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On Monday, the 19th ult. Mr. Carlisle that he has included Sir Joshua Reycommenced his course of anatomical nolds among the old masters, who canlectures at the Royal Academy, which not possibly suffer by the connexion. shall be noticed in our next; as shall be At the annual meeting of the Royal the Rev. Mr. Foster's new Number of Academy, on the 5th ult. Mr. G. Arhis elegant selection from the works of vald, landscape painter, was elected: the best wasters; and we are glad to see Associate.

PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.

NR. MICHAEL SHANNON'S, (BERWICKof the cock and pipe, and by this means

STREET, LONDON,) for Improvements the wort is kept hot, and repeatedly pase in the Art of Brewing:

sed through the grain until the strength IN N the specification, giving an account of the inalt is entirely extracted. And

of these improvements, we have out- whenever it may be found necessary and lined drawings exhibiting representations expedient to cause the water, liquor, or of the machinery, seen on different sides. wort, to pass down the infusing vessel From the lower part of the copper is a instead of upwards, it will then he only, communication, through a cock and pipe, necessary that one set of cocks should be into a box or chamber from which there shut, and another set opened, and in that are five communications, viz. one through situation the heated water will be forced * cock to empty it; another to the bottom up the pipe, and downwards through the of the infusing vessel to draw off the con- vessel; out of which it will pass into the lents; another to the top of the infusing boiler, by a reverse operation; in this vessel; one with a pump, worked by the case, it will he needful io keep the cock tirst mover; and another with the air shut, until the infusing vessel is filled with vesse), which keeps up a constant re-action liquor. By these improvements, the when required. The infusing vessel may wort may be made as strong as the probe made of different forms and materials, portions of materials will allow; the inbut it is recon!mended, by way of prefere convenient and imperfect operation of ence, that ie should be cylindrical, and of mashing is avoided, and the sprout, or wood, and it is to be provided with two exhausted grain, may be afterwards' false bottoms, or perforated partitions, drawn out with great facility and saving one near each extremity, for the purpose of labour. A like apparatus may be of allowing the liquor or wort to pass applied for passing the wort through more freely into and out of the same, hops, instead of boiling, in case the saine during the time of operating. The pro- should be preferred, either for purposes cess is described as follows: Malt is put of economy, or giving a peculiar strength into the infusing vessel, which in must or difference of flavour to the liquor by cases may be filled, or nearly filled, with this method, the same, excepting between the false bottoms or perforated partitions and the MR. CHARLES WILLIAMS'S,(GRAVEL-LANE, end thereof, and the water is to be put in LONDON,) for a Machine for Grinding due quantity into the boiler, and heat ap- Malt, 8c. plied as usual. When the water is suffi. The machine, or mill, used on this oce ciently hot, it is to be so applied by means casion, is composed of a cylindrical or of the cocks and pipes above described, conical roller, inade of cast-iron, or any that it will rise through the malt to the other metal, with grooves cut in it in an level in the boiler ; but it would not pass oblique or parallel direction: this roller through if it were not for the puinp, which acts against loose knives, made of har. is, at the same time, to be worked by any' dened steel, and screwed together so as adequate and convenient first-inover, to form the same curve as the roller. and it draws the water through a lower These loose knives, or cutters, may be valve; and, at its returning stroke, forces taken out and ground, or sharpened, at it through an upper valve, placed within pleasure. In the margin of Mi. Willie the receptacle on each end of the barrel. ams's specification, is a drawing of the By this action the hot water is forced elevation of the mill. The roller is put gradually through the malt in a constant in motion by a steam-engine, or any ocher stream, the air escaping through a pipe, power; which roller acts against the which returns through the boiler by means knives or cutters, fixed in a parallel dio

rection

meter.

rection with the roller. The malt, or of them may be subject to as little, and other substance, to be ground, passes be- the other as much, variation in length as tween the rollers and the cutters. There possible, when heated or cooled; possesis an adjusting screw to keep the role sing at the same time such other properler at a proper distance from the knives. ties as render them of convenient appliThere are two levers that act against cation. I do, therefore, generally make the brasses of the hearing of the roller,

use of brass and wooden rods, or, as beand keep the roller up to its work ing more convenient, a brass tube and A farther use of these levers, is to admit wooden rod, which are hereinafter more and allow the roller to rise up, when any particularly described as follows: that is thing gets between it and the knives, to say, I make a brass tube of any con. that by its hardness might injure the one

venient length and diameter. The length or the other, and let it pass through; the of the said tube I generally inake equal roller will then fall into its former sta. to the length of the oven to which the tion. There are weights inade to slide therinometer is intended to be applied, on the levers, so that they may be ad- and about an inch and a quarter in diajusted, and more weight not perinitted to

Into the said brass tube I intro. act against the roller than is sufficient to duce a wooden rod, made of fir, or any keep it to its work. The roller and other very straigh-grained' wood; the cutters are worked upon a carriage, wooden rod being nearly of the same which carriage may be made of divers length as the brass tube, and of such a fornis. Besides the figure already de: diameter as to slide freely backward and scribed, there are others exhibiting the forward in the brass tube without stickspindle, to which the inoving-power is to ing. The said brass tube and wooden be applied; the sliding brasses for the rod, are firmly fixed to cach other at one roller to work in; the double-wired end, so that if any expansion or contracscreen, to take the rubbish and dust from tion arising from a change of tempera. the malt, or other matter. The upper ture, takes place in the brass tube, that wire is coarse enough to let the malt, or change of temperature will be indicated other matter, through, and the bottom at the other end by the increase or one to take out the dust. There is a decrease of the length of the brass tube, beater fixed on the screen to act against when compared with that of the wooden projections on the roller, to give motion rod, the said rod having a scale fixed to the screen to shake the mait, or other, thereon for that purpose. But as the matter: there is also a spout to clear divisions upon the said scale, when sa the top screen of the rubbish, and a contracted, are too minute to be easily hopper fixed at the top of the screen, in made, or distinctiy observed, I prefer a which is put a wire to take out the scale with larger divisions, which I obthickest of the rubbish.

tain by applying a lever, or a combina

tion of levers, according to the wellMR. STEPEN Hooper's, (WALWORTI,) known methods now in use for construcfor u Thermometer for ascertaining the ling pyrometers, or by a rack and pinion; Heut of Bakers' Odens, and various other

in which case I affix a rack to the end of purposes.

the brass tube, and cause the said rack The principle of this instrument con

to turn a small pinion;

the axis sists in the comparative degree of expân- of the said pinion I place a hand, or sion, or contraction, which takes place index, which points the degree of expan. in different substances, when these sube sion or heat upon a circular plate, pro. stances are exposed to different degrees perly divided. The said pinion and of temperature; and, in order to reduce plate, in which the axis of the pinion this to practice, the instrument is con- turns, are affixed to ihe wooden rod." structed as follows, which we shall give Mr. Hooper next describes the mode in the patentee's own words: “I make of using his thermometer, when applied use of iwo rods, bars, or tubes, of any

to bakers' ovens: that is, he causes a convenient length and shape; and the sube channel, or hole, to be marie in the bricks stances of which these rods are made are

work, about six inches below, and paral such, that one of them is subject to a

lel with the bottom of the oven, extend. greater degree of expansion or contrac. ing from the mouth to the farther side of tion than the other, when exposed to dif

it, in such a direction as that a vertical ferent degrees of temperature; or, in other plane passing through the channel, would words, I chuse such substances, that one

nearly bisect the oven door. The instru..

and upon

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mnent is introduced into this hole, leaving dried and put into a retort, well secured, The index end exposed to view below the placed in a sand furnace, and exposed door of the oven; the channel may, how. eighteen hours to a fire sufficiently strong ever, he made in any other convenient for sublimation; after this, the calx is to part of the oven.

he separated from the sublimed matter,

To this sublimate, an equal quantity of R. MAVER OPPENHEINI'S, (LONDON,) for sal-ammoniac is to be added, and again a Red Transparent Glass.

levigated in the same nianner as before The nature of this invention may be directed. The mixture is to be brought thus described: We are directed to take back into the retort, and a fire applied of the materials that compound the flint- that shall be strong enough to convert glass, to purify thein, and to add to them the braun-stein to a liquid. Of this an equal quantity of brann-stein, or liquid, half an ounce is to be taken, and braun-stein, a species, we presume, of to this thirty grains of dissolved Dutch manganese ore; inix them well together, gold are to be added. This quantity is and place them in a reverberatory fur: to be mixed with every pound of the nace for thirty-six hours, when the calcie fint materials, and the mixture being pation will be completed. This calcina. placed in a reverberatory furnace, there tion must be cohobated, or repeatedly will be produced a white fint glass, exposed to the action of warm water, till which, on a second exposure to the same no saline particles remain, when it may heat, will be red and transparent. be dried, and an equal quantity of sal. The above-named compounds of the ammoniac put to it; and it is then to be flint-glass, contain two paris of lead, one levigated, or reduced to powder, by the part of sand, and one part of saltpetra help of distilled vinegar. It is now to be or borax,

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VARIETIES, LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL.

Including Notices of Works in Hund, Domestic and Foreign.
Authentic Communications for this Article will always be thankfully received.
R. Drake will shortly publish, in will make its appearance in the course

. ,
the Gleaner, a selection of the best Nr. CHITTY, of the Middle Temple,
essays from those periodical papers has announced his intention of delivering
which have not been included in the last immediately after Michaelmas Term,
edition of the British Essayists. It will a practical course of Lectures on Com-
be elegantly printed on demy, and on mercial Law. This series will compre•
royal paper, to match with the recent hend dissertations from the best writers
8vo. editions of the Tailer, Spectator, and on the Lex Mercatoria among nations,
Guardian; and will afterwards be re- as acknowledged by our municipal law;
printed uniforin with the British Essayists. on the comercial privileges and dis.

A Life of the late Arthur Morphy, esg. abilities of aliens; on the inodes adopted by: JESSE Poot, esq. his executor, is in by the different branches of the British the press. It will forin a quarto vnc legislature for the promotion and regulume, aud contain the Epistolary Corre- lation of foreign and domestic commerce; spondence of Mr. Murphy with many and on the spirit and effect of all the distinguished persons, during a period of various mercainile contracts. The ob. more than fifty years,

ject of these lectures is not only to assist, An Account of the Isle of Man, come by their practical utility, the different prising its history, antiquities, and pre. members of the legal profession, but also sent state, froin the pen of Mr. GEORGE to arrange these extensive and important Woods, will be ready for publication in a branches of the British Constitution in a few weeks,

clear and comprehensive point of view, The History of Lynn, civil, commercial, for the information of those gentlemen biographical, political, and military, from who may he preparing to embark either the earliest accounts to the present time, in commercial pursuits, or in the public by WILLIAN RICHARDS, `A. M. will service of their country. The lectures shoryly be completed in one large 8vo. will be delivered twice a week, in the volume.

eveninys of Monday and Thursday, in Mr, MARRAT's work on Mechanics, Lincolu's Inu Ilall, which the Honourable

Suçiely

Society hare liberally permitted the use the press, a new and enlarged edition of of, in furtherance of Mr. Chitty's plan. a Brief Examination into the Increase of

The Rev. Mr. Dayres, of Campton the Commerce and Revenue of Great Academy, is printing a collection of Britain, brought down to the present Reading Exercises for Youth of both time. Sexes.

On the first of January will be pubDr. GEORGE Rees is preparing for the lished the first Number of a new edition press, a new edition of his book on Disa of the Buok of Common Prayer, printed orders of the Stomach, in which many on a large new beautiful type, and ems, additional cases and important observa. bellished with elegant engravings, with tions will be introduced.

Notes illustrative and commentary, by Mr. Cary is engraving on ten folio the Rev. J. Cookson, M. A. rector of plates, a Portraiture of the Heavens as Colman, and Prior's Deaii, &c. they appear to the naked Eye, con- Mr. Myers, of the Royal Military structed for the use of students in astrono. Academy, will shortly complete an Ine my, by the Rev. Francis Wollaston, F.R.S. troduction to Historical, Physical, and

Sir Richard Phillips having had Political Geography ; accompanied with his attention called to the subject of maps, and adapied to the higher classes Grand and Petrit Juries while he was of pupils, under both public and private serving the office of Sheriff, is about to tuition. Mr. M.'s inducement to this print some practical Instructions to assist undertaking, and his guide in its accomJuries in the correct discharge of their plishment, has been utility; and to ate important duties.

tain this object he has condensed into On the first of January will be puh. one moderate-sized octavo volume, the lished, a Description of the ancient Tera most valuable matter of more extensive racottas in the British Museum, by Tay- systeins.

In the construction of the LOR COMBE, esq. illustrated with forty- maps, particular attention is paid to one places, engraved after the drawings simplicity, perspicuity, and accuracy; of William Alexander, esq.

and it is presumed that these qualities, Chronological Memoirs of Mahoin- so essential in every elementary treatise, medan History, from its earliest period will be found to prevail in a superior de. to the establishinent of the House of gree throughout the whole performance. Teymur in Hindoostan, is in great fore The Rev. Josiau Pratt, who has wardness, translated from the Persian recently published a collection of the by D. Price, esq. of the Bombay Mili- Works of Bishop Hall, is engaged on a fary Establishment..

Life of that prelate ; but he is not able Preparing for the press, an extensive

any

time for the appearance of the Military Historical Work, in quarto, by publication, as from the nature of the Captain T. H. Cooper, author of the materials and their bearings on the history Light Infantry Guide, Military Cabinet, of religion in England, and on many &c.; heing a collection of all the land points warmly controverted at the prebattles fought in the Messenian, Ly.li. sent day, much research and delibera. an, Sacred, Peloponnesian, Corinthian, tion are required. Hetruscan, Tarentine, Punic, Sardi- The public may shortly expect a Life wan, Social, Macedonian, Jugurthine, of Sir Michael Forster, one of the Judges Mithridatic, Civil, Servile, Peruvian, of the Court of King's Bench, ariginally and other wars, froin the foundation of written for the new edition of the BiograRome to the birih of Christ; einbellished phia Britannica, hile that work was under with about eighty plans of the principal the superintendance of the late Dr. battles, and maps shewing the routes and Kipps. places of actions, &c. &c.

Mr. MALCOLM has in the press, a new The Jubilee, or the Disappointed voluine of Anecdotes of the Manners, Poet, in a series of elegies, by PETER Custoins, Dress, Amusements, &c. of the Pindar, esq. is in preparation for the Citizens of London, from the time of the press.

Romans to 1699. A Treatise on some practical Points Mr. Cromek will speedily publish, relating to the Diseases of the Eye, hy Remains of Nithsdale and Galloway the late J. C. SAUNDERS, esq. is in the Song, with historical and traditional press. It will be illustrated by coloured notices relative to the Manners and Cuse engravings, and contain a short account tums of the Peasantry. of the author's life, with an engraving

A new edition of Toplady's Historic from a portrait hy Devis.

Proof of the Doctrinal Calvinisin of the The Right Ilan. GEORGE Rose has in Church of England, including a brief

account

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account of eminent persons before and The engravings for a Chinese Dice since the Reformation, in two large volumes tionary, of about seven thousand charac. quarto, embellished with two hundred ters, are commenced under the superina portraits, will be published in the course tendance of Dr. MONTUCCI. The work of the ensuing year.

will be translated into Latin, French, Mr. J. CARTER is making a series of and Englisti, in compliance with the dea Drawings of York Cathedral, for Sir M. sire of the East India Company, and will, Sykes, hart ; which, when finished, will it is hoped, be completed in five years. form the largest and most elaborate un- Sir ROBERT Wilson bas in the press, dertaking of the kind yet gone into in this in one volume quarto, Brief Remarks on kingdon. The drawings already finished the Character and Composition of the (and done to the Society of Antiquaries' Russian Army, and a sketch of the Cam. Cathedral scale) are, I. Plan; 11. Foune paign in Poland in 1806 and 7, from obe dation ditto ; III. West Elevation; IV. servations inade by him when he accomDetail of ditto to a larger scale; y, panied Lord Hutchinson to the head, South Side; VI, Detail of ditto to a larger quarters of the Emperor Alexander. scale; VII. Longitudinal section, from In our last an intention was announced West to East. Size of the drawings,

to indict certain persons for conspiring S feet 3 inches by ? feet.

against the property of the Medical Mr. SMART is preparing for the press,

Journal. The crime, however, has cara Guide to Parsing; whichi

, it is ex- ried its punishment so fully along with pected, will furnish material assistance it, chat an appeal to law would be thought to the study of English grammar, and

vindicrive and cruel. Of the New Me. the above necessary exercise, particu- dical and Physical Journal, as it is callJarly in school classes, Mr. Murray's ed, we are assured that not a hundred arrangement will be followed.

copies were sold, perhaps not fifty, or Mr. Jonnes, of Hafod, has engaged not enough to pay for the fine paper Mr. Stothard, the Royal Academician, to used for the covers; whereas of the Me. paint some splendid decorations at his dical and Physicul Journal, not only the seat, which are already begun.

regular number of copies was sold last Mr. GUTci, of Bristol, has published month, but also nearly fifty, copies in a Catalugue of Books, including nume

addition to the usual number! Such is mous rare and curious articles, selected the confidence of the faculty in the edifrom the libraries of the late John Innys, tors, Dr. Fothergill and Mr. Royston, esq., Rev. J. Whitaker, Richard Gough, and such the sense of justice in an enesq., Mr. Woolmer, of Exeter, Robert lightened public! Jones Allard, esq. &c. Such an exten- Mr. Manning is now at Canton, in sive collection is highly creditable to the China, and has been there five years, bookseller, as well as to the citizens of learning the language, in the dress of the Bristol, who have by their encourage country, with a view to penetrate the ment stimulated him in his endeavours, interior. It is an able man, and has so We are happy to see such establishments adapted himself to the manners and meet with success in most of our principal feelings of the Chinese, that he is scarcely provincial cities and towns.

to be distinguished from the natives, The Rev. J. Fawcett has in the press, even by natives. We understand that the Devotional Family Bible, with co

a native Chinese lady is now in London, pious notes and illustrations, partly ori. but she lives in retirement. ginal and partly selected from the most From the very extraordinary produce approveit expositors, ancient and modern, of one potatoe planted whole, it is evie with a devotional exercise at the end of dent that the cultivation of that useful every chapter. It will be comprised in root in this country, is merely in its intwo volumes quarto.

fancy. In the latter end of June last, Mr. Charles Eichhory will shortly a gentleman residing in Sloane-square, put to press, a translation of Gessner's planted in his garden a new species of pastoral novel, entitled Daphnis, intended potatoe, which he brought last spring for the use of German and English scho-- from the "Alleghany mountains in North lars, with an interlineary translation, Arnerica ; and, by a peculiar mode of and the English elegantly rendered at the cultivation, there grew from the original foot of each page.

parent upwards of one hundred stems, Dr. Hooper will

, in a few days, publish each measuring in length about six the first fasciculus of his long-promised feet six inches. Lately tliese steins Anatomical Atlas.

were dug, when the produce weighed

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