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198 when they bore most resemblance
to the wheat, 199

Targumista, an officer of the synagogue,

whose business it was to interpret the
Hebrew text into the dialect of the
Jews, 156

Taste of death, a Hebrew phrase, ex-
plained, 242

Teachers, among the Jews, were


customed to sit when they taught
the people, 67, 190-testimony of
Maimonides, 67-Christ followed this
custom when he delivered the sermon
on the mount, ib.-false teachers com-
pared to idle shepherds, 143-the
phrase, "Teach all nations," consi-
dered, 440-the difference between
teaching in order to knowledge and
faith, and to train up to practical holi-
ness and heaven, noticed, 441
Teaching, a symbolical method of, com-
mon among the prophets, and followed
by our Lord, 254

TEKTOV, described, 206

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scribed, 59-temple tribute money, ex-
plained, 251-officers who collected this
money, noticed, ib.-in what respect
Christ is the Lord of the temple, 176—
the voluntary character of this tax,
stated, 251, 252-the reason why
Christ pleaded exemption therefrom,
252-distinction between the words
Lepov and vaos, explained, 298-Christ's
visit to the temple, in order to its
purification, 298–300-in what part of
the temple the traders sold their mer-
chandise, noticed, 299, 502-by whom
the custom of making this place one of
traffic was introduced, 299-in what
respect the temple merited the appella-
tion, 'a den of thieves," ib.-in what
the wickedness of this practice con-
sisted, ib.-reason why the Pharisees
considered an oath made by the gold
of the temple specially binding, 330—
the temple, as enlarged by Herod, de-
scribed, 338-why the building must
needs be destroyed, 339-by whom the
Roman standards were planted therein,
345-to speak against the temple, con-
sidered by the Jews a capital offence,
404-rending of the veil of the temple,
the second great prodigy which accom-
panied the crucifixion, 429-the pre-
cise time this phenomenon occurred,
ib.-adduced as proof of the credibility
of Matthew's narrative, ib.-a descrip-
tion of this veil, ib.—of what this pro-
digy was emblematical, 429, 430-kind
of stones with which the temple was
built, 509-the typical rite of burning
incense in the temple, noticed, 537-
the first visit of our Lord to the tem-
ple, noticed, 560-his conversing in
the temple with the doctors, considered,
567, 568

Tempt, to tempt God, import of the term,

60-when applied to Christ, signified,
to put his wisdom and his claims to
the Messiahship to the test, 227, 623
Temptation of Christ, the peculiar cir-
cumstances attending this transaction,
noticed, 55, 446-various conjectures
concerning the wilderness, the scene of
the temptation, alluded to, 56, 446—
the design of this event, 56-the no-
tion, that it was transacted in a vision,

refuted, 57-the object of the tempter,
in the first temptation, 58-what evil
would have accrued, had our Lord
commanded the stones to be made
bread, 59-design of the second tempt-
ation, 60-and of the third, 61
Temptations, dangerous consequences of
the denial of the doctrine of tempta-
tion, from the influence of invisible
beings, 56, 57-are generally suited to
the existing circumstances of those who
are tempted, 58-the folly of persons
placing themselves in situations of
moral danger, without the authority of
divine warrant, 60-the term some-
times used for great and overwhelming
trials, 101

Tertullian, his notion, respecting the de-
scent of the Holy Ghost upon Christ,
referred to, 54-on the phrase of our
Lord, to save life and to lose it, 160-
his testimony to the authenticity and
genuineness of St. Luke's Gospel, 531
Testament, New, on the title of the, 3, 4
Testimony, nature of that which was
given, by the first preachers of the
gospel, to the truth of their religion,
by their sufferings, 151
Tetrarch, a sovereign prince, described,


Thanksgiving, every act of, must be pre-
sented through Christ, 662
Theophilus, conjectures respecting him,
noticed, 535

Theophylact, quoted, 277-on our Lord
riding on the colt, 297

Things new and old," a Jewish phrase,
explained, 205-alluding to ministers,
it refers to that fulness of knowledge
which they should possess, on the
great subjects of their ministry, 206—
new things, not novelties in their kind,
Thorns, a common name for all prickly

shrubs, briers, weeds, &c., 117, 192,
422-Hasselquist's and Bishop Pearce's
observations on the thorn which com-
posed the crown placed by the soldiers
on the head of the Saviour, 422
Thrashing-floor, a, of the east, described,


Throne, Christ sitting "upon the throne

of his glory," 280-not less true of his

glorification and entrance on the medi-
atorial kingdom, than of his coming to
judge the world, ib.-the phrase, “sit
upon twelve thrones," explained, ib.-
the phrase," throne of his glory," con-
sidered, 368

Ovuos, explained, 685
Ti EOTW, explained, 135

Tillotson, Archbishop, quoted, on the
promise of the Holy Ghost, 631
Time, Jewish mode of computing, illus-
trated, 186, 211, 213, 282, 283, 354—
the discrepancy in the account of Mat-
thew and Luke, respecting the day of
the transfiguration, reconciled, 243-
the phrase, "My time is at hand," ex-
plained, 381-meaning of the phrase,
The time is fulfilled," 446
Tithe, what was set apart for the priests,


331-the fastidious affectation of the
Pharisees on this subject, noticed, ib.
Title, upon the cross of Christ, consider-
ed, 425

Tittle, the slight mark at the angle of
some of the Hebrew letters, 78
TOTE, explained, 53, 55, 376
Towers, use of those erected in the Jew-
ish vineyards, stated, 306

Townson, Dr., quoted, on the parables of
our Lord, 191

ban, explained, 75

Traditions, of the elders, considered by
the Pharisees equal in authority with
the law of God, 48-the moral law ren-
dered void by tradition, 79-examples
in illustration thereof, 79, 217-testi-
mony of Maimonides, on this subject,
ib.-influence of these traditions upon
the teachers of corrupt Christian
churches, 80-are not to be pleaded
against the exercise of mercy, 136—
origin of traditions, 217-were gradu-
ally raised above their original charac-
ter, ib.—the mystical cabbala, describ-
ed, ib.-tradition stripped of that au-
thority which the Pharisees had fabu-
lously ascribed to it, 218-the folly and
absurdity of traditional distinctions,
noticed, 220

Transfiguration, meaning of the term, 243

-where the transfiguration of Christ
took place, 243, 244-the necessity of
witnesses, and who they were, ib.—

ends to be answered by this solemn
and glorious event, 245–247
Transubstantiation, a refutation of this
doctrine, by our Lord, 375-proved to
be an absurd and monstrous fiction,

385, 386-the phrase, "This is my
body," explained, 386

Tpañeţitaι, described, 366

Trees, fruitless and fruitful trees, a com-
mon metaphor, expressive of good and
bad men, 50

Tribes, the twelve tribes, what is meant
by, 280-the coming of Christ not de-
pendent upon their restoration, ib.
Tpboxos, explained, 117

Tribute, the nature of the tribute paid by
the Jews to the Romans, 314-the pro-
bable result of our Lord's sanctioning
or disapproving of this tax, considered,
ib.-the coin, described, which was
paid by the Jews as tribute, ib.—the
answer of our Lord to the question of
the lawfulness of tribute, considered,
314-316-the principle on which tri-
bute is exacted, 315-nature of that
tribute which belongs to Almighty
God, 316

Trinity, perfect agreement in the persons

of, respecting the laws by which the
rewards of heaven will be distributed,
290-baptism, a standing testimony to
the doctrine of, 441-the doctrine of
the Trinity, stated, ib.
Trumpets, used by the Jews, to collect

the people on public occasions, 92-
doubted, whether Jews sounded them
when they gave alms, 93—Persian der-
vises blew trumpets, in honour of those
who bestowed alms upon them, ib.
Type, difference between type and pro-
phecy, 38-fulfilment of the type,
"Out of Egypt have I called my Son,"
ib.-Israel after the flesh, typical of the
Israel of God, 39-Israel spoken of as
God's son, or first-born, typical of the
Son, the first-born, of God, the Mes-
siah, ib.

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Vicarious sufferings of Christ, considered,
in their nature and extent, 127, 128,
288, 397, 398-testimony of the Jew-
ish writers, on this subject, 128-as
Christ was the man, the fellow of
Jehovah, his sufferings must be vica-
rious and voluntary, 392—the peculiar
and unparalleled mental sufferings
which our Lord endured, considered,
396—merit of the sufferings of Christ,
not to be estimated by the quantum, but
by the dignity and glory of the Suf-
ferer, 397-suffering of Christ only
accounted for on the supposition of a
vicarious and atoning death, 428—the
painful anxiety and anticipation of
Christ, respecting his sufferings, ac-
counted for, 615

Vinegar, sharp common wine, so called
on account of its acidity, used by the
Romans, 424—nature of that presented
to our Lord, 424, 428

Vineyard, spiritual meaning of the term,
306-use of the towers which were
built in them, ib.-rent of, anciently
paid in produce, ib.

Tyre and Sidon, description of the cities Vipers, a generation of, a term applied to
of, 169


Υβριστας, explained, 678

Pharisees and Sadducees, denoting
their subtle and malignant disposition,
49, 334-the worship of the serpent,
noticed, 675

Virgins, parable of the ten, illustrated,

357, 360-to what the parable legiti-
mately applies, 357-the mystical
meaning of this parable, considered,
358, 360-connexion of this parable
with the second coming of Christ,

Vocatores, described, 309


Wagging the head, an usual mark of
malevolent derision and exultation,
425-the prophecy referring to this
act of reproach upon our Lord, noticed,

Wake, Archbishop, on the petition,
"Give us this day our daily bread,"


Wakefield, Gilbert, admits the force of
Matt. xxv. 46, as decisive of the doc-
trine of the eternity of the punishment
of the wicked, 371
War, difficult to prove from the New
Testament that strictly defensive na-
tional wars are unlawful, 401-nature
of that war which our Lord is making
upon the kingdom of Satan, 620
Ward, William, a quotation from his
"History of the Hindoos," 357
Washing, of the hands, an important
subject with the Pharisees, 217, 635—
illustrated from the rabbinical writers,
217-figurative allusions to this cus-
tom in the Old Testament, mentioned,
420-the question, whether Pilate in
this act followed a Jewish or Gentile
custom, considered, ib.-was prac-
tised by the Greeks and Romans, on
the commission of involuntary homi-
cide, ib.-a symbol of purity, ib.—
manner in which the Pharisees fol-
lowed this custom, noticed, 478-the
reason why they were so strict in the
performance of this rite, ib.-washing
the feet, preceded anointing, 601— a
customary rite of hospitality among the
Arabs, ib.-the reason why our Lord
did not sanction the practice followed
by the Pharisees in washing their
hands, by his own example, 635
Watch, the Jewish division of the night
into watches, noticed, 213, 557, 649—
the Roman distribution of the night,

adopted, 214-a Roman watch, de-
scribed, 435-the fear of this guard
when Jesus rose from the dead, 438
Watchfulness, enforced by our Lord, by
a familiar and striking similitude, 354,
355-true watchfulness, consists in a
steady regard to the certainty of
Christ's coming, and a suitable prepa-
ration for it, 361-prayer, intimately
connected with it, 398-no apology
was given by our Lord for the drowsi-
ness of the disciples, but motives for
duty and diligence, 399-inculcated by
allusions to nuptial festivities, 648,

Water, importance of, in the east, 161-
immersed in water, a metaphor to
express the rush of successive troubles,

Weather, great attention paid by the
Jews to the indications of the, 652-
reproved by our Lord, for neglecting
the evidences of his mission, 652, 653
Wedding garment, ideas entertained of
the mystical signification of this gar-
ment, noticed, 312-its spiritual and
only proper interpretation, practically
illustrated, 312, 313

Weeks, Jewish method of computing,
noticed, 436

Wetstein, quoted, on the love of God,
the natural consequent of remission of
sins, 603

Whale's belly, an unfortunate translation,
corrected, 186

Whitby, his interpretation of the parable
of the labourers in the vineyard, re-
futed, 287-his opinion respecting the
second invitation to the great supper,
confuted, 310-a remark of his on the
doctrine of transubstantiation, noticed,

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mercy considered as marks of their
practical character, ib.—their awful
doom, described, 685

Wilderness, of Judea, where situated, 43
-peculiarities of the wildernesses of
Palestine, noticed, 445

Wine, used by our Lord in the institution
of the eucharist, as emblematical of
his blood, 388-was mingled with
water by the Jews at the passover, by
the early Christians and the Romanists,
ib.-the phrase, "fruit of the vine,"
explained, 391-nature of the wine
which was given to criminals be-
fore their execution, 424-the supe-
riority of old wine to new, a proverb
quoted by our Lord, spiritually consi-
dered, 589-what wine was considered
old among the Jews, ib.
Winepress, described, 306
Wisdom, our Lord's personification of,

illustrated, 168-children of wisdom,
who they are, 169-motives to main-
tain a conduct corresponding with such
a high designation, laid down, ib.-
nature of that wisdom, by which the
original theology of the Gentiles was
corrupted, 671

Wise man, our Saviour's description of a,


Witnesses, how many required to establish

a charge, 261-those required by our
Lord in any case of difference between
brethren, were not to witness to the
fact of the injury, but to the charitable
attempt at reconciliation by the offend-
ed party, 262-in what respect the
gospel of Christ is the witness or testi-
mony of God, 344—manner in which
false witnesses were sought to secure
the condemnation of Christ, 403
Wolves, "ravening wolves," a term pro-
verbially applied to false teachers, and
why, 117

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the crucifixion, mentioned and com-
mended, 433—their affection for their
Lord, noticed, 434-they mourned at
the sepulchre of Jesus, and gave
another proof of their belief in his
innocence, ib.-assist in the embalm-
ing of our Saviour, 433, 436, 524-
why the Jewish women were anxious
for a numerous offspring of children,
541-girls received their names at the
time in which they were weaned, 550-
account of the woman who anointed
our Lord at the house of Simon the
Pharisee, 601-unjustly confounded
with Mary of Magdala, and Mary of
Bethany, ib.—commendation of her
penitence and love, 602-Christ au-
thoritatively declares her sins forgiven,
ib.-her love was not the cause of her
pardon, 603-the popish notion, that
love is a meritorious source of forgive-
ness, built upon this passage, contra-
dicted, ib.

Word of God, honour put upon it, by our
Saviour, in repelling the assaults of the
devil, 58-sufficient for every condition
of man, ib.-whatever is settled by
the word of God admits of no appeal,
59-contains particular directions, or
general principles, applicable to any
given case connected with religious
services, 220-importance of simple
conformity to the word of God, to ren-
der acts of worship more impressive
and influential, ib.-not only contains a
revelation of truth from God, but
authority as law, 236-why the gospel
is emphatically termed,
"the word,"
451, 534—the phrase, “With what mea-
sure ye mete it shall be measured to
you," a persuasive motive to serious
hearing of the word, 462-compared to
seed, 463-the blessedness of those
who hear and keep the word, described,
633-compared to fire by our Lord,
and why, 651-which he came to send
upon the earth, ib.-termed "the ora-
cles of God," 693-the inspiration of,
fully admitted by the Jews, ib.
Words, idle words, reprehended by our
Lord, described, 185-words, as well as
actions, the subject of account at the
last day, ib.-by them, as far as they

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