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Achish dismisseth David. I. SAMUEL 29


TOW the Philistines gathered to

NOW gether all their armies to Aphek:

and the Israelites pitched by da fountain which is in "Jezreel.

2 And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rereward 9 with Achish.

3 Then said the princes of the Philistines, What do these Hebrews here? And Achish said unto the princes of the Philistines, Is not this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, which hath been with me these days, or these years, and I have found no fault in him since he fell unto me unto this day?

a ch. 27. 8.

6 ch. 28. 1. Jos. 12. 18. d Judg. 7. 1.

e ver. 11. Jos. 13. 3.

g ch. 28. 1, 2.

h ch. 25, 43. ich. 27. 7.

1 Ch. 12. 19, 20.

k Ex. 17. 4.

I Heb. bitter. 1 So Pa. 42. 5

& 56, 3, 4, 11. m ch. 27. 6.

4 And the princes of the Philistines were wroth with him; and the princes of the Philistines said unto him, Make this fellow return, that he may go again to his place which thou hast appointed him, and let him not go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he be an adversary to us: for wherewith should he reconcile himself unto his master? should it not be with the heads of these o ch. 23. 2, 4. men?

5 Is not this David, of whom they sang one to another in dances, saying, P Saul slew his thousands, and David his ten thousands?

n ch. 23. 6, 9.

p ch. 18. 7 & 21. 11. 9 ch. 25. 13. But cp. 1 Ch. 12. 21.

6 Then Achish called David, and said unto him, Surely, as the LORD liveth, thou hast been upright, and thy going 2 sa. 3. 25. out and thy coming in with me in the host is good in my sight: for I have not found evil in thee since the day of thy coming unto me unto this day: nevertheless 2 the lords favour thee not. 7 Wherefore now return, and go in peace, that thou 3 displease not the lords of the Philistines.

8 And David said unto Achish, But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been 4 with thee unto this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

9 And Achish answered and said to David, I know that thou art good in my sight, "as an angel of God: notwithstanding the princes of the Philistines have said, He shall not go up with us to the battle.

2 Heb. thon
art not good
in the eyes
of the lords.
3 Heb. do

not evil in
the eyes of
the lords.

8 ch. 25. 18.
1 Ch. 12. 40.

Judg. 15. 19. So Ge. 45. 27. 4 Heb. before thee.

2 Sa. 14.

17, 20
& 19. 27.

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& ver. 4. w 2 Sa. 8. 18 & 15. 18.

So Ezek. 25. 16.

Zeph. 2. 5. ch. 25. 3. See Jos. 14. 13.

y ver. 1. Sa. 4. 4.

Ziklag taken and burnt.

the third day, that the "Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire: 2 And had taken the women captives. that were therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried them away, and went on their way.

3 So David and his men came to the city, and, behold, it was burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captives.

4 Then David and the people that were with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep. 5 And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. 6 And David was greatly distressed; k for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was 1 grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God.

7 And David said to "Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to David. 8 And David inquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake them, and without fail recover all.

9 So David went, he and the six hundred men that were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed.

10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.

11 And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water;

12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights.

13 And David said unto him, To whom belongest thou? and whence art thou? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days agone I fell sick.

14 We made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites, and upon the coas which belongeth to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire.

15 And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I wil bring thee down to this company. And when had

AND it came to pass, when David and 25. 29. 4, 11. down, behold, they werd brought hind

David recovereth the spoil. I. SAMUEL 30 Death of Saul and his sons.

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17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the 1 Heb. their next day and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled.

c ch. 27.

30 And to them which were in "Hormah, and to them which were in Chorbashan, and to them which were in Athach,

31 And to them which were in Hebron, and to all the places where David him self and his men were wont to haunt. CHAPTER 31

18 And David recovered all that the Tover 13, NOW the Philistines fought against

Amalekites had carried away and David rescued his two wives.

19 And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that they had taken to them: David recovered all.

20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drave before those other cattle, and said, This is David's spoil. 21 And David came to the two hun-4 dred men, which were so faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide at the brook Besor: and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people that were with him: and when David came near to the people, he 6saluted them.

1 Ch. 10. 1-12. e ver. 8.

2 Or, wounded. feb. 28. 4. 28. 1. 6.

ch. 14. 40.

3 Heb. shooters. men with bows.

Heb. found him. Judg. 9. 51 i ver. 10. Judg. 14. 3.


mock me.

Cp. 2 Sa. 1.


6 Or, asked them how they did.

I Deu. 13. 13.

22 Then answered all the wicked men and men of Belial, of 7 those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them ought Heh men. m 1 Ch. 10. 6. of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead them away, and depart. 23 Then said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with that which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company that came against us into our hand.

24 For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but "as his part is that goeth down to the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike.

25 And it was so from that day 8 forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.

26 And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD;

27 To them which were in "Beth-el, and to them which were in south Ramoth, and to them which were in "Jattir,

23 And to them which were in Aroer, and to them which were in Siphmoth, and to them which were in Eshtemoa, 29 And to them which were in Rachal, and to them which were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to them which were in the cities of the Kenites,

n Nu. 31. 27.
Jos. 22. 8.
Pe. 68. 12.
a ch. 25. 13.
p ch. 17. 51.
8 Heb. and

2 Sa. 1. 20.
p. Judg. 16.
Judg. 2. 13,


2 Sa. 21. 12 9 Heb. blessing.

ch. 25. 27. tch. 11. 1-11.

Jos. 19. 4. 10 Or, concerning him. So Jos. 19. 8. *Cp ch. 11.

w Jos. 15. 48.


2 Sa. 2.4-7. y Jos. 15. 50.

ch. 27. 10.

a 2 Sa. 21. 12, 14.

ch. 22. 6.
Judg. 1. 16.
ch. 7. 6.

So 2 Sa. 12.

e Ge. 50, 10,

Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down. 2 slain in mount ƒ Gilboa.

2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchi-shua, Saul's sons.

3 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the 3archers 4hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.

4 Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and 5 abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.

5 And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him.

6 So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all "his men, that same day together.

7 And when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.

8 And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in mount Gilboa.

9 And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in the house of their idols, and among the people.

10 And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth-shan.

11 And when the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead heard 10 of that which the Philistines had done to Saul;

12 All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth-shan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there.

13 And they took their bones, and a buried them under a tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.





a Jos. 2. 19.

1 Ki. 2. 37.

Cp. Lk. 19.


17, 26.

Now sati, when David was returned it came to pass after the death from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag;e 1 Sa. 30. 2 It came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head and so it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance.

3 And David said unto him, From whence comest thou? And he said unto him, Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped.

4 And David said unto him, 2How went the matter? I pray thee, tell me. And he answered, That the people are fled from the battle, and many of the people also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also.

5 And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead?

6 And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, "Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him.

d ch. 3. 33.

2 Ch. 35. 25. el Sa. 4. 12.

Ge. 44. 13. f Jos. 7. 6. 1 Or, of the upright.

Jos. 10. 13.

g1 Sa. 31. 9.
Mi. 1. 10.
2 Heb. What
was, &c.

h Ex. 15. 20.

Judg. 11. 34

1 Sa. 18. 6.

Judg. 14. 3. jl Sa. 31. 1.

k 1 Sa. 10. 1.

1 Sa. 18. 4. Cp. 1 Sa.

31. 1-4.

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Judg. 14. 18.

Or, my coat of mail (or, my embroidered coat) hindereth me,

that my, fc.

10 So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have p1 Sa. 18. 1. brought them hither unto my lord.

11 Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him:

12 And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the Na. 27. 21. LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.

1 Sa. 25. 43.

13 And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art thou? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite. 14 And David said unto him, How wast1 Sa. 24. 6 thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy "the LORD's anointed? 15 And David called one of the young

1 Sa. 31. 4.
& 26, 9.

1 Sa. 27. 2, 3

u 1 Sa. 12. 3.

& 30. 1.

men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died. 16 And David said unto him, "Thy blood be upon thy head; for thy mouth hath testified against thee, saying, I have slain the LORD'S anointed.

17 And David dlamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son:

18 (Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.)

19 The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen! 20 9 Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph.

21 Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, as though he had not been kanointed with oil,

22 From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan turned not back, and the sword of Saul returned not empty.

23 Saul and Jonathan were lovely and 3 pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were "swifter than eagles, they were "stronger than lions.

24 Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet, with other delights, who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel.

25 How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, thou wast slain in thine high places.

26 I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: Pthy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women.

27 How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished!


AND it came to pass after this, that David inquired of the LORD, say ing, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron. 2 So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal's wife the Car melite.

3 And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his

David made king.

II. SAMUEL 2 household: and they dwelt in the cities 1 Heb. from of Hebron.

after Abner.

a ch, 5. 5.

4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabesh-gilead¿ 1 Sa. 31. 13. were they that buried Saul.

5 And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabesh-gilead, and said unto them, Blessed be ye of the LORD, that ye have shewed this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him.

6 And now dthe LORD shew kindnessd and truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing.

7 Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and 3be ye valiant: for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me king over them.

8 But Abner the son of Ner, captain of 4 Saul's host, took 5 Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to 9 Mahanaim;

2 Or, spoil.

So Judg. 14. 19.

e Ru, 2. 20.

Abner killeth Asahel.

hand nor to the left from following Abner.

20 Then Abner looked behind him, and said, Art thou Asahel? And he answered, I am.

21 And Abner said to him, Turn thee aside to thy right hand or to thy left, and lay thee hold on one of the young men, and take thee his 2armour. But Asahel would not turn aside from following of him.

22 And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: So 2 Tim. 1. wherefore should I smite thee to the 16, 18. ground? how then should I hold up my face to Joab thy brother?

3 Heb. be ye the sons of valour. e ch. 3. 27 & 4. 6 & 20. 10. Sa. 14. 50 & 17. 55.

ch. 3. 6, &c. 4 Heb. the host which was Saul's.

9 And made him king over Gilead, and ever the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and 5 Or. over all Israel.

10 Ish-bosheth Saul's son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David.

11 And the 6 time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.

12 And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to beon.


13 And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out, and met 9 together by the pool of Gibeon: and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool.

14 And Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise, and play before us. And Joab said, Let them arise.


1 Ch. 8. 33 & 9. 39. Op. ch. 4. 4 & 11. 21. g ch. 17. 24.

6 Heb.

number of days.

Jos. 9. 3. i ver. 14.

7 Heb. from the morning. 8 Or,

gone away.

9 Heb them together. Jer. 11. 12.

15 Then there arose and went over by ch. 17. 24. number twelve of Benjamin, which pertained to Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David.

16 And they caught every one his fellow by the head, and thrust his sword in his fellow's side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was called 10 Hel-10 kath-hazzurim, which is in Gibeon.

17 And there was a very sore battle that day; and Abner was beaten, and the inen of Israel, before the servants of David.

18 And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot 12as a wild roe.

19 And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned not to the right

That is, The field of strong men.

1 Sa. 26. 6. 11 Heb.

of his feet.

12 Heb. as

one of the roes that is in the field. 1 Ch. 12 8.

23 Howbeit he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him under the fifth rib, that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place and it came to pass, that as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood still.

24 Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.

25 And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of an hill.

26 Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the sword devour for ever? knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall it be then, ere thou bid the people return from following their brethren?

27 And Joab said, 48 God liveth, unless ithou hadst spoken, surely then 7in the morning the people had gone up every one from following his brother.

28 So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any


29 And Abner and his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed over Jordan, and went through all Bith ron, and they came to Mahanaim.

30 And Joab returned from following Abner: and when he had gathered all the people together, there lacked of David's servants nineteen men and Asahel.

31 But the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner's men, so that three hundred and threescore men died.

32 And they took up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father, which was in Beth-lehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at break of day. CHAPTER 3

NOW there was long war between the

was on the house of

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David: but David waxed stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker and weaker.

2 And unto David were sons born in Hebron and his firstborn was Amnon, b of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess;

Heb. both yesterday and the third day.

a To ver. 5, 1 Ch. 3. 1-4. b 1 Sa. 25. 43.

1 Ch. 3. 1.

3 And his second, 2Chileab, of Abigail 2 Or, Daniel, the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacahe1 Ch. 12. 29. the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;d Den. 3. 14. 4 And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital;

5 And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron.

6 And it came to pass, while there was war between the house of Saul and the house of David, that Abner made himself strong for the house of Saul

7 And Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah: and Ish-bosheth said to Abner, Wherefore hast thou gone in unto my father's concubine?

ch. 14. 23, 32

& 15. 8. el Ki. 1. 5, &c.

f ver. 12, 13. 9 ch. 21. 8, 10.

heh. 16. 21.


1 Sa. 17. 43 & 24. 14. ch. 9. 8

Joab killeth him.

sought for David in times past to be king over you:

18 Now then do it: for the LORD hath spoken of David, saying, By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of all their enemies. 19 And Abner also spake in the ears of Benjamin: and Abner went also to speak in the ears of David in Hebron all that seemed good to Israel, and that seemed good to the whole house of Benjamin.

20 So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men with him. And David made Abner and the men that were with him a feast.

21 And Abner said unto David, I will arise and go, and will gather all Israel unto my lord the king, that they may make a league with thee, and that thou mayest reign over all that thine heart desireth. And David sent Abner away; and he went in peace.

22 And, behold, the servants of David and Joab came from pursuing a troop,

but Abner was not with David in Hebron; for he had sent him away, and he was gone in peace.

8 Then was Abner very wroth for the words of Ish-bosheth, and said, Am I ia i Cp. Den. 23. and brought in a great spoil with them: dog's head, which against Judah do shew kindness this day unto the house of Saul thy father, to his brethren, and to his friends, and have not delivered thee into the hand of David, that thou chargest me to day with a fault concerning this woman?

9 So do God to Abner, and more also, except, kas the LORD hath sworn to David, even so I do to him:

10 To translate the kingdom from the house of Saul, and to set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beer-sheba.

11 And he could not answer Abner a word again, because he feared him.

12 And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make thy league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with thee, to bring about all Israel unto thee.

13 And he said, Well; I will make a league with thee: but one thing I require of thee, that is, Thou shalt not see my face, except thou first bring Michal Saul's daughter, when thou comest to see my face.

14 And David sent messengers to Ishbosheth Saul's son, saying, Deliver me my wife Michal, which I espoused to me 9 for an hundred foreskins of the Philistines.

15 And Ish-bosheth sent, and took her from her husband, even from Phaltiel the son of Laish.

16 And her husband went with her 7 along weeping behind her to " Bahurim. Then said Abner unto him, Go, return. And he returned.

& 16. 9.

2 Ki. 8. 13.

ver. 35.

Ru. 1. 17.

k 1 Sa, 15, 28.

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17 And Abner had communication with the elders of Israel, saying, Yeyi Ki. 20. 31.

23 When Joab and all the host that was with him were come, they told Joab, saying, Abner the son of Ner came to the king, and he hath sent him away, and he is gone in peace.

24 Then Joab came to the king, and said, What hast thou done? behold, Abner came unto thee; why is it that thou hast sent him away, and he is quite gone?

25 Thou knowest Abner the son of Ner, that he came to deceive thee, and to know thy going out and thy coming in, and to know all that thou doest.

26 And when Joab was come out from David, he sent messengers after Abner, which brought him again from the well of Sirah: but David knew it not

27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him 3quietly, and smote him there "under the fifth rib, that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother. 28 And afterward when David heard it, he said, I and my kingdom are guiltless before the LORD for ever from the 5 blood of Abner the son of Ner:

29 Let it rest on the head of Joab, and on all his father's house; and let there not 6 fail from the house of Joab one

that hath an issue, or 'that is a leper or that leaneth on "a staff, or that falleth on the sword, or that lacketh bread.

30 So Joab and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slain their brother "Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.

31 And David said to Joab, and to all the people that were with him, Rend your clothes, and gird you with sack

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