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agerent, ab aliis domos, ut coniugibus liberisque tam 35 laetum

nuntium impertirent. Senatus, quod M. Livius et C. Claudius 45 consules incolumi exercitu ducem hostium legionesque occidis

supplicationem in triduum decrevit. Eam supplicationem? C. Hostilius praetor edixit; celebrata a viris feminisque est. Omnia templa per totum triduum aequalem turbam

habuere, quum matronae amplissima veste cum liberis, perinde 50 ac si debellatum 12 foret, omni solutae metu deis immortalibus

grates agerent. Statum? quoque civitatis ea victoria firmavit, ut iam iude haud secus quam in pace res inter se contrahere? vendendo, argentum creditum solvendo, auderent.

LIVY, XXVII, 50, 51.

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8. Posito ubique bello magna pars senatus extremum discrimen adiit, profecta' cum Othone ab urbe, dein Mutinae relicta. illuc adverso de proelio adlatum?: sed milites ut

falsum rumorem aspernantes, quod infensum Othoni senatum 5 arbitrabantur25, custodire

sermones, voltum habitumque trahere in deterius : conviciis postremo ac probris causam et initium caedis quaerebant, cum alius insuper metus senatoribus instaret, ne praevalidiseo iam Vitellii partibus cunctanter

, excepisse victoriam crederentur. ita trepidi's et utrimque anxii 10 coeunt, nemo privatim expedito consilio, inter multos“ societate

culpae tutior28. rediere omnes Bononiam, rursus consiliaturi ; simul medio temporis plures nuntii sperabantur. Bononiae, divisiso per itinera qui recentissimum quemque percontaren

tur, interrogatus Othonis libertus 'causam digressus habere se 15 suprema eius mandata respondit; ipsum viventem quidem re

lictum, sed sola posteritatis cura et abruptis vitae blandimentis. hinc admiratio et plura interrogandi pudor, atque omnium animi in Vitellium inclinavere. intererat consiliis frater eius

L. Vitellius seque iam adulantibus' offerebat, cum repente 20 Coenus libertus Neronis atroci mendacio universos perculit",

adfirmanso superventu quartae decumae legionis, iunctis a Brixello viribus, caesos victores, versam partium fortunam. fingendi fuit, ut diplomata Othonis, quae neglegebantur, laetiore

nuntio revalescerent. et Coenus quidem rapide in urbem vectus 25 paucos post dies iussu Vitellii poenas luit: senatorum peri

culum auctum credentibus 2 Othonianis militibus vera
quae" adferebantur 29.

nec ultra in commune congressi sibi" quisque consuluere, donec missae a Fabio Valente epistulae

demerent“ metum 36. et mors Othonis quo laudabilior", eo velo30 cius audita.

Tac. Hist. 11. 52.

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The people pressed after them into the senate-house itself: but even at such a moment the senate forgot not its accustomed ordero; the crowd was forced back; and the consul's despatch was first read to the senators alone. Immediately afterwards 45 the officers came out into the forum: there L. Veturius again read the despatch; and as its contents were short, he himself related the particulars" of what he had seen and done. The interest 18 of his hearers grew more intense with every word; till at last the whole multitude broke out into a universal” cheer, and 50 then rushed from the forum in all directions to carry the news to their wives and children at home, or ran to the temples to pour out their gratitude " to the gods. The senate ordered a thanksgiving of three days; the praetor announced it in the forum ; and for three days every temple was crowded ; and 55 the Roman wives and mothers, in their gayest dresses, took their children with them, and poured forth their thanks to all the gods for this great deliverance".

ARNOLD. (8.) NEWS OF THE BATTLE OF THE BOYNE. Meanwhile Dublin 13 had been in violent commotion. Ono the thirtieth of June 53 it was known that the armies were face to face 14 with the Boyne between them, and that a battle was almost inevitable22. The news 12 that William had been wounded 5 came that evening. The first report was that the wound was mortal'. It was believed", and confidently repeated, that the usurper was no more* ; and, before the truth was known, couriers started bearing the glad tidings of his death to the French ships which lay in the ports of Munster. From day- 10 break 52 on the first of July 62 the streets of Dublin were filled with persons" eagerly asking and telling news“? A thousand wild rumours wandered to and fro among the crowd. A fleet of men of war under So the white flag had been seen from the hill of Howth 43. An army commanded by a Marshal of France 15 had landed in Kent. There bad been hard fighting" at the Boyne: but the Irish had won the day *s: the English right wing had been routed': the Prince of Orange was a prisoner". While the Roman Catholics heard" and repeated these stories in all the places of public resort, the few Protestants who were 20 still out of prison, afraid of being a torn to pieces, shut themselves up in their inner chambers. But, towards five in the afternoon", a few runaways came straggling in with evil tidings. By six it was known that all was lost 45.

MACAULAY.

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9. (a) JERUSALEM. Urhem? arduam situ opera molesqne firmaverant, quis vel plana" satis munirentur. nam duos colles

" in immensum" editos claudebant 29 muri per artem obliqui"

aut introrsus sinuati, ut latera obpugnantium ad ictus patesce5 rent. extrema”? rupis abrupta ; et turres, ubi mons iuvissets, in sexagenos pedes, inter devexa" in centenos vicenos[qne) attollebantur, mira specie ac procul intuentibus 18 pares. alia intus moenia, regiae circumniecta”, conspicuoque fastigio turris An

tonia, in honorem M. Antonii ab Herode appellata. Templum 10 in modum arcis propriique muri, labore et opere ante alios ;

ipsae porticus, quis templum ambibatura, egregium propugnaculum". fons perennis aquae, cavati sub terra montes 18 et piscinae cisternaeque servandis imbribus. Tac. Hist. v. 11.

(6) MARCELLUS AT SYRACUSE. Marcellors nt moenia in15 gressus ex superioribus locis" urbem omnium ferme illa tem

pestate pulcherrimam subiectam oculisvidit, illacrimasse dicitur partim gaudio tantae perpetratae rei" partim vetusta gloria urbis. Atheniensium classes demersae !et duo ingentes exer

citus cum duobus clarissimis ducibus deleti 13 occurrebant" et tot 20 bella cum Carthaginiensibus tanto cum discrimine gesta, tot

tam opulenti tyranni regesque. Ea quum universa occurrerent animo, subiretque cogitatio, iam illa momento horae arsura omnia et ad cineres reditura, priusquam signa Achradinam ad

moveret 30, praemittit Syracusanos'', qui intra praesidia Romana, 25 ut ante dictum est, fuerant, ut alloquio leni impellerent hostes ad dedendam urbem.

Livy, xxv. 24. 10. Postremo promptis 20 iam et aliis seditionis ministris velut contionabundus interrogabat”, cu: paucis centurionibus, paucioribus tribunis in modum servorum oboedirent. quando ansuros exposcere remedia, nisi novum et nutantem adhuc 5 principem precibus vel armis adirent ? satis per tot annos ig

navia peccatum", quod tricena aut quadragena stipendia senes et plerique truncato ex vulneribus corpore tolerent 33. missis quidem finem esse militiae, sed apud vexillum tend

entes 42 alio vocabulo eosdem labores perferre”. ac si quis tot 10 casus vita superaverita, trahi adhuc diversas in terras, ubi per

nomen agrorum uligines paludum vel inculta montium accipiant. enimvero militiam ipsam gravem, infructuosam ? ; denis in diem o assibus & animam et corpus aestimari: hinc vestem arma

tentoria, hinc saevitiam centurionum et vacationes munerum 15 redimi?

Tac. Ann. 1. 17.

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(9.) TITUS AT JERUSALEM. Jerusalem at this period” was fortified by three walls, in all those parts where it was not? surrounded by abrupt and impassable ravines; there it had but one.

The whole circuit of these walls was? guarded 29 with towers, built of the same solid masonry with the rest 13 of the 5 walls. They were thirty-five feet broad, and thirty-five high ; but above this height", were lofty chambers, and above those again upper rooms, and large tanks to receive the rain-water. The fortress Antonia stood 28 alone, on a precipitous rock near ninety feet high, at the north-west corner of the temple. It 10 was likewise a work of Herod. High above the whole city rose 28 the Temple, uniting as the commanding strength of a citadel with the splendour of a sacred "' edifice. Looking down upon its marble courts, and on the Temple itself, it was impossible, even for a Roman, not to be struck 28 with wonder, or 15 even for a Stoic, like Titus, not to betray o his emotion.

Yet this was the city', which in a few months was to lie a heap of undistinguished ruins"?; and the solid Temple itself, which seemed built for eternity", not “to have one stone left upon another.” Surveying all this, Titus, escorted by a strong 20 guard" of horse, rode slowly round the city ; but if thoughts of mercy occasionally entered into a heart, the natural humanity of which seems to have been steeled“ during the whole course" of the siege, the Jews were sure to expel them againo, by some new indication" of their obstinate ferocity.

25 MILMAN.

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(10.) But no sooner 34 was the resolution of the two cap. tains made known, than a feeling" of discontent broke forth among their followers, especially those who were to remain with Pizarro on the island. “ What !13” they exclaimed 43, they to be dragged to that obscure 18 spot" to diel by hunger ? 5 The whole expedition had been a cheat and a failure, from beginning to end. The.golden countries, so much 35 vaunted, liad seemed to fly before them as they advanced 25 ; and the little gold they had been fortunate enough to glean 33 had all been sent back to Panama to entice other fools to follow their 10 example. What had they got in return for all their suffer

The only treasures they could boast® were their bows and arrows, and they were now to be left to die on this 35 dreary island, without 50 so much as a rood of consecrated ground" to lay their bones 45 in 50 !"

PRESCOTT'S Peru.

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11, Tunc contractos in principia iussosque dicta cum silentio accipere temporis ac necessitatis monet *l.

unam in armis salutem“, sed ea consilio temperanda manendumque intra

vallum, donec expugnandi hostes spe propius succederent; mox 5 undique erumpendum": illa eruptione ad Rhenum perveniri.

quod si fugerent, pluris silvaso, profundas magis paludes, saevitiam hostium superesse ; at victoribus *2 decus gloriam. quae domi cara", quae in castris honesta, memorat; reticuit de ad

versis. equos debinc, orsus a suis, legatorum tribunorumque 10 nulla 48 ambitione fortissimo cuique bellatori tradit, ut hi, mox

pedes in hostem invaderent. Haud minus inquies® Germanus spe, cupidine et diversis ducum sententiis agebat 29, Arminio“ sinerent ** egredi egressosque rursum per umida et impedita cir

cumvenirent suadente, atrociora" Inguiomero et laeta barbaris, 15. ut vallum armis ambirent: promptam expugnationem, plures

captivos, incorruptam praedam fore.. igitur orta die proruunt fossas, iniciunt crates, summa valli prensant, raro et quasi ob metum defixo.

Tac. Ann. 1. 67.

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12. At imperitae multitudini' nunc indignatio", nunc pudor pectora versare et ab intestinis avertere" malis: nolle 41 inultos hostes, nolle successum non patribus, non consulibus ; externa

et domestica odia certarell in animis. Tandem superant ex5

terna; adeo superbe la insolenterque hostis eludebat 29. Fre-, quentes in praetorium conveniunt'l; poscunt pugnam, postulant, ut signum" detur. Consules velut deliberabundi capita conferunt, diu colloquuntur. Pugnare cupiebant, sed retro re

vocanda et abdenda cupiditas erat, ut adversando remorandoque 10 incitato semel militi adderent impetum. Redditur responsum,

immaturam rem" agi; nondum tempus pugnae esse; castris se tenerent 43. Ita dimissis, quo minus consules velle 28 credunt, crescit ardor pugnandi. Accendunt; insuper bostes ferocius

multo, ut statuisse non pugnare consules cognitum est : quippe 15 impune se insultaturos *s; non credi militi arma; rem" ad ulti

mum seditionis erupturam, finemque venisse Romano imperio. His freti occursant portis, ingerunt probra; aegre abstinent, quin castra oppugnent. Enimvero non ultra contumeliam pati

Romanus posse“!; totis castris undique ad consules curritur; 20 non iam sensim, ut ante, per centurionum principes postulant", sed passim omnes clamoribus agunt .

LIVY, 11. 45.

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