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6 And the children of Israel repented79r, them for Benjamin their brother, and said, There is one tribe cut off from Israel this day.

7 How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing we have sworn by the LORD that we will not give them of our daughters to wives?

Ex. 15. 20. ch. 11. 34.

1 Sa. 18. 6 & 21. 11

& 29. 5.

8T And they said, What one is there of the tribes of Israel that came not up to Mizpeh to the LORD? And, behold, there 1 Sa. 11. 1, came none to the camp from Jabeshgilead to the assembly.

9 For the people were numbered, and, behold, there were none of the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead there.

10 And the congregation sent thither twelve thousand men of the valiantest, and commanded them, saying, Go and smite the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead with the edge of the sword, with the women and the children.

11 And this is the thing that ye shall do, Ye shall utterly destroy every male, and every woman that 9 hath lain by man. 12 And they found among the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead four hundred 10 young virgins, that had known no man by lying with any male: and they brought them unto the camp to "Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan.


& 31. 11-13. 2 Sa. 2. 4, 5 & 21. 12.

1 Ch. 10. 11. 8 Or, Gratify

us in them. j ver. 5. Cp. 1 Sa. 11. 7. Cp. ch. 20. 48.

Cp. Nu. 31.


Deu. 7. 2.

9 Heb.

knoweth the lying with man.

10 Heb. young


virgins. m ch. 17. 6.

n Jos. 18. 1. Cp. ver. 2.

provided with wives.

13 And the whole congregation sent some to speak to the children of Benjamin "that were in the rock Rimmon, and to call peaceably unto them.

14 And Benjamin came again at that time; and they gave them wives which they had saved alive of the women of Jabesh-gilead: and yet so they sufficed them not.

15 And the people repented them for Benjamin, because that the LORD had made a breach in the tribes of Israel. 16 Then the elders of the congregation said, How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing the women are de stroyed out of Benjamin ?

17 And they said, There must be an inheritance for them that be escaped of Benjamin, that a tribe be not destroyed out of Israel.

18 Howbeit we may not give them wives of our daughters: for the chil dren of Israel have sworn, saying, Cursed be he that giveth a wife to Benjamin.

19 Then they said, Behold, there is a feast of the LORD in Shiloh 5 yearly in a place which is on the north side of f Beth-el, 6 on the east side 7 of the highway that goeth up from Beth-el to Shechem, and on the south of Lebonah.

20 Therefore they commanded the chil dren of Benjamin, saying, Go and lie in wait in the vineyards;

21 And see, and, beh old, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in dances, then come ye out of the vineyards, and catch you every man his wife of the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin.

22 And it shall be, when their fathers or their brethren come unto us to complain, that we will say unto them, 8 Be favourable unto them for our sakes: because we reserved not to each man his wife in the war: for ye did not give unto them at this time, that ye should be guilty.

23 And the children of Benjamin did so, and took them wives, according to their number, of them that danced, whom they caught: and they went and returned unto their inheritance, and repaired the cities, and dwelt in them. 24 And the children of Israel departed thence at that time, every man to his tribe and to his family, and they went out from thence every man to his inheritance.

25" In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes.



a 2 Ki. 2 2-6.

against me. b Judg. 2. 16. 2 Heb.

Now it came to pass in the days 1 Or. Be not when the judges 2 ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of d Beth-lehem-judah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons.

2 And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, 9 Ephrathites of Beth-lehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and 4 continued there.

3 And Elimelech Naomi's husband died;
and she was left, and her two sons.
4 And they took them wives of the
women of Moab; the name of the one
as Orpah, and the name of the other
Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten


5 And Mahlon and Chilion died also both of them; and the woman was left of her two sons and her husband.

6 Then she arose with her daughters in law, that she might return from the country of Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that the LORD had visited his people in "giving them bread.

unto her gods: "return thou after thy sister in law.

16 And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: Judg.6.4-6thy people shall be my people, and thy d Judg. 17. 8, God my God:



ch. 2. 11, 12. 1 Sa. 3. 17 & 14. 44 & 20. 13. 2 Sa. 19. 13. 2 Ki. 6. 31. y Ge. 35. 19.

Cp. Ac. 21.


3 Heb. strengthened herself. 4 Heb. were. i Cp. Mt. 21. 10.

5 That is, Pleasant. Cp. 2 Sa. 1. 26.

6 That is,

Job 27. 2.

k So Job 1. 21.

Ex. 3. 16.

m Ps. 132. 15.

2 Sa. 21. 9. Cp, ch. 2. 23.

7 Wherefore she went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daughters in law with her; and they went on the way to return unto the land of Judah. 8 And Naomi said unto her two daughters in law, Go, return each to her ch. 3. 2 mother's house: the LORD "deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me.

Pro. 7. 4.


Judg. 1. 24. q ver. 5. ch. 2 20.

9 The LORD grant you that ye may find rest, each of you in the house of her 7 Called, husband. Then she kissed them; and they lifted up their voice, and wept.

10 And they said unto her, Surely we will return with thee unto thy people. 11 And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will ye go with me? are there yet any more sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands?

12 Turn again, my daughters, go your way; for I am too old to have an husband. If I should say, I have hope, if I 9should have an husband also to night, and should also bear sons;

13 Would ye 10 tarry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from having husbands? nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD is gone out against me.

Mt. 1. 5, Booz. ch. 4. 21. So ch. 3. 1. a Deu. 24. 19.

8 Heb. hap happened.

t Ge. 38. 11. Deu. 25. 5.

Cp. Ps. 129. 7,8.

9 Or, were with an husband.

10 Heb. hope.

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17 Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, if ought but death part thee and me.

18 When she saw that she 3 was stedfastly minded to go with her, then she left speaking unto her.

19 So they two went until they came to Beth-lehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Beth-lehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this Naomi ?

20 And she said unto them, Call me not 5 Naomi, call me 6 Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me. 21 I went out full, kand the LORD hath brought me home again empty: why then call ye me Naomi, seeing the LORD hath testified against me, and the Almighty hath afflicted me?

22 So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab and they came to Beth-lehem "in the beginning of barley harvest.


AND Naomi had a kinsman of her AND A husband's, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of Elimelech; and his name was 7 Boaz.

2 And Ruth the Moabitess said unto Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and 'glean ears of corn after him in whose sight I shall find grace. And she said unto her, Go, my daughter.

3 And she went, and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers: and her 8 hap was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz, who was of the kindred of Elimelech.

4 And, behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem, and said unto the reapers, "The LORD be with you. And they answered him, The LORD bless thee.

5 Then said Boaz unto his servant that was set over the reapers, Whose damsel is this?

6 And the servant that was set over the reapers answered and said, It is the Moabitish damsel that came back with Naomi out of the country of Moab:

7 And she said, I pray you, let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves: so she came, and hath continued even from the morning until now, that she tarried a little in the house.

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b So 1 Sa. 25. 23, 41.

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ch. 1. 14, 16, So ch. 1. 9.


e ch. 2. 1.

10 Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger? 11 And Boaz answered and said untoch. 2. 8. her. It hath fully been shewed me, "all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore.

12 The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.

13 Then she said, 2 Let me find favour in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast comforted me, and for that thou hast spoken 3friendly unto thine handmaid, though I be not like unto one of thine handmaidens.

2 Sa, 14. 2. h Cp. 1 Sa. 24. Ps. 17. 8


& 36, 7
& 57. 1
& 63. 7.

2 Or, I find. Cp. 1 Sa. 1. 18.

14 And Boaz said unto her, At mealtime come thou hither, and eat of the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vine-5 gar. And she sat beside the reapers: and he reached her parched corn, and she did eat, and was sufficed, and left.

3 Heb. to the heart. Ge. 31 3. Judg. 19. 3. So I Sa. 25.

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Or, lift up the clothes that are on.

Nu. 6. 3.

Ps. 69. 21.

ver. 18.

in Judg. 19, 6. Heb. shame n Judg. 4. 21.

her not.
So Judg.
18. 7.

6 Or, took
hold on.
Ex. 16. 36.
Ezek. 16. 8.
Cp. Deu. 22

15 And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, Let her glean even among the sheaves,p and reproach her not:

16 And let fall also some of the handfuls of purpose for her, and leave them, that she may glean them, and rebuke her not. 17 So she gleaned in the field until even, and beat out that she had gleaned: and it was about an ephah of barley.

18 And she took it up, and went into the city and her mother in law saw what she had gleaned; and she brought forth, and gave to her "that she had reserved after she was sufficed.

W Or, one that hath right to rederm. ch. 2. 20. q ch. 2. 20. ir ver. 14. ver. 10.

8 Heb. gate.
t Pro. 12. 4
& 31. 10.
uch. 4. 1.
So Ge. 14. 19.
Judg. 17. 2

ch. 3. 10.
2 Sa. 2. 5.
Ps. 115. 15,

Cp. Job 29.

19 And her mother in law said unto her, Where hast thou gleaned to day? and where wroughtest thou? blessed be he that did take knowledge of thee. And she shewed her mother in law with whom she had wrought, and said, Thew ch. 1. 8. r Deu. 25. 5. man's name with whom I wrought to ch. 4. 5. day is Boaz. 9 Or, one that hath right to redeem.

20 And Naomi said unto her daughter in law, "Blessed be he of the LORD, who hath not left off his kindness to the living and to the dead. And Naomi hl unto her, The man is near of kin to us, one of our next kinsmen.

eh. 3, 9, 12 & 4. 6, 14. Cp Lev. 25. 25.

with her kinsman Boaz.

21 And Ruth the Moabitess said, He said unto me also, Thou shalt keep fast by my young men, until they have ended all my harvest.

22 And Naomi said unto Ruth her daughter in law, It is good, my daugh ter, that thou go out with his maidens, that they meet thee not in any other field.

23 So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelt with her mother in law.


THEN Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek drest for thee, that it may be well with thee?

2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred, f with whose maidens thou wast? Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor.

3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking.

4 And it shall be, when he lieth down. that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and 4uncover his feet, and lay thee down and he will tell thee what thou shalt do. 5 And she said unto her, All that thou sayest unto me I will do.

6 And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her.

7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to be down at the end of the heap of corn: and "she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down.

8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, and 6turnal himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet.

9 And he said, Who art thou? And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: "spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art 7a near kinsman 10 And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poc or rich.

11 And now, my daughter, fear not; ! will do to thee all that thou requirest for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman.

12 And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit "there is a kins man nearer than I.

13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perfor unto thee the part of a kinsman, well: let him do the kinsman's part: but if he

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will not do the part of a kinsman to thee,a Cp. Lev. 27. then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning.


Judg. 8. 19.

1 Sa. 14. 39. 28. 12. 5. Jer. 4. 2

& 5. 2.

14 And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. And he said, Lete ver. 8. it not be known that a woman came into the floor.

15 Also he said, Bring the 1vail that thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: and she went into the city.

16 And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? And she told her all that the man had done to her.

I Or, sheet,

or, apron. d ch. 1. 2, 4.

e ver, 5. So Deu. 25. 6.

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THEN THEN went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold,p. Jos. 20. 4. the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat down.

2 And he took ten men of "the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.

I ch. 3. 12. m ch. 3. 11. n Ge. 33, 5, o Cp. 1 Ki. 21. 8.

P Lk. 1. 58. Heb. caused to cease unto thee.

3 And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which was 5 Or, our brother Elimelech's:

4 And 8I thought to advertise thee, saying,Buy it before the inhabitants, and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it but if thou wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know: for there is none to redeem it beside thee; and I am after thee. And he said, I will redeem it.

redeemer. 6 Heb. to nourish.

7 Heb. thy

gray hairs. 8 Heb. I said, I will reveal in thine ear. 1 Sa. 20. 2. 71 Sa. 1. 8. r Lev. 25. 25.

Ge. 23. 18.

t Lk. 1. 59. u Ge. 50. 23.

5 Then said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy it also of Ruth the Moabitess,1 the wife of the dead, "to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance. 6 And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance: redeem thou my right to thyself; for I cannot redeem it.

77 Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and

Ch. 24


Mt. 1. 36. 1 ver. 10.

ch. 3. 13.
See Deu,

25. 5.
ch, 3, 12, 13.

9 Or,

y Deu. 25, 7, 9.

and taketh Ruth to wife.

concerning "changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel.

8 Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe. 9 And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and all that was d Chilion's and Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi. 10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place ye are witnesses this day.

11 And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did 9 build the house of Israel: and 2do thou worthily in Ephratah, and 3 be famous in Bethlehem:

12 And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman.

13 So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife and when he went in unto her, "the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son.

14 And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not 4 left thee this day without a 5 kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel.

15 And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and 6a nourisher of 7thine old age: for thy daughter in law, which loveth thee, which is better to thee than seven sons, hath born him.

16 And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it. 17 And the won.en her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son "born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David.

18 Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron,

19 And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab,

20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat 9Salmon,

21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed,

22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David.






TOW there was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite: 2 And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had. children, but Hannah had no children. 3 And this man went up out of his city 2 yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in iShiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.

4 And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:

5 But unto Hannah he gave a 3 worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.

6 And her adversary also 5 provoked her sore, "for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.

7 And as he did so year by year, 7 when she went up to the house of the LORD, SO she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.

8 Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I 9 better to thee than ten sons?

9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the LORD.

a Ps. 42. 4. So Ps. 62. & Lam. 2. 19. b Jos. 24. 33. e 1 Ch. 6. 22, 26, 27, 34, 35 1 Or, meditation.

d ch. 20. 13. 42. 2 Sa. 15. 9.

Ps. 20. 4, 5.
Judg. 13. 2.

Lk. 1. 7.
7 Ge. 33, 15.

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Heb. from

year to year.
Ex. 23. 14.
Lk. 2. 41.

Deu. 12.5-7.

i Jos. 18. 1.

Deu. 12. 17,18

& 16. 11. k ver. 1.

ch. 2. 11 & 15 34. ver. 11. 3 Or, double. 4 Heb. in

revolution of days. 5 Heb. angered. So ver. 7. 6 That is, Asked of God. Ex. 18. 4.

n Job 24. 21.

7 Or, from the time that. Heb. from

her going up.

o ver. 3.
Over. 11, 28.


Ru. 4. 15.

r 2 Sa. 7. 25. ch. 3. 3. Heb. bitter of soul. So Job 7. 11.


spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have "poured out my soul before the LORD.

16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto.

17 Then Eli answered and said, d Go in peace and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him. 18 And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.

19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her.

20 Wherefore it came to pass, 4 when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name 6Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the LORD.

21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.

22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear be fore the LORD, and there abide for ever.

23 And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth thee good; tarry until thou have weaned him; "only the LORD establish his word. So the woman abode, and gave her son suck until she weaned him.

24 And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three

10 And she was 8in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore. 11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeedt Judg. 11. 30. bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a

"look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and "remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid 9a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no rasor come, upon his head.

12 And it came to pass, as she 10 continued praying before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth.

13 Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken.

14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee.

15 And Hannah answered and said, No,

u Ge. 29. 32.

v ver. 3, 9.

w Ge. 8. 1.
9 Heb. seed

of men.
r Ge. 42 15.
Judg. 13. 5.

10 Heb.

to pray.
11 Or, returned
him, whom I
have obtained
by petition.
12 Or, he whom
I have ob-
tained by

petition shall
be returned.
2 To ver. 10,
Lk. 1. 46-53.
13 Heb, hard
of spirit.

bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the LORD in "Shiloh: and the child was young.

25 And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli.

23 And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the


27 For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him:

28 Therefore also I have 11lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth 12 he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.


AND Hannah prayed, and said, "My

my lord, I am a woman 13 of a sorrowfula Ps. 89. 17, 24. heart rejoiceth in the LORD, "mine

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