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quent unbelief upon the failure of the Miller prophecies within the time, (for some men have been known to say that they will burn their Bibles if these prophecies should fail,) there are other cases in which men, thoroughly persuaded of the immediate dissolution of all things, have forborne from making those provisions and preparations for another season, upon which, when it comes, their families must depend. These are delusions to which the words of the Apostle they shall proceed no farther, for their folly shall be manifest to all. men,” will eminently apply; but, in the meantime, they test the strength and soundness of the Church. She preserves her steady course, and rides, like the ark, upon the agitated flood. Her people are stedfast, and cleave with the closer attachment to their own system, from' witnessing the unhappy extravagance which prevails around them. Others also, of a sober judgment, are wont to regard her with an eye of favour and respect. Without the check which she creates, the country round would, in a manner, all run mad. I do not wish to speak with severity of honest, although erroneous enthusiasts, and there can be no reason in the world for denying that there may be instances in which (although I am not myself aware of any such individual eases) unthinking sinners have been brought, by the alarm of Millerism, to a care for their souls. But the picture, upon the whole, if we would nothing extenuate, nor aught set down in malice,' is, I believe, correctly given in the foregoing remarks.
“ Loyalty of the Church.--Loyalty is another conspicuous fruit of Church principles in a colony. Loyalty, which in Canada has been proved and tried in many ways. And long may it so continue ! I have felt it my duty, in the cause of God and truth, to lament, in undisguised language, the policy of our Government as it respects the Colonial Church. But the Bishops and Clergy of that Church will never fail to inculcate a deep and dutiful attachment to the monarchy of England, and a conscientious reverence of deportment towards the powers that be. These feelings and principles are vitally interwoven with the system of the Church.
“ This, in fact, when built upon the right foundation, is a feature of that Christian fabric, a portion of those 'fruits of righteousness which are by Jesus Christ to the praise and glory of God,' which it is the office of the Church to form, and which, with mixture, of course, of human imperfections, she is doing her part to form in this diocese. I have great hopes, for example, of the persons, as a body, who, under the training of her Clergy, have come forward to receive confirmation, or to be baptized as adults. " I trust that they will not be found, in general, to have made a mere formal profession, or complied mechanically with a received custom. I always addressed them as persons engaging themselves, before God and man, to high and holy things, and as recipients of sacred and solemn ordinances; and far from encountering a repugnance on their own part to such a view of the case, I believe that it was usually what they expected and approved themselves.
"Such, then, is the work of the good Society among us. Much, indeed, it has done : much more we still need, and are likely to need, till we are put, beyond all present prospect, upon some less precarious footing in the land than that which we now occupy. God prosper its labours, and enlarge its resources !-this is the prayer of its grateful fellow-worker in the field,
G. J. MONTREAL."
Having given these copious extracts from the Bishop's first Journal, we must be much more brief in quoting from the second. It gives an account of three very extensive tours of visitation, which he made in 1843 and 1844; and with the other Journals under notice, will enable the reader to form a pretty correct idea of the nature of a Canadian diocese. The first of these tours up 1846.
the Ottawa and Clarendon, the furthest mission to the west of the diocese, and upwards of 350 miles from Quebec, was performed in May, 1843. The next journey, or rather voyage, extended to the extreme eastern limits of the diocese, 450 miles below Quebec. The third was to the county of Megantic, on the south of the St. Lawrence. We regret that we must confine ourselves to the Bishop's summary of his entire visitation. The Journal thus concludes;
“We go over a great deal of space in Canada to effect things which, at present, are upon a very humble scale. I find that the aggregate of all my journeyings about the diocese (and I have travelled 4000 miles out of it during the past summer), upon this last triennial Visitation, with the addi. tion of the journeys here mentioned to La Chine and Lennoxville, amounts to 4,328 miles. In the case of Rivière du Loup, I travelled 228 miles, going and returning, to visit one little insulated congregation. And now I have finished (reserving the notitia of each mission here mentioned for an Appendix) this history of the diocese in successive parts; and although chequered with scenes of a more prosperous aspect, it is a history of scattered and often feeble congregations, enjoying but scanty and imperfect provisions in religion; with churches standing unfinished for years together, or sometimes with no churches at all; with poor missionaries enduring hardships like good soldiers of Jesus Christ, yet labouring for a few here and a few there, so that all, in some eyes, perhaps, looks unimportant-priests and people alike, of
destiny obscure.' " But are they not, if rightly regarded, the very objects for Christian sympathy and help? And is it not with something far different from 'a disdainful smile' that the English Church and people, in their
grandeur,' will hear 'these simple annals of the poor' in the colonies ? For myself, I cannot but view it as a privilege for which the deepest thankfulness is due, that I have been permitted, with whatever feeble ability of my own, to follow up the work of my venerated predecessors, and to carry out the designs of the Society, still enlarging from year to year, in such a field, a Society which may truly be said, under God, with reference to the Canadian Church, to have kept a light in Israel,' by cherishing among this people the means for the pure teaching of the gospel and the unadulterated worship of God in the face of Jesus Christ, and by promoting among them, at the same time, the retention of primitive order, and the habitual recourse to apostolic ordinances; conducting its proceedings in concord with the chief pastors of the Church upon the spot, and strengthening their hands to its power, yea, and beyond its power, in the progress of the work. Here are seventy confir. mations, performed in successive journeys of the extent just described, to produce a result of 2,136 individuals confirmed in the last triennial Visitation. But who, even if the souls of these individuals and of all the families connected with them, were not worth our care, who hath despised the day of small things?' Over this extent of country the scattered labours of the Church are diffused, and the episcopal ministrations are statedly carried; and in all these different spots have the individuals openly professed the truth of God, and recognised their Church membership by a solemn act. 'The fathers to the children,' and children's children, 'will make known that truth;' and that Church roots herself in a soil, gradually spreading on the right hand and on the left, which must be covered hereafter by a prodigious growth: what that growth shall be must depend, in human calculation, upon what is done in the present stage of the colony. The sacraments adminis. tered, tbe vows undertaken, the prayers offered, the word preached, the pastoral watchfulness exercised in the recesses of snow-clad forests, or upon the borders of the turbulent gulf, through the provisions established by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, are precious in the sight of God, and pregnant with an important future among men."
Such is the Church in Canada. The volume noticed in our last -“ Philip Musgrave; or Memoirs of a Church of England Missionary in the North American colonies” (Canada-East)—will furnish further details. Our simple object at present is to call attention to facts, and submit the case to the consideration of our readers. We must leave them to judge how far the following remarks are verified by the state of the case, as presented in our sketch, and to what extent the Church in Canada may be regarded as having accomplished its mission.
In his last Charge, Mr. Archdeacon Manning observes :“.... Nothing perhaps has exhibited in bolder outline the true spiritual nature of the Church, stripped of the disguise of secular array, than the Epis. copate of our colonial churches. This has, probably, been to many the first clear expositor of an article of their baptismal faith. It has taught him that the Church of England has no founder but our Divine Lord; and that its powers, like its Head, are not of this world.
“Surrounded as we are by the elements of change, every day advancing, and already conscious that the British Empire, having forfeited its religious unity, holds its onward way to still further estrangement from the ecclesiastical order bequeathed to us by our fathers, no one, I think, can fail to entertain a sort of foreboding that, in the Church of our colonies, we see in foresight the Church of England as it may be hereafter. Much as we must lament this, let us lose no time in lamentation. We already see it abroad, separate from the world, and supported upon its own inward energy and life. We thus can measure of what it is capable, what it can endure, and what achieve. In helping it, we are preparing ourselves for our future work, it may be far greater trials than we have yet been called to front. The church in our colonial empire is the anticipation of a church wider, poorer, mightier, less epdowed, but lacking nothing, having the signs of an apostle and the work of an evangelist. If we would preserve and perpetuate what remains of an ecclesiastical state, it must be by restoring to full power and action the in'ternal and spiritual life of the Church ; and by learning to depend on this alone.'' 1
There is probably a measure of true prophecy in this passage, and we are much impressed with the idea, that if we could fully realize the state of things as regards the Church in Canada, we should approach pretty nearly to what may even be realized among ourselves, should the changes be effected in our ecclesiastical position which seem, alas! but too certain. Whether “ the internal and spiritual life of the Church” is to be restored and perpetuated, whether at home or in the colonies, by an extended and independent episcopate, or a revival of other supposed dormant powers of the Church, such as the Archdeacon contemplates ; or whether the present aspect of the Colonial Church is so peculiarly instruc
"A Charge delivered at the ordinary Visitation of the Archdeaconry of Chichester, in July, 1846. By Henry Edward Manning, M.A., Archdeacon of Chichester.
tive and encouraging as he seems to suppose, is another and most serious question. We wish to keep it before us and inquire. We fear the state of the Church in Canada is much over-rated ; and that the expenditure of £12,000 a-year upon one mission there is hardly warranted by the circumstances of the case. The passage we have already quoted from the Report of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, for 1845, is a very significant one, and sufficiently important, we think, to sum up this general notice of the Canadian Church,
“ From having been exotic, so to speak, she is becoming indigenous : and though, in respect to the new burdens which are cast upon her by a poor emigrant population, she must thus look to the mother country for pecuniary aid, it is a good sign that she even now scarcely requires our assistance in regard to THEM. Indeed, not only are the two Canadian dioceses furnishing a due supply of persons fitly qualified to serve in the ministry of the settled parishes, but they are even sending out missionaries among the scattered population of the forest.”—pp.cv., cvii.)
Who are they ? and how are they prepared ? and to whom are they responsible? It seems to us that we still need more information from the Directors of the Gospel Propagation Society, before we can form a fair estimate of the administration of the funds entrusted to them, or feel satisfied that the work is prospering as we could wish. Statistical returns are not enough; and these, by the way, when closely examined, will ill bear comparison with those of some of our missionary stations, which owe but little to episcopal superintendence or patronage. All we would infer is, that time is required to “ test the effect of the colonial episcopate upon our existing missions ;” and that we must especially take care not to trust in an arm of flesh—not to rely on this or the other means—but on God alone and the life-giving energy of the Spirit, diffused through the Church by its living Head.
THE JERUSALEM SINNER SAVED: The Pharisee and the
Publican : The Trinity and a Christian: The Law and a Christian ; &c. &e. By John BUNYAN. To which is appended, an Exhortation to Peace and Unity. With a Life of Bunyan. By the Rev. JAMES HAMILTON, Scotch Church, Regent-square.
London : Nelson. 1845. THE GREATNESS OF THE SOUL: and the Unspeakableness of the Loss thereof: No way to Heaven but by Jesus Christ : The Strait Gate. By John Bunyan. To which is prefixed, An Introductory Essay on his Genius and Writings. By the Rev. ROBERT PHILIP, Author of “ the Life and Times of Bunyan.” London: Nelson. 1845.
“The progressive development of (Bunyan's) intellectual powers," Mr. Philip observes, “has never been traced by any of his biographers or critics. It could not be traced by Southey, Montgomery, nor Macaulay : because when they wrote, there was no clue to the chronology of his . Sixty Books. Criticism could only guess at the order in which his books appeared. Thus the matter stood, until Mr. Kilpin of Bedford discovered, in 1838, Charles Doe's Circular of 1691, which contains a complete list of them, with their dates, taken from Bunyan's own lips just before his death.” This important document, it seems, did not come into Mr. Philip's hands till his Life and Times of Bunyan’ were nearly printed off in stereotype; so that all he could do was just to insert it, and that only by taxing a literary friend to digest the Bibliography. He has however since read anew the works of Bunyan in the order fixed by Doe's circular, and with reference to the circumstances in which they originated. The chronological critique on the Writings and Genius of Bunyan, which introduces the second of the above volumes, is the result of this perusal, and gives an interesting outline of his opinions and impressions as moulded by this last review of the Sixty Books. A few extracts from this essay may interest our readers, and serve, with a brief Bibliographical notice, to call attention to the valuable writings of the illustrious author of "The Pilgrim's Progress. A mere criticism we should not think it worth while to attempt. It has always struck us that literary criticism on men like Bunyan is, to a great extent, misplaced; and were we ever so competent to tread in the steps of his literary reviewers, we should be far more anxious to point out the substantial merit of his writings than to dilate on his genius or the development of his intellectual powers.