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as such."-It is literally true, we reply, that the college of St. Augustine is no work of the Church as such. We heartily wish, however, that it may rival the humbler institution in the character of its men: and that both institutions may be prospered to send out a succession of missionaries not inferior to Mr. Jones, Mr. Ridsdale, and others whom we could name, trained up in no institution whatever-but the humble pupils of a humble country pastor-men, nevertheless, who, through the grace of God, could found and build up churches which we trust will long stand and flourish,-monuments that it is not by might, nor by power, but by the Spirit of the Lord. We are fully aware of the peculiar requirements of India and some other parts of the missionary field: but we are not without our fears as to the projected refinements in missionary training: we much doubt, again, whether “a large supply of (suitable) missionary students" can be found by “ drawing more largely on the pupils of our endowed grammarschools;” but most of all are we fearful lest the grafting of a system
1“ You are, no doubt, fully aware,” says the originator of St. Augustine's College, in a private circular, sent to certain earnest friends of his design, “ that the want of an adequate supply of ministers, duly prepared in heart and mind tó labour with effect in the dependencies of the British empire, has long been felt and deplored by those who have been called to preside over the colonial churches. Few, in proportion to the daily increasing demand, have been found willing to devote themselves to a work demanding so many sacrifices in the beginning, and so full of difficulty in the accomplishment; and of those who have left all for Christ's sake, men full of zeal and sincerity, some, it must be confessed, baye failed altogether, and others have only partially succeeded, from a want of appropriate training for the duties to be discbarged, the difficulties to be encountered, and the hardships to be endured.
" To apply a remedy, under God's blessing, to this great and, I fear, increasing evil, it seems to me that two measures are primarily necessary : the first, to provide an education, embracing, as nearly as may be, all the advantages which our ancient universities now offer to those who are destined to holy orders, but at a less expense, and with greater simplicity and frugality of habits : -the second, which is, in part, consequent on the former, the drawing more largely on the pupils of our endowed grammar-schools. From very recent communications with the masters of these schools, I am induced to believe that a large supply of missionary students may be derived from them, provided the foundation, laid in those preliminary institutions, can be compl is at present necessary at either University. I would propose, then, with these objects in view, to found .,.... a college for the education and training of such young men as may be willing to dedicate themselves to the ministry of the Church in the British colonies. Such an institution will, I believe, meet with the general concurrence and approval of the colonial bishops: especially when it is known that the project itself emanates in great measure from the suggestions of the Bishops of Australia, New Zealand, and Tasmania : and that it will, if established, be under the immediate management and control of Bishop Coleridge, who has most kindly expressed his readiness to undertake the office of honorary principal.” Such are the views of Mr. Hope. (English Review, October 1, 1844.) We should like to know how many missionary-students have been received into the Institution at Islington from our endowed grammar-schools. The foundation laid in those schools may, it is well known, be completed in the Church Missionary College free of expense, and in a manner of the efficiency of which the Bishop of London is probably the best judge. But we much fear our grammar-schools are at present but poor nurseries for suitable missionary candidates. It is probable, however, that Mr. Hope's standard would not be the same as that of the Church Missionary Committee, in " singling out” for this work the class of youths whom he, with Archdeacon Manning, regards - as the choicest sons of the Church, .... those whose
at less expe
of asceticism upon the institution of which we have lately heard so much, should prove fatal to the simplicity which is in Christ, and the times be revived when“ bodily exercise" shall take the place of “ godliness,” and “ the wisdom of this world” be substituted for the Spirit “ of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.”
Such are some of our fears. We pray our gentle readers to excuse these “ disjecta membra,” and to take heed that they be not unskilful in the “ signs of the times.”
hearts God has kindled with a pure and burning enthusiasm," and who in the new Colonial College are to be “ brought under the strengthening and chastening discipline of prayers, fastings, and meditations, in a system where all things breathe the spirit of apostolic charity where sufferings and martyrdom for Christ are emblazoned as the bearings and legends of their hofy fellowship: and the white raiment and branch of palm are held forth as the only true reward." Those who hold the theory of baptismal purity may have no hesitation in accepting for colonial service any clever youth who brings with him a good character for moral conduct; and, in that case, they may succeed perhaps in drawing pretty largely from our grammar-schools, at least when once the tide
that direction, and the heraldic blazonry of a true Churchinstitution is brought to a finish : but here is the danger, and hence our fears as expressed above in regard to the Canterbury College. We know too much of the views and tastes of certain members of the defunct, or rather now metamorphosed, Camden Society, to allow ourselves to be beguiled by the episcopal and arch-episcopal guarantees which the original promoters have drawn around them : i.e. unless all alliance with Camdenites and Tractarians is candidly disavowed. Educational training is the key of our success or failure in missionary enterprise-and none understand this better than some we could name.
*** Our readers will be aware that the new College is now advancing towards completion, and that the following Provisional Committee has been appointed by his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury :
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Lichfield.
SERMONS CHIEFLY PRACTICAL, Preached in the Chapel
Royal, Whitehall, during the years 1843, 1814, 1845. By the Rev. JAMES HILDYARD, M.A. Fellow and Tutor of Christ's College, Cambridge, and one of Her · Majesty's Preachers at Whitehall. London: Parker. 1845.
twentyast few years te for two weiter
The office of University Preacher at Whitehall was established, we believe, by George the First, in 1724. The preachers were originally twenty-four in number—twelve from each university ; but within the last few years, they have been reduced to two-one from each, who hold the office for two years; the appointment being with the Bishop of London, as dean of Her Majesty's chapel. We need not say that the responsibility connected with such an appointment is great--or that when a Whitehall preacher appeals from the chapel-royal to the press and the public, his published sermons become in some special and peculiar sense public property: they have been delivered under peculiar circumstances : they come forth with more than common pretensions: and the deliberate appeal to public opinion which is certainly implied when they are once committed to the press, not only warrants, but seems absolutely to require, that public opinion should be expressed. We shall therefore not take shelter under the dictum of certain high authorities, who have recently favoured us with their judgment as to the law of the case; or think it necessary to protect ourselves against the imputation of libel, if we venture to speak freely as to the impression we have received from a perusal of the sermons before us. If our vocation be legitimate, we are bound faithfully to discharge it ; and thankless as the office may be, we see reason to think that it is by no means the least responsible office of a Christian reviewer, in the present day, to take note of the sermons preached in high quarters, and appealing to the public under the sanction of distinguished names. In discharging, however, what must sometimes be a very painful duty, we would not be unmindful of justice or charity; and, in the present instance, we can truly say, that our temptation has been to content ourselves with a partial, rather than to take a severe, or even a strict, view of our author's claims as a public teacher. Our only regret is, that we feel bound by our sense of responsibility, to express but a very qualified approbation of Mr. Hildyard's sermons. We wish we could add, that they did not appear to us open to just censure. A brief notice, however, will probably satisfy our readers that their intrinsic worth is not in proportion to their ostensible claims.
The author's short preface is as follows: “It is only necessary to state that, of the following sermons, the VIIth, VIIIth, and IXth, with the two last in the volume, have been already published separately, as bearing upon subjects of local or other interest at the time of their delivery. The IV th, also, has been printed in the second number of Mr. Parker's Collection of Practical Sermons, adapted to the course of the Christian Year in the Book of Common Prayer.
“The remainder of the sermons are a small portion of those preached in the Chapel Royal by the author, during the years 1843, 1844, 1845. The chief principle adopted in the selection of these last, has been to bring together a few discourses, whose object was to set forth the paramount importance of religion, not only as an individual, but as a national concern, more especially in an age like the present, of great national enterprise, and unprecedented accumulation of wealth.
" It will be understood, therefore, that little of doctrinal matter is professed to be exhibited in the following pages: which, however, the author trusts will be found to be in entire accordance with the simple teaching of our pure and Reformed Church.”—(pp. iii. iv.)
Of the sermons specified by Mr. H., Nos. VII. VIII. and IX. were preached in June, 1843, a time when considerable agitation was prevailing in the Church, both in England, Ireland, and Scotland. The subjects are—“ The Christian's bearing towards Unbelievers "_" Moderation of the Christian towards all men” “ The Christian not to help the Ungodly.” The two last in the volume are sermons on “ the Mission to China,” and “ the Metropolis Churches' Fund.” The remaining twenty discourses are on general practical topics—“The Creator glorified in the works of the Creature"-" Worldliness incompatible with Religion”. “ Them that honour him, God will honour "_" Christian Love”
-“ How long halt ye between two opinions ? "_" The Unwise Man and the Fool of this World "-" The Judgment of God upon the Wicked ”—“The Law of Christ a Law of Liberty “Moral Courage the result of Faith.”_" The three great Rivals of God in our Hearts"_" The Times and the Seasons in God's own Power”—“The Young Children a Nation's Strength ". “The Degree of Honour due to the Virgin”-“The Pure in Heart”
.“ Gratitude due to God for National Mercies " _“ The Church the cause of National Prosperity "_"The Prosperity of the Wicked only for a Season”-“God most present in time of Trouble"-"Sorrow often more imaginary than real”_"Believing without Seeing."
Such are the sermons which Mr. Hildyard has selected from his Whitehall course. The topics are interesting and important; nor can we hesitate to say that the preacher has given utterance to many practical truths of great moment, expressed with much clearness, great sincerity, and an absence of all show and affectation, whether in the style of composition or turn of thought. So far
they are excellent models-transparent throughout-plain, yet not inelegant-and thoroughly practical, as well in execution as design. But having said this, we must repeat, that, in other respects, and those the most important, they appear to us far from faultless.
As Mr. Hildyard states, the sermons he has published are chiefly -practical—and to this, in the abstract, we do not object. On the contrary, we have little value for any sermon which is not essentially practical ; and for the purpose Mr. H. proposes to himself in publishing his volume, we know not that he could, on the whole, bave made a more judicious selection of topics. We admit with him " the paramount importance of religion, not only as an individual, but as a national concern, more especially in an age like the present, of great national enterprise, and unprecedented accumulation of wealth ;” and it is much the business of those who, like Mr. H., are set on an eminence, to cry aloud, and enforce with all distinctness a nation's responsibilities. We do not see, however, that he has given a very marked national application to many of his sermons; or that, in his mode of handling most of his topics, he has taken them out of the range of a more ordinary individual application. It strikes us, therefore, as a great defect in the sermons, that they are too abstractedly practical, too general, too sparing, though it be but in allusion to Christian doctrine, to be entitled to any high or even creditable rank as evangelical discourses ; and if we are to take them as specimens of Mr. H.'s Whitehall course, we must be bold to say that he has greatly failed in acquitting himself as becomes a Christian preacher. The doctrines and motives of the gospel are not to be assumed, or assigned a secondary place: and though it may not be possible minutely to expound them in what are called practical discourses – least of all in such as have a marked national aspect--we have yet to learn what is the pre-eminence of the Christian over the heathen or Jewish teacher, if his ethical discourses are not to have a marked and distinctive character, as resting upon a Christian basis, breathing a Christian spirit, and pointing throughout to Him whose authority and grace are the sole foundation of the Christian ministry. It strikes us, too, that in regard to principle, there is no difference whatever between national and individual religion: and that to speak of either as abstractedly practical, is to become at once a heathen moralist, and lose sight of all that is distinctive whether of Christian duty or Christian privilege. On this ground, then, we think, Mr. H.'s sermons are seriously defective. He is chargeable, in no slight degree, with sins of omission: nor can we readily admit that because it is the main object of a volume of discourses