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Of Mr. Close's Sermon we need say nothing. We class it with Mr. Hoare's series, merely to intimate that sermons of this kind appear to us not only of great local value, but highly seasonable as contributions to the Church. Would that the example of Mr. Close and Mr. Hoare were more generally followed. “Have we forgotten the history of the Reformation? Is ' the Preservative against Popery’ buried in oblivion and unmerited neglect ? Do we remember Mede, and Chillingworth, and Hooker, and Tillotson, and Hoadley, and Sherlock? Can we pass by the phalanx of statesmen, and bishops, and lawyers, who stood forth in 1688 ?” ...“ The spirit of the system of Popery yet remains unaltered in its great and leading principles. If it perishes, it will perish altogether.”
THE UNITY OF THE CHURCH: a Sermon preached at St.
Peter's Church, Brighton, on Thursday, December 10, 1840, at the Annual Meeting of the Chichester Diocesan Association: with some Introductory Remarks on Uniformity. By JULIUS CHARLES HARE, Archdeacon of Lewes. London: Parker.
1845. “ The rock on which we are splitting now, as we have been again and again, ever since our Church asserted her national independence at the Reformation, is the notion that the only way of preserving the unity of the Church is by enforcing a rigid uniformity.” ..... This notion has been maintained with a singular consistency and pertinacity by the chief part of the persons who have been called to exercise authority in our Church during the last three centuries; and the recent agitation has shown how widely it is spread at this day. Were a judgment formed from the opinions which have found vent on this occasion, on whatsoever side, and from whatsoever position, at least among the clergy, it would seem to be held by all as an uncontroverted and incontrovertible truth, a truth so plain and self-evident as to need no argument for its demonstration ; which in one point of view is lucky for it, as assuredly it is indemonstrable."
Such is the key-note of these able documents. It may not be too late to recommend them to the attention of some of our readers, and we heartily pray that the great essential principle which the excellent archdeacon labours to establish, the counter-truth“ One Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all ” may develope itself more and more in the high places of our Church.
Pursuits of Literature.
QUESTIONS AND PRACTICAL REMARKS ON THE POR.
TIONS OF SCRIPTURE SELECTED AS THE GOSPEL FOR EACH SUNDAY IN THE YEAR. By the Author of “ Bible Stories ; ” “ Questions on the Epistles," &c. London :
Hatchards. 1845. SUNDAY EXERCISES ON THE MORNING AND EVENING
SERVICES OF THE CHURCH. For the Instruction of Young Persons. By the Rev. B. E. Nichols, M.A. of Queen's College, Cambridge, and Curate of Walthamstow, Essex. Lon
don : Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. A COURSE OF SCRIPTURE LESSONS FOR SUNDAY AND NATIONAL SCHOOLS: embracing a Period of Three
Years. With Prefatory Remarks on Scriptural Instruction, and Hints to Sunday School Teachers. By the Rev. WILLIAM Dalton, A.M., Incumbent of St. Paul's Church, Wolverhampton. London: Hamilton.
It may be a service to some of our readers to recommend to them the above manuals. They will find them valuable helps in the important work of Sunday School instruction.
- In the education of children in our National and Sunday Schools,” Mr. Dalton has well remarked, “ there is often an absence of a well-defined system. The Bible itself is frequently used as a mere lesson-book, in which the children are taught to read, without receiving distinct views of divine truth : or if it be made the medium of holy instruction, the lessons are too generally conveyed in a desultory manner—the links of divine revelation are neglected and the child leaves school without even a clear outline of Bible history." The remark applies with almost equal force to the Prayer-Book. Nothing can be more unsatisfactory than the mere memoriter piecemeal tasks of many Sunday schools. They are forgotten almost as soon as learnt, and no more consistent view is obtained of the services of the Church than of the books of scripture. We have therefore classed together the above manuals, the two last of which have already obtained a considerable circulation. The first we owe to the author of “ Questions and Practical Remarks on the Portions of Scripture selected as the Epistle for each Sunday in the Year.” (Hatchards.) The writer “ has been encouraged in her work, by the assurance of some clerical friends, who are foremost in efficient and affectionate superintendence of their Sunday schools, that relief was given to their minds when
they were enabled to supply their young coadjutors in the office of teaching, with authorized explanations, from which no wide departure would be made.” We cannot doubt but the helps she has furnished will, judiciously used, be of great service.
bendary ber, D.D.,th an Intro
STORIES OF THE PRIMITIVE AND EARLY CHURCH.
By Sophia WOODROOFFE. Edited with an Introduction to the Subject, by G. S. FABER, D.D., Master of Sherburne Hospital, and Prebendary of Salisbury. London: Seeleys.
1845. OUTLINES OF CHURCH HISTORY. By the Author of
“ Early Recollections,” &c. London: Seeleys. 1845. GLIMPSES OF THE DARK AGES. Religious Tract Society.
Monthly Series. 1846. D'AUBIGNE'S HISTORY OF THE GREAT REFORMATION.
Abridged by EdwARD DALTON, Secretary of the Protestant Association. Vol. 1. (Being an Abridgement of the three first
Vols.) London : Protestant Association. Dalton. 1843. THE COUNCIL OF TRENT: comprising an Account of the
Proceedings of that Assembly: and illustrating the Spirit and Tendency of Popery. London: Religious Tract Society.
In the above manuals—at the cost of a few shillings—the judicious tutor or parent will find a body of valuable matter for an initiatory course in Church History—a study for the young of deeper interest and importance than any other we could name, excepting that of which indeed it is but a branch or continuation, the moral history of mankind as recorded in Holy Writ. It is much to be regretted that the attention of youth is so little directed to this study, and we have thought that it might be serviceable, perhaps, to point out a few outlines as first helps. The above might be read as a connected series, and would be found to present a very comprehensive sketch of ecclesiastical annals from the first age to the Council of Trent, embodying,—Biographical Notices in Miss Woodrooffe’s volume--a connected view in the “ Outlines,”—the Dark Ages in the third volume, (a very happy specimen of the Tract Society's Monthly Series),--the Reformation in Mr. Dalton's valuable abridgment of D’Aubigné,-and, as connected with it, a portraiture of Popery in the Tract Society's abridged outline
of the Church this: Profane histortion would b
of the Council of Trent. The times appear to us to demand that the history of the Church should now be thoroughly studied; and we are persuaded that no branch of education would better repay early attention than this. Profane history has had its day,—the history of the Church must now take its place, or, rather, render it tributary and conducive to its only proper end,—the illustration of God's Providence, and an exposition of the scheme of prophecy as contained in holy scripture. We rejoice to observe that there are evident signs of an awakened attention to this subject, and we beg to tender our sincere thanks to Mr. Faber for pointing out its importance in connection with the efforts of the Tractarian party, as also for the very acceptable contribution which he has furnished towards a Juvenile Ecclesiastical Library in the “ Stories of the Primitive and Early Church,” which we have placed at the head of our list. Three of the Stories are Mr. Faber's own, viz., " the Martyrs of Smyrna," -" the Prevailing force of a Mother's Prayer,” and “ the two Culdee Missionaries." The other seven“the Two Triumphs,"_" the Wanderer of the Sea-shore,”— " the Vision of the Cross,"_" the Fireside," _“ the Penance," _" the Token,”_" the Monk of Jarrow," are from the elegant pen of his late accomplished niece, Miss Sophia Woodrooffe ; while the whole is introduced with a copious preface, and illustrated by notes of great value from the pen of Mr. Faber himself. We cannot better conclude this notice than with an extract from the Introduction, embodying the views of our veteran author on a subject of deep present interest, and giving at the same time an interesting account of the origin and design of the little volume which he has with so laudable a zeal condescended to edit and enrich with much valuable matter.
The following is the substance of the introduction : “ I must say an explanatory word, as to the object of this little Work, so far as respects my thus producing it.
“ The Lives of the so called English saints, like their predecessors the Tracts for the Times, are now following each other in rapid succession : which, on the familiar principle of the division of labour, they may easily do. This seems to indicate, that, through the zeal of the Party, they meet with, at least, a sufficient sale. Yet, wherever they circulate, they are carrying the deadly bane of Popery, and Will-Worship, and Human Meritoriousness.
"Now it is perfectly true, that, by such a farrago, no sound intellect would be seriously damaged: much in the same manner, as a modicum of poison may be resisted by a sound physical constitution. And, to a certain extent, it is also true, that the gross absurdity of these Lives is itself so palpable, that the very bane carries along with it its own Mithridatic. But, still, true as all this may be, young and weak and sentimentally romantic minds, under the mischievous influence of morbid and semipoetical feeling, may easily be damaged by what would provoke only the laughter of a sobered and matured temperament. Nay, when we see, that the very author of the Life of Stephen
Harding has been so deluded by his own fantastic lucubrations, as to believe devoutly the predicted Lie of the Man of Sin: and when we note the numbers, who, yet additionally, have been beguiled to their ruin by the unscrip· tural follies of Tractarianism : the Series, purely on account of its capabilities of mischief, ceases to be altogether contemptible.
“ With this impression on my mind, it struck me, when I read Miss Wood. rooffe's Stories, that they might very beneficially form the first Number of a Series, which should serve as an antidote to the Lives of the English saints. And, surely, some capable persons, as zealous for the truth as it is in Christ as the Tractarian biographers are zealous for the propagation of popish error, might come forward to the rescue, if a well-known respectable house would undertake to publish their contributions. Even at my time of life, it is not my humour to sound a trumpet to others, and keep back myself. Nobody ought to think the writing of Historic Tales beneath his dignity, when those tales have a good object. For the dissemination of principles whether sound or unsound, the present, as the Tractarians well know, is eminently a day of small books, not of folios: and, as the proverb runs, It is right to learn wisdom even from an enemy. On this ground, I have subjoined three Stories of my own to the seven of Miss Woodrooffe. Had she lived, she would probably, from time to time, have gone on with the series. At all events, from the pure love of concinnity, I can scarcely doubt, that she would have added Polycarp to Ignatius, and Augustine to Ambrose. Perhaps, also, the imperfect and evanescent conversion of Northumbria by the Roman Paulinus would have been followed, as its meet supplement, by the better and more permanent conversion of that Saxon kingdom through the labours of the holy and enlightened Culdee Aidan. These are now supplied by myself: and, though I modelled as far as I could, my style and plan upon hers, I fear, that, even without my acknowledgment of paternity, the three would have been readily distinguished from the seven. I can only say, that, in a new and unfamiliar mode of composition, I have honestly done my best : and if this joint collection of ten Stories, contributed by the young and by the old, by the deceased and by the living, should, as I have hinted above, call forth a continution from better pens than mine, I should rejoice to have been instrumental in drawing out, with a clean bill of health, something like an appropriate counteraction to the Lives of the English Saints.
“But it is time for me to conclude.
“My walk has been rather in the thorny paths of controversy or quasi controversy, than in the green pastures and beside the still waters of comfort: nor is it altogether easy to shake off habits, which have been so long formed as to have become a second nature. Yet, though the old leaven may occasionally appear, it has, at least, with the inevitably near prospect of the grave before me, been a melancholy satisfaction to my mind, that the efforts of the youthful and the aged should be united in the same volume.
“May God bless them with that measure of usefulness, which the departed would herself have specially coveted !
“G. S. Faber."