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As the stream of a river is most lovely and beneficial, when it patiently steals along its own channel, though it makes not so much noise, and excites not so much notice, as when it breaks over its banks, and roars and rolls as a flood: so good men are most acceptable, and useful in their appointed course, Wisdom will estimate every man, by what he is, not out of his place and calling, but in them. There we naturally look after him; there we unavoidably compare him with his obligations; there we see him habitually-and there he gains a character, or goes without



It is to be feared, that some even of the stricter professors of religion, have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. It blazes at a distance; but it burns dim at home. In a day like the present, there will be many occasional calls of publick duty; but it will be a sad exclamation to make at a dying hour, My own vineyard have I not kept." In the spiritual, still more than in the temporal neglect, "He that providẹth not for his own, especially those of his own house, hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel."

"You wish to serve your generation ?" It is well that it is in your heart; but let it be according to the will of God. And how does this require you to proceed? From public relation into private, or from private into public? Does it order you to waste time and strength, to go to a distance; and begin labouring, where difficulties will be too great, and means too few, to allow of your improving the waste, back to your own door? Or, to begin near; to cultivate onward; to clear and fertilize the ground as you advance; so as to feel every acquisition already made, converted into a resource to encourage, support, and assist you, in your future toil?

"You long to be useful?" And why are you not? Can you want either opportunity, or materials-you, who are placed at the head of families; you, who are required to rule well your own households; to dwell with your wives according to knowledge; to train up your children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord; to behave towards your servants, as remembering that you also have a master in heaven.-Behold, O man of God, a congregation, endeared and attentive, committed to thy trust. Behold, a flock whom you may feed with knowledge and understanding; and before whom you may walk as an example in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity. Behold a church

in thy house. Behold an altar on which to offer the morning and evening sacrifice of prayer and of praise.

-Here, observe these things without prefering one before another; here teach and exhort, and reprove with all long suffering and patience; here officiate-and "Ye shall be named the PRIESTS of the Lord; men shall call you the MINISTERS of our God."

The remark of Baxter is worthy our regard-"If family reli gion was duly attended to, and properly discharged, I think the preaching of the word, would not be the common instrument of conversion." And Gurnal says "The family is the nursery of the church. If the nursery be neglected, what in time will become of the gardens, and the orchards."

The Author will not endeavour to establish the duty of domes tic worship. Many excellent things have been written upon this subject: and what he, himself, could offer in support of the practice, is already before the public.*

It is futile to allege, as some have done, that there is no positi and express command for it in the scripture; when nothing would be more easy, than to prove the will of God-from the simplest deductions, from the fairest reasonings, and from the most generally acknowledged principles.

The examples of the faithful; the commendations which God has bestowed upon them in his word; his promises and threatenings; the obvious and numberless advantages resulting from domestic devotion, as to personal religion, and relative governmentwith regard to those that preside in the family; and as to instruction, restraints, and motives-with regard to relations, children, and servants: All this must surely be enough to induce any man, capable of conviction, to terminate with a broken heart, the mischiefs of neglect; and to swear unto the Lord, and vow unto the Mighty God of Jacob—“ Surely, I will not come into the tabernacle of my house, nor go up into my bed, I will not give sleep to mine eyes, nor slumber to mine eyelids, until I find out a place for the Lord, an habitation for the Mighty God of Jacob."

As to objections arising from--shame--a want of time--the unfashionableness of the usage—or its interfering with visits or dis

* See the Introduction to the Author's Four Volumes of Short Discourses, for the use of Families.

sipations: all this, in a being, who yet owns himself to be a moral and an accountable creature, is unworthy of argument, and would be too much honoured, by the attempt of refutation.

There is one thing however, which deserves notice. It is the apprehension of inability to perform this duty. With respect to some, if not many, it is no breach of charity to conclude, that this is an excuse, rather than a reason. It is disinclination, or at least, the want of a more powerful conviction, that hinders them from adopting this salutary usage, rather than incapacity. There are few cases in which the old adage is not to be verified: "Where there is a will, there is a way." You feel little difficulty in making known your distresses or wishes to a fellow creature: and the Lord looketh, not to the excellency of the language, but to the heart. The facility would be increased by practice, and the divine blessing.

And I cannot but earnestly recommend the use of free and extemporaneous prayer, where it is practicable. There is in it, a freshness, a particularity, an appropriateness, an immediate adoption, and use of circumstances and events, which cannot be found in the best composed forms.

Yet there are those, who have only a slender degree of reli gious knowledge; or discover a natural slowness and hesitancy of utterance; or feel a bashfulness of temper, so that they cannot gain confidence enough even to make a proper trial. And this diffidence is often found, even with persons of education and understanding-Indeed such, are more likely to feel difficulty, than the vulgar and illiterate, whose ignorance is friendly to fluency, and whose confidence is not perplexed by modes of expression, or embarrassed, by the influence of reputation.

Now in cases of inability, or extreme difficulty, surely the greatest zealot for free prayer, would recommend forms in preference to neglect.

Besides, there are others-many in the establishment, and no few out of it; who, deem a form more eligible and it is needless to remark, that they have a right to their opinion: and as their practice will of course be regulated by it; it is desirable to aid them in their own way.

And surely in this case, as well as in many others, where we see so much talent, and religion, and even devotional taste, in the opposing advocates; candor requires, and compels the concession,

that all the arguments, all the advantages, cannot be on one side of the question.

Bigotry delights in exclusion; but the meekness of wisdom is satisfied with preference; and freely says: Let every one be fully persuaded in his own mind. The amiable Dr. Watts observes— 66 Many a holy soul has found his inward powers awakened, and excited to lively religion, in the use of a form, where the wants and wishes of the heart have been happily expressed; and considering the various infirmities that surround human nature, even the wisest and best of men, may be glad of such assistances, at some seasons."

Several books of prayers have issued from the press: and it is not necessary to undervalue, or conceal them, in order to excuse or even justify, another effort in the same cause. The great exGellency of some of these composures is well known.

Yet it must be confessed, that such works, compared with other religious publications, are still very few and that the far greater part of what we possess, is more for personal and private use, than domestic. Even in the deservedly popular volume of Jenks, there are only family prayers for one week: the rest are all for individual service.

But whatever might have been the Author's own opinion of the expediency, or necessity of such a work as this-in order to furnish a greater abundance-or to accommodate a difference of tastes or to excite attention by newness-or to edify more by brevity and simplicity; he can truly aver, that he was principally induced to undertake it at the request of many, urged, for years, with importunity.

In complying with their desires, he still fears he shall not sat. isfy their wishes. He unquestionably has not satisfied his own. In the want of that leisure, which allows a man to throw his whole soul into the composition of his work; and then to employ all his skill in correcting and completing it, he has done, at the intervals of much public duty, and interruption, for a few months, what he could and such as it is, should it obtain acceptance, he shall consider it the greatest honor that could have been conferred upon him, that while living and when dead, the service of God should ever be performed in words which he has furnished, so imperfectly.

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He can reckon on some esteemed connexions, whose partiality, as it has often admitted him into their circles as a friend, and employed him at their domestic altar as an expositor and intercessor, will retain him as an assistant, in this volume; and thus while absent in body, he will be present in spirit. He is also blessed with children, who will not neglect a practice, to which, in the order of a happy family, they were so early accustomed, and which was never rendered irksome by tediousness; and they will-he knows they will-train up their children in the same holy and lovely usage: and should relationship and endearment, serve to render the book the more valued and useful, as a sacred bequest to his descendants; this alone would keep him from thinking he had laboured in vain.

April, 1820

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