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5 And Joshua said unto them, Pass over before the ark of the LORD your God into the midst of Jordan, and h ch. 5. 9. take ye up every man of you a stone upon his shoulder, according unto the number of the tribes of the children of Israel:

6 That this may be a sign among you, that when your children ask their fathers 3in time to come, saying, What mean ye by these stones?

i ver. 9.

Ex. 12. 26.
Cp. Pa. 44. 1.

k ver. 6.
3 Heb.

to morrow.

the midst of Jordan.

war passed over before the LORD unto battle, to the plains of Jericho.

14 On that day the LORD "magnified Joshua in the sight of all Israel; and they feared him, as they feared Moses, all the days of his life.

15 And the LORD spake unto Joshua, saying,

16 Command the priests that bear the b ark of the testimony, that they come up out of Jordan.

17 Joshua therefore commanded the priests, saying, Come ye up out of Jordan. 18 And it came to pass, when the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD were come up out of the midst of Jordan, and the soles of the priests' feet were lifted up unto the dry land, that the waters of Jordan returned unto their place, and 2flowed over all his banks, as they did before.

19 And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho.

20 And those twelve stones, which they took out of Jordan, did Joshua pitch in Gilgal.

21 And he spake unto the children of Israel, saying, When your children shall ask their fathers 3in time to come, saying, What mean these stones?

22 Then ye shall let your children know,

7 Then ye shall answer them, That the waters of Jordan were cut off before the ch. 3. 18, 16. saying, Israel came over this Jordan on

ark of the covenant of the LORD; when it passed over Jordan, the waters of Jordan were cut off: and these stones

shall be for a memorial unto them Ex. 12. 14. children of Israel for ever.

Nu. 16. 40.

n Ex. 14. 21.


8 And the children of Israel did so as Joshua commanded, and took up twelve stones out of the midst of Jordan, as the 1 Ki. 8. 42, LORD spake unto Joshua, according to the number of the tribes of the children of Israel, and carried them over with them unto the place where they lodged, and laid them down there.

Ps. 83. 18 & 106. 8. p Ex. 14. 21. Deu. 6. 2

4 Heb.
all days.

9 And Joshua set up twelve stones in the midst of Jordan, in the place where the feet of the priests which bare the ark of the covenant stood: and they are ? Nu. 18. 29. there unto this day.

r Ex. 15. 14.

1 Ki. 10. 5.

10 For the priests which bare the ark stood in the midst of Jordan, until every thing was finished that the LORD com-See ch. 2. 11. manded Joshua to speak unto the people, according to all that Moses commanded Joshua: and the people hasted and passed over.

11 And it came to pass, when all the people were clean passed over, that the ark of the LORD passed over, and the priests, in the presence of the people.

12 And the children of Reuben, and the children of Gad, and half the tribe of Manasseh, passed over "armed before the children of Israel, "as Moses spake unto them:

13 About forty thousand 7prepared for

5 Or, knives of flints. Ex. 4. 25. 6 or, Gibeahhaaraloth. Ex. 13. 18.

Nu. 14. 29 & 26. 64, 65. Deu. 2. 16. w Nu. 32 27, 28.

7 Or, ready


dry land.

23 For the LORD your God dried up the waters of Jordan from before you, until ye were passed over, as the LORD your God did to the Red sea, "which he dried up from before us, until we were gone


24 That all the people of the earth might know the hand of the LORD, that it is mighty that ye might fear the LORD your God 4 for ever.


A kings of the Amorites, which were

AND it came to pass, when all the

on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, which were by the sea, "heard that the LORD had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel. 2 At that time the LORD said unto Joshua, Make thee 5 sharp knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.

3 And Joshua made him 5sharp knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at 6 the hill of the foreskins.

4 And this is the cause why Joshua did circumcise: "All the people that came out of Egypt, that were males, even all the men of war, died in the wilderness by the way, after they came out of Egypt.

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6 For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness, till all 6 Nu. 14. 33. the people that were men of war, which came out of Egypt, were consumed, because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: unto whom the LORD swared that he would not shew them the land, which the LORD Sware unto their fathers that he would give us, fa land that floweth with milk and honey.

So Nu. 10. 8.
Ex. 19. 13.
Nu. 14. 23.

Ps. 95. 11.
He. 3. 11.

Ex. 3. 8.

1 Heb. under it.

Deu. 1. 39.

7 And their children, whom he raised up in their stead, them Joshua circum-9 Nu. 14. 31. cised for they were uncircumcised, because they had not circumcised them by the way.

8 And it came to pass, when 2 they had done circumcising all the people, that they abode in their places in the camp, A till they were whole.

9 And the LORD said unto Joshua, This day have I rolled away the reproach of Egypt from off you. Wherefore the name of the place is called 3 Gilgal unto this day.

10 And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the passover Jon the fourteenth day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho.

11 And they did eat of the old corn of the land on the morrow after the passover, unleavened cakes, and parched corn in the selfsame day.

2 Heb. the people had made an end to be circumcised. Ge. 34. 25. Ge. 34. 14.

3 That is, Rolling ch. 4. 19.

Ex 12. 6. Cp. ch. 4. 19 & ver. 8. 4 Heb. gathering host. Nu. 10. 25. Isa. 52. 12 & 58. 8.

Lev. 2. 14.
16. 35.

12 And the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the chil-Ex. dren of Israel manna any more; but they 5 Heb. did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan your voice to be heard. that year.


13 And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood man over against him "with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou for us, or for our adversaries?

14 And he said, Nay; but as 6 captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua Pfell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant?

m Ge. 18. 2 & 32, 24. Zech. 1. 8-11. Cp. Ex. 23. 20, 23.

Nu. 22. 23. o Nu. 4. 15.

6 Or, prince.

Dan. 10. 13, 20, 21

& 12. 1. p Ge. 17. 3.

15 And the captain of the LORD's host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from EL 3.5 off thy foot; for the place whereon thou Ac. 7. 33. standest is holy. And Joshua did so.

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The siege of Jericho.

3 And ye shall compass the city, all ye men of war, and go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days.


4 And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

5 And it shall come to pass, that when they d make a long blast with the ram's horn, and when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down 1 flat, and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him.

6 And Joshua the son of Nun called the priests, and said unto them, Take up the ark of the covenant, and let seven priests bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the LORD.

7 And he said unto the people, Pass on, and compass the city, and let him that is armed pass on before the ark of the LORD. 8 And it came to pass, when Joshua had spoken unto the people, that the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams' horns passed on before the LORD, and blew with the trumpets: and the ark of the covenant of the LORD followed them.

9 And the armed men went before the priests that blew with the trumpets, and the 4rereward came after the ark, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.

10 And Joshua had commanded the people, saying, Ye shall not shout, nor make 5 any noise with your voice, neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I bid you shout; then shall ye shout.

11 So the ark of the LORD compassed the city, going about it once: and they came into the camp, and lodged in the camp.

12 And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the ark of the LORD.

13 And seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the LORD went on continually, and blew with the trumpets; and the armed men went before them; but the rereward came after the ark of the LORD, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.

14 And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp: so they did six days.

15 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they rose early about the dawning of the day, and compassed the city after the same manner seven times: only on that day they compassed the city seven times.

16 And it came to pass at the seventh time, when the priests blew with the trumpets, Joshua said unto the people,

The taking of Jericho.

Shout; for the LORD hath given you the city.

17 And the city shall be accursed, even it, and all that are therein, to the LORD only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all that are with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent.


a ch. 18 12. 18. 13. 5 & 14. 23. 1 Or, devoted. See Deu, 7. 26.

b Ge. 28. 19. e ch. 2. 4

18 And ye, in any wise keep yourselves 2 Heb. from the accursed thing, lest ye make yourselves accursed, when ye take of the Laccursed thing, and make the camp of Israel la curse, and d trouble it.

19 But all the silver, and gold, and vessels of brass and iron, are 3consecrated unto the LORD: they shall come into the treasury of the LORD.

about 2000 men, or about 3000


d Ge. 31. 30. ch. 7. 25. 1 Ki. 18. 17, 18.

1 Ch. 2. 7. Lev. 26. 17. Deu. 28. 25.

holiness. Or, in Morad.

20 So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets: and it 3 Heb. came to pass, when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down 5flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city.

21 And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword.

22 But Joshua had said unto the two men that had spied out the country, Go into the harlot's house, and bring out thence the woman, and all that she hath, as ye sware unto her.

23 And the young men that were spies went in, and brought out Rahab, and her father, and her mother, and her brethren, and all that she had; and they brought out all her 7kindred, and left them without the camp of Israel.

24 And they burnt the city with fire, and all that was therein: Ponly the silver, and the gold, and the vessels of brass and of iron, they put into the treasury of the house of the LORD.

25 And Joshua saved Rahab the harlot alive, and her father's household, and all that she had; and she dwelleth in Israel even unto this day; because she hid the messengers, which Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.

But cp.
ch. 10. 11.

fch. 2. 11.
9 He. 11. 30.
5 Heb.
under it.

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h 2 Se. 1. 11.
Deu. 7. 2.
Lam. 2. 10.
So 1 Sa. 4. 12.

Ne. 9. 1.
Job 2. 12.
Ex. 5. 22.

2 Ki. 3. 10. l ch. 2. 14.

He. 11. 31.

6 Heb. necks.
ch. 2. 13.
So P. 83. 4.
7 Heb.
o Cp. Ex. 32.

ver. 19.
Heb. fallest.

q Dea. 17. 2.

r ch. 6. 17, 18. Cp. Mt. 1. 5.

tCp. Nu. 14 45.

Judg. 2. 14.
Nu. 5. 21.

v1 Ki. 16. 34.

26 And Joshua "adjured them at that time, saying, "Cursed be the man before the LORD, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho: he shall lay the foundation thereof in his firstborn, and in his youngest son shall he set up the gates of it. 27 So the LORD was with Joshua; and "his fame was noised throughout all they country.



ch. 3. 5. So ch. 1. 5. ch. 9. 9.


ch. 22. 20.

UT the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for 91 Ch. 2. 7, 9 Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of 10 Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed thing: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against the children of Israel.

10 Or, Zimri. Cp. ch. 6. 18.

1 Ch. 2. 6.
Judg. 20. 9.

The repulse at Ai.

2 And Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is beside "Beth-aven, on the east side of Beth-el, and spake unto them, saying, Go up and view the country. And the men went up and viewed Ai.

3 And they returned to Joshua, and said unto him, Let not all the people go up; but let 2 about two or three thousand men go up and smite Ai; and make not all the people to labour thither; for they are but few.

4 So there went up thither of the people about three thousand men they fled before the men of Ai.


5 And the men of Ai smote of them about thirty and six men: for they chased them from before the gate even unto Shebarim, and smote them 4in the going down: wherefore the hearts of the people melted, and became as


6 And Joshua Arent his clothes, and fell to the earth upon his face before the ark of the LORD until the eventide, he and the elders of Israel, and put dust upon their heads.

7 And Joshua said, Alas, O Lord GOD, k wherefore hast thou at all brought this people over Jordan, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us? would to God we had been content, and dwelt on the other side Jordan!

8 O Lord, what shall I say, when Israel turneth their backs before their enemies! 9 For the Canaanites and all the inhabitants of the land shall hear of it, and shall environ us round, and "cut off our name from the earth: and what wilt thou do unto thy great name?

10 And the LORD said unto Joshua, Get thee up; wherefore 8liest thou thus upon thy face?

11 Israel hath sinned, and they have also transgressed my covenant which I commanded them: for they have even taken of "the accursed thing, and have also stolen, and dissembled also, and they have put it even among their own stuff.

12 Therefore the children of Israel could not stand before their enemies, but turned their backs before their enemies, because they were accursed: neither will I be with you any more, except ye destroy the accursed from among you.

13 Up, sanctify the people, and say, Sanctify yourselves against to morrow: for thus saith the LORD God of Israel, There is an accursed thing in the midst of thee, O Israel: thou canst not stand before thine enemies, until ye take away the accursed thing from among you.

14 In the morning therefore ye shall be brought according to your tribes: and it shall be, that the tribe which the LORD taketh shall come according to the families thereof; and the family which the LORD shall take shall come by house

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holds; and the household which the
LORD shall take shall come man by man.
15 And it shall be, that he that is
taken with the accursed thing shall be
burnt with fire, he and all that he hath:
because he hath transgressed the coved
nant of the LORD, and because he hath
wrought folly in Israel.

a ch. 2. 24

b 1 Sa. 14.
38, 39.

ch. 6. 21.
Deu. 20. 14.

1 Or,

16 So Joshua rose up early in the morning, and brought Israel by their tribes; and the tribe of Judah was taken : 17 And he brought the family of Judah; and he took the family of the Zarhites: Nu. 26. 20. and he brought the family of the Zarhites man by man; and Zabdi was taken:

18 And he brought his household man by man; and Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, was taken.

19 And Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give, I pray thee, glory to the LORD God of Israel, and make confession unto him; and tell me now what thou hast done; hide it not from


f So Judg. 20.


ver. 1.

h Cp. 1 Sa.
14. 42.

Isa. 42 12.
So 1 Sa. 6. 5.
Jer. 13. 16.
Mal. 2. 2.
Jn. 9. 24.
j Ear. 10. 11.
So Nu, 5.

6, 7.

2 Ch. 30. 22.
Dan. 9. 4.

The ambush at Ai.

go up to Ai: see, I have given into thy hand the king of Ai, and his people, and his city, and his land:

2 And thou shalt do to Ai and her king as thou didst unto Jericho and her king: only the spoil thereof, and the cattle thereof, shall ye take for a prey unto yourselves: lay thee an ambush for the city behind it.

3 So Joshua arose, and all the people of war, to go up against Ai: and Joshua chose out thirty thousand mighty men of valour, and sent them away by night. 4 And he commanded them, saying, Behold, fye shall lie in wait against the city, even behind the city: go not very far from the city, but be ye all ready: 5 And I, and all the people that are with me, will approach unto the city: and it shall come to pass, when they come out against us, as at the first, that kwe will flee before them,

6 (For they will come out after us) till we have 2 drawn them from the city; for they will say, They flee before us, as at the first: therefore we will flee before them. 7 Then ye shall rise up from the ambush, and seize upon the city: for the LORD your God will deliver it into your hand. 8 And it shall be, when ye have taken the city, that ye shall set the city on fire: according to the commandment of the LORD shall ye do. See, I have commanded you.

20 And Achan answered Joshua, and said, Indeed I have sinned against the LORD God of Israel, and thus and thus have I done: k Judg. 20. 32. 21 When I saw among the spoils asa. 14. 43. goodly Babylonish garment, and two 2 Heb. pulled. hundred shekels of silver, and a 3 wedge 3 Heb. tongue. of gold of fifty shekels weight, then Im ch. 1. 9. coveted them, and took them; and, be2 Sa. 13. 28. hold, they are hid in the earth in the midst of my tent, and the silver under it. 22 So Joshua sent messengers, and Cp. ch. 7. 2 abode between Beth-el and Ai, "on the

they ran unto the tent; and, behold, it was hid in his tent, and the silver under it.

23 And they took them out of the midst of the tent, and brought them unto Joshua, and unto all the children of Israel, and laid them out before the LORD.

24 And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had: and they brought them unto the valley of Achor.

with Ge. 12. 8
& 13. 3

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25 And Joshua said, "Why hast thou 5 Or, of Ai. troubled us? the LORD shall trouble theep ch. 6. 18. this day. And all Israel stoned him with 6 Heb. lying stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones.

26 And they "raised over him a great heap of stones unto this day. So the LORD turned from the fierceness of his anger. Wherefore the name of that place was called, The valley of 7 Achor, unto this day.

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in wait.
Deu. 17. 5.

r ch. 8. 29.
2 Sa. 18. 17.
Deu. 13. 17.
ver. 24


ch. 15. 7.

Isa. 65. 10.
Hos. 2. 15.
7 That is,
u So Judg. 20.


v Deu. 31. 8.
w So Judg. 20.
36, &c.

9 Joshua therefore sent them forth: and they went to lie in ambush, and

west side of Ai: but Joshua lodged that night among the people.

10 And Joshua rose up early in the morning, and numbered the people, and went up, he and the elders of Israel, before the people to Ai.

11 And all the people, even the people of war that were with him, went up, and drew nigh, and came before the city, and pitched on the north side of Ai: now there was a valley between them and Ai.

12 And he took about five thousand men, and set them to lie in ambush between Beth-el and Ai, on the west side 5 of the city.

13 And when they had set the people, even all the host that was on the north of the city, and their 6liers in wait on the west of the city, Joshua went that night into the midst of the valley.

14 And it came to pass, when the king of Ai saw it, that they hasted and rose up early, and the men of the city went out against Israel to battle, he and all his people, at a time appointed, before the plain; but he "wist not that there were liers in ambush against him behind the city.

15 And Joshua and all Israel "made as if they were beaten before them, and fled by the way of the wilderness.

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16 And all the people that were in Ai were called together to pursue after them: a Deu. 27. 4, 5. and they pursued after Joshua, and were 6 ver. 6. drawn away from the city.

17 And there was not a man left in Aie Ex. 20. 25. or Beth-el, that went not out after Israel: Deu. 27, 5, 6. and they left the city open, and pursued

after Israel.

18 And the LORD said unto Joshua, Stretch out the spear that is in thy hand toward Ai; for I will give it into thine hand. And Joshua stretched out the spear that he had in his hand toward the city.

19 And the ambush arose quickly out of their place, and they ran as soon as he had stretched out his hand: and they entered into the city, and took it, and hasted and set the city on fire.

20 And when the men of Ai looked behind them, they saw, and, behold, the smoke of the city ascended up to heaven, and they had no power to flee this way or that way: and the people that fled to the wilderness turned back upon the

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d Ex. 20, 24.

Deu. 27. 2, 8.

fch. 1. 10. Deu. 31. 9. So Deu. 31. 12.

1 Heb. hand. Deu. 11. 29

& 27. 12.

j Deu. 31. 11. k Deu. 28. 2-14

& 30. 19. l Deu. 28. 15-68

& 29, 20, 21.

The Gibeonites

30 Then Joshua built an altar unto the LORD God of Israel "in mount Ebal, 31 As Moses the servant of the LORD commanded the children of Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of whole stones, over which no man hath lift up any iron: and d they offered thereon burnt offerings unto the LORD, and sacrificed peace offerings.

32 And he wrote there upon the stones a copy of the law of Moses, which he wrote in the presence of the children of Israel.

33 And all Israel, and their elders, and fofficers, and their judges, stood on this side the ark and on that side before the priests the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, as well h the stranger, as he that was born among them; half of them over against mount Gerizim, and half of them over against mount Ebal; ias Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded before, that they should bless the people of Israel.

34 And afterward he read all the words of the law, k the blessings and cursings, according to all that is written in the book of the law.

35 There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read not before all the congregation of Israel,

22 And the other issued out of the city against them; so they were in the midst m Deu. 31. 12. with the women, and the little ones,

of Israel, some on this side, and some on that side: and they smote them, so that they let none of them remain or escape. 23 And the king of Ai they took alive, and brought him to Joshua.

24 And it came to pass, when Israel had made an end of slaying all the inhabitants of Ai in the field, in the wilderness wherein they chased them, and when they were all fallen on the edge of the sword, until they were consumed, that all the Israelites returned unto Ai, and smote it with the edge of the sword.

25 And so it was, that all that fell that day, both of men and women, were twelve thousand, even all the men of Ai.

n ver. 33.

2 Heb. walked.

o ch, 10. 28. Cp. Deu.7.2.

p Deu. 1. 7. Nu. 34. 6. Ex. 13. 5.

ch. 12. 8.

3 Heb. mouth. ch. 10. 2,

10, 12
& 18. 25.

2 Sa. 21. 1, 2.

26 For Joshua drew not his hand back, wherewith he stretched out the spear,t ch. 6. 27. until he had utterly destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai.

27 Only the cattle and the spoil of that city Israel took for a prey unto themselves, according unto the word of the LORD which he "commanded Joshua. 28 And Joshua burnt Ai, and made it "an heap for ever, even a desolation unto this day.

uver. 2.

Cp. Nu, 31. 22-28.

Deu. 13. 16. wch. 5. 10.

29 And the king of Ai he hanged on arch. 10. 26. tree until eventide: and as soon as they Deu. 21. 23, ch. 10. 27. sun was down, Joshua commanded that they should take his carcase down from the tree, and cast it at the entering of the gate of the city, and raise thereon a great heap of stones, that remaineth unto this day.

ch. 7. 26, a ch. 11. 19.

6 Deu. 7. 2.

and "the strangers that 2 were conversant among them.


AND it came to pass, when all the A kings which were on this side Jordan, Pin the hills, and in the valleys, and in all the coasts of the great sea over against Lebanon, "the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Periz. zite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard thereof;

2 That they gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua and with Israel, with one accord.

3 And when the inhabitants of 'Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai,

4 They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up;

5 And old shoes and clouted upon their feet, and old garments upon them; and all the bread of their provision was dry and mouldy.

6 And they went to Joshua "unto the camp at Gilgal, and said unto him, and to the men of Israel, We be come from a far country: now therefore make ye a league with us.

7 And the men of Israel said unto the a Hivites, Peradventure ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with you?

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