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6. For every shrub, and every blade of grass, nosa might have been just as suitable. And every pointed thorn, seemed wrought in the whole is wretched. I would not give glass;

the crag a mile below Knaresborough In pearls and rubies rich the hawthorns for five hundred such trumpery producshew,

tions. I must mention in justice, that While through the ice the crimson berries the little bronze figure of the Venus of

glow ; The thick-sprung reeds which watery marshes Medicis, placed in the banqueting-house yield,

is the most elegant imitation of that cele Seemed polished lances in a hostile field;

brated statue. I have ever seen is The stag in linopid currents, with surprise,

England. Sces crystal branches on his forehead rise ; Turning away in disgust from the The spreading oak, the beech, and tow’ring boasted beauties of Studleigh, we sool pine,

arrive at a real beauty-the venerable Glazed over, in the freezing æther shine ; ruin of Fountaine's Abbey. This i The frighted birds the rattling branches unquestionably the finest ruin in Eng shun,

land. It stands in a sequestered valley Which wave and glitter in the distant sun.'

near to which a modest river steals along A general idea of Hack-fall, which has between woods and rocks. Nothing ha been said to combine the beauties of fallen to ruin in Fountaine's Abbey Matlock and the Leasowes, may be ob- excepting the roof and some of the win tained, by conceiving a rivulet falling in dows. The chancel, the choir,' th cascades down a narrow dell, betwixt cloisters, the dormitory, the kitchen, th iwo steep hills richly covered with wood, refectory, the chapter-house, and th and interspersed with temples and ruins. charnel-house, are all nearly entire; an From the top of one of these eminences in some places the plaister remains o may be seen a wide view of the North Rid- the walls, painted so as to resemble larg ing of Yorkshire, bounded by distant bills. red stoves nicely joined togethel

Hack-fall lies about four or five miles Fountaine's Abbey is a Gothic building from the beautiful seat of its proprietor, it was formerly enriched with amp] Studleigh Park, which I entered at the revenues; and the Percy family, many northern gate, close to the house. After whom are here buried, were considere riding about half a mile through a lawn, as its chief benefactors. It was founde I descended to a fine sheet of water, in 1132 by Thurstan, archbishop on the borders of which, even winter York; and an inscription over one of th wore the look of spring., Studleigh Park gates mentions its having been finishe is certainly highly cultivated; nature in the year 1202, seventy years from has done much, and art.more, in contri- foundation: the length of the aisle buting towards its beauty. There are three hundred and sixty feet, and tl fine sloping hills covered with wood, and cloister garden is entire. interspersed with temples ; banqueting. Riding on from Fountaine's Abbey, houses, cold baths, and seats planted to passed through Ripley and Lower Ha catch noble prospects: and below are rowgate; and stopping all night at a smd emooth lakes, and imitations of the best inn four miles beyond the latter plac remains of ancient sculpture. Never. arrived next morning in Leeds. theless, I cannot help differing from all After resting some days, I again to travellers, by decidedly condemning the horse, and travelled through Wakefiel taste of it to be vile. Here all is art, which I have described in a former to and no nature; the principal sheet of to Barnsley, a wretched ugly little tow water is divided into three compart- where I got a bad breakfast. Sand ments, resemoling a moon, and a cres- Castle lies in the way within a mile cent on each side of it. In the exact Wakefield, well known to be celebrad centre of these are dripping figures of for a famous battle between the Wh Galen, Esculapius, and Niobe: cor- and Red Roses. From Barnsley, responding figures are placed opposite proceeded to Wentworth Castle, whe 10 'the half-moons on the banks-the I was led through the picture galle Dying Gladiator, and the Wrestlers; while though in a great hurry, by the liou this abominable piece of Dogget-work, is keeper, who had more important bu supplied with water from a broad ribbon ness in handmthe making of jellies a of a cascade not better than a mill-dam. blamanges. Wentworth Castle is Opposite, on the other side, is a temple family seat of the Stafford family, of Piety, containing of all things in the stands nobly on the summit of a world, a bust of Nero :-a bust of Spi- covered with old trees.



The grou


are binely laid out: but alas! this was not his chin, might have been well calculated the time of year for perceiving their for the part of Don Ferolos Whiskeranbeaaries. The gallery contains some dos. The music was that to which a bear of the best paintings both of old and would dance: and what little wit there Rudera masters. One in particular was, seemed not ill fitted for a company struck me in going along : Swindlers which might be supposed would witness drawing out a Card. There are many such a spectacle. One man sung a song beautiful Views, in Switzerland. Here betwixt the play and the farce, in the 100 is to be seen a fine portrait of the character of a cake-seller : each verse celebrated lord Stafford on borseback; ended with the genteel burthen of-"All and another picture representing three 'my eye and Betty Martin." One, and one kings, all said to be of the Stafford only, of the stanzas remains in my memory; farily. Visitors are also shewn a room: “ The ladies they like bride-cake, called Queen Anne's room, where there is a table and mirror-frame, both of solid if they say they don't like the men,

And of this I'm sure and sartain, silver.

It's all my eye and Betty Martin !" Regretting that the opportunity of remaining in the gallery was so extremely and reached Worksop to breakfast


The next morning I arose before light, short, I pushed on to Wentworth House, the noble palace of earl Fitzwilliam, and At the end of the town, which is quite arrived in time to get a good view of the


a lodge indicates the paintings. These are most valuable, entrance to Worksop Manor, a seat of being the elite of all the best masters. the Norfolk family. It is a much niore The chief of them are as follows: Jason magnificent mansion than the ridiculous killing the Dragon, by Salvator Rosa; piece of mock-antique Arundel Castle Cupid Sleeping, by Guído; a Magdalen, in its repaired state, to which the pre by Titian; Bacchus, by sir Joshua Rey- sent duke gives the preference as a reginolds; Madona and Child, by Raphael: in length, not quite so noble as that of

dence. The front is three hundred feet there are likewise several good pictures hy Ostade, Teniers, and Domenichino. Wentworth House. In the centre is a In other apartments are portraits of portico of six columns of the Corinthian Charles I. and his queen Henrietta; of order, surmounted by a pediment which archbishop Laud; and of the celebrated is crowned with statues. The park is lord Stafford dictating to his Secretary,

about eight miles in circumference. In a large ball-room there are bronze Within, the furniture, portraits, and figures of the Apollo Belvidere; the other decorations, are all in the old style: Venus de Medicis; the Antinous; and a

hangings and beds of crimson danask, Contemplating Philosopher, and two

and of sky-blue velvet; the history of Dying Gladiators. Over the hall door Joseph in tapestry of Brussels, and richa are suspended a surprisingly broad pair Indian scenery in that of the Gobelins. of elk's boros, brought from lord Fitz- There is a fine allegorical fresco painting willian's Irish estates. Within this of the Arts and Sciences, in a gallery, by noble mansion it will give every visitor Le Breuger; a beautiful portrait of a pleasure to see an elegant and comforta. duchess of Milan: many fine paintings, ble chapel: as well to hear that prayers are chiefly by Vandyke; the chief of which performed here every evening, when the is. Cain slaying Abel: and in a word, family are at home. The chief object of all the blood of all the Howards, preserved attention in the grounds, is an elegant in the veins of the proprietors of its diffemaosolcom to the memory of the rent portions, who 'frown along the parquis of Rockingham. The inscrip- deserted galleries, some in armour,

some tim is good, but too long: an inscription, in whiskers; and those of a still later like an epitaph, should be of such date, in their large wigs, and square shoes. dimensions as that he who


Welbeck, my next object, a seat and

residence of the duke of Portland, stands read.

By the time I entered Rotherham it about five miles from Worksop Manor. was quite dark; so that I had just time It is a poor shabby old place; but within, to take a hasty dinner, and fill up my the seat of elegance and hospitality. I day's pleasure by going to the play. A

was received most courteously by a strolling party were performing some housekeeper, who regretted her inability wretched piece, by desire of the Tickbill to conduct me through the house, the solunteers. The chief character, by the family being at home, and all the rooms iwo brushes which rap from his ears to occupied, My curiosity was






to aid his enterprise. The next morning the van coming to close action with a fleet the two boats prepared to return to the belonging to the island. vessel, but were cut off by Bullandam's The attack was made with arrows at a feet of canoes, 140 in number, orderly distance; and as the canoes of Taffere advancing in a senucircle; and finding it maintained their position, they soon impossible to to pass them, it was consi- closed, when a desperate and stubborn dered as advisable to bear up to the fleet, conflict with spears commenced. The hoping by such display of confidence to islanders, however, at length gave way preserve the lives of the crews.. When to numbers very far superior, and to within hail they were

ordered to

escape an otherwise certain destiny all advance; but the whale boat was pre- leaped into the water, and swam towards vented by a large canoe bearing down the shore, from which a division of Buland running aboard, cuting her in two. landam's feet was endeavouring to cut Mr. Lockerby and the crew were picked them off. The canoes were taken posup and made prisoners, and Mr. Smith session of, with only one captive, ar and the long boat's people were made unfortunate boy, who being presented to prisoners likewise. The captors were the relentless chief, was ordered to be about to dispatch some of the people slaughtered, as it was his determination with their spears and clubs, but were that not a single life should be spared. prevented by the chief commanding the This ruthless sentence was immediately canoe, until the superior chief should be executed with a club, three blows from consulted. When presented to Bullan- which the youthful sufferer endured, and dam, he proposed to employ them in his then expired: the body was afterwards intended assault against Taffere, in given into the charge of an attendant, which he proposed to himself much assis. to be roasted for the chief and his princió tance from their muskets; and seemed pal associates. The horrors that immemuch disappointed when informed that diately succeeded the defeat, the most the powder was spoilt, and the guns sensible imagination can but faintly useless. He had no wish, however, to represent. A massacre was determined commit any personal injury on his pri- on; and as the men had escaped the soners; but on the contrary, shewed fury of their conquerors by flight, the some attention to Mr. Smith, whom he women and children became the chief respected as an officer, and generally object of search; on which mission a invited to accompany him when he went canoe was dispatched," and unhappily on shore, always endeavouring to sooth the fatal discovery was very soon made! his apprehensions, and quiet his solici- On a signal from the shore numbers cude of returning with his coinpanions landed, and a hut was set fire to, proba.. to the ship, by an assurance that as soon bly as a signal for the work of destruction as the island of Taffere was subjugated, to commence. Within a cluster of man. and its inhabitants destroyed, he would groves the devoted wretches had taken employ all his subjects in procuring wood sanctuary; many might undoubtedly for the vessel, 'to which they should be have secured themselves by accomreturned in safety.

panying the flight of their vanquished On the 11th of October, the junction husbands and relatives, could they have of forces being thoroughly arranged, an consented to a separation from their immense fleet of canoes sailed from helpless children, who were no less Highlea for the expedition, and having devoted than themselves. A dreadful a fresh head-wind, the canoes were set yell was the forerunner of the assault; to windward by poles, at the rate of the ferocious monsters rushed upon them three knots an hour. At night this for- with their clubs, and without regard to midable armament came to, round the sex or infancy, promiscuously butchered north-east part of the island; and Bul- all. Some who still had life and motion Jandam took Mr. Smith on shore, to pass were treated as dead bodies, which were the night with hiin; his night guard con- mostly dragged to the beach by one of sisting of ten men armed with spears and their limbs, and through the water into

the canoes; their groans were disregard. Early in the morning of the 12th the ed, and their unheeded protracted whole of the army returned to their sufferings were still more hurtful to the canoes, which, on a signal from Bullan- feelings of humanity than even the dams, set forward in complete order; and general massacre itself had heen, in about three in the afternoon the fleet Among the slaughtered were some few anchored abreast of a village in Taflere, men whose age perhaps had prevented


their flight; but, in fact, 99 sudden and so long boat, in order to return them to dreadiul was the consternation that suce their ship, declaring his intention tu deceeded the defeat of the unhappy natives mand ihree wrale teeth and twelve of Taffere, as no doubt to paralyse the hatchets for their ransom; but this prominds of the wretched creatures, when posal was not then attended to. Twenty pronot consideration could alone be sere or thirty men then arrived at the place riceable to their deplorable condition. of rendezvous, each bringing a basket of The conquerors appeared to anticipate human flesh half roasted; which mode, with inordinate delight, the festival with Mr. Smith learnt, they took to preserve which this sad event had gratified their it. The day of deliverance at length burrible expectation. Forty-two bodies approached from a captivity the most were extended on one platform in Bul- afflicting, from a diversity of causes that landan's canoe; and one of these, a man could be exposed to; and after enyoung female, appearing most to attract during it nine days, and totally fasting, his attention, he desired that his second he was at length turned over to the in command would have it laid by for charge of the chief of Niri, with orders themselves.

to demand the ransoin for himself, and The Tatferians being wholly defeated six of bis companions. But previous to and dispersed, the island was taken pos- quitting the voracious party, a new insession of by Bullandam's forces, which cident of cruelty occurred. One of the were very numerous. This principal unfortunate inhabitants of Taffere had chief invited Mr. Smith on shore, as he swain froin his distressed island to the seened inclined to shew him favour; and main, but was perceived as soon as he Mr. Smith declares it to be one of the gained the shore, and was in consequence most beautiful places he had ever seen: pursued by a multitude, armed with bows the houses, in number about a hundred, and arrows, spears and clubs: the pure ranged on the declivity of a bill, mter. suit terminated with the life of the spersed with cocoa-nut, bread-fruit, and wretched fugitive, whose body presented other trees, and each house defended a new source of exultation and cannibal with a wall of piled stone. The buildings festivity. were however ail set fire to by Bullau- On the 16th, Mr. Smith was restored to dam's order; and Mr. Smith becoining his overjoyed shipınates, with all his solicitous for bis release, was inforıned companions except two, one of whom by the chief, that as soon as all the vic. was Mr. Lockerby, who were afterwards tims were devoured, he should be set at indebted for their rescue to a deterliberty with his coinpanions. The dead mined perseverance in the captain, his bodies were got into the canoes, and the officers, and people, which was highly whole fleet left Taffere on their return to creditable and meritorious. Mr. Smith, the main island, where many others Mr. Lockerby, and all the others, had joined in the horrible festivity, which was been repeatedly on the very point of asconducted with rude peals of acclama- sasination, to which these people seem tion. Mr. Smith was on this occasion to possess no kind of repugnance whatalso taken on shore by the great chiel, suever, but on the contrary,


appears and here had again to experience a deies- their chief object of delight. Their detable spectacle. The bodies had been termined obstinacy in effecting every dismembered of their limbs, which were thing they attempt, can alone be equalled suspended on the boughs of trees in rea. by the extraordinary precision of their diness for cookery; and afterwards part arrangements, which are planned metho. of a human leg was offered to Mr. Smith, dically, and executed with an energy and who had never broke his fast for five caliness that surprise. even an Eurodays. The offer he rejected with ab- pean; with strength of body they possese horrence; and upon his captors appear- a thorough contempt of danger, and a ing astonished at the refusal, he gave heerilessness of pain.

Their them to understand, that if he ate of conqueror, Bullandım, has already behuman flesh he would instantly die. They come terrible, and bids fair to possess were satisfied with this excuse, and con- biinseif of the sole sovereignty of the tinued their abominable festivity the islands. But though implacable and sanwhole night.

guinary in his resentiments, yet we are On the 15th, the chief in the canoe assured that in his disposition, strong that captured Mr. Smith's boat, applied traces of kindness were perceivable toto Bullaudam for the prisoners, and the wards all except the enemies of his arms.


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ficial ones.


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To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. tion. The more clearly we

means, the sooner we shall obtain tl ",

THE age of chivalry is gone," but the end, of acquiring all the happiness whid is not. Surely if we must have sports, we have natural evils sufficieni to comb the sports of chivalry are preferable, far with, without making for ourselves ar preferable, to those.

I did not expect to see an advocate I am happy to say for this count for “ back-sword or single-stick playing," (Somerset) that the

Sports above-me in your Magazine for June last, paye tioned are by no ineans so common 416. Whatever may be I. B.'s opinion they used to be: the mists and sogs of the game in question, it is looked ignorance must vanish before the sun upon here, by the sober and rational part a bright and better day. of the county at least, as altogether be- Huntspill,

JAMES JINNINGS. neath the employment of rational beings, July 10, 1810. and fit only for American savages, to whose sports it may, in all probability, P.S. I am much obliged to Mr. Glazebro bear a strong resemblance. Sir, I con- for an explanation of the term Canards tigre ceive there is, in these times, already too

had I supposed it necessary, I might ha much disposition in the human inind to

mentioned Siberia as the country in whi foster a martial spirit in Europe ; and, they were said to be found. I, however, dou whilst so able a wielder of the sceptre of whether the Anas Jamaicensis be the same blood rules the Continent, it is likely to continue; but the true interests of man To the Editor of the Monthly Magazi lie not in the mutual destruction of his SIR, species.

S have frequently declar How back-sword may even be made subservient to the cause of war, must be respecting the topography of dista left to abler hands to determine.' I have countries, I send you some reinarks or however heard it whispered, that our part of our western scenery,which alwa notorious boxers are not ofteur courageous excites the admiration of travellers. in the field of battle. Perhaps the dif- Little-falls is a village situated abd ficulty of accounting for this will not be eighty miles westward of Albany; great: in boxing, they fight merely for road by which you approach it on themselves; in the field of battle, for their eastern side, is made at a great expen country: and, as they are not in the on the north part of the Mohawk. same predicament, feel not the same the right of it are stupendous highlan ardour. May we not therefore apply which seem almost wholly con posed the same argument to the back-sword- rocky strata. In two or three pla player.

they are piled almost perpendicula Back-sword is, I am afraid, too nearly and their sumınits are crowned w allied to bull-baiting, cock-fighting, and trees of considerable size. A travel boxing. So far froin encouraging these who like me is given to romancing, 1 sports, it is certainly the duty of every easily imagine them to be the mass lover of rcace and good order, to dis. walls of some Udolpbian castle. ! countenance them as much as possible.; opposite shore is in every respect si not perhaps by legislative enactments, 'ar to this, and the river is compres but by turning the minds of the rising between them to less than half its us

generation into more useful channels; breadth. i by diffusing more extensively the means A remarkable phenomenon has gi

of acquiring a sense of religious and this passage some adventitious sublim moral obligation; hy schools; and, last The rocks have been ohserved to and best of all, by our own examples. worn away like those under a catari

Ultimately, I think there can be no some of theni which are excavat doubt, but that single-stick playing, bull- evidently from aquenus attrition, ? baiting, cock-fighting, and the numerous be seen from the stage on the border et ceteru of American savage sport, in- the road. From this circumstand cluding even hunting, will give way to a belief has arisen, that the waters of closer application to the improvement of Mohawk were formerly arrested by tł the human mind, and to a more extended everlasting hills, forming a lake, wi humanity, not only to our fellow men, extended many miles westward, and but to every species of the brute crea- at length, they burst their barrier,

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