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fate of our intrepid countryman, I have name of Cowan, proposed bimself to me engaged Isaacs to go in search of him, and for this purpose, I gave him my sanction, have furnished him with a present for and what assistance I considered neces. Mansong, the king of Banharra, and also sary, for enabling hiin to execute the de. with means to defray his travelling sign. He left the Cape in September expences; and have promised him a 1808, and, crossing the Orange River, thousand dollars it be finds Mr. Park. found himself on the 24th of December, He has instructions to proceed without in lat. 24° 30'. long. 289. He was at delay to Scgo; to present to Vansony the this period resting on the bank of a river present he has for him; and to beg of called the M loffo), and had the intenhim to aid hiin in his researches. If he tion of proceeding on the following day cannot procure any certain intelligence in a course more northerly; but his ultiof him at Sego, he is to continue bis mate object is to gain Mosambique, or

ourney to Sansanding, to find out the one of the Portuguese settlements on guide who conducted Mr. Park to Kas- the eastern coast. If there he cannot gain satisfac

“ Dr. Cowan describes the country to tory information, he is to endeavour to the northward of Leetakoo as being for proceed to Tombuctoo and Kassiva. the most part fertile; and observes, that

“ Baacs has promised to make every all the rivers he has hitherto passed run exertion to fulfil the object of his mis

to the west. The reception he met sion, and to use his ritmost ability to with was invariably bospitable; and in gain correct information of the cele- scarcely any instance did the natives brated traveller."

appear to mark a suspicion. As he adIt has been already mentioned, that vanced, he found an increased degree of commissioners have been appointed by civilization; and represents the wealthy government to inquire into the state of people of one tribe of Barollous as bea the African coast, with a view to the ing possessed of servants, as well as adoption of such measures as may must

slaves. The othalmia was prevalent effectually promote the civilization and among these people. improvement of Africa. Their mission “ From all that I have been able to was delayed, in consequence of the loss collect, from a worthy missionary of the of the solebay frigate, which was to have name of Anderson, I ain sanguine in attended them on the survey: and it was believing that Dr. Cowan will succeed in only in January last that another frigate reaching Mosambique, where I have alwas dispatched to supply the place of the ready paved the way for procuring hiin Solebay. It may be presumed that they a favourable reception." have by this tine entered on their in “I regret very much,” his lordship portant labours, as the frigate had adds, “ inat I omitted to make myself reached Goree about the 1st of Fe- acquainted with those points upon which bruary.

the Institution might wish for particular The information which has been re- information; but as it is not improbable ceived froin Africa, since the last meet that other adventurers may arise, I shall ing of the institution, has been less abun. be obliged to you to procure for me the dant than usual; but the directors will directions, if such there are, which the now state such particulars of it as are Institution furnishes to those in its em. likely to prove must interesting to the ployment." sub cribers,

His lordship's request has been comTheir first extract will be from a letter plied with; and he has been furnished of lord Caledon, the governor of the with copies of the queries drawn up for Cape of Good llope, dated the 29th of the purpose of guiding the inquiries of May, 1309. His lordship, who is a life African travellers. governor of the institution, and warınly In a letter, dated March the 6th, . in:erested in its success, writes as follows: 1809, the governor of Sierra Leone in

“ From the vague reports of the colo. forins the directors, that nisis, as well as from other causes suffi. “ Measures have been taken for ex. ciently obvious, I conceived it would be citing the attention of the Coast to the highly desirable, if a person were found cotton seed sent out by the lostitution, qualified and willing, to explore the co- and a portion of it will be propagated Jonial boundary in the north-east direc. in this colony at the proper season. tion; and as a medical gentleman of the “ An experiment has been made of DIONTHLY Mac. No. 202,

the

cease.

the mangrove bark in the colony, in the slave trade, seem to him to prove consequence of the information received that a total abolition would be attended from the Institution, in the hands of one with many more beneficial consequences; of the Nova-Scotians. lle reports, that for though the export of slaves from he never saw bark like it (meaning, so Africa be now comparatively trifling, yet good) in America.

it keeps alive on the Coast many of the Oxen have heen employed in the mal-practices which would otherwise service of government with great suc

The total abolition, he observes, cess, and may probably be applied in is therefore necessary. many ways which have not hitherto been With the exception of the letters al. thought of."

ready referred to, the directors have had “ The plants which arrived from the little information from Africa, excepting Institution, are, with the exception of a what relates to the painful subject of very few, in the most fourishing condi- the slave trade, to which they have altion. The only plants which it appears ready adverted; and they are under conof considerable importance to replace, siderable apprehensions lest much of are the two lea-trees, neither of which what they attempted tu do for Africa have succeeded. The mulberry-trees should be counteracted by the influence have succeeded without exception. of that pernicious traffic. In the mean

In the situation where the plants tiine, enough at least has been done to genit last from England are placed, we prove the practicability of success, in have a snjall crop of red and white clo. case fair scope should be attorded 10 ver, and another of wheat, which ap- their efforts, by the removal of this grand pears to promise well.

barrier to all improvement and to all " It has occured to me,” adds the go- happiness. In particular, the directors vernor, that Sierra Leone would be have continued to receive the post satis

very advantageous temporary resi- factory proofs that Africans are as susdence for any person intending to dedi- ceptible of intellectual and moral culo cate himself io the advancement of the ture as the natives of any other quarter knowledge of Africa, both on account of of the globe: but they feel persuaded the salubrity of the climate, and the ac- that the members of this Institution requaintance to be gained with the man- quire no fresh facts or illustrations to ners and customs of the country. There convince them of this truth. are, perhaps, few things that would be The directors are unwilling to omnit, in more beneficial to this colony than the their report, the relation of an interestintroduction of a scientific man, who ing circumstance which occurred a few could describe the animal and vegetable months ago at Liverpool. productions of this part of the globe Some time in the month of September with accuracy. There can be no doubt last, Mr. Roscoe was informed that nine that there is in this country a mass of black men were confined in the borough unknown treasures, which want only sci- gaol of Liverpool for debt; and on fürentific examination to be discovered." ther inquiry he learned that they had been

The directors have also received a let. arrested by the master of a Portuguese ter, containing much important infor: vessel froin the Brazils, then in the port, mation respecting a district of the Gold for the purpose, as was supposed, of Coast, from Mr. Meredith--the same keeping them in safe custody until his ship gentleman who has furnished an article should be ready for sea. As it appeared in the Appendix to their last Report. Mr. clearly that in such a case no debe could Meredith states, that the beneficial ef- exist, Mr. Roscoe engaged two friends fects which might be expected to follow to put in bail for the defendants; but the abolition of the slave trade by Great before an order was obtained for their Britain, have been greatly impeded by discharge, the master and his agents, the continuance of it, though on a ré., being aware of these proceedings, sus. duced seale, by other nations. Accu- rounded the gaol with a great number of sations, predatory wars, &c. are not so Portuguese seamen and other persons, frequent as formerly; but kidnapping, arined, for the purpose of seizing the he adds, is still practised. That the in- prisoners; and the attorney for the mashabitants are more industrious, and that ter sent an order to the gaoler to dis. they have more confidence in their per- charge ihem. social safety, he thinks is clearly observ The black men, however, were apable. In short, the affects which have prised of their danger; their fellow-priHowed from even a partial abolition of soners declared they stiould not be taken

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away by force; and the keeper of the tulion, duted Calcutta, August 23, gaol, with a spirit of burnanity which 1809. does him the highest credit, informed SIR - Your letter of the 16th February last, the ini, bar, although they were at liberreached me on the ed instant, accompanied berty to leave the prison, they might with the first and second Reports of the Com. as as ing as they pleased. The rula mi'tee of the African Institution. I feel my. faus were therefore obliged to depart self highly Aattered by the opportunity you without their prey, and the next day have given me of becoming useful to the Mr. Roscoe attended a meeting of the

views of that highly praiseworthy undermagistiates and recorder, when an in. taking, and beg you will inform the com. quiry took place into these proceedings; in sending you as many of the various sorts

mittee, that I will take particular pleasure and the agents and the inaster having of seeds, useful articles of tropical culture, undertaken, on his not being prose

as may be in my power. cuted, that the men should be set at

The sulianee, or yellow coconut, which liberty, and that he should pay all the you mention, does not grow in Bengal, bus costs, and relinquish further proceedings, believe it is abundant in Ceylon, wbere ex. they were immediately released from cellent coir is prepared from the fibres of the their confinement. The magistrales busk of the nuts of various kinds of this higb. shewed a proper indignation at this abuse ly useful tree. I bare therefore applied to of the process of their court! but it this goveroment to write to the government appearing that the Portuguese captain of Columbo, requesting that some of the could not speak English, and that he perfectly ripe nuts, (say from fifty to one had been induced to adopt these mea- hundred), be sent by every ship sailing from gures by the advice of others; and it of Mr. Grant, the chairman of the India

that island for England, addressed to the care also appearing that these negrues were Company. considered of great value, having been

Cajaputta oil-tree seed I can send you from bred to the sea, and one of them being hence, fresh from two young trees in this the boatswain of the ship, so that the garden. They are particularly minute, and master would sustain a loss, which he require dexterity to make them productive. calculated at not less than one thousand Soine you will find in this letter, and some parands, the intention of prosecuting amongst the other seeds, packed up in wax bim was relinquished. Eight of these cloth, under your addresses. men immediately afterwards entered,

A memorandum of the seeds, and direc. nost cheerfully, 'into his Majesty's ser

tions for rearing the sunn and paat of this vice; and the ninth, being more infirm, country, accompany this, both of which will, was raķen by a friend of Mr. Roscoe's I think, prove valuable in Africa, if not alon board one of his owsi vessels.

ready there. In the course of these proceedings, Mr. Roscoe was most ably assisted by

List of Seeds sent by Dr. Roxburgh for the Mr. Stanistreet and Mr. Avison, two

rifrican Institution. rery respectable solicitors; who most Crotalaria juncea, or Salsette hemp. Sunn strenuously advocates the cause of the of the Bengalese. prisoners at several hearings on the sub Corchorus capsularis. Paat or Jute of the ject, and generously declined any ro.

Bengalese. compense for their services.

Melaleuca Leucadendron, or the Cajaputta

oil tree. So convinced were the magistrates and recorder of Liverpool of the iniquitous ber called Teak.

Tecconia grandis. The jus:ly-famed time nature of this transaction, that they soon

Dallergia Sissoo.

Sissoo is the Hindoo after passed an order, that no process of name of this quick-growing, nost beautiful, arrest should hereafter issue, except in and useful cimber tree, the wood of which is case where an affidavit is made that the much used in the marine yard, for furniture, cause of action actually arose within the &c. &c. bonvogh; a resolution which will effec Terminalia Catappa, and Procera. Two tually prevent such abuses in future. beautiful and highly usetul timber trees: be

The directors felt that it was incum. sides, the kernels of their nuls are as good as bent on thein, in the name of the Instie filberts. tution, to convey their thanks to Mr.

Aleuritas triloba. A large tree. The Roscoe, and to the gentlemen who had kernels of the uuts yield a very pure oil. assistert bim on this occasion, for their Akh-rowt is the Hindoo name of the tree.

Pnaseoius lanatus ; bumabe and successful interposition in Dolichos tetragonolabus, and gladiatus; tetral of these inen.

Carpop-gon niveum.

These four are very Estrart of a Leller from Dr. Rorburgh excellent substitutes for kidoey and Windsor to the Secrelary af the African Instio beans.

LIST

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS IN JULY.

BIOGRAPHY.

BOTANY.

As the. List of New Publications, contained in the Monthly Asagazine, is the ONLY COMPLETE LIST PUBLISHED, and consequently the only one that can be useful to the Public for Purposes of general Rzference, it is requested that Authors und Publishers will continue to communicate Notices of their "Works (Post paid,) and they will always be faithfully inserted, FREE of EXPENSE.

AGRICULTURE AND GARDENING, Science, tending principally to illustrate the MINUTES in Agriculture and Planting, Nature of Causation. By R. E. Scott, A.M.

illustrated with Dried Specimens of Professor of Moral Philosophy. 8vo. 8s. Natural Grasses. By W. Amos. Royal 4to. 21. 2s.

Memoirs of the Life of Sir John Froissart. The Gardener's Kalendar; or, Monthly To which are added, some Account of the Directory of Operations in every Branch of Manuscript of his Chronicle, in the ElizaHorticulture. By Walter Nicol. 8vo. 143. bethian Library at Breslau, and a complete

Agricultural Mechanism, or a Display of Index. By Thomas Johnes, esq. 11. 1s. the several Properties and Powers of the Vehicles, Implements, and Machinery, con A Botanical Calendar; exhibiting at one nected with Husband y. By Captaiu T. view, the Generic and Specific Name, the Williamson. 8vo. 10s 6d.

Class, Order, and Habitat, of all the British ANTIQUITIES.

Plants, arranged according to their time of The Architectural Antiquities of Wales. flowering, under each month of the Year. By Charles Norris, esq. No. I. 11. 1s. By the Rev. William Phelps, A.B. 10s. 6d. Proofs, 11., 11s. 6d.

large paper, 11. 1s. ARIS, FINE.

CHEMISTRY. The British Gallery of Pictures, compri Rudiments of Chemical Philosophy; in sing Engravings from the most celebrated which the first Principles of that useful and Pictures of the Great Masters in the United entertaining Science are familiarly illus. Kingdom. The Descriptive part by Henry trated. By N. Meredith. 4s. Tresham, R.A. and W. Y. Oiley; the

EDUCATION. Executive by P. W. Tomkins. No. II. first Elements of the Spanish Grammar; or, a Series, containing nine Pictures in the Mar clear, short, and easy Method, by which quis of Stafford's Collection, 10s. 6d. Proufs the study of the Spanish Language is ren. il. 15 Coloured and mounted, 21. 12s 6d. dered perfecly familiar to the English SchoColoured and mounted sing!y in a porc-folio lar. To which are added, Dialogues, Pro. 41. 4s. No. II. second Series, containing a verbs, &c. By John Vigier. 45. Holy Family, by Andrea del Sarto, 10s. 6d. Dr. Mavor's Catechisms; for the use of Proofs ll. 1s. Coloured in a port-folio, Schools and Faniilies. 2 vols. 10s. 60. 61. 6s.

The Modern Preceptor; or, a General The Historic Gallery of Portraits and Course of Polite Education. 2 vols. 8vo. Paintings; containing correct Copies in 11. 4s. Outline of the most admired Paintings of The Stream of Time ; or, Figurative celebrated Painters; wi b Critical Remarks, Representation of Ancient and Modern Uni. and a Biographical Memoir. 6 vols. 8vo. versal History, Chronology, and Biograplıy. 71. 4s.

Traoslated from the German of Frederic The Thames ; or, Graphic Illustrations of Strass. By William Bell. 11. 55. in sheets, Seats, Villas, Public Buildings, and Pictu. 11. 15s. on canvas and rollers. resque Scenery on the Banks of that River.

Guy's Chart of General History; in sheets, Engraved by William Cooke, from drawings coloured, 78 ; on canvas and rollers, 10s. 63. by, Samuel Owen, esq. No IX. 4s. 6d. An English and Welch Dictionary; by Octavo. 75. 6d. royal 400.

Thomas Evans. 12mo 7s. A Leiter to Martin Archer Shee, esq. R.A. in consequence of his Litter to the A History of the Colleges, Halls and President and Directors of the British Insti Public Buildings, attached to the University turion. By Philutechnes. 33.

of Oxford, including the Lives of the FounThe Italian School of Design. No. III. ders. By Alexai.der Chalmers, F. S. A. 11. 1s.

2 vols 8vo. 11. 11s. 61. large paper, ARTS AND SCIENCES.

21. 15s. Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol. XX. Part Historic Anecdotes, and Secret Memoirs of II. which completes the new edition of this the Union between Great Britain and work. 410 163.

Ireland. By Sir Jonah Barrington. Part II. Rees's New Cyclopædia, Part XXIX. 11. 11. 1s. Large paper, 11. 16s.

LAW. An Inquiry into the Nature and peculiar The Law and Usage of Parliament, in Objects of Physical and Metaphysical cases of Privilege and Contempt; being an

Attemps

HISTORY.

MEDICINE.

attempt to reduce them within a Theory and Taste, in Great Britain, during the reign and System; including an Argument on the of Queen Anne. 8vo. 11. 1s. Right of the Breach of Outer doors, in the The Oxford University Calendar, for execution of their Process. By Francis Lud. 1809. 4s. Tow Holt, esq. Barrister-at-law. 3s. 6d. The Annual Register; or, a View of the

The Bankrupt and Creditor's Friendly History, Politics, and Literature, of 1808. Assistant ; or, the Spirit of Bankrupt Laws; 8vo. 155. being the Statutes relating to Bankruptcy, A Letter to the Right Hon. George Rose, Orders for regulating the Proceedings, Rules on the subject of his Lettter to Lord Viscount and Ex niples for the last examination, and Melville, respecting a Naval Arsenal at various useful observations; together with Northfleet. an Abstract of the new Act, 46. Geo. 111. The Edinburgh Review. No, XXXI. 6s. for amending the Laws relative to Bank The Memorial addressed to the Hoo. rupts, &c. By Joshua Montefiore, Solicitor. Court of Directors, by Lord William Cavenroyal 8vo. 8s.

dish Bentinck. Containing an Account of

the Mutiny at Vellore, with the Causes and Pharmacopæïarum Collegiarum Regalium Consequences of that Event. 10s. 61. Londini, Edinburgi, et Eblanæ, Conspectus ! The Contemplatist, No. 1. To be conti. Medicus, Virtutes, Doses et Morbus quibus nued Weekly 6. utuntur medicamenta et præparata ostendens.

The Edinburgh Monthly Magazine and Ab Edvardo Goodman Clarke, M.D. 45. 6d.

Review. No. I. 16. 6d. A Correspondence with the Board of the Thoughts, on the Cause of Evil, Physical National Vaccine, Establishment, through

and Moral, in a series of Letters. By Henry the medium of the Right Hon. the Secre

William Lovett. 58. tary of State for the Home Department,

Observations on the Manner of conducting where the present stare of the practice is Marine Insurances in Great Britain, and on examined, the Board requested to make an the Report of the Select Committee of the explicit declaration, and a plan proposed for House of Commons, to whom the subject obtaining such evidence is will satisfy the was referred : including a few Remarks of public. By Thomas Brown, Surgeon, Joint Stock Companies. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Musselburgh. 35.

Additional Studies, perfective of the TemA Conspectus of the Pharmacopæïas of ple of Truth. 8vo. 98. the London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Colleges Some Account of an Installation of a of Physici.ng; being a Practical Compen- Chancellor of the University of Oxford. 4to. dium of Materia Medica and Pharmacy. 35. 6d. By Anthony Todd Thomson, Surgeon,

The Argument of Randle Jackson, esq. Fellow of the Medical Society of London, before the Lords of the Privy Council, on and the Royal Physical and the Speculative behalf of the Trustees and Parties interested Societies of Edinburgh. 5s. 6d.

in Drury-lane Theatre. 2s. The Elements of the Practice of Medicine ; A Letter, containing ()bservatious on some being an Elementary Work for Students, and of the Effects of our Paper Currency, and on a book of Reference for Practitioners. By

the Means of remedying its present, and pre. George Hoggart Toulmin, M.D. 8vo. 12s. venting its future Excess. 25. 6d.

The Syphilitic Preceptor, or a Practical The Analysis of Reform, being a complete Treatise on the Nature and Cure of the Review of Mrs. Clarke's Book ; illustrated Venereal Disease. By George Skelton, sur

by copious Extracts, and Original Anecdotes. geon. 2s. 60.

By Charles Brownlow Stacey 5s. Practical Observations on Disorders of the Mr. Davy's Lecture on the Plan proposed Stomach, with Remarks on the use of the for improving the Royal Institution, and Bile in promoting Digestion. By George rendering it permanent; delivered in the Rees, M. D. Member of the Royal College of

Theatre of the Institution, March 3, 1810, Physicians, Senior Physician to the London 1s. 6. Dispensary. 65.

A Letter from the Right Hon. Lord

Viscount Melville, the Right Hon. A Sketch of the Erst Major or General Spencer Perceval, relative to Naval TimStaff of an Army in the field as applicable ber. 2s. to the British Service, illustrated by the

The Rival Dukes: or, Who is the Dupe ? Practice of other Countries. By a Field containing a complete refutation of the Qihicer, 6s.

calumpies which Mrs. Clarke bas cast upon

the character of his Royal Highness the The Anonymous;

a Periodical Paper : Duke of Kent, in her recent work entitled published in Dublin, now first collected. “ The Rival Princes," and throwing new 2 vols. 125.

light upon the secret history and intrigues of The New Annual Register: 07, General Gloucesier-place. 6s. Repository of History, Politics, and Litera The Classical Journal, No. II. 6s. ture, , for the year 1809.

To which is pre

The Arcadian Magazine, in Italian and kxed, the History of Knonledze, Learning, English, No. I. and II. os. each.

A Letter

MILITARY.

to

MISCELLANEOUS.

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