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In the village of Merton, in Oxfordshire, coal was made to evaporate, and pluma young swallow was caught about four bago appeared to fuse in vacun. Charyears ago, and a very small light hell coal was ignited to intense whiteness by fastened round its neck by a thin baud it in oxymuriatic gas, and volatilized in of leather. It was turned loose, and re- it, but without being decoinposed. A mained about the spot till the Michael- large Leyden battery, containing twenty: mas following, when it disappeared with four coated jars, was charged by a moits fellows. Next spring, the bell was mentary contact of the wires, to a degree heard among the first arrivals; and the that required from twenty to thirty turns bird remained ull the end of the season. of Nairne's machine of eight inclies diaHe again made his appearance the third

All the electrical phenomena of season; but his music ceased about the the passage of electricity to a distance, middle of the summer, from which it is the discharge through a Torricellian vaconjectured that he had attracted the cuum, the attractions and repulsions of attention of soine person and was de- light bodies, were deinonstrated in a stroyed. The second fact, which rests distinct way by means of this apparatus, on the authority of a clergyman resident It is hoped that the application of so near the spot, is, that many thousand powerful an instrument, and such easy swallows have been taken from the sand- methods of producing the most intense pits and cliffs on the south-west coast of heat, will lead to some new facts in anaAnglesea in a torpid state, during severe lytical science. weather. It is siated to be a common At a late meeting of the Royal Society observation of the country, that as the was read the translation of a paper by days grow shorter and colder, the swal. M. DELILLE, describing the real nature lows become more numerous, which is and properties of the celebrated Bushan accounted for by the arrival of strangers Upas, or poison-tree of Java. The ale to take up their winter quarters.

thor, a French physician, and a membuat Considerable quantities of poppy seeds of the National Institute of Egypt, transhave lately been bought up in different mitted this paper from the East Indies parts of the country, and the expressed to the Royal Society, by an English lady. oil from them sold at the price of Flo- The botanical account of the plant in rence oil. Major Cochrane, of llado question he received from one of the dington, was the first person who stated French naturalists who accompanied Capthe advantages arising froin the cultiva. tain Baudin, and who resided some time tion of poppies, and that seven ounces in Java, where he visited the interior of of fine saiad oil were faroished by ex the country, and with much difficulty pression from two pounds of the seed. prevailed on the natives to show biin

The success of the various institutions the different poison-plants, which they for the relief of the indigent blind, has carefully conceal, for the purpose of suggested the idea for the relief of the using them in war.

Hence the many opulent who labour under the privation of fabulous accounts that have been circusight, on a plan similar to that by which M. lated respecting the fatal influence of the Ilaüy al Paris, some years ago, taught them Upas; which, in the language of the reading, writing, arithmetic, music, and Javanese, signifies vegetable poison, and the rudiments of the sciences in general. is applied only to the juice of the Bohan

At the concluding lecture for the sea. tree, and another plant with a twisted son at the Royal Institution, the large stem. The former is a large tree, which Voltaic apparatus, consisting of 2000 the writer considers as a new genus; double plates, four inches square, was the latter, yielding an equally powerful put in action for the first time, The poison, is of the woodbine family. The effects of this combination, the largest Upas, or juice, is extracted by an incithat has been constructed, were of a sion made in the bark with a knife, and very brilliant kind. The spark, the light being carefully collected, is preserved by of which was so intense as to resemble the natives to be employed in their wars. that of the sun, struck through some lines As to its diffusing noxious effluvia in the of air, and produced a discharge through atinosphere, and destroying vegetation heated air nearly three inches in length, to a considerable distance around it, the and of a dazzling splendour. Several absurdity of these stories is sufficiently bodies, which had not been fused before, exposed' by the fact that the cliinhing were fused by this fame: the new metals species requires the support of other discovered by Mr. Tennant, iridiuin and plants to attain its usual growth. Dr. the alloy of iridium, and osmium. Zircon Delille made several experiments with and alumine were likewise fused; chare the opas on dogs and cats. An incision

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was made in the thigh of a dog, into During some experiments recently which were dropped eight grains of the made by Nessrs. CUTHBERTSON and juice. The dog soon began to vomit, Singer, on the comparative powers of and continued vomiting at intervals till cylinder and plate electrical machines, . he became convulsed, and died in twenty it was found ihat their power may be minutes. Six grains were put into the greatly increased by the adoption of mula thigh of another, which was seized with tiplying wheels to communicate motion the same symptoms, and died in fifteen to those instruments. Froin the obser. minutes. A cat was treated in like man- vations "hitherto made on this subject, nier, but the effects were more speedy there is reason to conclude, that by the and powerful: she expired in a few mi- proper application of a mving power, nutes. All these animals died howling, the quantity of electricity given out by. and in great agony. The author also any machine in a determinate tine, may made several experiments on the effects be doubled, trebled, quadrupled, and of this poison when applied internally. even increased six or ten-fold. The disA grain and a half being introduced into covery of this principle is of the highest the stomach of a dog, produced only a importance, as it offers the most effectual slight purging. To another were given and ready means of obtaining a very four grains, which, in about four hours, considerable accunulation of electric produced the same effect, together with Aud; a circumstance of considerable invomiting, and the dog died in the course terest in the present state of electrical of half a day. On examining the bodies and chemical inquiry. of these animals after death, no very During the last session of parliament, extraordinary appearances were disco an act was passed to enable ihe governors vered; the ventricles of the heart were of Bethlem Hospital to exchange the full of blood, and some slight traces of present contracted site of that institution, inflammation appeared in the stomach; for a piece of ground containing near but the derangement was not so great as twelve acres, in St. George's Fields, on might have been expected from such a which spot the unhappy subjects of menviolent and sudden death. From this tal derangement will, in addition to their circumstance the author concluded that former advantages, posses, the superior the absorbents had transmitted the poi. requisites of air and exercise, which they son to the nerves of the stomach, and have never yet enjoved, and which are that this peculiar species of vegetable not only likely to add in a considerable poison acts exclusively on the nerves. degree to their comfort, but also to ac

Mr. RICHARD WALKER, of Oxford, celerate their cure. The plan of the having been for a long time engaged in ancient structure bas long required ima thermometrical experiments and obser- provement; and it is hoped that froin vations, during which the imperfection the great light which has been thrown of all the scales in use frequently occurred upon the study of architecture within to birn, has proposed a new one. It is the last century, and the extensive im. founded on the principle of 620. of Fah- provements made in the science of meTenheit, being the point at which the dicine during the same period, the most human body in a state of health, is un- favourable results for the new building conscious of either heat or cold, that is, will be obtained from the combined tain a state of rest, or when free from any lents of able architects, and experienced bodily exertion; so that any temperature medical professors. With this view the above 620. shall give a sensation of heat, governors have offered 2001. for the best, and any temperature below that point, á 1001. for the second, and 501. for the sensation of cold. Mr. Wilson accord- third best designs; in the full confidence ingly places 0 at 62o. of Fahrenheit, of being adequately assisted in their which will make 150°, the boiling, and anxinus desires to erećt au hospital, which minus 30°, the freezing point of water. may be at once a monument of a beneAll other points on Fahrenheit's scale volent and enlightened age, and an ho. may be reduced to this, by subtracting pour to a great and distinguished nation, 620. for any degree above o of Fahren- The present intention is to erect a build. heit's, and adding 620. for any degree ing capable of containing 400 patients, below 0. Fahrenheit's divisions are a. but not to confine themselves even to dopted in this new scale as most conve that enlarged number, if they shall be nient; those of Reaumur, the centigrade, enabled, by the liberality of the public, &c. being considered too few, and deci- to proceed farther in their design. The inal divisions unnecessary,

funds of the hospital, which are applia

cablo

cable to the purpose of a new building,

GERMANY. amount, however, at this time, to little A Germau cheinist bas, by the aid of more than 27,0004. while the cost of a various substances, extracted from the new hospital, upon the scale proposed, green shells of use chesnuts very beaucan bard! y be estimated at a smaller sum tiful yellow and own colours, and the than 100,0001. To effect therefore so latter in the greatest diversity of hues. desirable a purpose as that in view, it They are to stand both on woolleus and will be obvious that nothing 'short of a silks, though the stuffs have been wetted liberal sub-cription on the part of the and wrung out, and some of thein a veu public at large cao suffice.

wa-hed in caustic liquids. An eve-glass micrometer has been re The present state of politics did not cently contrived to measure the diameter lessen the number of typographical proof the filamients ct wool from different ductions exposed for sale at the last Leipfleeces, to the 10,000 h part of an inch. sic fair; but it is remarked, that the Thuis instrument promises to be of con intrinsic value of the works is yearly desiderable use in determining the compa- creasing. Political troubles having ocraive fineness of wools.

casioned a great decrease in the sale of In pursuance of a petition to the House books, writers and booksellers no longer of Commons, from the trustees of the dare publish solid works, but eagerly British Museum, Mr. GREVILLE's Col- comend for several kinds of frivolous lection of Mmerals has been valued by productions which have some vogue. Drs. Babington and Wollaston, C. Hatch. Some works, however, have been voticed ett, esg. and four other genilemen, who of superior merit, and worthy the atten.. repert, that the whole collection consists tion of Europe. The Mithrirlates of the of about 20,000 specimens; that the se- late Mr. Adelung has been just finished; ries of crystallized rubies, sapphires, eme Mr. Becker has published two new numralds, topazes, rubellites, diamonds, and bers of his Augusteum, or Description precious stones in general, as well as of the Dresden Gallery; Mr. Boettiger. the series of the various ores, far surpass has given the public a Commentary on the any that are known to them in the diffe- Aldobrandine Nuptials. The Universal rent European collections, and that the History of Literature, hy Eichhorn, is value of the whole is 13,7271, including drawing towards its conclusion; that of the cabinets, which cost 16001.

the Christian Church, by Hencke, is Harriet Wilson, a poor girl in Marsh- finished. The German Encyclopedia, lane, Leeds, some time ago had both begun by Krumitz, lias reached the 144th her arnis torn off by some machinery. volume ; Mathisou the poet, has publishBy be aid of soine kind friends she was ed, under the title of Recollections, some lately conveyed to town, introduced to sentinental and picturesque Journies. Mr. MORRISON, who obtamed the silver The Universal History, a posthumous medal and forty zuineas at the last meets work of Johannes von Müller, forins the ing of the Society of Arts, for inventing first number of the complete works of implements by which persons having lost that author: most of the sovereigns of their hands, may usefully assist them- the confederacy of the Rhine have fore, selves. By the use of chese implements bidden spurious "ditions, under severe this unfortunate can now feed' berself; penalties. There bas appeared a fifth and incredible as it may appear, there is volume of Nestor's Russian Annals, by a prospect of her writing legibly, at no Schlörzer. M. Wiebeking has given distant period, and of her being other. important Memoirs on IIydraulic Archiwise employed, so as to be able to con- tecture, especially concerning bridges, tribute to her own support,

quays, and piers. Six numbers of ana

cient Basso Relievos, by the late M. M. VIBORG, professor in the Royal Zoega, are published; and lastly, M Cotta Veterinary School, has published a dis- has been generous enough to publish all sertation on the use of horse-Aesh. This the proceedings of the Art of Engraving publication is said to have had the effect on Stone, the secret of which he has of introducing the use of this article as purchased. fond throughout Sweden, in conseqaence In belles lettres very few works have of wbich the butchers' shops are now been published; and the run after Mr. supplied with the carcases of horses, in Goethe's new novel entitled Elective addition to those of oxen. M. Viborg Atfinities, is a good deal slackened by assures his readers that the flesh of the the severe criticisms to which it has been horse, when roasted, is preferable to that exposed. Forty new editions or transof the ox..

lations of Latin and Greek authors were

offered

SWEDEN.

AFRICA.

offered for sale. The learned also remarked an edition of a Geripan poem of By vessels arrived from Goree and high antiquity, and highly interesting for Sierra Leone, we are enabled to state, the history of European languages; it is that so late as the month of March last, entitled the Song of the Nibelunges; but considerable hopes were entertained that its author, and the age in which it was the celebrated and enterprising Mungo written, are equally unknown.

Park, so often reported to have lost his Several writers have undertaken to life, was still alive. The ship Favourite, write the history of Arts and of Artists, of London, Captain Truman, is arrived especially that of Musicians; but few of at Plymouth from Goree. Previous to their productions lrave so much merit as the departure of that vessel, information the History of Painting in Italy, by Ric had been received at Senegal by a native penhausen ; and the Almanack of the of the Mandingn country, who accomFine Arts, which contains letters and panied Mr. Park as far into the interior inemoirs of artists residing in Rome, and as Sego and Sansanding, that he was edited by M. Sickler, a learned antiqua- alive in the inonth of January. Colonel : rian.

Maxwell, the governor of Senegal, had, The Berlin newspaper had announced in onsequence of this information, dithat the late Mr. Kilter had, previous to rected that a decked boat should iinmehis death, retracted his opinions on the diately be fitted out to proceed up the Rhabdomancia, or the art of finding wa- river Senegal, for the purpose of giving ter and metals bidien in the bosoin of assistance to Mr. Park in his indefatigable the earth, by means of a wand. These exertions in exploring the continent of papers have since contradicted their for. Africa. This account is further corromer assertion, and declared that this borated by a letter, dated in March last, otherwise learned man had persisted to received by a vessel from Sierra Leone, the last in those absurdities, despised by from Dr. Douglas, who writes as follows: all truly learned men.

“ Permit me to lay before you some ina Mr. D'Aretin has been discovered as formation respecting Mr. Mungo Park, the author of a literary trick, which was which I was favoured with frum an intele announcing in a newspaper a pretended ligent Mahomedan, whom I met at Goree, History of Academies, a work which does and who bad acted as a guide to Mr.' not exist, but by which nieans he had an Park, from the time of his landing on opportunity of attacking the Dresden the continent of Africa to his embarkaAcademy, of which he is a member. tion on the Niger. He states, that the

Augustus la Fontaine has given six or king of Seyo had shewn much favour to eight volumes of novels, in which he stilt Mr. Park, and that the report of his reproduces his family pictures, even to assassination there was untrue. He had satiety. Ini, a novel of the 21st century, passed far along the Niger without any by Julius Voss; Novels by Renbeck; molestation whatever from the natives. and Comic Stories, by Laun, have occa• My informant could not recollect the sioned some talk. Comic Stories have date of his embarkation on the Niger, the inost vogue. Still, however, there but thinks it must be about three years will be found in the Fair catalogue, a com- ago. Mr. Park had taken four months' petent number of banditti, conjurors, and provisions for himself and two followers, secret associations. In theatricals, there with whom he intended to proceed to is nothing remarkable.

the eastward, and onwards as far as the

Red Sea. Some travellers, who had fal. For several days towards the end of len in with his guide, informed him, that May, prodigiouscrowds of people thronged about two or three months subsequent the banks of the Tiber at Rome 10 wit- to Mr. Park's embarkation, he had been ness a singular phenomenon. A wind severely scorched in bis breast by the from Africa had brought thither au im- bursting of a gun while firing at some mense swarm of locusts. These insects, birds, hut that he passed Tombuctoo in having laid waste the country, began to the night by water." n ake war upon and devour one another, I he weaker party betook themselves to Several persons at Sydney, have begun flight, and being pursued by the conque- to cultivate the hop vine. A Mr. Squire, rors, threw themselves in myriads into in the year 1808, planted two acres, the Tiber, which, at times, was quite from which he gathered five hundred Bovered with them.

Çwt. of clear hops. Last year lie had four

acres

ITALY.

NEW HOLLAND.

acres in hops, which he poled about the in the course of a day and night. Seremiddle of November last; they continued ral hot days, however, so affected the to look remarkably well, the weather vines, that; though the crop was estimated being noist and favourable unuil the inid- at a ton, more than one-third dle of December, the perceptible growth of that quantity was obtained. of the rines being from 12 to 18 inches

not

REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS. .

a

"D, ibis Love;" or, The Masqueraders!.. "Be a good Boy, and take care of Yourself;".

Ceric Opera in Tbree Acts, as now performing a favourite Comic Song, sung wiib unbounded with universal applause 2! ibu Englisb' opero. applause at ibe Theatre Royal Covent Garden, Writien by James Kenny, esq. Composed by by Mr. Webb. Composed by J. W bilaker. M.P. King, esq. Jos. 6d.

This is a song of humour, and Mr. furnished to this opera, has af. tered into its style. In general, the air forded another evidence of his talent for is so happily appropriate, that it is not dramatic composition. The overture

easy to imagine that any other would is diversified in its movements, and have given the author's meaning with the pleasant in its general effect; while the same force; and this we deem the first focal parts of the 'work, though not and highest quality in comic melody. stamped with any extraordinary degree A Grand March, tbree Allemands, and three of novelty, are conceived with ingenuity,

Waltzes, for the Piano-forte or Harp. Compor and possess much character. The me

sed and Inscribed to Miss Cecilia Nassier, by lodies are clear and natural in their

Tbeodore Smitb, esq. fs. style; the basses are, in general, chosen Mr. Theodore Smith is so old and fair with judgment, and the piano-forte ac. a claimant upon our commendation, that soinpaniment is skilfully arranged. In it is with peculiar pleasure we re-enter a word, the public will find in 0, this upon the task of holding up his merits to Love !" seventy-nine - pages of music, the public. The present publication is basterly as to its degree of excellence, every way worthy his known ingenuing , and as familiar as operatical in its ge- and science. The inarch is bold and neral cast.

spirited, and the other pieces are sprightly The Minstrel's Tale;" or, Alice Brand; & and pleasing; while the whole serves to

Glee and Solo. Composed and dedicated to exhibit the man of superior talent, and Mrs. Walter Scoti, by Dr. J. Clarke, of Cam• the real master. bridge. 56..

The “Minstrel's Tale,” is comprised A Second Duct for tbe Harp and Piano-forte, or in four numbers, (five shillings each,)

Two Piano-fortes, as performed by the Ausbor which now lie before us. The words

and Miss Gautberot. Composed by, and dedi

cated to, tbe Miss Gautberots, by J. Woell are froni Mr. Scoti's last poem, the * Lady of the Lake," and are here pre Mr. Woeld has, in this second duet, sented to the public the form (to use kept pace with the taste and knowDr. Ciarke's words) of a “Glee and ledge of effect, so fully displayed in his Solo," but more accurately speakiny, in first. The passages are melodiously that of glees, duetts, and solos. We conceived, and the parts so judiciously have perused the whole with a sedulous arranged, as not only to set off each attention, and shall be found justified in other to the highest advartage, but to awarding it our warmest praise. The produce a most masterly combination. trios possess all the science that the Blancbe of Devan's Song, " They bid me Sleep, supplicity of style which the composer tbey bid me Pray;" ibe Poetry from the Lady has so properly prescribed to himself, of the Lake. Composed and dedicated to Mrša would fairly admit; and the other parts Campbell, by Dr. Clarke, of Cambridge. 25. are marked with an originality and

Ease and sweetness are so truly thie strength of feature, thai place Dr. characteristics of this song, that it will Clarke's powers ir this species of com- not, we trust, fail to bignily please the pirition very high. We should not be lovers of simplicity and nature in me. just to Mr. Phipps, the publisher, were lody. Where the sentiment of the po. we to disiniss this work without observe etry is truly given, and the ear soothed ing, that he has brought it out with une and gratified, fastidious must those be common neatness and accuracy.

who can withhold their commevdation.

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