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231b. whereas the seed potatoe did not been completely successful in several weigh quite two ounces. Each of the parts of the district of Tarascon, situpotatoes, on an average, measured six ated not less than ten miles from the inches in length, and the same in circum- coast, and it has been found the most ference. It is of a red colour, and is re profitable crop that could be raised. markably dry and mealy.

One hectare has produced 22 quintals The small bells set a-ringing by means

of matter,

at 180 francs per quintal; of De Luc's electric column, continued and 90 hectolitres of seed, at 24 francs ringing on the evening of the 24th of Au- each, making a total of 6120 francs; gust, and had been doing so, without while the expences amount only to 774. stopping, for a period of 152 days and a Moist soils, and those contiguous to thens, hall. This long continuance renders it have always been found most favournot improbable that the weight of the able to this culture; but the distance of clapper may be so adapted to the power this successful experiment from the sea of the apparatus, as to cause sınall bells renders it remarkable. to continue ringing for years together without intermission.

It is in contemplation to extend tie Sir H. C. ENGLEFIELD recommends plan of the institution established at a new mountain barometer, in which the Vienna, by the appellation of the cistern has a bottom of leather, on which Oriental Academy. It was founded in a screw presses in the usual mode, so as 1754, by Prince Kaunitz, then prime to force the mercury nearly to the top of minister, under the auspices of the Emthe tube when packed for carriage. press Maria Theresa. It has produced This screw is to be unscrewed as far as a considerable number of eminentoriental it can, when the barometer is prepared scholars, many of whom have been ems for use; and the leather bag is so ad- ployed in tire legation to Constantinople, justed, that there can be no reason to and published many works of great infear that the capacity of the cistern thus terest on Eastern literature. unscrewed for use, will ever be sensibly The University of Halle has received different from itself at different times. an augmentation of its allowances, to be

Dr. SATTERLEY's Course of Clinical expended on the library, the botanic instruction, at the Middlesex Hospital, garden, the cabinet of natural history, began on the first of November.

and the salaries of professors. The Dr. Young will begin, in February, number of young students expected in at the same Hospital, a Course of Lec- that university will be increased by those tures on Physiology, and on the most from Prussia, the government having important parts of the Practice of Physic, given all its subjects permission to free

The annual Courses of Lectures, at quent this seat of learning. the Surry Institution, Blackfriar's Bridge, According to accounts from Illyrian commenced on the fifteenth ult. and will Carinthia, a terrible rain-spout descended be continued every succeeding Monday on the night between the 27th and 28th and Thursday evenings, at seven o'clock, of August, at Hermajor and its vicinity, during the season. The following gen. threatening destruction to the whole tlemen have been engaged for the re- village. The water flowed into the spective departments, viz. : Zoology, and its neighbourhood so GEORGE Shaw, M.D.F.R.S.; Music, high, as to penetrate the windows of the Mr. S. WESLEY ; Zoonomy, John Ma: first floors.

More than fifty persons. sox Gnod, esq.; the Cheinistry of the were hurried away by the torrent; many Arts, FREDERIC Accum, M.R.I.A.; of whom were alive, and called piteously Natural Philosophy and Astronomy, Mr. for assistance, which no one could afHARDIE.

ford. All the bridges, and twelve houses, Mr. Singer's Lectures on the Expe- were washed away, and a great quantity rimental Sciences, will recommence in of cattle perished in the fields. a short time at the lustitution, No. 3, A Bavarian engineer has invented a Prince's-street, Cavendish-square. The method of constructing woorden bridges, object of this establishment, is to fa- which, for strength and solidity, promise cilitare the attainment of experimental a duration of several centuries. They knowledge, by combining the advantages are likewise remarkable for the elegance of private insiruction with the facility of of their firm and the width of their arches. public lectures.

One cousisting of a single arch 200 feet

wide has been thrown over the river The cultivation of the soda-plant bas Roth. Anviher 286 feet wide has been



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made for a large city. The arches diay the famous wine called Lachryma Christia be so constructed as to admit ships of from the hermitage to the foot of the war, or merchant vessels, to pass through cave, there is a Tong quarter of a league rhein, an aperture being made in the of road, tolerably good; but in order to centre which can be opened and shut at reach from thence the crater, it is neces. pleasure. The bridges may be taken to sary to climba inountain of cinders, where pieces in two days, if necessary, to stop at every step you sink up to the inido the progress of an enemy, or for any other leg. It took iný companions, myself, purpose.

and our guides, two hours to make this

a cent; and it was already midnight An account of a new and dreadful when we reached the craier. The fire eruption of Vesuvius, is given in the fol- of the volcano served us for a corch ; lowing letter from Naples, dated Sep- the noise had totally ceased for two tember 24:--The recent eruption will hours; the flame had also considerably make the year 1810 an epuch in the an- decreased: these circumstances aug. nals of Vesuvius, on account of the man. inented our security, and supplied us per in which it began, and the disasters with the necessary confidence in trait has produced. It is considered as a versing such dangerous ground. We apvery extraordinary circumstance that proached as near as the heat would perthis eruption was not preceded by the mit, and set fire to the sticks of our guides osual indications; every convulsion of in the Java, which slowly ran through Vesuvius being previously announced by the hollows of the crater. The surface the drying-up of the wells of Naples. of this inflamed matter nearly resembles This phenomenon did not take place on metal in a state of fasjon; but as it this occasion; and, to the great surprise flows, it carries a kind of scum, which of the inhabitants, Vesuvius began to hardens as it cools, and then forms masses emit flames on the night of the 10th of of scoria, which dash against each other, September. On the morning of the 11th, and roll, all on fire, with noise, to the the flames became more intense, and foot of the mountain. Strong fumes of the lava began to flow from the east sulphuric acid gas arise in abundance and south-east sides of the mountain. from these scoria, and by their caustic Towards evening the conflagration in- and penetrating qualities render respi. creased, and about twilight two grand ration difficult. We seemed to be pretty streains of fire were seen to flow down secure in this situation, and were far the ridge of the volcano : night produced from thinking of retiring, when a frighte no change in this state of things. On ful explosion, which projected into the the morning of the 19th, a hollow sound air fragments of burning rocks to the was heard, and kept increasing; the fire distance of more than 100 fathoms, re. and smoke likewise augmented in inten- minded us of the danger to which we sity, and towards evening the horizon were exposed. None of us hesitated a was obscured.

The breeze, usual in moment to retreat; and in five minutes these parts, having blown from the south. we cleared in our descent a space east, dissipated ihe accumulated clouds. which we had taken two hours to climb, The mountain continued to vomit lava We had not reached the hermitage before and a dense smoke, which even at a a noise more frightful than ever was distance was strongly sulphureous; the heard; and the volcano, in all its fury, hollow noise in the sides of the mountain began to throw up a mass equal to some continued to increase. Curious to wit- thousand cart-loads of stones, and fragness, as near as possible, one of the most ments of burning rocks, with a force astonishing phenoinena of nature, and which it would be difficult to calculate. furgetting the misfortune of Pliny, I set As the projection was vertical, almost out from Naples, and at eight in the the whole of this burning mass fell back evening I reached Portici. From thence again into the mouth of the volcano, to the summit of the mountain, the road which vomiied it forth anew to receive is long and ditlicult. About half way it again, with the exception of some there is a hermitage, which has long at fragments, which, ilying off, fell at a dis. forned refuge and shelter to the traveller; tance, and alarmed the inquisitive speca good hermit has there fixed bis resi- tator. The 13th commenced with nearly dence, and for a moderate sum furnishes the saine appearances as those of the refreshments, which to the fatigued tra. preceding day. The volcano was tranquil, velier are worth their weight in gold. and the lava ran slowly in the channels The environs of this hermitage produce which it liad formed during the night;


but, at four in the afternoon, a frightful island ; several houses, unable to resist and continued noise, accompanied with its violence, were thrown down, and frequent explosions, announced a new inany others were greatly damaged ; and eruption; the shocks of the volcano were such persons as sought safety in the open so violent, that at Castel Uovo, built air were dashed to the ground. Hitherto upon a rock, where I then was, at the the calamity liad been confined in its distance of near four leagues, I felt ose effects, and though great injury had been cillations similar to those produced by an sustained, we had to congratulate ourearthquake. At five o'clock the eruption selves on the loss of few lives; but we commenced, and continued during the were yet to witness a most dreadful specgreater part of the night. This time tacle. On the 12th at mid-day, a hollow the burning matter flowed down all the rumbling sound was heard, the clouds sides of the mountain, with a force bi- gathered, and the wind was hushed into therto unprecedented; all Vesuvius was silence; the rocking returned, and in a on fire, and the lava has caused the great- few minutes after, the village of Cozas, est losses; houses and whole estates situated on a plain, comprising twentya have been overwhelmed ; and at this day 'two houses, was swallowed up, and in families in tears, and reduced to despair, the spot where it stood a lake of boiling search in vain for the inheritance of their water gushed forth, Many of the unancestors, buried under the destroying fortunate inhabitants, who had previously lava,

At ten at night, the hermitage retired to the elevated ground, beheld was no longer accessible: a river of fire the sight with a degree of horror and had obstructed the road. The districts amazement, which enchained all their situated on the south-east quarter of the faculties; their whole property swept mountain were doomed to suffer still away in a few minutes, and in the placa more. Mount Vesuvius was now but one where their once beautiful gardens and vast flame; and the mariner, at a prodi- flourishing orchards stood, nought now gious distance, might contemplate at appeared but a vast expanse of water. leisure this terrific illumination of nature. About thirty-two persons, it is calcula.

The scarcity of oil at Venice, in 1807, ted, have lost their lives by this awful occasioned by the destruction of the olive- and calamitous event, and cattle and trees, during the war, led to the intro- property to a considerable amount are deduction into that state of the Chinese stroyed. A great degree of alarm conradish, which has, of late, been culti- tinues to pervade the whole island, as on vated there with great success. The oil the east side an orifice has been disco. is represented to be superior to any al- vered, resembling the crater of a volcano, ready known, not merely for the table, and out of which flames occasionally but for burning, and many medical pur- burst. Hitherto they have been unacposes, especially in pulmonary and rheu- companied by any ejection of volcanic matic affections, and in pleurisies and matter." convulsive coughs.

In the evening of April 8, two suco A letter from St. Michael, one of the cessive shocks of an earthquake were Azores, dated August 24, gives the folo distinctly felt in Calcutta and its vicinity. lowing account of the destructive effectsThe time was between twenty and twenof an earthquake, lately experienced in ty-five minutes past seven, and the dus that island. « One of those dreadful ration of each succession was estimated phenoinena never witnessed in your at from six to thirty seconds. The via country, has plonged many here in una brations appeared at first to pass in a speakable wretchedness and affliction, line from north-cast to south-west, and and continues to occasion great terror to then to return in an opposite direction. all the inhabitants of this island. On Reports from various stations in the lower the 11th of August, at ten P. M. slight parts of Bengal, as far up as Moorshedashocks of an earthquake were felt at in- bad, mention the occurrence of a similar tervals of a few minutes for four hours. phenomenon, nearly at the same hour. During this time the inhabitants, under By a letter from Ramnuger, the vibran the influence of alarm for their personal tion is stated to have been felt there at safety as well as property, were running half-pasi seven, and to have continued to and fro in the greatest distress. Bee for an unusually long time. At Guttaul, tween two and three a dreadful rocking the shock distinctly repeated was experienced throughout the whole thrice. MONTHLY MAG, No. 206.














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