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The vanity of riches.

ECCLESIASTES 5 Maxims and observations.

11 When goods increase, they are increased that eat them; and what good is there to the owners thereof, saving the beholding of them with their eyes?

12 The sleep of a labouring man is sweet, whether he eat little or much: but the abundance of the rich will not suffer him to sleep.

13 There is a sore evil which I have seen under the sun, namely, riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt.

14 But those riches perish by evil travail : and he begetteth a son, and there is nothing in his hand.

15 As he came forth of his mother's womb, naked shall he return to go as he came, and shall take nothing of his labour, which he may carry away in his hand.

1 Heb. than the walking of the soul.

a Job 4. 32 Isa. 45. 9. Jer. 49. 19.

2 Heb. the

number of the days

the life of his vanity. 6 Job 14. 2.

e Job 1. 21. d Pro. 22. 1.

16 And this also is a sore evil, that in all points as he came, so shall he go: and what profit hath he that hath laboured ch. 1. 3. for the wind?

17 All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he hath much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.

18 Behold that which I have seen: 4 it is good and comely for one to eat and to drink, and to enjoy the good of all his labour that he taketh under the sun 5all the days of his life, which God giveth him: for it is his portion.

19 Every man also to whom God hath given riches and wealth, and hath given him power to eat thereof, and to take his portion, and to rejoice in his labour; A this is the gift of God.

20 7 For he shall not much remember the days of his life; because God answereth him in the joy of his heart.


"THERE is an evil which I have seen

under the sun, and it is common among men:

2 A man to whom God hath given riches, wealth, and honour, so that he wanteth nothing for his soul of all that he desireth, yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof, but a stranger eateth it: this is vanity, and it is an evil disease.

3 If a man beget an hundred children, and live many years, so that the days of his years be many, and his soul be not filled with good, and also that he have no burial; I say, that an untimely birth is better than he.

4 For he cometh in with vanity, and departeth in darkness, and his name shall be covered with darkness. 5 Moreover he hath not seen the sun, nor known any thing: this hath more rest than the other.

3 Or, Anger. f2 Co. 7. 10. 4 Heb. there is a good which is comely, fe. g ch. 2. 1. 5 Heb. the number of the days.

h Pa. 141. 5. i Ps. 58. 9


& 118. 12. 6 Heb. sound. ch. 2. k ch. 3. 13. 7 Or, Though he give not much, yet he remembereth, tc.

I ch. 4. 1.

m Pro. 14 29. a ch 5. 13. eh. 5. 19.

8 Heb. out of wisdom. 9 Or, as

good as an inheritance, yea, better too.

p ch. 2. 15


Isa. 11. 20. 10 Heb.

Jer. 22. 19.

shadow. Pro, 3, 18 ch. 1 15.

6 Yea, though he live a thousand 11 Heb. made. years twice told, yet hath he seen not eh. 3. 18. good: do not all go to one place?

7 "All the labour of man is for his mouth,

and yet the 12 appetite is not filled.

8 For what hath the wise more than the

Pro. 16. 26. 12 Heb. soul. ch. 8 14.

fool? what hath the poor, that knoweth to walk before the living?

9 Better is the sight of the eyes 1 than the wandering of the desire: this is also vanity and vexation of spirit.

10 That which hath been is named already, and it is known that it is man: "neither may he contend with him that is mightier than he.

11 Seeing there be many things that increase vanity, what is man the better? 12 For who knoweth what is good for man in this life, 2 all the days of his vain life which he spendeth as a shadow ? for who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?



d GOOD name is better than precious ointment; and the day of death than the day of one's birth.

2 It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting for that is the end of all men; and the living will lay it to his heart.

33 Sorrow is better than laughter: for by the sadness of the countenance the heart is made better.

4 The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning; but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth.

5hIt is better to hear the rebuke of the wise, than for a man to hear the song of fools.

6 For as the 6 crackling of thorns under a pot, so is the laughter of the fool: this also is vanity.

7 Surely oppression maketh a wise man mad; and a gift destroyeth the heart.

8 Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof: and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.

9 Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.

10 Say not thou, What is the cause that the former days were better than these? for thou dost not inquire 8 wisely concerning this.

11 Wisdom is good with an inheritance: and by it there is profit to them that see the sun.

12 For wisdom is a 10 defence, and money is a 10 defence: but the excellency of knowledge is, that wisdom "giveth life to them that have it.

13 Consider the work of God: for who can make that straight, which he hath made crooked?

14 In the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity consider: God also hath 11set the one over against the other, to the end that man should find nothing after him.

15 All things have I seen in the days of my vanity there is a just man that perisheth in his righteousness, and there

The search for wisdom.

ECCLESIASTES 7 The righteous and wicked.

is a wicked man that prolongeth his life in his wickedness.

1 Or, how

16 Be not righteous over much; neither a Pro. 24. 22. make thyself over wise: why shouldest thou 2 destroy thyself?

17 Be not over much wicked, neither be thou foolish: why shouldest thou die 3 before thy time?

18 It is good that thou shouldest take hold of this; yea, also from this withdraw not thine hand: for he that feareth God shall come forth of them all.

19 Wisdom strengtheneth the wise more than ten mighty men which are in the city.

20 For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not. 21 Also 5 take no heed unto all words that are spoken; lest thou hear thy servant curse thee:

22 For oftentimes also thine own heart knoweth that thou thyself likewise hast cursed others.

23 All this have I proved by wisdom: I said, I will be wise; but it was far from me.

24 That which is far off, and exceeding deep, who can find it out?

25 6I applied mine heart to know, and to search, and to seek out wisdom, and the reason of things, and to know the wickedness of folly, even of foolishness and madness:

26 And I find more bitter than death the woman, whose heart is snares and nets, and her hands as bands: 7 whoso pleaseth God shall escape from her; but the sinner shall be taken by her. 27 Behold, this have I found, saith the preacher, 8 counting one by one, to find out the account:

28 Which yet my soul seeketh, but I find not: one man among a thousand have I found; but a woman among all those have I not found.

29 Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but "they have sought out many inventions.


HO is as the wise man and who

thing? a man's wisdom maketh his face to shine, and the boldness of his face shall be changed.

2 I counsel thee to keep the king's commandment, and that in regard of the oath of God.

3 Be not hasty "to go out of his sight: stand not in an evil thing; for he doeth whatsoever pleaseth him.

4 Where the word of a king is, there is power: and who may say unto him, What doest thou?

5 Whoso keepeth the commandment 11 shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment.

it shall be?

2 Heb. be desolate?

& Job 14. 5.

3 Heb. not in thy time? 4 Or, casting off weapons. Deu. 20. 5-8.

e Pro. 21. 22

& 24. 5.

ch. 9. 16, 18.

5 Heb. give not thine heart.

d Ps. 10. 6 & 50, 21. Isa. 26. 10. Ro. 2. 4, 5. 2 Pe. 3. 9.

Ro. 11. 33. f Den. 4. 40 & 12, 25. Isa 3. 10.

Job 28. 12,


6 Heb. I and

mine heart compassed. h ver. 29. ch. 2. 12.

Job 14 2.

j ch. 9. 1-3. 7 Heb. he that is

before God k ch. 1. 1.

8 Or, weighing one thing after another, to find out the reason.

Job 33. 23.

m Ge. 1. 27. n Ge. 3. 6, 7. o ch. 5. 3.

ch. 3. 11. Heb. the strength. 91 Ch. 29. 24. Ro. 13. 5.

r ch. 10. 4.

10 Heb.

I gave, or,
set to my

ch. 8. 14.

t Job 34. 18.

11 Heb.

shall know.

Job 9. 22

& 21. 7-18.
Ps. 73. 3,
12, 13.

Mal. 3. 14,
v ch. 2 14.

6 Because "to every purpose there is w ch. 3. 1.

time and judgment, therefore the misery of man is great upon him.

7 For "he knoweth not that which shall be for who can tell him 1 when it shall be?

8 There is no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither hath he power in the day of death: and there is no 4 discharge in that war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.

9 All this have I seen, and applied my heart unto every work that is done under the sun there is a time wherein one man ruleth over another to his own hurt. 10 And so I saw the wicked buried, who had come and gone from the place of the holy, and they were forgotten in the city where they had so done: this is also vanity.

11 d Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.

12 Though a sinner do evil an hundred times, and his days be prolonged, yet surely I know that it shall be well with them that fear God, which fear before him:

13 But it shall not be well with the wicked, neither shall he prolong his days, which are as a shadow; because he feareth not before God.

14 There is a vanity which is done upon the earth; that there be just men, junto whom it happeneth according to the work of the wicked; again, there be wicked men, to whom it happeneth according to the work of the righteous: I said that this also is vanity.

15 Then I commended mirth, because a man hath no better thing under the sun, than to eat, and to drink, and to be merry: for that shall abide with him of his labour the days of his life, which God giveth him under the sun.

16 When I applied mine heart to know wisdom, and to see the business that is done upon the earth: (for also there is that neither day nor night seeth sleep with his eyes :)

17 Then I beheld all the work of God, that a man cannot find out the work that is done under the sun: because though a man labour to seek it out, yet he shall not find it; yea farther; though a wise man think to know it, yet shall he not be able to find it.


OR all this 10 I considered in my heart even to declare all this, that the righteous, and the wise, and their works, are in the hand of God: no man knoweth either love or hatred by all that is before them.

2 "All things come alike to all: there is "one event to the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the

Of the living and the dead. ECCLESIASTES 9

clean, and to the unclean; to him that
sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificetha Jos. 7. 1,
not as is the good, so is the sinner; 11, 12
and he that sweareth, as he that feareth
an oath.

3 This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their heart while they live, and after that they go to the dead.

41 For to him that is joined to all the living there is hope: for a living dog is better than a dead lion.

I Heb. Flies
of death.

& ch. 2. 3.

his heart.

2 Heb.
Pro. 18. 2.

d Job 14. 21.
e ch. 8. 3.

f Isa. 26. 14.
Job 7. 8-10.

Pro. 25. 15.
3 Heb.
from before.
4 Hab. in
great heights.

5 For the living know that they shall
die: but the dead know not any thing,
neither have they any more a reward;
for the memory of them is forgotten.
6 Also their love, and their hatred, and
their envy, is now perished; neither
have they any more a portion for ever in
any thing that is done under the sun.
7 Go thy way, heat thy bread with
joy, and drink thy wine with a merry
heart; for God now accepteth thy works.
8 Let thy garments be always white;
and let thy head lack no ointment.
9 5 Live joyfully with the wife whom
thou lovest all the days of the life of thy
vanity, which he hath given thee under
the sun, all the days of thy vanity: fork ch. 2. 10.
that is thy portion in this life, and in
/ Deu, 20. 19.
thy labour which thou takest under the


10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest. 11 I returned, and saw under the sun, that "the race is not to the swift, nor P the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all.

12 For man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so are the sons of mien #snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.

13 This wisdom have I seen also under the sun, and it seemed great unto


A ch. 2. 24
Pro. 19. 10.

j Ps. 7. 15.

5 Heb. See,
or, Enjoy

6 Heb. the
master of
the tongue.
Am. 2. 14,
m ch. 4. 1, 7.


o Pro. 10. 32

Jer. 9. 23.

7 Heb. grace.
8 Heb.
his month.
9 ch. 8. 7.
Pro. 15. 2.
9 Heb.
ch, 3, 22.

Pro. 29. 6
Lk. 21. 35.
Isa 3. 4, 5,

v Isa. 5. 11.

14 There was a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built w Pro. 31. 4 great bulwarks against it:

15 Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man.

16 Then said I, Wisdom is better than strength: nevertheless the poor man's wisdom is despised, and his words are not heard.

17 The words of wise men are heard in quiet more than the cry of him that ruleth among fools.

I ch. 7. 19.
10 Heb.

Of wisdom and folly.

18 Wisdom is better than weapons of war: but "one sinner destroyeth much good. CHAPTER 10

DEAD flies cause the ointment of the

apothecary to send forth a stinking savour: so doth a little folly him that is in reputation for wisdom and honour. 2 A wise man's heart is at his right hand; but a fool's heart at his left.

3 Yea also, when he that is a fool walketh by the way, 2 his wisdom faileth him, and he saith to every one that he is a fool.

4 If the spirit of the ruler rise up against thee, leave not thy place; for yielding pacifieth great offences.

5 There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, as an error which proceedeth 3 from the ruler:

6 Folly is set 4 in great dignity, and the rich sit in low place.

7 I have seen servants upon horses, and princes walking as servants upon the earth.

8 He that diggeth a pit shall fall into it; and whoso breaketh an hedge, a serpent shall bite him.

9 Whoso removeth stones shall be hurt therewith; and he that cleaveth wood shall be endangered thereby.

10 If the iron be blunt, and he do not whet the edge, then must he put to more strength: but wisdom is profitable to direct.

11 Surely the serpent will bite without enchantment; and 6a babbler is no better.

12 The words of a wise man's mouth are 7 gracious; but the lips of a fool will swallow up himself.

13 The beginning of the words of his mouth is foolishness: and the end of 8his talk is mischievous madness.


14 A fool also is full of words: man cannot tell what shall be; and what shall be after him, who can tell him? 15 The labour of the foolish wearieth every one of them, because he knoweth not how to go to the city.

16 Woe to thee, O land, when "thy king is a child, and thy princes eat in the morning!

17 Blessed art thou, O land, when thy king is the son of nobles, and thy princes "eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness !

18 By much slothfulness the building decayeth; and through idleness of the hands the house droppeth through.

19 A feast is made for laughter, and wine 10 maketh merry: but money maketh glad answereth all things.

the life.
Mk. 6. 2, 3,

11 Or,


20 Curse not the king, no not in thy 11 thought; and curse not the rich in thy bedchamber: for a bird of the air shall carry the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter.

All is vanity




NAST thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it after many


2 Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth.

Heb. upon
the face of
the waters.
Isa. 32. 20.

2 Or the
grinders fail,
because they
grind little.

18, 19.

3 If the clouds be full of rain, theya 1 Tim. 6. empty themselves upon the earth: and if the tree fall toward the south, or toward the north, in the place where the tree falleth, there it shall be.

4 He that observeth the wind shall not sow; and he that regardeth the clouds shall not reap.

b Jn. 3. 8.


5 As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit, nor how the bones do Ps. 139. grow in the womb of her that is with child: even so thou knowest not the works of God who maketh all.

d Job 17. 13.
e Jer. 9. 17.

f Zech. 42, 3.
3 Heb. shall

be right.

6 In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening withhold not thine hand: for thou knowest not whether 3 shall Ge. 2.7 prosper, either this or that, or whether they both shall be alike good.

7 Truly the light is sweet, and a pleasant thing it is for the eyes to behold the sun:

8 But if a man live many years, and rejoice in them all; yet let him remember the days of darkness; for they shall be many. All that cometh is vanity.

9 Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth; and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and "walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: "but know thou, that for all these things God will bring thee into judgment.

10 Therefore remove 6 sorrow from thy heart, and put away evil from thy flesh: for childhood and youth are vanity.


EMEMBER now thy Creator in the

& 3. 19.

Job 34. 15.
Ps. 90. 3
& 103. 14
ch. 7. 1.

ch. 3. 21.

i Ge. 2. 7.

ch. 1. 2.
ch. 1. 1.
4 Or, the
more wise the
was, &c.
ch. 12. 1.

5 Heb, words
of delight.
m Job 31. 7.
ch. 9. 7.
ch. 12. 14.
6 Or, anger.
p ch. 1. IS.
7 Or, reading.
& Or, The

end of the

matter, even all that hath been heard,

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Pro. 22. 6.

R days of thy youth, while the evil?cho

days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them;

2 While the sun, or the light, or the

ch. 11. 8.

2 Sa. 19. 35.

u ch. 3. 15, 17
& 11. 9.

ch. 8. 5, 6.

but the fear of God.

moon, or the stars, be not darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain:

3 In the day when the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and 2the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the windows be darkened,

4 And the doors shall be shut in the streets, when the sound of the grinding is low, and he shall rise up at the voice of the bird, and all the daughters of musick shall be brought low;

5 Also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish, and the grasshopper shall be a burden, and desire shall fail: because man goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets:

6 Or ever the silver cord be loosed, or the golden/bowl be broken, or the pitcher be broken at the fountain, or the wheel broken at the cistern.

7 Then shall 9 the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it. 8 Vanity of vanities, saith the preacher; all is vanity.

9 And moreover, because the preacher was wise, he still taught the people knowledge; yea, he gave good heed, and sought out, and set in order many proverbs.

10 The preacher sought to find out 5acceptable words: and that which was written was upright, even words of truth. 11 The words of the wise are as goads, and as nails fastened by the masters of assemblies, which are given from one shepherd.

12 And further, by these, my son, be admonished: of making many books there is no end; and much 7 study is a weariness of the flesh.

138 Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: "Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man.

14 For "God shall bring every work into "judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.


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7 Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon: for why should I be las one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions?

8 If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.

9 I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots. 10 Thy cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, thy neck with chains of gold.

11 We will make thee borders of gold with studs of silver.

a ver. 15. ch. 7. 12.

1 Or, as one that is veiled. Eze. 38. 20.

Eze. 16. 11-13.

d ch. 6. 3 & 7. 10.

e ch. 4. 5 & 6. 3.

12 While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smellch. 4. 6. thereof.

13 A bundle of myrrh is my wellbeloved unto me; he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts.

g ver. 9. ch. 8. 14

ch. 4 13, 14.

Mk. 11. 3. 2 Or, of division.

14 My beloved is unto me as a cluster of 3 camphire in the vineyards of En-3 Or, cypress. gedi.

15 Behold, thou art fair, 4my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes.

16 Behold, thou art fair, my beloved, yea, pleasant: also our bed is green. 17 The beams of our house are cedar, and our 5 rafters of fir.



AM the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.

2 As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.

3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons. 6I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my 7 taste.

4 He brought me to the 8 banqueting house, and his banner over me was love. 5 Stay me with flagons, 9 comfort me with apples: for I am sick of love.

6 His left hand is under my head, and his right hand doth embrace me. 7 101 charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.

8 The voice of my beloved! behold, he cometh leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills.

9 My beloved is like a roe or a young hart behold, he standeth behind our wall, he looketh forth at the windows, 12 shewing himself through the lattice. 10 My beloved spake, and said unto me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away.

11 For, lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone;

12 The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;

4 Or, my companion.

i ch. 5. 7. Jer. 6. 17.

5 Or,


Isa. 35. 1.

ch. 2. 7.

1 ch. 1. 5.

6 Heb. 1 delighted and sat down, fc.

m ch. 8. 5.

n Joel 2. 30. 7 Heb. palate. 8 Heb. house of wine. 9 Heb.

straw me

with apples. 10 Heb. 1

adjure you. o ch 1. 5. 11 Or, a bed.

p ch. 1. 5.
ver. 17.

ch. 8. 14.
Isa. 3. 16, 17
& 4. 4.
12 Heb.


a Isa. 2. 5.

t ch. 6. 7. u ch. 6. 5.

P. 74. 19.

Jer. 8. 7. 13 Or, that eat of, fo. w Mi. 7. 14.

13 The fig tree putteth forth her green ch. 6. 6.

The mutual love

figs, and the vines with the "tender grape give a good smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.

14 O my dove, that art in the clefts of the rock, in the secret places of the b stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet is thy voice, and thy countenance is comely.

15 Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines have tender grapes.

16 My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feedeth among the lilies.

17 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and 9 be thou like a roe or a young hart upon the mountains 2 of Bether.


QY night on my bed I sought him

By on mouloveth: sought

him, but I found him not.

2 I will rise now, and go about the city in the streets, and in the broad ways I will seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.

3 The watchmen that go about the city found me: to whom I said, Saw ye him whom my soul loveth?

4 It was but a little that I passed from them, but I found him whom my soul loveth: I held him, and would not let him go, until I had brought him into my mother's house, and into the chamber of her that conceived me.

5 kI charge you, 10 ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.

6 Who is this that cometh out of the wilderness like "pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?

7 Behold his bed, which is Solomon's: threescore valiant men are about it, of the valiant of Israel.

8 They all hold swords, being expert in war: every man hath his sword upon his thigh because of fear in the night. 9 King Solomon made himself 11a chariot of the wood of Lebanon.

10 He made the pillars thereof of silver, the bottom thereof of gold, the covering of it of purple, the midst thereof being paved with love, for Pthe daughters of Jerusalem.

11 Go forth, O ye daughters of Zion, and behold king Solomon with the crown wherewith his mother crowned him in the day of his espousals, and in the day of the gladness of his heart.


BEHOLD, thou art fair, my love: be

hold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes within thy locks: "thy hair is as a flock of goats, 13 that appear from mount Gilead.

2 Thy teeth are like a flock of sheep

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