« PreviousContinue »
burying-place, so here Gail-aid or Ge- ticularised ; but in Itinerary fifteen, from laid wa Ventageladia, seeins to imply London to Caleva by way of Pontes, it the slaughter portion, or place of battle, is torty-four miles; and Caleva is placed, wbereon the dead were interred: and by the Commentator, as before-mentionthe bule name to mean the Slaughter ed, at Silchester.
Vindonis this gente Portion Head, or Hill-Land Station. tleman removes to St. Mary Bourne; and
To sum up my observations. The Venta, he supposes twenty-one miles roads, the distances, and the names, per from this last; which is, as might be exfectly agree; and these, with the vestiges pected, by maps, full six miles more of eštensive entrenchments, the barrows, from Venta than its real distance: and &c. seem all to shew that we may fix it is plain from inspection, and from what this station with inore certainty here, is above stated, that St. Mary Bourne than it can be fixed in any other sup. Jay not in the road from Caleba Attreposed situation.
bates to Venta Belgarum : Dr. Beeke The site of Vindocladia being un. seems to have very nearly settled the known, and even Durnovaria not being stations of Caleva and Vindomis. a name mentioned by ancient writers as To conclude: the Atrebates took their a town of the Durotriges, it might name from lying on the Thames; and the have been conceived that both these Segontiaci, from living near the southstations lay in another road from Sorbi western border of the Kennet. The odunum to Moridunuin; I have there names of their primary cities are con. fore in my last, and in the above, endea- formable to their situations and to the voured to settle this. It is remarkable, map; and their distances from each that the omissions of this Itinerary other seem to be reconcilable. should be the same in Antoninus and
A. B. Richard. Much is therefore still left for the antiquary to explore between
REPORT of the COMMITTEE of the CORPO. Dorchester and Pentridge, and between
RATION of LONDON, relative to the the first and Moridunum.
Defects and PROPOSED.IMPROVEMENTS In the remaining part of this Itinerary,
of the city PRISONS. the distances from Old Sarum to Brige, T a Common Council holden in the and from thence to Venta Belgaruin, seem to be ascertained; but from the last City of London, ou Wednesday the 6th to Vindomi, there is some uncertainty. day of June, 1810, the Committee for Dr. Beeke has found that the sum of the General Purposes delivered into Court distances between Venta and Vindomi, a Report in writing under their hands, and Vindomi and Caleva, is right, on sir Richard Phillips's late publication though the particulars are not.
relative to the Prisons within this City, In Richard's map, Caleva and Vindo which was read; and it was ordered that mis are rightly placed ; but his commen the said Report should be printed, and tator fixes the first among the Segontiaci.
a copy sent to every member. In Itinerary fifteen, if we reckon SilchesLer Caleva, the distance from Speene is
To ibe Right Honourable the Lord Mayor, Al.
dermen, and Commons, of tbe City of London, too little; and from thence to Pontes is
in Common Council assembled. too much,
WE whose names are hereunto subcsribed In Itinerary eighteen, from Tamesa or of your Committee for General Purposes, to Moulsford ( Moulsfort* perhaps, as in old whom it was referred on the 21st day of maps) to Vindomis, the Itinerary states June last, to examine into the allegations it fifteen miles, which Dr. Beeke, in the contained in a publication, by sir Richard fifteenth volume of the Archäologia, Phillips, knt. late one of the Sheriffs of this Ends to be the real distance. But in city and county of Middlesex, addressed to the Comment on Richard it is supposed, the livery of London, relative to the state of that instead of Vindomis we should read
the different Goals of this City, and the fees
taken by the respective keepers, and to report Calera, which is contrary to the original
our opinion thereon; do certify, That we and map, as well as to the purport of referred the same to a Sub-committee, who these vaines.
have accordingly made a Report to us, which In the sixteenth Itinerary, the road we have caused to be hereunto annexed; and from London to Winchester is not par. as far as the enquiries of that Sub.committee
have gone, they found the said publication Hembury Fori, Devon. is generally of sir Richard Phillips 10 have been correct; called Hembury Ford.
and we'unanimously agreeing with the Sub.
committee in their said Report, submit the casements hung withinside the wards, same to the judgment of this honourable covered with strong cartouch paper, Court.
which may be opened in the day-tine John Pullen, J. Jacks,
at the pleasure of the prisoners, and Joseph Daw, Robert Waithman,
closed at night so as to exclude the wet Charies Aldridge, James Brooks, William Child, J. R. Mander,
and cold. And, with respect to those William Rawlins, Jonathan Delver,
parts of the prison appropriated to the Samuel Thomas, Wm. Ino Reeves,
male criminals, we are of opinion, that Thomas Bell, Edward Wigan,
though at this time the space allotted to John Ord, Jacob Boak.
them is very considerable, there are times, John Hamman,
particularly at the approach of almost
every session, when they have not the We whose names are hereunto sub- requisite accommodation; and we conscribed, to whom it was referred to take
ceive that in the event of a peace, it into consideration the Orderot Reference will be totally inadequate to the number from the Court of Common Conncil of to be expected, and the most serious ill the 21st day of June last, to examine consequences
be apprehended into the allegations contained in a pub- theretrom. lication by sir Richard Phillips, knt. late That in the course of our examination one of the Sheriffs of this city and county of the prison, we observed one of the of Middlesex, addressed to the livery of great causes of the crowded state of the London, relative to the state of the dif- goal, arose from the number of persons ferent Goals of this city, and the fees confined there who had received sentaken by the respective keepers, and to tence of transportation, and which we report our opinion thereon; do certify, conceive would be greatly relieved if That we are fully convinced of the ne more frequent drafts were made for sendcessity of enlarging the goal of Newgate, ing them to the place of their destination, or of making some very material alter
or to some other place of confinement, .ations therein, particularly in that part particularly from the women.
In Seps appropriated to the female criminals; tember last there were seventy-two men and we conceive that the inconvenience and forty-eight women who had received may be partially amended during the sentence of transportation contined in day, by admitting the women to make the prison, some of whom bad received use of the passage leading from the Goal their sentence more than twelve months to the Bail Docks, to which there is al. previously; but upon enquiry, we found ready a communication from the female that the greater part of them were under side of the prison; and no fear of an es the consideration of bis Majesty's mercy. cape can exist, if proper fences are That we also observed sundry prisoners placed at the top of the external wall; confined there as lunatics, eight of whom but during the night, we see no means of are entered as such, and four of them not remedying the inconvenience and danger, entered, but who have become so subother ihan by removing them to other sequently to their trial. We were deeply parts of the prison, or of greatly enlarging impressed with not only the lamentable the space now allotted to them: and situation of those distressing objects in a having observed that the windows of the crowded prison, but the apparent inbiu. upper wards appropriated to the females manity of exposing them to ihe constant were glazed, and those of ihe lower one, sport and ridicule of such characters as in which the far greater number is con are there confined; and we conceive fined, were open, having iron bars only, some strong representation should be we requested Mr. William Hutchinson made to his Majesty's government, for a Box, the surgeon of the prison, to report separate place of confinement to be proto us in writing bis opinion of the state vided for such persons, where proper of the goal, and what inconveniences
care may be bestowed on them, which he has experienced in the course of his it is impossible can be done in the goal practice there; particularly to state liis of Negate. opinion with respect to the glazing the On viewing that part of the prison windows in the prison; and upon se, appropriated to the debtors, we could riously considering the same, we fully not help noticing the great inconvenience aceed therewith, and do particularly and danger that must also be there exreconımend the modes pointed out by perienced from the inadequacy of the him with respect to the windows to be space allotted to them, there being then adopted, viz. by Venetian shutters or nearly two hundred debtors male and
female in the place calculated for one present regulations of the goal of Nev. hundred and ten orly; but we, your Sub- gate. committee, experience a considerable dife Whilst it appears on one hand that ficulty in recommending an enlarge- irons are deemed absolutely indispensable ment of that part of the prison as it is at for the security of prisoners in Newgate, present constituted, notwithstanding they and on the other side it is evidently an feel that every acçomniodation consistent excessive hardship to put prisoners in with the nature of a prison ought to be irons on their commitment, who may afforded to that description prisoners afterwards prove innocent of the offence who, (as sir Richard Phillips has expressed charged against them, the only alterain biis publication) “having broken no tions seem to be either to exclude visitors moral law, most of them victims of mis entirely from the prisoners, or to .confortunes, and many of them confined tinue the present system of irons. The for exceedingly small debts, depressed Committee conceive that the former. by want and every privation, are thus would be inconsistent with every prin-, thrown together without, regard to their ciple of humanity or justice, and might difference of education, to their various deprive the prisoners of the consolation habits of life, or to their degrees of reli- of seeing their dearest friends or relagious or moral feeling. But impressed tions, or of taking such measures as may with this conviction, we are strongly in- be necess
essary for their defence in the duced to recommend a separate prison event of their trial; and as irons, they to be provided for the exclusive confine- fear, must be resorted to, they ought in ment of debtors, and the whole of New.. all cases of commitment to be of the gate being appropriated for the impri- lightest kind consistent with safe custody; sonment of criminals, by which we have and that the keepers shall in no instance every reason to hope those inconve- double-iron that description of prisoner, niences and dangers which are to be ap- except in cases of outrage, or by the prehended from a crowded goal would order of some one of the magistrates, or be removed; and, feeling the great iin- the sheriff's. propriety and injustice of placing per That we beg leave further to report, sons conimitted to take their trial on that we observed several persons within suspicion only of offences, with prisoners the prison, who were allowed by the who have been convicted, and of allow. sheriffs and the keeper to dispose of ing that general and uninterrupted inter- sundry articles, such as meat and green course between them which may tend grocery, to the prisoners; and having into to the total corruption of the morals of spected their several weights and scales, the former, and to the annihilation of and tried them with those kept by the any good principles that may yet be keeper, we found some of them not so left within them, and cannot be attended correct as they ought to be; and do therewith any beneficial purpose whatsoever, fore recommend that in future no scales we conceive by this means, those priso- be allowed to be used within the prison ners who are brought there previous to for the sale of necessaries to the prisoners, taking their trials might be kept separate but such as have been tried by the from those felons woo have been con- keeper, nor any weights without being victed, and are suffering the sentence of regularly stampt, agreeably to law. That the law.
your Committee also found the prices of We also feel with extreme concern, the necessaries were the sanie as without the practice of putting irons indiscri- the prison, and no other advantage whatminately ou all prisoners committed to ever was obtained but a fair protit upon the custody of the keeper of Newgate, the articles disposed of; and that the previously to their taking their trial and beer, from which it was supposed a heing convicted, and which at times greater profit was made by the sale to must fall on persons who are perfectly the prisoners than ought to be, we found innocent of the offences with which they was sold at the gate at the same price are charged, and must greatly distress as without the prison, and that the altheir mids and aggravate the misery of lowance to the person who superintended a confinement in a goal; but we, your the sale of it, was made by the publican Committee, have to lament that from who supplied the beer under the directhe representation of the keeper, and the tious of the sheriits. most serious consideration we have been That having taken into consideration enabled to give the subject, they cannot the present fees received by thie keeper altogether be dispensed with under the of Newgate, and tinding no alteration
has taken place therein since the year are placed, and which have no: been 1729, we recommend, that if fees are used for a long time past. to be continued, it should be submitted That on viewing the Poultry Compter, to the Court of Lord Mayor and Alder, attended by Mr. Edward Kirby, the men, in whom the power rests of making keeper, we found the said compter in a any alteration in the said tees, to take inost deplorable and ruinous condition, the same into their consideration, and and by no means a fit place for the conto make such alterations as they may finement of prisoners of any description. think proper, consistent with the times, The several persons committed to take and the situation of the parties who are their trial are bere confined till the goal to pay them; and we, your Sub-com- delivery at the time of each sessions ; mittee, having been informed that by and the keeper stated, that at the last an order of the Court of Aldermen, the September Sessions, there were fifty felons number of prisoners confined in Newgate confined there. The whole of the night and the Compters, together with the charges of the city are brought to this state of those prisons certified by the compter, as well as all vagrants, (Giltsurgeon, is laid before that Court at every spur-street Compter being at this time meeting, upon enquiry we found, that appropriated for the confinement of the any prisoners who may be detained for whole of the debtors belonging to the not having paid their fees are not in two compters) and wbatever may be the cluded, but which, we are of opinion, cause of their confinement they cannot ought always to be done, and especially be separated from the felons, there being named.
one yard only to the whole prison, in That having also viewed Giltspur-street which men, women, and children of all Compter and Ludgate prison, we were descriptions confined there are compelled attended by Mr. John Teague, the keeper, to be together; the rooms appropriated and we observed that Giltspur-street to the vagrants, and persons to be passed Compter was every way calculated for to their different parishes, are not glazed, the purposes for which it was originally the windows being open with iron bars erecied, and that the prisoners confined only, nor have they any thing to protect there are much better accommodated them from the weather, or in cases of than in any other prison within the city; sickness for their comfort, but what the and the only thing complained of was humanity of the keeper provides for the amount of fees paid by the debtors, them; and it frequently occurs, particuwhich, upon enquiry, we find is regulated cularly after an expedition bas' sailed, by the Judges and the Magistrates at that a number of soldiers' wives and chila the Sessions, and no alteration has been dren are there placed till they can be made in them for some time past; but properly removed, and some of thein in we, your Sub-comınittee, have to state, a very ill state of health from fatigue or that in consequence of the Act of Par- otherwise; and it has happened that liament which passed so long ago as the some of then have been so far advanced year 1804, for removing the debtors from in pregnancy, as to be confined and dethe Poultry Coinpter, on account of its livered in that compter. No divine serthen decayed and dangerous condition vice has been performed in that compter to the Giltspur-street Compter, that for the last five years, and the chapel is prison is occasionally so crowded that now converted into a sleeping-place for. great danger is to be apprehended to felons. Irons are put on all prisoners the health of the same, particularly in committed for trial, and are never tahen hot weather, notwithstanding the nume- off till sent to Newgate, unless directed mous conveniences which it possesses. by the surgeon; there is no regular table And with respect to the Ludgale prison, of fees at ihis compter, and they are rewe, your Sub-committee, have to ob- gulated by custom only; that the keeper serve, that the space is much too con- frequently remits the fees, and no person fined for the number of prisoners usually is detained for the non-payment of them. there; and if the Corporation should not Under all the circumstances, we are dethink fit to erect a new prison for the cidedly of opinion, that the present Poul. exclusive confinement of debtors, we are try Compter is not at all calculated for of opinion that inconvenience inay be the confinement of prisoners, nor from partially remedied by the removal of its present ruinous state can the same be part of the wall which separates this rendered fit for that purpose. And we prison from that part of the Giltspur- are further of opinion, that from the strect Compter where some of the cells present state of the buildings in the vici