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that about the time of Hadrian, the on a gem in Stosch. They are formed by Egyptian imitations introduced, forin ex two Ledas, embraced by two swans. ceptions to this rule.

No. 10. A fountain, &c. These were No. 5. A Condelabrum. It is not very fine and artificial. See Montfaucon, equal to the exquisite specimens in the Caylus, &c. Radcliffe library at Oxford.

No. 11. A colossal head of Hercules. No. 7. The triangulur base of a can The prominent cheek-bone is conspicudelabrum, on the sides of which three The heads and necks of Hercules Genii with wings, hold each a part of the are fashioned to assimilate a bull, the armour of Mars, viz. his helmet, his strongest animal in Europe. The young shield, and his sword. This is usual: in Hercules is a very different portrait, (see a gem of the Florentine Cabinet, (t. ii. Pierr. gruv. Pal. Roy. i. pl. Ixxx.) but pl. 77, n. 4), we have the Genius of Ju- in the same collection, (i. pl. 82), is anopiter, with a long sceptre and an eagle, ther Hercules, which has so much of &c.

the bull's head, as to be quite a caricaNo. 7. A vase, with Bacchanalian ture, has a very high double forehead, figures. The famous vase of S. Den- and would pass for a Silenus, or a Pan. nis, with the Bacchanalian mysteries, The young Hercules has not the Years will occur to mind.

flattened, as upon the most famous heads No. 8. A Venus, naked to the waist, of Hercules, because he was then unand covered with drapery from thence acquainted with the combats of the downwards. It should be styled, Venus Cestus. Hercules is one of what the issuing from the Buth, for so Lessing, who French call Têtes données, that is, all the has especially studied the subject of faces portraits, one after another, and Venuses from the Giustiniani Gallery, i. therefore the ages should be distinguisha 44, 43, 40, and other sources, has de ed; for there is no resemblance others, termined these Venuses, half-draped, to

wise between them. Heads occur of all be. Count Caylus, (Rec. iii. 328) ages, but they are known by the thickthinks, a similar Venus at Versailles ness of the neck, and the curls over the (engr. Thomassin, Fig. Vers. t. 3, and forehead, like those between the horns Versailles immortaliseè i. p. 400), to be of a bull. A juvenile Hercules occurs in merely a pretty woman coming out of the Bronzi, Ercol. tav. 49, 50, taken for the bath. Another similar Venus, but a Marcellus, and a virile Hercules, taken holding a child in her lup, is given in the for a Ptolemy Philadelphus, Ibid. tav. Mus. Florent. t. 32; but Lessing doubts 661, 62. Ilercules deified has no its antiquity: if ancient, it is justly called nerves nor muscles. The torso of the a Venus Genitrix, either so represented Belvidere Hercules, is the hero a God; in honour of accouchemens of the en the Parnesian statue, is Hercules Hue presses, or in play with Love, or Cupid, man.* as we inelegantly call him, with all its No, 12. Another colossal hcad of Hertrain of coarse associations and termi- cules. The thick bull's neck is here very nations, Cupido, Libido, &c. The waist conspicuous. of this Venus is too long; the outline, in No. 13, A fragment of a support of parts, stiff. After all, there is still a doubt a Tripod bason, composed of the heud and about the propriety of the appellation of neck of u lion; on the forehead are the these half-draped Venuses; Sea-Venuses, horns of a goat. I do not know whether in La Chuusse and Maffei, being half- this is a Capricorn; but it is known, draped.

that the lions of the ancients have someNo. 9. A vase, with double handles, thing ideal, which distinguishes them springing from swans. The beauty of from real lions; and from a horoscope in the handles of vases, is worth the notice Stosch, it is possible that this figure may of inodern artists. They are often su refer to a Consation. premely beautiful, and the Hamilton Col No. 14. Capital of a votive Cippus, lection is composed of exquisite speci

The necks of swans and geese * Representations of various figures of were favourite subjects, as the Chenis. Hercules, occur upon the imperial coins. cus* shows; by the way, copied into Those of Posthumus abound with them, and Norman ships (Bayeux Tapestry). The from Commouus to Galerius Maximian, they finest handles of a vase known, are those are more frequent than at other periods. It

may be doubted, whether any thing complete * 'The bird's neck at the sterus of ancient has been published upon the various Here ships.

culoses. 1

&c. No.



dc. No. 15. Support of a table, with a To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, Victory hollowed out between the vo SIR, lates.

RESUMING that the publication of No. 16. A colossal head of Minerva ; a facts which evince the national specimen of very early Greek work. growth of the United States, will be inThis head is very fine. Artists should teresting to many of your readers, I inrecollect, that Minerva's portrait is one close you the Report of Gideon Granger, of the Tétes données. The finest por. post-master-general, which will display trait, supposed to be a copy of the Pal- the increasing importance of the esta. las of Phidias, is in the Pierres de l'Em- blishment which he so ably conducts, pereur, pl. xvii. As to statues of Pal- and which is so intimately connected las, Mr. Dallaway (Arts, 246) notes, with the prosperity of a country, and that she is distinguished by the straight the diffusion of information among its plait of the inner vest in the centre. citizens.

R. DINMORE. T. D. FOSBROOKE. Washington, June 1, 1810.

Report of G. Granger, presented to the House of Representatives of the United

States, 29th of April, 1810, exhibiting a view of the Post-Office Establishment, from the commencement of the year 1789 to the 1st of October, 1809.


No. of Post


[blocks in formation]


37,934 92

1,861 19

46,294 43

3,091 79

67,443 86

5,281 48

104,746 67
5,659 73

5,642 1793

128,947 19
9,812 48

11,984 1794

160,629 97
12,261 96

13,207 1795

195,066 88
14,353 21

13,207 1796

213,998 50
13,622 68

16,180 1797

232,977 45
16,035 00

16,180 1798

264,846 17
14,605 22

16,180 1799

280,804 31
16,106 76

20,817 1800

320,442 40
23,362 81

22,309 1801

327,044 58
21,657 78

25,315 1802

351,822 66
24,084 08

1,258 389,449 64

24,231 29

29,556 1804

421,373 23
26,179 88

31,076 1805

446,105 79
23,416 11

1,710 478,762 71

32,692 64

33,755 1807

460,564 18
28,676 18

34,035 1808


375,837 46 18,665 35

34,035 to Oct. 1

5,305,093 00 2,866,764, 97 Remarks.—The blanks are, in consequence of the imperfect state of the books arising from the infancy of the establishment.

The nett revenue of the post-office establishment from its commencement, D.8765,521 1844cts.

A reduction of revenue took place, in consequence of the depression and suspension of commerce, and the expenses of this office for the year 1808 ; and the three first quarters of (1809, exceeded the amount of postage due to the United States; the sum of D.86,706 33cis. which was defrayed out of the funds arising from previous years.

The increased expenditure beyond the mileage, has arisen from the increased number and speed of the mails.

More than 100 Postoffices have been established since October, 1809, and by a late law of congress, the extent of post roads is increased more than 4000 miles; I doubt not, but by the 1st of next January, the number of post-offiecs in the United States, will amount to near 2,500.


For the Monthly Magazine.

be admitted that the hue and cry of pla. On the APPLICATION of the PRINCIPLES giarism has frequently been raised upon

of MUSICAL PROPORTION in the treat much slighter grounds of suspicion or MENT of IMPEDIMENTS of SPEECH. provocation. The work, upon the whole,

have been professionally engaged sages in the margin of my copy) was ably ju inculcating what appear to me to be executed ; and I was not so pertinacious the correct principles of English Elocu as to be angry that another bad executed tion, and in exploding what I regard as a usetul task, which it was probable I the mischievous errors of established should myself never have the opportunity theories relative to that art, I have been of periorming. I could not, indeed, but so constantly solicitous for the diifusion accuse the writer, in my heart, of some of my science, and so little jealous of the little want of ingenuous liberality when I advantages or reputation that other protes. read the following paragraph, with which sors or other writers, might derive from my he concludes bis work: discoveries, that I have omitted no op “I may be permitted, in my turn, to portunities, which professional engage. express iny surprise, that to this day," ments would perinit, of putting the pub- (and he adds in a note, “25th November, lic in possession of the results of iny en- 1802,') "the true nature of 'accent, exo quiries and experiments. Time, indeed, plained nearly thirty years ago by Mr. has not hitherto been found for any sys- Steele, appears to have been inisunder. tematic or methodical work, even upvo stood or overlooked by all our writers, any single branch of this extensive subject; Mr. Walker himself only excepted.” 'and, is my recent“ Letter to Mr. Cline," With respect to Mr. Walker, perhaps, circumstances have been explained, the expression ought not to have been which throw additional obstructions in only, but not excepted: for surely in the the way of such an undertaking: but my full extent and precise limitation of sig. brief and occasional coninunications to nification, in which Mr. Odell as well as your respectable miscellany, and some myself uses the term accent, Mr. Walker other periodical publications, have been, cannot be said accurately to have under. I trust, sufficiently explicit on some of stood the true nature of that

property of the most difficult parts of my system, to speech; on the contrary, he is perpetushew that I was superior to the little sel- ally using the term in that vague and infishness of mysterious quackery; and applicable way, which has been the when I propounded, as I did for several source of so large a portion of the conyears successively, in my public lectures, fusion in the modern systems of elocution, (first in all the principal towns of the That Mr. W. did not understand the North, and afterwards, through two system of Mr. Steele, he has himself acsuccessive seasons, at my institution in knowledged in the following note, p. 138, London,) the whole scheme and theory Key to the Clas. Pron, of Gr. and Lat. of my system, not only to subscribers buit Prop. Names: to casual auditors, it was of course both " The attempt of this gentleman is not in my calculation and in my wish, that so much to illustrate the accent and quanmy principles should be adopted, and tity of the Greek language, as to prove acted upon by others.

the possibility of forming a notation of When, therefore, in the year 1806, speaking sounds for our own; and of reafter the promulgation of my lectures in ducing them to a musical scale, and acLondon, Mr. Odell published his “ Essay companying them with instruments. The on the Elements, Accents, and Prosody attempt is undoubtedly laudable; but no of the English Language,” (although I farther useful than to show the iinpossia could not but think that I discovered in bility of it, by the very method he has that book, not only the acknowledged as- taken to explain it. For it is wrapped sistance derived from the invaluable work up in such an impenetrable cloud of inusic, of Joshua Steele, but many traits of as to be unintelligible to any but musistriking coincidence between the systems cians: and the distinctions of sound are of the essayist and of the lecturer, which so nice and numerous, as to discourage the mere perusal of that book could not the most persevering student froin la. account for,) I did not pertinaciously in. bouring to understand him." quire, whether this coincidence were I should be sorry to be suspected of more likely to have arisen from acciden- injustice to the memory of Mr. W. whose tal sympathy of judgment, or unacknow. merits in certain departments of eloculedged imitation ; though I believe it will tion, and whose diligence, general ac.


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curacy and nice precision, in all that mus, and prosody, and the super-addition relates to what, in the nomenclature of of those physiological discoveries, by essential contra-distinctions, I should call means of which, the adinirable theory enunciution, cannot be too higiily ap- and practical illustrations of the “Prosoa plauded, and to whom I owe a personal dia Ratior.alis" may be rendered subobligation from his having, at the very servient to the great purposes of benebutset of my institution, recommended vulence, in renoving the most afflicting pupils to me, who had applied to him impediinents of speech. If the author, for instruction. But, in justice to Mr. or rather compiler, of "A practical Gram. Steele, I must be permitted to say, that mar of English Pronunciation," had exewithout being a musician, I found the cuted his task with equal ability, it is "Prusodia Rationalis,” (though requiring, more than probable that I should have indeed, reiterated reading and profound suffered the Magrant and unacknowledged investigation) ultimately much more in- liberties he has taken with my discovetelligiile (because more correct in its ries, to pass by alike unnoticed. It is principles, and more accurate in its dis- true that, after Daving read through many criminations) than the “Eleinents of Elu- successive pages of the most barefaced cution."

plagiary, from my scattered essays, But why did Mr. Odell, who published sketches, and outlines, and from my his " Essay" in 1806, after my lectures public lectures, it could not have been had acquired some notoriety even in possible that the following sentence should London, introduce the saving clause of not have excited some emotions of cona the 25th November, 1802,” and nothing ternpt and pity, for the head and the more? Would not that ingenuous libe- heart of the writer.

" It has been conrality which should ever distinguish the ceived,” says Mr. Smart, “ that a knowman of science (and such Mr. (). most une ledge of these laws,” (the metrical laws questionably is) from the designing em- of musical, or, as Mr. S. calls then, of piric, have suggested the propriety of measured proportion in the delivery of announcing, wiihout reserve, the de- speech), « an enforcing the necessity of monstrated existence of a parallel disco an even and well ordered movelnene in very, rather than have satisfied itself with discourse, might be attended with the the silent evasion of a charge of imitation best effects"—in the treatment of imor plagiarism?

pediments.) 1. This plan," proceeds But even for the latter purpose, if I had this very ingenuous author," having been been disposed to captious controversy, found to answer, there will be given, in the cautious date of 1802, could not have the chapter on quantity, some few in.. been sufficient; for my lectures began in structions on this head, particularly dia the principal towns of Yorkshire, in No- rected 10 persons who labour under the vember 1801, in which my theory of ac- impediment.” cents and emphases, and indeed the ge I shall not stoop at present to the cri. neral outline of my whole system, were tical enquiry, what specific impediinent promulgated. In March 1302, my sys. is to be considered as understood and tem was not suggested but confirmed, referred to by the specific article the, by iny becoming acquainted with Mr. in this instructive paragraph. But by Steele's book; and ever since that time, whom does Mr. S. mean to insinuate, I have been labouring incessantly to that the idea in question has been conbring it into notice.

ceived and brought to the test of successI should not, however, have troubled ful experiment? Was it by the compiler you, Sir, or the world, with these circum- of the Practical Grammar of English stances, if my attention had not been Pronunciation ? If not, why was not called to the subject by a more recent the author of the discovery fairly and occurrence, in which the interests of candidly quoted? If Mr. §. can point science are more deeply concerned than out a single authority or suggestion on my personal feelings or reputation : for the subject, prior to the delivery of my the Essay of Mr. Ödell being, upon the lectures, and inention an individual who #bobe, a valuable and useful work, I re- is known to have tried the experiment, joiced in its publication; and I am not prior to myself, he will confer an obligaat all apprehensive that it should not be tion upon me, which I shall thankfully ultimately known what share I have had acknowledge; because it will open to in restoring the neglected science of Jo. me fresh sources of information, upon a shua Steele, the further development topic relative to which I find that there of the principles of English accent, rhyth- is yet much to learn. The only writers

ful lay |

I know of, prior to the recent publication are well arranged, tolerably cligested, and thy Mr. Odell, that seem to have had any intelligibly explained. But to no part idea of the genuine principles of musical of this praise can I admit that his system proportion, as applicable to the rhythmus of rhythmus and mosical proportions, (if of spoken fanguage, are Mr. Steelc in his proportions they can be called), or his Prosodia, and my enlightened friend and practical applications of what he has pura correspondent, Mr. Richard Roe in his loined to the treatinent of impediments, Elements of English Metre: the latter of are in any degree entitled. At least, I whom I hope will yet be prevailed upon must be permitted to declare, that his to oblige the world with an improved and mode of practical application is not my more ainple development of bis system. mode; and that if, by such an admca. But neither of these, as far as I can re sureinent of speech as he dictates, he can member, had any idea of applying their cure eren the solitary disease of stamprinciples for the remedy of impediments mering (for this is the only species of imof speech, and, indeei, as neither of pediment which he seems to regard as them seem to have had any conception capable of any remedy) I give him joy of of the physiological facts and principles the discovery; for my own part, if I comout of which the laws of musical propor- prehend at all bis system of aumeasuresion have, perhaps, arisen, (and with the ment and notation, I should sooner have necessities of which those Jaws must, suspected it of having been invented for its their application, so exactly coincide, the purpose of teaching the fluent to if they are to produce any operation in stammer, than of enabling the stammerer cases of serious impediment,) if they had to be fluent and emphatic. I say nothing conceived any such idea, it inust of ne at present of the gross, but popular error, cessity, have been exceedingly dim and im- of measuring the cadences from light to perfect. But I repeat it: whatever con- heavy, tempt I might have felt for the indivi- Résound | ye woods | resound | my mourn | dual who could condescend to the disin. genuousness of such a passage, as well instead of from heavy to light: as to the multiplied plagiaries with which the book abounds, if Mr. S. had really Ressound ye / woods re-Isound my | mournso illustrated what he has made free with

full laythat his publication had been likely to a principle, which, if admitted, would be assistant in the prevention or the re throw our rhythmus into all the confue moval of impediments, I should readily sion it has been taxed with; and justify have pardoned the action, though I des- the else most untenable hypothesis of pised the actor; and have exulted in the miere finger-counting critics, that prospect that my principles, however sur there is no such thing as admeasurable reptitiously purloined, were in the way quantity in the prosody of the English of obtaining a wider diffusion among maii. language. Neither shall I pause


any kind than I have leisure or opportunity considerable time, at present, upon the to give them. So far, indeed, did thie strange assertion, that it is a mere mattendency to this sort of feeling operate ter of election, on the part of the hearer, upon me, that the report of the plagiary

whether the measure shall be considered was reiterated from several quarters, be as proceeding from light to heuvy (or as fore I had even the curiosity to enquire Mr. S., by another misnonner, which beinto the extent to which it had been trays his imperfect acquaintance with the carried; nor did I, at last, give inyself the subject, denominates the metrometic trouble of perusing the work, till the in- qualities, weak and strong) or from heavy telligence that an erroneous and inischiev- to light; only, I shall just observe, that ous application was made of my stolen this is so far from a mere fanciful election goods, roused me to a sense of the duty of the ear, that it is a matter of practical I owed to society, and called upon me election on the part of the reader or reto exanine whether what began to be citer; that the superior effect produced by talked of as a transcript of my system, the latter mode of admeasurement, is one of was, in reality, such as ought to be laid, the most positive discriorinations of a by popular rumour, at my door. I have good style of utterance ; that as far as examined accordingly; and that I may relates to the effect upon the hearer, it keep myself as much aloof as possible were better that the speaker bad no idea from the uncandid meanness of Mr. S. of systematic admčasurement whatever, I will do him the justice to admit, that than that his imagination should be imthere are parts in his compilation that pressed with the opposite mode; and,



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