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MONTHLY

MAGAZINE;

OR,

BRITISH REGISTER,

Including
MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNICATI ACCOUNT OF ALL NEW PATENTS.
ONS FROM CORRESPONDENTS, LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND IMPOR
ON ALL SUBJECTS OF LITERA-

TATIONS.
TURE AND SCIENCE,

REGISTER OF DISEASES IN LONDON.
NEMOIRS OF DISTINGUISHED PER-

RETROSPECT OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
SONS.

LIST OF BANKRUPTCIES AND DI-
ORIGINAL LETTERS, ANECDOTES,

VIDENDS.
&c.

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES, CLASSED
POETRY.

AND ARRANGED IN THE GEOGRA.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL

PHICAL ORDER OF THE COUN-
INTELLIGENCE.

TIES.
PROCEEDINGS OF LEARNED SOCIE-

MARRIAGES, DEATHS, BIOGRAPHI.
TIES.

CAL MEMOIRS, &c.
REVIEW OF THE NEW MUSIC,

REPORT OF THE STATE OF COM-
REVIEW OF THE FINE ARTS.

MERCE, &c.
REVIEW

OF ENGLISH, GERMAN, REPORT OF AGRICULTURE, &c.
FRENCH, SPANISH, AND AME REPORT OF THE WEATHER.
RICAN, LITERATURE.

VOL. XXX.

PART II. FOR 1810.

London:
PRINTED FOR RICHARD PHILLIPS, No. 6, New Bridge-SISEET,

By whom Communications (Post-paid) are thankfully received,

(Price Fifteen Shillings half-bound.)

Printed by J. ADJARD, Duke-street, West-Smithfield.

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MONTHLY MAGAZINE. No. 202.]

AUGUST 1, 1810. [1 of Vol. 30.

As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving their Opinions a Maximum of

thquence and Celebrity, the moft extensively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greateft Effect the Curiofity of those who read either for Amusement or Inftruction.-JOHNSON,

T'period renders il indispensable that

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. For the Monthly Magazine. ed and separated from each other, might OBSERVATIONs on the PRESENT STATE of have otherwise been withheld from the the COTTON COLONIES.

public eye

The misfortunes of the sugar-planter

are generally knowu from some able the various parts of the empire should tracts that bave been given to the world, have their interests so consolidated and by gentlemen fully competent to creat of identified, that universal satisfaction and such subjects. The cotton-planter bas, concord may be the consequence.

To however, had no advocate, though by no effect this, no scheme is more likely than means exempted from the general calathat which, by ascertaining the various mities. To point out particularly his rights of the different parts of the com- sufferings and their causes, is the chief munity, enables the supreme authorities object of these pages. In order to have to apportion to all the proper share of precise notions on the subject, it is nes those burthens which the exigencies of cessary to ascertain as clearly as circumthe times require.

stances permit, the real relations of the Generosity, the distinguishing charac. mother country and her colonies. The teristic of the British people, spurns at principles are, of necessity, general. the narrow policy of sacrificing the best A slight sketch will be afterwards interests of one part of the empire to given of the former and the present state that of any other. Partial calamity, of the cotton colonies; of the causes of therefore, must have been unknown, or the existing pressure; and of those the general spirit of the nation would means of alleviation which seem most have long since called loudly for justice; feasible and practicable. and her cries would have been rendered Politicians bave so long agreed as to still more piercing by the paramount sug- the general principle of the relations of gestions of interest.

the parent state and her colonies, that it Amidst the general pressure of the may seem almost superfluous to enter war, the West India proprietors have upon it in this place. The motives, in suffered in a degree which the public which the most vehement dissention orie would scarcely have credited, had not ginated, have long been at rest; but if the facts been authenticated by unques ever again called into action, there is tionable documents. Formerly they re little doubt of their resuming their inceived the fair reward of industry, and Auence on discussions of those who of personal sacrifices: at present, they look no farther than to the object of imare not merely deprived of such requital, mediate interest. It will, therelore, be but are absolutely losing what they may well to take a few of the most important have alreariy realized, or becoming so and obvious points into consideration, deeply involved as to be obliged to sur before a decided opinion is formed. render their properties to creditors, who, One party contends that colonies are in turn, must yield to similar evils. Such mere dependencies; the other, that they a state of a great empire cannot long are integral parts of the empire. The exist without partial ruin and general latter opinion seems so congenial to loss. To obviate both of these events every feeling of the human heart, that it must be the wish of every lover of bis is difficult to discover how liberal men country; but before they can be obvi- could have been brought to oppose it ated they must be known. The author with the zeal and pertinacity that have of these observations undertakes that been displayed. task, from a solicitude to benefit liis fel The arguments in its favour may be low citizens, by placing facts within their considered of three classes : nacural, grasp, which, from being widely scatter analogical, and political, MONTILY MAG, No. 202.

Colonies

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