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finally, that an acute and accurate com- 'suspect that the two little syllables prehension of the practical difference of i-á, if thus divided, under the strict rethese two modes of admeasurement, is gulation of the time-beater, must be disone of the most indispensable requisites posed to stare a little, at finding themin the treatmeat of every species of im. selves thus miraculously extended to an pediment, and in the attaivinent of the equal dimension with their five beretofore higher accomplishments of an harmonio not less athletic brethren. ous elocution. But what shall we say My objections to several other parts to the “octasyllabic feet" of this profound of the prosodial scheme of Mr. S. are prosodist and one of bis octasyllabic not a whit less serious; and to his notions feet (if my fingers can enahle me to count concerning the blank verse of Milton, so far) has actually nine syllables! See and his proposed method of reading the p. 300.

divine verses of that immortal author, ia 5 6 7 8 9

particular: backed tbough he is, to a u la’limacy wirb obe superinten'idant.” certain degree, by the biyb authority of

Mr. Walker, What is the stammeres; what is any

In short, notwithstanding the reports speaker, who has the superfluous ambition of being intelligible; what is the that have gone abroad, and the claim. I time-beater to do with such feet as these? lay to the subject matter, and modes of How shall we measure, by what denomi- reasoning and illustration in several of nator shall we appreciate, the proportions the earlier pages of his volume, I must of their integral parts? llow sball we

entirely exonerate Mr. S. from any.sus. bring them into comparison; hy what picion of having purloined from me any procrustean artifice, distort or contract part of his concluding chapter, “ON them into equal quantity, (while toe or

QUANTITY, OR PROSODIACAL ADMEASURE. finger beats the time, according to the MENT;”. or of his “ Mlethod of Curing direction of Mr. S.) with his dissyllabic, Stammering.His principles, in these and monosyllabic, feet? Let us, for the respects, are not iny priuciples; and sake of illustration, bring two of Mr. either he, or I, know very little of the S.'s own feet of these latter descriptions, matter. Should be, at any tiine here into immediate association with this after, make himself really acquainted, nine-syllabled octasyllabic. The palé with those genuine principles of physio.

in all their comprehensive applicatiou, moon' is in in' slimucy with the supe. Ingical and musical science, upon which rialen' | dunt. Perhaps. I might have found a more proper person than the

the management of impediments depends, superintendant, to bring into such inti. (and the means of information upon this macy: but let us take it as it is. What subject, are now in part before the pubs: shall be the denominator of the quantity portuvity of submitting them more ex

lic:-I shall probably seize au early opof the syllable moon---roinim, seinibrere, or brere? and what of the nine better than to publish to the world such.

plicitly to the world): he will then know.. integers of its octasyllabic companion discouraging nonsense as the following: crotchets, quarers, or serni quavers? or

that " Il the tongue be materially dispro. shall quaver, semiquaver, demi-semi

portioned, if the palate have an aperquaver, and double-demi-semiquaver, ture,” &c. “instruction can then do be mingled together in decimal variety, little ;” (p. 40). or that those cases of: to torture them into proportioned quan, impediment are not likely to be cured, lity?

" where the spasmodic atfectiou is very' The author, however, admits, that

violent, and takes place in an equal des. there may be some readers," though

gree, whether the person converses with of their presumption, it is evident, le friends or strangers; when he reads aloud cannot by any means approve,


to himself, as well as when he reads to " would probably" venture to divide some others; when he is not influenced by eaof his heptasyllabic and octasyllabic feet into two; as, for example,

gerness or emotion, as well as when he opportul

is," (p. 211-2). I deny most positively, Inity of retaliation," into " opportu' l'an authorised by experience to deny, nisy of retal'siástion;" and the above (wherever there is intellect, application, beautiful nine-syliabled octasyllabic into, and perseverance) all distinction of curs " intimacy with the su'| perinten'sdant.” able and incurable cases. Differeng It mast be confessed, that this would not

cases require undoubtedly different debe any very great improvement; at least in the former instance: and I cannot but grees of time and of exertion, different


I but through unavoidable misfortunes;

portions of labour and of perseverance, stem and root of the plant should be both in the tutor and the pupil; but dried, or whether any preparation is nethese preliminaries admitted, all impe- cessary, before it is smoked. diments are curable. I have happily Chester,

B. C. demonstrated, beyond my own must July 30, 1810. sanguine anticipations, that, by the di. ligent application of my principles, even those persons who have fissures and de. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. ficiencies of the palate, may nevertheless

SIR, be taught to speak with a perfect

T writers without the troublesoine and dangerous perly, as in the following sentence: “A application of artificial organs.

woman must know, that her person canJ. TuELWALL.

not be es pleasing to her husband as it

was to her lover; and if she be offended To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. with him for being a human creatore, she SIR,

may as well whine about the loss of his AM a freeman of the city of London, heart as about any other foolish thing."

- M. Wollstonecroft. Every reader, I have been compelled 'vith my wife and think, will say that so should take the family to seek refuge in St. Luke's Work. place of us, before the word pleasing, in house, where my wife lately lay-in. Dy. the quoted_sentence. I reinember no ring that time, the parish-officers took rule in any English grammar for this preaway our only girl, little more than eleven ference of so to as; but I think the folyears of age, and against our consent lowing would be correct: So, should not bound her apprentice to a cotton manu.

be used within any comparatives, but factory, upwards of two hundred miles the comparative of inferiority. Examfrom London. A respectable friend made ples: That rule is not so good as this: application to the overseers, and offered this rule is as good as that: Comp. equato take her, but they would not let him lity. It is thrice as far from London to have her, nor would they let me out of C. as from C. to R., &c. Comp. superithe gate from the tiine they took her orily.

M. out and bound her, till after she had August, 1810. been sent into the country. My wife,

the time, had not lain-in' more to the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. than a week; and thus to lose her daugh SIR, ter, nearly deprived her of her reason. I wish some of your correspondents,

WISII to inquire of some of your I

philological readers, the authority learned in the laws, would condescend to for a mode of expression very frequently inform a poor man, whether it is legal for made use of by the writers in the Edin. a child of her tender age, to be thus burgh Review, and by some other Scotch bound and sent away without the consent authors, which differs from the custom of of her parents; if such binding can stand English writers. I allude to the use of good; and if not, whether, and by what the word that, after a comparative admeans, I can compel them, to return her jective, in cases where, in this county, we to her distressed and unhappy parents.

usually employ because. Thus the writers. July 20, 1810. J. W. GASCOIGNE.

above-mentioned would say~" This is

the more extraordinary, that, &c. We To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine have dwelt the more on this point, that, SIR,

&c.The same niode of expression is AVING read in your Monthly Ma- frequently used by professor D. Stewart, in

gazine of June last, Number 199, his “ Philosophy of the Human Mind." a letter signed Verax, recommending the I have some faint recollection of having use of the plant Stramonium in cases of seen this expression enumerated in a list spasmodic asthma, and being myself of Scotticisins; yet one would hardly occasionally much afflicted with that dis- think such a writer as professor Stewart, order, it would be of much benefit to me, would be guilty of a Scotticism so obo amongst others of his fellow-sufferers, if viously such, as to have been mentioned Verax would inform us, through the me- long ago, as one of the more glaring indium of your publication, whether the stances of impropriety in langnave.

H. Y. Z.




To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. same among the initiåted of their own SIR,

body, under the title of “ the New Ds.

difficult for us to RECTORY!" A TEXOour own situation at a proper

With regard to the immaculate practices focal distance, yet it is too obvious that we of these guardians of credit, it is pro. are actually entangled at this time in the per the country should know, that in destructive vortex of an assignat system! some of the late failures of London

The recent failure of various London and bankers, it turned out, on looking into country bankers, seems however to have their affairs, that they had been employed opened the eyes of the nation, in regard by country correspondents to make into the delusive character of some of those vestments in the funds, that they had afa faciitious establishinents; and for some fected to do this, and had actually paid years to come, it may be presumed, that periodical sums as proceeds of interest; must prudent men will be induced to be whereas it appeared that the investments come their own bankers.

had never been made, and that the pare The trade of speculative hanking ties were defrauded of the principal; and must, as to all creditable and profitable many of them reduced from 'supposed pursuit, be for awhile suspended; and affluence to begyary. And as a systethis class of traders, many of whom have matic money-raising practice, it seems for years lattened on public credulity, and that many London bankers are in the lorded it over honest and respectable in- habit of paying a commission to country dustry, will probably for a tine, at least, bankers to draw bills upon them for be added to ihe useful members of soci- enormous amounts; that these bills are ety, and be obliged, as working bees, remitted by the country bankers, who rather than as drones, to raise their drew them to the London banker, whosubsistance.

having accepted them, gives them to a One might all a volume of anecdotes, bill-bruker, set up and supported by the relative to the impertinencies and extra same London banker, and it then bepagaucies of these dealers in paper. In. comes the daily business of such broker dustry has often been disconcerted by their to convert such bills into Bank, notes, combinations, in which proscription has for the use of his principal. Hence the been founded on a system of espionage, enormous quantity of banker's paper, and secret lists of persons have been made which is always in the money market, out and circulatea, whom some of the and which, among credulous capitalists, banking body, from wantonness or ma and even in the Bank of England, is prelice, have denounced! To quarrel with ferred on the mere publicity of name, to a banker-to contest a point with him, the small, but bona fida, acceptance of the not to submit abjectly to his fat-has honest shopkeeper or trader, whose bill often proved the ruin of an industrious is nevertheless represented in his wareand respectable trader. This is emi. house perhaps by a thousand times iis nently the casc in a provincial district; value. while in London such a victim finds Were volumes to be written on these bimself on a sudden under the interdict subjects, the result would simply beof a secret tribunal; among persons in that mischief and ruin must follow in credit he has, from some unknown every country any attempt to substitute cauze, become excommunicated; bis ex an arbitrary paper currency for that of erious prove vain; his struggles only the precious metals. These latter are make liis destruction the

universal and natural nediums; they pid; and a mandate of the free knights cari be obtained only in limited quantiwas not inore terrible, than proves that ties at great expence of labour; and they of a central coinmittee of bankers find their value in every transfer; whereas, against an honest tradesman, who may a paper currency, created at will, by the have offended one of their body! fallible discretion of man, is circulated

The commercial part of this nation, capriciously, and is generally to be ob will learn , with horror, that a seit- tained by favour, intrigue, or artifice. elected secret committee, compo of Speculation and inonopoly are thus fuse certain London bankers, (some of them tered, while modest industry is put out probably without any tangible property, of countenance, and finds its exertions has presumed, for a considerable time baffled and over-reached by impudence past, to forro lists of industrious mer- and cunning! chants and tradesmen, whom on light and iinpertinent grounds, they have chosen NANT WITH EVILS ; IT IS ALTOGETHER to stigmatize, and to circulate the UNNATURAL, AND IT CANNOT LAST !

MONTHLY Mag. No, 203,

wore 2






One means, however, of alleviating error has arisen from his ignorance of the its ultimate evils,, will be to diminish banking business. It is not only " the a false confidence in artificial esta professed object of a banker to become blishments, which cannot fail to be the depositary of other persons' spare

its first victims, and which, cash," but also to lend inoney on bills of possessing, 110 parliamentary security, exchange, or ou the credit of liis cusa must, in the possible event of their down- comers; and if the latter become insolfall, involve in theis fate the greater vent, or the former are not paid, he inpart of the industrious population of the curs bad debts, and suffers loss of proempire. The notes of the Bank of Eng; perty. This proposition is so plain, that Jand possess at least the countenance, if it is wonderful 'Coinmun Sense" could not the pledge, (query?) of parliament; not discern it. West-India merchants, but the adventurers in. many private for instance, obtain large advances from banking establishinerts, bave often no a banker, under the conviction of being clain to confidence beyond an imposing enabled punctually to repay them: Westappearance, and the fears, hopes, and India produce however will not sell, credulity, of those who deal with them.

foreign ports being shut against the Eng. In a former paper, I pointed out a pal- lish Hag. The merchant declares his liative for tíse evils with which the bank- insolvency, the banker is ruined, and the iny and paper-money system threatens evil spreads as widely as your correspon. the nation. I proposed that the whole dent describes. But on whom should should be the object of legislative regu- the judgment fall? On the merchant Jation, and that thie bankers should be who holds property which he calmot sell, obliged to give security for average ba. or the banker whose confidence has bances, and for their issues of notes and caused his own downfall? Or rather acceptances. Such a system would re- should we not place it to the account of invigorate commercial credit, and place a war which is destroying the vitals of the banking trade on a respectable the country, and of a system of goveriiand solid foundation. It might mor- ment which wastes and dissipates all that tify the arrogance of the self-constie escapes the voraciousness of necessity. tiited committee, or pique the pride I do not know what description of of coxconibs in the banking trade, but traders your correspondent has assoit would check adventurers, and be hailed ciated with. “ Men who receive other by respectable and truly wealthy bank- peoples' money,” but “who seldom or ers, as a salutary measure and an never lend money for any useful or beHonourable distinction. Let London nevolent purpose.”

Men who “do not bankers give securities, at the time live in the same relation to society as they take out their licences, for not traders in merchandize." Men not less than 50,0001. and provincial bankers, “liable to bad debts," but whose occue who issue notes, for not less than 20,0001. pation is in “ tricks, maneuvres, and and those who do not issue notes, for not illiberal practices !!!" Jess rhan 10,0001. The confidence of the country, in these

Quis talia fando temperet a lacrymis ? establishments, woul then be restored I have one other remark to notice : and well-founded, and the paper system your correspondent seriously asks, If it is mighe perhaps go on some years longer, not to be feared that not one banker in without producing general bankruptcy. ten would now prove solvent; that not dugusi 6, 1810. COMMON SENSE. one in four would pay ten shillings in the

pound! Reader, there are seventy-nine To the Editor of the Afonthly Magazine. London, and seven hundred and twenty..

one country banks. Shall we conclude, E animadversions of “ Common because twelve banks stopt payment last commercial world, are too partial to of the remainder are liable to be gazeta escape reprehension; and their tendency ted? too dangerous to be indulged with im The banking system has been too long punity. Universal condemnation of a under legislative, or in another word, nuja whole body, for the crimes of individual nisterial regulation. It has been coninembers, will ever be repelled with in- verted into a vast engine to stimulare, dignation; and accusations of insolvency, until it shall destroy the energies of the directed against any respectable class of country. Under this regulation, gold tradesinen, deserve the contempt of those has been wasted in foreign subsidies, the slicy are intended to injure.

nacional debt has accumulated, exchange A large portion of your correspondent's wh foreign countrics lias becoine unio 1




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forınly against us, and the circulating other boarding and lodging-houses in the inedioun debased, until it has fallen to an town, visitors of every class inay be ac. alarming discount. The true remedy commodated with good apartments, and would be to diminish the issue of Bank plentifully served tables, according to of England notes, and oblige the Bank their ranks and faclinations; in each of gradually to resume payments in gold. these hotels, or inns, a commodious But this ill accords ith the necessity room being appropriated for the general of the moment, and the evil is continually use of all who asseinble at the public aggravated by fresh issues of paper. table, or who do not chuse to engage Were the Bank of England to withhold privale lodgings, and bave their victuals discounting, what would become of their served in their own rooins. Many there dependents? It they continue to inun, are who even have a parlour, or siuing. date the land with paper, what will be. room, who prefer joining the company at come of the county!

dinner and supper, where many agreeThe scarcity of silver coins for change able acquaintances have been awmed, is very great, both in town and country. and intiinacies co:ötracted, which have Government are far from atording suf. ultimately produced connections of the ficient relief by a new cuinage, and they closest nature.

At these tables the ut. hang those unfortunate wretches who at inost decorum prevails. The vianiis are tempt to supply the deficiency.

excellent and well-scrved; the charges August 7, 1810. Plain DEALING. fixed at a certain rate, and very mode

rate: and every person at liberty to For the Alonthly Magazine. chiuse their own liquor, and inake use of

whai quantity may be agreeable, without

being suivject to the insolence vs waiters, LETTER I.-To a Friend.

or the remarks of any of the other guests. AM scated to give you a brief account As there is no common market ai Buxe passed a montli, in a more pleasurable ment of demnestics beyond what are remanner than inany of the preceding ones, quired for attendance on themselves, or and found my health and spirits consi- horses. If they did, provisions could derably benefited by the use of the nut be procured for them; every arncle waters, the change of air and #cene, and of living being supplied to their partie a less frequent securrence to circumstan- cular oustomers by.che different venders, ces, that yet 100 often, for my peace of and generally brought from a considera mind, stead o'er my memory, and pro- able distance, as the adjacent country claim that "such things were, and were affords Intle for the support of any animost dcar;" while they confirın the feeling mals, bipeds or quadrupeds. Fruit and “ of joys departed never to return how vegetables are, however, to be had in painful the remembrance !" But "away abundance, and in general good of their with melancholy,” and a subject I must kinds; though very bigh-priced. not permit my pen to dwell upon, lest I The priucipal part of Buxton is situ. should ezotize ion far, and in the recole ated near the warm springs in a valley Jection of my private sorrows, forget poor encircled hy high bleak bills, and is build Buxton, the Peak, and all the celebrated of a beautiful stone resembling in colour wonders of Derbyshire.

that at Bath, receiving as good a polish, To an admirer of mixed societies, such and being also of a sott nature, till ex. a place as Buxton cannot fail of being posed some time in the open air, is easily agrecable, and I own myself by no means cut into any forın for omament or use. an enemy to an occasional visit to The Crescent is a noble edifice, but placed places of a similar kind; though, in jus. too low to be seen to good advantage. tice to that of sbich I am about to incat, It was erected, as likewise the baths, il.o it is one of the most agreeable of our stables, and other buildings, by the prowatering places (that is to say, to a per- prietor of much of the surrounding son not desirous of figuring as a first-rate country, the present duhe of Devonshire, dasher in the circles of extravagance and who is reported to bave laid out upwards frivolity), being much less expensive than of an hundred and fifty thousand pounds others, having the advantage of a neaier in buildings and other improvements at vicinity to the capital, and possessing Buxton, from which he draws but a very many more comforts and conveniences low interest ter his money. than a mumber of the fashionable In the front of the Crescent, which is bathing and marine resorts.

really a spacious and truly elegant picoe As ibere are several large hotels, with of architecture, there is a free piazza


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