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hymn the most ignorant version of the story is maintained by the infallible' poet.
“ Salve, sancta facies
Junge beatorum,” &c. “ The handkerchief of St. Veronica is publicly worshipped in Rome on stated occasions, and the ceremony is performed with the utmost splendour : perhaps there is no part of the Romish ritual more calculated to strike the imagination. The prostrate multitude, the dome of St. Peter's dimly lighted by the torches in the nave, and the shadowy baldacchino, hanging to all appearance in mid-air, form a spectacle not easily forgotten."-(pp. 131–136.)
« These be thy gods, O Israel !” It was such double-distilled fictions as these, that the Church of Rome propounded to the implicit belief of her votaries, in the palmy days of her prosperity. It was upon the intercession of these shadows of shades she bid them trust for the salvation of their souls, in those "ages of faith,” which now-a-days are lauded and lamented over by so many clergymen of the Church of England, both in prose and verse. To their eulogies and threnodies we leave them. We have only one remark to offer upon the question : and that is, from the ground of our hearts, Thank God for the Reformation!
The fifth chapter, on the symbols used in the catacombs, will be found deeply interesting. It is valuable, as an illustration of some of the customs of the primitive Christians of Rome; and still more so, as an exposure of the tremulously delicate foundation in ancient usage, upon which the adoration of the cross, and some other idolatries of the modern Romanists, were based. Of the same character are the two following chapters “ on the offices and customs of the ancient Church," and " on the origin of Christian art.” We had noted many passages for extraction, but we feel that we have already sufficiently enriched our pages from Dr. Maitland's admirable work.
So deeply interesting is the immediate subject of this fascinating volume, that we have omitted to notice the passages that bear with
telling effect upon the controversy which has long raged in our own Church, between the Biblists and the Traditionaries. We select the following almost at random :
“Up to the year 350, Christians were uniformly accused of worshipping Christ; after that time, of worshipping saints. Can the non-existence of saint-worship in primitive ages be more satisfactorily disproved ?
“ It has been attempted, in the foregoing pages, to describe with accuracy and honesty some features of the Church of ancient Rome : a church founded by St. Paul, presided over by St. Peter, and numbering in after-times a matchless succession of martyr-bishops. In a day when the Romanist claim to primitive resemblance is half credited by some, who might be forward in furnishing a refutation to the assumption, it must be consolatory to every dutiful son of our Church, to find that most of the points on which the ques. tion of Catholicism turns, require no subtle refinement for their mastery, We may leave to the learned and pious defenders of our establishment the nicer questions of doctrine which properly lie within their province : while they, with the reed furnished by the inspired Word, 'measure the temple of God, and them that worship therein,' we need but walk through the outer courts of the sanctuary, to see how unlike to all that now occupies the sacred site was the first erection of apostolic hands. The details of one period cannot by any possibility be transferred to the other. To which of the two, it may be confidently asked of the least informed in church history, belongs the bishop who greeted his correspondent, 'from Paulinus and Therasia his wife, sinners?' When lived in Rome that Marcus whose parents expressed their belief in his immediate blessedness after death? When was the fear of detection from the smell of wine an inducement with the persecuted laity to defer their morning Eucharist? When was held that Council in Carthage which was opened by the declaration that 'none here setteth up himself as bishop of bishops?' If the voice of truth is to be found in papal decrees, how shall the long-neglected worship of the Virgin be forgiven to the apostolic age ?-how the non-preservation of blood and ashes enough to impregnate Christendom with the odour of heavenly sanctity ? O infantine and undeveloped religion, without mythology, shrines, or images : taught by a priesthood ingloriously moral, unqualified to create their Creator,' and sharing the cup of blessing with the meanest of the laity! And vainly was St. Paul admitted to witness the glories of the third heaven, debarred from their ultimate enjoyment by the decree, 'If any one shall say that justifying faith is none other than a trust in the Divine mercy forgiving our sins for Christ's sake, or that it is that trust alone by which we are justified, let him be accursed.'”-(Council of Trent, session vi. canon 12.)-pp. 308–310.)
This admirable passage needs no eulogy. Dr. Maitland's work abounds in such passages. With this remark we conclude. Our object has been to induce our readers to peruse the book for themselves, and we are conscious we can say nothing that will so effectually recommend it to their notice.
1. CHURCH IN THE COLONIES. No. 1.—THE CHURCA
IN Canada. A Journal of Visitation to the Western Portion of his Diocese. By the LORD BISHOP OP TORONTO, in the Autumn of 1842. Second Edition. London: Riving
tons. 1845. 2. CHURCH IN THE COLONIES. No. 2.—THE CHURCH
IN CANADA. No. II. A Journal of Visitation to a part of the Diocese of Quebec. By the LORD BISHOP OF MonTREAL, in the Spring of 1843. Second Edition. London:
Rivingtons. 1845. 3. CHURCH IN THE COLONIES. No. 9.—THE CHURCH
IN CANADA. A Journal of Visitation to parts of the Diocese of Quebec. By the LORD BISHOP OF MONTREAL, 1843 and 1844. Part II. With Statistical Returns for the
Diocese. London: Rivingtons. 1845. 4. REPORT OF THE INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR THE
PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS, for the year 1845, with the Anniversary Sermon, &c. &c. London: Clay. 1845.
A GREAT change has been adopted, within the last few years, by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, in respect to the publication of intelligence. Formerly, the Annual Report was the only channel of communication between the Society and its subscribers. In the year 1833, the Society began to print at uncertain intervals, the more uncertain despatches which, from time to time, were sent home: but it was not till July, 1839, that the regular issue was commenced of “ Quarterly Papers,” containing extracts from the correspondence of the several Bishops and Missionaries. More recently still the Society has begun to print a series of Journals and Visitation Tours by several of the Bishops, as well as detailed accounts of its more strictly missionary operations under the title of “ Missions to the Heathen.” Several numbers of each series have already appeared, and for the purpose of
1 The Nos, already published are:-“ Church in the Colonies.”_No. I. Journal of Visitation by the Bishop of Toronto.-No.II. Do. by the Bishop of Montreal.-No. III. Do. by the Bishop of Nova Scotia.—No. IV. New Zealand. Part 1. containing Letters from the Bishop of New Zealand to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, &c. -No. V. Australia. Part 1. Journal of Visitation by the Bishop of Australia.—No. VI. Ditto. Part 2. Two Journals of Missionary Tours in the Districts of Maneroo and Moreton Bay, New South Wales, in 1843.—No. VII. New Zealand. Part 2.-No. VIII. Ditto. Part 3.—No. IX. Journal of Visitation, &c., by the Bishop of Montreal. “ Missions to the Heathen."—No. I. Mission of Sawyerpooram, in the District of Tinne
general information may be referred to with advantage. We propose, in continuation of our Colonial Notices, to give so much of the detail from time to time as may appear important, and thus keep before our readers the general subject, pending a more particular survey at some future opportunity. The various foreign relations of our church, whether considered in its more strictly Colonial character, or with reference to its Missions among the heathen, can only be understood by a patient attention to detail : and having offered some general remarks on the great importance of the subject as connected with the vast extent of our Colonial Dependencies, the Colonial Episcopate. and Educational training, it may be useful perhaps to dissect a little this wide-spread map, and trace, in the first instance, the operations of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, as described in these parallel series of documents.
We shall begin with the Church in Canada and the other Provinces of British North America, which, as the Society's Report for 1845 states, “is yearly assuming a more organized form, educating her own clergy, and making provision for their permanent maintenance. From having been exotic, so to speak," the Report proceeds, “she is becoming indigenous : and though in respect to the new burdens which are cast upon her by a poor emigrant population, she must still look to the mother country for pecuniary aid, it is a good sign that she even now scarcely requires our assistance in regard to men. Indeed, not only are the two Canadian Dioceses furnishing a due supply of persons fitly qualified to serve in the ministry of the settled parishes, but they are even sending out missionaries among the scattered population of the forest." Such is the view of what we may call the Home Government touching the Canadian Church. The importance of the statement will be obvious. We wish we could more heartily respond to the unqualified commendation which it expresses. But we must not prejudge the question, and shall therefore pass on to the summary detail furnished by the documents touching the Church in Canada. The other Provinces of British North America may supply matter for a separate notice.
velly, and Diocese of Madras.- No. II. Mission of Edeyen Roady, in the District of Tinnevelly.- No. III. Mission of Sawyerpooram, Part 2.- No. IV. Mission of Cawnpore, in the Diocese of Calcutta.-No. V. Mission of Nazareth, in the District of Tinnevelly, and Diocese of Madras.- No. VI. Mission of Lake Huron.—No. VII. Mission of Sawyerpooram, Part 3.
These Numbers are published at a low cost, varying from 28. to ls. The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel has published also a very useful Colonial Church Atlas, arranged in Dioceses; with Geographical and Statistical Tables : and a Colonial and Missionary Church Map of the World; showing the Dioceses and Missionary Statistics, upon Mercator's Projection. Also Maps of the Colonies. 1. British North America. 2. British India. 3. Australia. 4. British West Indies.
Nos. 1 and 2 on our list have been referred to in a former article, and will require but a brief notice. We connect them with No. 9 of the Series in our present article as necessary to an outline view of the Church in Canada, and as bringing down its history so far as the Society's documents carry us. They contain very useful maps of the two dioceses of Quebec and Toronto, and a variety of statistical information. The Journals of our Colonial Bishops are obviously documents of great importance, and will form in some respects the best materials for the History of the Church in their vast dioceses. Several of them may be found in the Annual Reports of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. The present series, so far as we know, are the only ones which have been published in a separate form.
The Diocese of Quebec ought properly perhaps to take precedence of that of Toronto, but as we have already called attention (in part) to the latter, it may be well at once to conclude our notice.
First of all, however, let us give a brief view of the History of the Canadian Church from its first establishment, with the general statistics as stated in the above documents.
The following passage from the Bishop of Toronto's Primary Charge in 1841, (the See was erected and the Bishop consecrated in 1839), “ contains," the Preface observes, “a summary of the previous history of the Canadian Church :"
“The history of the Church in this diocese, though doubtless resembling that of many other colonies, is not without peculiar interest. Many years after its first settlement, as the favourite asylum of suffering loyalty, there was but one clergyman of the Church of England within its extensive limits. This highly-revered individual came into the diocese in 1786, and settled at Kingston, in the midst of those to whom he had become endeared in the days of tribulation,-men who had fought, and bled, and sacrificed all they possessed in defence of the British Constitution,--and whose obedience to the laws, loyalty to their sovereign, and attachment to the present state, he had warmed by his exhortations and encouraged by his example. The Rev. Dr. Stuart may be truly pronounced the father of the Church in Upper Canada, and fondly do I hold him in affectionate remembrance. He was my support and adviser on my entrance into the ministry, and his steady friendship, which I enjoyed from the first day of our acquaintance to that of his lamented death, was to me more than a blessing.
“ In 1792, two clergymen arrived from England: but so little was then known of the country, and the little that was published was so incorrect and so unfavourable, from exaggerated accounts of the climate, and the terrible privations to which its inhabitants were said to be exposed, that no mis. sionaries could be induced to come out. Even at the commencement of 1803, the diocese contained only four clergymen, for it was in the spring of that year, that I made the fifth.
" It might have been expected that, on the arrival of the Right Rev. Dr. Mountain, the first Lord Bishop of Quebec, the clergy would have rapidly increased : but, notwithstanding the incessant and untiring exertions of that eminent prelate, their number had not risen above five in Upper Canada so