promulgate any principles with propriety be called Whigs, these whatever, without being deemed an are the Tories. Nevertheless, because enemy of the constitution.-9. That the persons of whom I have spoken no man be suffered to call himself a call themselves Whigs, they are toleWhig, who is not the libeller of the rated as well-affected and somewhat church, the clergy, and religion-the clever persons, although their creed slanderer of constituted authorities manifestly contemplates the destruca clamourer for vital changes in the tion of all the principles which the exconstitution-an advocate for giving perience of men and nations has proved to faction despotic power—and the to be the only true ones. Let them friend and champion of Europe's infi- change their name to Liberals, Carbodels and rebels.-10. That our allies nari, or Constitutionalists, without albe henceforth only known by the names, tering in one jot their conduct and tyrants, despots, enemies, and destroy- principles, and they will be at once ers of the human race, &c. &c.; and trodden under foot by an indignant that he, Henry Brougham, be forth- nation.
To have a party like this, constant, ty madness. If, after all our risks, ly, forcing poison into the bowels of and sufferings, and perseverance, and the state, is bad enough ; but if it had triumphs, we are at last to sacrifice been the worst, I should have remain- our principles, let us, at least, do it ed silent. The cry of Conciliation is like Englishmen, and not adopt the now daily rung in our ears; and by frenchified, Whiggish mode, of fancywhom? The Tories. And to whom ing that whatever change we may is it addressed ? To each other. If make in our faith, we shall remain the this meant only the bapishment of same, so long as we call ourselves Toparty rage, my voice should be among ries. The “ Pitt system” was a systhe loudest in propagating it; but, alas! tem of principles, if it had any peculike almost all other political terms liarity whatever the Pitt war was a now in fashion, it is meant to convey war against principles, and he who almost any meaning, except its John- would now admit these principles insonian one.
The cry is not to the to the grand sphere of European aoWhigs-Abate your evil practices, but tion, is no disciple of Mr Pitt. The to the Tories--Abate your hostility last ban was cast upon them, when to these practices. To conciliate, the High Allied Powers, including the principles of the government and England, proclaimed Buonaparte to be its supporters must be modified until a man with whom no faith could be they approximate to those of the kept-an outlaw. The proclamation Whigs,
and their tone must be lower- was against, not the man, but his prined until the Whigs cannot goad them ciples. It stated in effect, that rulers into a word of contradiction ; while who held religion to be a fable, and the principles and rancour of those scorned the laws of morality-who persons are to remain unaltered. It practised the doctrines for the guidance was notorious that the Spanish revolu- of human life, which foreign “ Contionists held principles diametrically stitutionalists” now maintain—were a opposed to those of the Tories—in a curse to the world, and could not be word, “liberal” principles, i. e. in tolerated in it. Be it remembered substance, the old Jacobin ones—and that it was dictated by experience, and that some of them even openly pro- not opinion. posed a repetition of the enormities In judging of the Spanish Revoluwhich were perpetrated in France. tionists, we must look at the contriThe Times newspaper actually confess- vers and heads, and not at those who, ed that the Spanish revolution seemed after their success, accepted employto be closely following the steps of the ment under them, and swelled their French one. Yet for purposes of Con- train. We must look less at what ciliation, no doubt; while the Whigs they did, than at what they evidently trumpeted forth those persons as mo- intended to do, and at what the pracdels of what men should be, the Houses tice of their creed was sure of accomof Parliament and Ministers of Eng- plishing. Of all Englishmen, dead land were to affect to sympathize with and alive, Jerry Bentham was the man them—to regard them as honest, well- to whom they decreed public honours. principled, patriotic men-and to treat This faet is of itself decisive. them as the bona fide representatives believe that England could be governof the Spanish people. The Protes- ed on the principles of Radicalism-. tants of Ireland were to be stigmati- that even the practice of the modern zed by the Whigs, throughout the last Whig tenets would not plunge the state Session, as a faction, a detestable fac- into ruin, we must then, in consistention, the tyrants of Ireland, the au- cy, fraternize with the revolutionists thors of Ireland's wretchedness,&c. &c. in question, or, at least, acknowledge and this, unguestionably for purposes them as one of the innocuous and leof Conciliation, was to be listened to, gitimate parties of Europe. But we by Ministers and the House, in silent must then rail no more against Whigacquiescence, bating the disbelieved gism and Radicalism-against Bentdenial of some suspected Orangeman. ham and Byron, and Hunt and Cob
Against this system, I, for one, so- bet :-we must then cease to be Tories lemnly protest. "If, to be liberal and and Pittites, and anything but aposto conciliate, we must abandon our tates. The question will admit of no creed, let us still be termed bigots, compromise. If we believe “ Liberal and dwell amidst the thunders of par- opinions” to be fraught with curses to
mankind, we must oppose them in side of the House of Commons, in adParliament, as well as out of it-in dition to many English ones, whose foreigners, as well as in our country- pride it would be to lay her complaints men-abroad, as well as at home in before Parliament, yet no proof could governments, as well as in individuals be brought forward in support of these and in the practice, as well as in charges. Nevertheless the Tories did the promulgation.
not venture to say a syllable in defence How did the system of Conciliation of the absent objects of the calumnies. bear upon the Irish protestants? Those It seemed to be understood that the of them who are Orangemen, assured- Whigs and Tories of England ought ly formed an association, but there to confederate and squabble at pleawas not a man living who doubted sure, but that it was highly unjustitheir loyalty-who did not know that fiable for the Orangemen to follow their object of union was to defend their example,—that it was mighty the Constitution in church and state constitutional for the Catholics to as—and who was not quite sure that sociate for the attainment of their potheir mysteries were of no public mo- litical objects, but quite the contrary ment whatever. What then? Had for Protestants to associate to oppose we no other political associations ? them. Had we not more than one Catholic In what do we, who are opposed to association--Pitt Clubs-Fox Clubs the Catholic claims, differ from the a Canning Clubmand, above all, Orangemen in principle, and in what a grand Whig Club ? In regard to do the Tories differ from those who political exertions and baleful princi- are favourable to these claims exples, how would the Whig Club stand cept on this single point ? Did not in comparison with the Orange A sso this conduct then amount to a cowciation? Yet the latter body was spo- ardly desertion of our brethren, and ken of, as though it was the only po- compromise of our principles, for the litical combination in the empire, and sake of Conciliation ? as though such combinations were These observations can scarcely fail pregnant with public ruin. It is amu- of being of some use at the commencesing enough to hear any members of ment of the session. They may serve the contending parties in Parliament, to put the unwary on their guard. rail against party spirit and party fu- Let party rage, if it be practicable, ry, but it is actually sickening to hear be extinguished-totally extinguishsuch men as Brougham and Burdett ed; but let us perish rather than raise the outcry. Yet these men, who surrender one iota of those glorious have been so long the most outrageous principles, that have rendered us the party men in the country--who have happiest and the greatest of nations. so long laboured beyond their strength, We live in times, which, if philosoto inoculate every mechanic and la- phy were not exploded, would fure bourer in it, with party madness, ay, nish abundant labour for the philosoand with such madness as would only pher. We look with scorn upon all flame against our best institutions former generations, as having been these men could affect to shake with composed of dolts and barbarians; and horror, over the party feelings of the we regard ourselves to have reached Orangemen, as though they had never the highest point of perfection attainbefore known that party feelings ex- able by man. Where is the justificaisted in the world. Still no man could tion of our arrogance and boasting ? be found to whisper,-“Look at home One portion of us, the ultra learned, m-compare your party principles and good, and wise, have discovered that party rage with theirs, and blush your- civil and religious liberty cannot exist selves into reformation.” With respect with civil and religious obedience ; to the charges that were heaped upon and their cry is, in meaning, whatever the Orangemen, Ireland has a Catho- it may be in phrase, Down with kings lic Board, which is most anxious to and priests-away with the bible and collect every scrap that could be work- prayer-book-subjects, scorn your rued up into a complaint to Parliament sers.-Ye wives and daughters—ye -she has a disaffected population most apprentices, shopmen, and servants of anxious to supply this Board with all descriptions, think no longer that what it seeks-she has a considerable lewdness, debauchery, profligacy, and number of members on the opposition theft, are forbidden by God, or that
they are disgraceful in the eyes of man! infidels and democrats of the continent Those who teach this are the pre-emi- with the attributes of perfection. We nently wise and knowing men who look must hear them do this in polite and down from their pinnacle of exaltation complacent silence, lest we forfeit our with mingled contempt and compas- character for liberality. We should sion on all who differ from them, and perhaps gain the epithets- monks, who know that the adoption of their parsons, tyrants, serviles, parasites, doctrines will fill the earth with the &c., &c., were we to avow principles purity and happiness of heaven. The hostile to theirs; and therefore we other portion of us who have not kept must by all means remain dumb when pace with them in the pursuit of know- we can ; and, when we are compelled ledge and wisdom, are still, it seems, to speak out, we must accompany the more knowing and wise than our fore- confession of our principles with an fathers. We must not gag and hand- elaborate, canting, cringing apology, cuff those who would fill the world for entertaining them. Oh, man, man with rebels, thieves, ard prostitutes. is this all that the exercise of thy wonWe must not even dash to pieces their derful and stupendous faculties can assertions with facts, and their theories make thee? Is this all the instruction with past experiments, and hold them that thou canst extract from the exup to the derision of those whom they perience of six thousand years, and would seduce to ruin. Oh, no! This the miracles which Heaven has spread would be barbarism and bigotry. We around thee? Boast no more of thy must conciliate ; we must hear them reason, and of thy superiority over the in the House of Commons openly at- beasts of the field. Call the worm not tack the Christian religion, attempt to only thy brother, but thy superior; legalize the circulation of blasphemous for its instinct can teach what thy reaand treasonable writings; brand the son cannot, the means of avoiding inonly well-affected and well-principled jury, suffering, and destruction. portion of the Irish people as public enemies ; promulgate the most mad
Sir, and atrocious principles of civil go
Your obedient servant, vernment; and exhaust the mighty
SAMPSON STANDFAST. powers of language in investing the LONDON: 8th January, 1824.
LOMBARD'S MEMOIRS.* THERE are two or three points of good living. Napoleon, with his doubt and darkness in the French Re- volumes on Cæsar and Turenne, merevolution, which will be a great stum- ly puts his finger in our eyes, and we'll bling-block to its historian, and which buy no more of them. In short, we stand in great need of being cleared. are disappointed, and begin to think And there are myriads of memoirs that the best secrets are out, and nopouring forth from the Parisian press, thing but dregs and lies left in the written by actors and subactors in that foul cask of revolutionary biography. great tragedy, which somehow or ano- The truth ought certainly to be appather treat of every subject but the one rent by this; never were events narwe are anxious to be informed about. rated by so many writers, all actors Our minds were quite made up about or witnesses of them,—the most strikQueen Marie Antoinette's comparative ing scenes described by men just fresh innocence, and Mad. Campan's silly from their horrors. Never were so attempts at exculpation, have, if any- many different characters, and various thing, thrown us back into suspicion. talents, all absorbed by the one great The present King's book has told us object, the unprecedented events of nothing, but that his majesty resem- their day; these we have, in their difbles ourself—fond of scribbling, and ferent works, viewed from all sides,
Memoires Anecdotiques pour servir à l'Histoire de la Revolution Francaise, par Lombard de Langres, Ancien Ambassadeur en Hollande. Paris, 1823. VOL. XV.