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INSTRUCTIONS ABOUT HEART-WORK: and a Companion
for Prayer. By the Rev. RICHARD ALLEINE, sometime Rector of Batcombe, Somerset. Revised and Corrected, with a Biographical Sketch of the Author. By the Rev. Joun S. STAMP. London : Mason. 1846.
REPRINTS of the practical and devotional works of the seventeenth century will always be acceptable; and we doubt not some of our readers will feel obliged by our naming to them “ Instructions about Heart-work." The author is much less known than his kinsman Joseph Alleine, the author of the “ Alarm to the Unconverted;” but they are both of the same school, men of a like spirit and of similar powers. Some of his works were much valued by Wesley, and published in his Christian Library. The volume just edited by Mr. Stamp was, says Dr. Annesly, “ the last work of this blessed author, and I wish the improvement of the scope of it may be the first and last of every reader. That his works have done good, very few have so many heart-epistles of commendation." Addressing the reader, he adds—and we know not that we can say any thing better
“O let nothing be wanting on your part, but that this may do more good! Were all our words of contention beaten into plough-shares and pruninghooks, for ploughing up the fallow-ground of the heart, for pulling up the weeds, and cutting off the luxuriances of the heart :-were it the only contention, who should most promote gracious heart-work in themselves and others : it would afford comfort both living and dying. We are every one more ready to find fault with others than to mend ourselves: but were heart-work more minded, we should have no time for such excursions. This treatise will instruct you in downright Christianity, which if all heartily minded who wear the name of Christian, we had no occasion to fear what men or devils could do against us.'
Richard Alleine was one of those who, “ when thrown out of the Church, and kept, by an unhappy policy, in silence, turned their leisure to the best advantage in multiplying publications, chiefly on practical devotion.” « The doctrines which he maintains," like those of Matthew Henry, as Mr. Bickersteth observes, “ are those of the Church of England, and of the whole body of the Reformed Church : and it is delightful to see and feel how large and spacious is the territory thus common to all Christians.” We trust the present reprint may meet with the encouragement which it deserves.
THE CHURCHMAN'S MONTHLY PENNY MAGAZINE,
No. 1. June, 1846. 12mo. pp. 28. Wertheim. 1846.
It is one of the great mysteries, into which we shall never penetrate in this world, and which will probably form a study and an employment in the world to come,-how evil is continually made to produce good.
It is the darkness of night which gives us a clear appreciation of the brightness of day. It is the sharpness and bitterness of pain and suffering, which enables us to feel the happiness of rest and ease. And multifarious are the efforts to do good, which are provoked by some previous attempt to do evil.
The immediate cause of the appearance of this new periodical is no secret. A new magazine came forth, at the commencement of the present year, ostensibly under the sanction of the Congregational Union, and edited, by their desire, by Dr. Campbell. It was cheap, almost beyond a precedent; and it was, generally, full of excellent and useful matter. But its managers could not even curb or temper their fiery zeal against the Church. In the very first number they inserted a paper, (not original, indeed, distinguished by the bitterest hatred to the Establishment; and shewing that hatred by direct and inexcusable calumny. Thus, while, by the united efforts of the Congregationalists, the new magazine obtained a great circulation,—that circulation was employed to the great and unjustifiable injury of the Church.
This was a provocation, and a cause for effort, which fully justified the present attempt. It appeared to many Churchmen, not just or right, that this new, cheap, and well-conducted periodical, should be left in undisputed possession of the field, to circulate injurious reasonings, and more injurious mis-statements of fact, to the Church's prejudice. Yet they desire not either warfare or rivalry. They merely wish,—as it is proved that such a work can be produced, and will obtain a large circulation, to offer a maga zine to the Christian public, possessing all the good points of Dr. Campbell's Magazine, and none of the bad ones.
This commencing number proves the competency of the conductors for their task. It is both popular and valuable,-it possesses liveliness and solid sense. If universally aided by evangelical Churchmen, it will quickly gain a large circulation, and become a means of important good. Will it be so aided ? Let our readers answer that question for themselves.
CHURCHMAN'S MONTHLY REVIEW
1. THE PRESENT POSITION AND FUTURE PROSPECTS
OF THE CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. London:
Seeleys. 1846. 2. PROCEEDINGS AT A MEETING held in the Egyptian
Hall, Mansion House, on Tuesday, March 17, 1846, to increase the Means of Religious Instruction for the British Colonies, through the Society for the Propagation of the
Gospel. London: Clay. 1846. 3. THE JOURNAL OF THE BISHOP OF MONTREAL,
during a Visit to the Chnrch Missionary Society's North
west American Mission. London: Seeleys. 1845. 4. CHURCH IN THE COLONIES. No. I. THE CHURCH IN
CANADA. A Journal of Visitation in the Western Portion of the Diocese, by the Lord Bishop of Toronto, in the
Autumn of 1842. London: Rivingtons. 1845. 5. CHURCH IN THE COLONIES. No. II. THE CHURCH IN
CANADA. A Journal of Visitation to a Part of the Diocese of Quebec, by the Lord Bishop of Montreal, in the Spring
of 1843. London : Rivingtons. 1845. 6. PROTESTANT MISSIONS IN BENGAL ILLUSTRATED :
being the Substance of a Course of Lectures delivered on Indian Missions. By J. J. WEITBRECHT, Church Missionary. Second Edition. London: Shaw. 1844.
We have here given another list of Works more or less illustrative of the question recently opened by us–Our present position and 1846.
prospects as connected with the Colonial Episcopate and Church of England Missions. The list might be greatly enlarged, but it may suffice to refer our readers to the more copious ones furnished by our two great Societies, and to the official Reports recently published, or in the course of publication, as bringing up the statistical and other statements to the present time—a class of documents, by the way, of which none ought to be ignorant who would form an intelligent view of our religious prospects. The above brief selection has lately attracted our notice, and may serve as a text for a few additional remarks on the subject to which we have just referred. We regret that circumstances have prevented our resuming it, and that we must now content ourselves with a very few general observations. We are anxious, however, to keep the subject before us, and it will not be difficult, we hope, from time to time, to fill up our outline, and present our readers with so much of detail as may enable them to form their own judgment respecting our colonial and missionary prospects.
There is an interesting remark in the first of the documents on our list, which, it strikes us, would be equally true, and all the more forcible, if a little extended. It is to the effect, that “the stupendous amount of British power and British influence in India designate Great Britain as the privileged nation from whence the streams of life should flow.” And, again,—that “the complete organization of the United Church of England and Ireland throughout the Indian Empire: the wealth of her members : the number of her ministers; and her vast superiority over every other Protestant Church, in all which constitutes the power of expansion : now place her, in the forefront of the glorious work to which she is called, and which has been so auspiciously commenced.” We are fully impressed with the importance of this statement : and though no more than we expected, it is gratifying to observe that the great Society from whose office it issues continues true to the principles on which it was founded, and which, as far as circumstances have admitted, have ever guided its course. We intend, in this allusion, principles of sound ecclesiastical" organization," combined with a genuine Christian catholicity. From these principles we hope she will never swerve, and while we entirely concur in the opinion “ that at no period since the Reformation have these (and other principles of the Society) been so widely recognized, or so powerful in operation, in the Church of England, as at the present day,” we trust the parent committee and all its affiliated committees, together with the Society's members at large, will be very careful to watch against the insidious pretensions of another style of churchmanship, which, we are sorry to observe, seems to revive with fresh vigour, and to threaten more than ever the integrity of our Church, and the healthy extension of her influence through the medium of foreign missions. Let the friends of the Church Missionary Society remember, that its “ principles” ... have ever been its “real strength :" let them “ trust” to their scriptural expansive “power, as the Fathers of the Society trusted ; and not doubt that success will crown their endeavours, according to the new openings and calls of the present day.” We cordially respond to this and other sentiments expressed in the clear and valuable document explanatory of the Society's “ present position and prospects.” But this by the way.
To return to the remark just quoted. We must inform our readers that it is made with a particular application, and for a special purpose. It is connected with the following remark
“ It is often found to be a stimulus and encouragement to exertion to place before the view some definite object which may be proved to be within our reach. If the conversion of the whole world be too large an enterprise, let the Protestant Missionary Societies of England keep in view, as the grand object proposed to this Christian country, THE CONVERSION OF British INDIA TO THE FAITH of Christ DURING THE PRESENT GENERATION."-(p. 19.)
Hence the allusion to our stupendous power in India, and the complete ecclesiastical “ organization ” which seems to place our Church " in the forefront of the glorious work to which she is called, and which has been so auspiciously commenced.” There is much to warrant these aspirations and hopes as regards British India. “ The expectation that the whole of the East will eventually succumb to England, seems," as a cotemporary observes, “ to have pervaded central Asia.” “ They,” (i. e. certain Mohammedans from Cashmeer) says Dr. Wolff, “told me that the people of Thibet have a prophecy, that the whole country will fall under the English sway.”i Subsequent events will hardly weaken the force of this prophecy, or much abate the prestige of our military prowess and skill in affairs. But what is more important, there is a growing and deep impression that India and the East are to be vanquished by the cross. Take the following as a single specimen from the remarkably interesting volume which closes our list-"Protestant Missions in Bengal,” by that valuable missionary, Mr. Weitbrecht. Among many other most encouraging facts noticed in his chapter on “The Success and Prospects of Missionary Labours in India,” he has mentioned the following:
“ The Bengalee New Testament, which has of late been printed in a nice compendious volume, is gladly accepted by respectable Hindoos: I presented one to a baboo, who touched his forehead with it in a reverential manner, and
Narrative of a Mission to Bokhara in the years 1843-45, &c., by Dr, Wolff.