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fate of our intrepid countryman, I have name of Cowan, proposed bimself to me engaged Isaacs to go in search of him, and for this purpose, I gave him my sanction, have furnished him with a present for and what assistance I considered neces. Mansong, the king of Banharra, and also sary, for enabling hiin to execute the de. with means to defray his travelling sign. He left the Cape in September expences; and have promised him a 1808, and, crossing the Orange River, thousand dollars it be finds Mr. Park. found himself on the 24th of December, He has instructions to proceed without in lat. 24° 30'. long. 289. He was at delay to Scgo; to present to Vansony the this period resting on the bank of a river present he has for him; and to beg of called the M loffo), and had the intenhim to aid hiin in his researches. If he tion of proceeding on the following day cannot procure any certain intelligence in a course more northerly; but his ultiof him at Sego, he is to continue bis mate object is to gain Mosambique, or
ourney to Sansanding, to find out the one of the Portuguese settlements on guide who conducted Mr. Park to Kas- the eastern coast. If there he cannot gain satisfac
“ Dr. Cowan describes the country to tory information, he is to endeavour to the northward of Leetakoo as being for proceed to Tombuctoo and Kassiva. the most part fertile; and observes, that
“ Baacs has promised to make every all the rivers he has hitherto passed run exertion to fulfil the object of his mis
to the west. The reception he met sion, and to use his ritmost ability to with was invariably bospitable; and in gain correct information of the cele- scarcely any instance did the natives brated traveller."
appear to mark a suspicion. As he adIt has been already mentioned, that vanced, he found an increased degree of commissioners have been appointed by civilization; and represents the wealthy government to inquire into the state of people of one tribe of Barollous as bea the African coast, with a view to the ing possessed of servants, as well as adoption of such measures as may must
slaves. The othalmia was prevalent effectually promote the civilization and among these people. improvement of Africa. Their mission “ From all that I have been able to was delayed, in consequence of the loss collect, from a worthy missionary of the of the solebay frigate, which was to have name of Anderson, I ain sanguine in attended them on the survey: and it was believing that Dr. Cowan will succeed in only in January last that another frigate reaching Mosambique, where I have alwas dispatched to supply the place of the ready paved the way for procuring hiin Solebay. It may be presumed that they a favourable reception." have by this tine entered on their in “I regret very much,” his lordship portant labours, as the frigate had adds, “ inat I omitted to make myself reached Goree about the 1st of Fe- acquainted with those points upon which bruary.
the Institution might wish for particular The information which has been re- information; but as it is not improbable ceived froin Africa, since the last meet that other adventurers may arise, I shall ing of the institution, has been less abun. be obliged to you to procure for me the dant than usual; but the directors will directions, if such there are, which the now state such particulars of it as are Institution furnishes to those in its em. likely to prove must interesting to the ployment." sub cribers,
His lordship's request has been comTheir first extract will be from a letter plied with; and he has been furnished of lord Caledon, the governor of the with copies of the queries drawn up for Cape of Good llope, dated the 29th of the purpose of guiding the inquiries of May, 1309. His lordship, who is a life African travellers. governor of the institution, and warınly In a letter, dated March the 6th, . in:erested in its success, writes as follows: 1809, the governor of Sierra Leone in
“ From the vague reports of the colo. forins the directors, that nisis, as well as from other causes suffi. “ Measures have been taken for ex. ciently obvious, I conceived it would be citing the attention of the Coast to the highly desirable, if a person were found cotton seed sent out by the lostitution, qualified and willing, to explore the co- and a portion of it will be propagated Jonial boundary in the north-east direc. in this colony at the proper season. tion; and as a medical gentleman of the “ An experiment has been made of DIONTHLY Mac. No. 202,
the mangrove bark in the colony, in the slave trade, seem to him to prove consequence of the information received that a total abolition would be attended from the Institution, in the hands of one with many more beneficial consequences; of the Nova-Scotians. lle reports, that for though the export of slaves from he never saw bark like it (meaning, so Africa be now comparatively trifling, yet good) in America.
it keeps alive on the Coast many of the “ Oxen have heen employed in the mal-practices which would otherwise service of government with great suc
The total abolition, he observes, cess, and may probably be applied in is therefore necessary. many ways which have not hitherto been With the exception of the letters al. thought of."
ready referred to, the directors have had “ The plants which arrived from the little information from Africa, excepting Institution, are, with the exception of a what relates to the painful subject of very few, in the most fourishing condi- the slave trade, to which they have altion. The only plants which it appears ready adverted; and they are under conof considerable importance to replace, siderable apprehensions lest much of are the two lea-trees, neither of which what they attempted tu do for Africa have succeeded. The mulberry-trees should be counteracted by the influence have succeeded without exception. of that pernicious traffic. In the mean
“ In the situation where the plants tiine, enough at least has been done to genit last from England are placed, we prove the practicability of success, in have a snjall crop of red and white clo. case fair scope should be attorded 10 ver, and another of wheat, which ap- their efforts, by the removal of this grand pears to promise well.
barrier to all improvement and to all " It has occured to me,” adds the go- happiness. In particular, the directors vernor, that Sierra Leone would be have continued to receive the post satis
very advantageous temporary resi- factory proofs that Africans are as susdence for any person intending to dedi- ceptible of intellectual and moral culo cate himself io the advancement of the ture as the natives of any other quarter knowledge of Africa, both on account of of the globe: but they feel persuaded the salubrity of the climate, and the ac- that the members of this Institution requaintance to be gained with the man- quire no fresh facts or illustrations to ners and customs of the country. There convince them of this truth. are, perhaps, few things that would be The directors are unwilling to omnit, in more beneficial to this colony than the their report, the relation of an interestintroduction of a scientific man, who ing circumstance which occurred a few could describe the animal and vegetable months ago at Liverpool. productions of this part of the globe Some time in the month of September with accuracy. There can be no doubt last, Mr. Roscoe was informed that nine that there is in this country a mass of black men were confined in the borough unknown treasures, which want only sci- gaol of Liverpool for debt; and on fürentific examination to be discovered." ther inquiry he learned that they had been
The directors have also received a let. arrested by the master of a Portuguese ter, containing much important infor: vessel froin the Brazils, then in the port, mation respecting a district of the Gold for the purpose, as was supposed, of Coast, from Mr. Meredith--the same keeping them in safe custody until his ship gentleman who has furnished an article should be ready for sea. As it appeared in the Appendix to their last Report. Mr. clearly that in such a case no debe could Meredith states, that the beneficial ef- exist, Mr. Roscoe engaged two friends fects which might be expected to follow to put in bail for the defendants; but the abolition of the slave trade by Great before an order was obtained for their Britain, have been greatly impeded by discharge, the master and his agents, the continuance of it, though on a ré., being aware of these proceedings, sus. duced seale, by other nations. Accu- rounded the gaol with a great number of sations, predatory wars, &c. are not so Portuguese seamen and other persons, frequent as formerly; but kidnapping, arined, for the purpose of seizing the he adds, is still practised. That the in- prisoners; and the attorney for the mashabitants are more industrious, and that ter sent an order to the gaoler to dis. they have more confidence in their per- charge ihem. social safety, he thinks is clearly observ The black men, however, were apable. In short, the affects which have prised of their danger; their fellow-priHowed from even a partial abolition of soners declared they stiould not be taken
away by force; and the keeper of the tulion, duted Calcutta, August 23, gaol, with a spirit of burnanity which 1809. does him the highest credit, informed SIR - Your letter of the 16th February last, the ini, bar, although they were at liberreached me on the ed instant, accompanied berty to leave the prison, they might with the first and second Reports of the Com. as as ing as they pleased. The rula mi'tee of the African Institution. I feel my. faus were therefore obliged to depart self highly Aattered by the opportunity you without their prey, and the next day have given me of becoming useful to the Mr. Roscoe attended a meeting of the
views of that highly praiseworthy undermagistiates and recorder, when an in. taking, and beg you will inform the com. quiry took place into these proceedings; in sending you as many of the various sorts
mittee, that I will take particular pleasure and the agents and the inaster having of seeds, useful articles of tropical culture, undertaken, on his not being prose
as may be in my power. cuted, that the men should be set at
The sulianee, or yellow coconut, which liberty, and that he should pay all the you mention, does not grow in Bengal, bus costs, and relinquish further proceedings, believe it is abundant in Ceylon, wbere ex. they were immediately released from cellent coir is prepared from the fibres of the their confinement. The magistrales busk of the nuts of various kinds of this higb. shewed a proper indignation at this abuse ly useful tree. I bare therefore applied to of the process of their court! but it this goveroment to write to the government appearing that the Portuguese captain of Columbo, requesting that some of the could not speak English, and that he perfectly ripe nuts, (say from fifty to one had been induced to adopt these mea- hundred), be sent by every ship sailing from gures by the advice of others; and it of Mr. Grant, the chairman of the India
that island for England, addressed to the care also appearing that these negrues were Company. considered of great value, having been
Cajaputta oil-tree seed I can send you from bred to the sea, and one of them being hence, fresh from two young trees in this the boatswain of the ship, so that the garden. They are particularly minute, and master would sustain a loss, which he require dexterity to make them productive. calculated at not less than one thousand Soine you will find in this letter, and some parands, the intention of prosecuting amongst the other seeds, packed up in wax bim was relinquished. Eight of these cloth, under your addresses. men immediately afterwards entered,
A memorandum of the seeds, and direc. nost cheerfully, 'into his Majesty's ser
tions for rearing the sunn and paat of this vice; and the ninth, being more infirm, country, accompany this, both of which will, was raķen by a friend of Mr. Roscoe's I think, prove valuable in Africa, if not alon board one of his owsi vessels.
ready there. In the course of these proceedings, Mr. Roscoe was most ably assisted by
List of Seeds sent by Dr. Roxburgh for the Mr. Stanistreet and Mr. Avison, two
rifrican Institution. rery respectable solicitors; who most Crotalaria juncea, or Salsette hemp. Sunn strenuously advocates the cause of the of the Bengalese. prisoners at several hearings on the sub Corchorus capsularis. Paat or Jute of the ject, and generously declined any ro.
Bengalese. compense for their services.
Melaleuca Leucadendron, or the Cajaputta
oil tree. So convinced were the magistrates and recorder of Liverpool of the iniquitous ber called Teak.
Tecconia grandis. The jus:ly-famed time nature of this transaction, that they soon
Sissoo is the Hindoo after passed an order, that no process of name of this quick-growing, nost beautiful, arrest should hereafter issue, except in and useful cimber tree, the wood of which is case where an affidavit is made that the much used in the marine yard, for furniture, cause of action actually arose within the &c. &c. bonvogh; a resolution which will effec Terminalia Catappa, and Procera. Two tually prevent such abuses in future. beautiful and highly usetul timber trees: be
The directors felt that it was incum. sides, the kernels of their nuls are as good as bent on thein, in the name of the Instie filberts. tution, to convey their thanks to Mr.
Aleuritas triloba. A large tree. The Roscoe, and to the gentlemen who had kernels of the uuts yield a very pure oil. assistert bim on this occasion, for their Akh-rowt is the Hindoo name of the tree.
Pnaseoius lanatus ; bumabe and successful interposition in Dolichos tetragonolabus, and gladiatus; tetral of these inen.
These four are very Estrart of a Leller from Dr. Rorburgh excellent substitutes for kidoey and Windsor to the Secrelary af the African Instio beans.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS IN JULY.
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