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der several Soyeraigns, as the Weff is at this day, if had been as it were impossible, but that divers of them, if not the most part, would have denied en trance to the Apostles, who were the new Preachers. Little Lords, who have not much to do, concern themselves more particularly about every part of their Territories, than great Emperors, who having the Government of the whole world to mind,

are forc't to remit the care of lessimportant matters, to their Deputies and Lieutenants. 3. The dispersion of the fews by their frequent Captiviţies, was also a means which God made use ofto prepare the way for the Conversion of the Gentiles: they gave them the knowledge of the true God. 4. Another thing which contributed very much to this design of God, was the Translation of the Bible into the Greek Tongue; whereby the sacred Oracles became common among the Heathens. And about the time of our Saviour's appearance in the World, there were multitudes of those Profelites, which are called Proselites of the Gate. Such as were not really lews, but they ceas't to be par gans. They renounc't their Idolatry, they were present every Sabbath day at the reading of Moses and the Prophets; they had a distinct place in the Synagogues. 'Tis of them we so often read in the Book of the As, under the name of devout, and such as feared God among the Gentiles: Cornelius was of that number. It could not be difficult for them to abandon Paganism, for they had álready left it, and they could not be hindred from becoming Christians by fudaism, for they had nejer imbrac't it; So that they became Christians without change or violence ; The greatest part of the converted Gentiles were such as these. 5 And by the fame good Providence of God Phim

losophy losophy began to flourish among the Pagans, a little before the coming of Christ, which was of great ufe to refine the minds of men, and render them capable of receiving celestial and fublime Truths. 6. Lastly, God pollelt the Heathen with a contempt of Idolatry aud Idols : They were disgusted and fick of their Gods: The false Oracles of Dez mons ceas't, their Priests lost their reputation, and åll the World breath'd after a change, without knowing why. : I find something like this at present. 1. Since the last Age God hath revived the Light and knowledge of the Sciences, which was almost ftifled and extinguisht under the barbarism of Scholastick Learning. In the last Century, God caused the knowledge of the Greek and Hebrew *Tongues to revive, which was offuch use for the understanding of the Holy Scripture, and the confutation of Heresy and Idolatry, that the Papifts do not scrupleto say, that 'tis that which hath undone them. In this Century the Providence of God hath carried the acuteness and delicacy of mens minds to that degree, that it may truly be said, that the most inlightned and refined Ages past, were barbarous in comparison with this. The speculative Sciences and true Philosophy are brought to that Perfection, that all that we had before may be reckoned fimplicity and ignorance. This new Philosophy doth open and inlarge the mind, and the light we receive from mödern Philosophers doth help very much to scatter that thick darkness, which the Philosophy of the Schools had caft upon the Doctrines of Religion. We shall shortly know of what use the new Philosophy may be to destroy those Monsters of Transfubftantiation and the Real Presence. 2. I look upon the long Voyages of our Europamming



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the discoveries made of new Countries in the Eat le

and West, and the improvement of the Art of Navigation, to be a means which God prepares for

the fullfilling that great Promise that concerns the 18. full Conversion of the Gentiles. Why did God re

serve the Invention of the Sea Compass to these last ed

times ? why was it not known three or four hun

dred years ago, what it was to fáil upon the Ocean d

far from the ihore? was there less curiofity, covetousness , or industry among men formerly than now ? for what reason would God that one half of the World should live in ignorance of the other for so long a time? Why hath God in these latter days more visibly favour'd the designs which men have always had, to inrich themtelves by Commerce and Trade, going in pursuit of riches to the end of the World ? for my own part, I cannot but look upon this as a work of a moit wife Providence, discovering to us unknown People, whose Conversion he intends to bring about within a short Time.

3. Iconsider the great number of half Christians which the Popish Missions make in the Indies, to be jult as those Prosélytes of the Gate, which the lews made; they were properly neither Iewsnor Chripians, but were the feed of Christianity. These Eastern Converis, which are made by Papills, are neither Heathens , nor Christians: but they will be the first part of the Harvest, which God intends to have among those People; and after they are fully converted, they will be very ferviceable for the Couversion of those who as yet are altogether Pagans.

4. I admire the depth of Divine Providence that by insensible steps and degrees, disposeth the Mahumetan Nations for Conversion. For this weneed but consult the second Book of the Present State of


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Lib. 2. the Ottoman Empire, by Mr. Ricant. In that Hi-
Chap.2. story we meet with a Sect of Mahumetans, called

Haiftites; who believe that the Messiah took a trne
natural Body, and that being Eternal, he became In-
carnate, as the Christians believe : Wherefore they
have inserted this Article into their confeffion of Faith,
thar Christ shall come to judge the World at the last
day. For the proof whereof they cite a Text out of
the Alckoran in these words, O Mahomet! thou
halt see thy Lord, who shall come again in the
Clouds. For though they dare not positively,

interpret this of J. Christ, yet they boldly affirm, “that this is fore-told of the Meffiab; and in their

ordinary discourse, they confess, that this Messiah “can be no other than lesus, who is to return into

« the World with the same fleshi which he allum'd. Cháb, 12. ,, The same Author tells us; “That there is an opi

"nion generally received amongthe Turks within a “ few years, which is entertained by the best people

of the Seraglio, & common enough at Conftantino, Sple. They who profess to believe it are called Chup Messahites, i. 8. the good Partisans or followers of

the Messiah. They hold that Christ is God, and that he is the Redeemer of the World. The young Scholars in the Court ofthe grand Seigniörare ge“nerally of this opinion : perticularly the most po

lite and civilized, and wellbred among them. Infomuch that 'tis a form of speech very much in use among them, when they would praise any one, to say to him, Chup Mejjahisen,you are very civilarid “obliging, as he should be who makes profession of o the service of the Meffiah. There are a multitude “of these People Constantinople ; and there have "been some who have maintained this Doctrine, with somuch courage that rather than quit it, they « bayc chosen to suffer martyrdom:


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There is another Sect,called Efchrakites.“ They 1.407. * who profess it, addict themselves very much to the contemplation of the Idea of the Divinity,and

the numbers that are in God. For though they

hold the Unity of God, they nevertheless admit
“the Trinity also, as a number proceeding from
“Unity. They explain that thought by the exam
“ple of three Pleats, or folds in an Handkerchief,
“which may be called three , though it be butone

'piece of cloth when it is unfolded. These areno

great Admirers of the Alchorah, they only make
t use of that which they find agrees with their Prin-
ciples and reject the rest as if it were abolisht.Be-
' lieving, that the chief Good of man consists in the
*Contemplation of the Majesty of God; they de-
"spise the dreams and gross'imaginations of Maho-

met, concerning the Pleasures of Paradise. All
“the Schecs , and the most able Preachers of the
“Royal Mosques, are of this Sect. They are very

diligent in their devotions, and sober in their "dyet , &c. They have also a great deal of Charity "for their Neighbours y saying, they are the Crea"tures of God,&c. They inftrućt their Scholars to

be moderate, wife and grave; in a word to abstain “ from all evil Actions, and to practise all Vertues. One step farther, and these People will be much better Christians than the Greeks, who have the name and Profession of Christians.

5. The sensible Fall and declension of the Papacy, A general is a fifth sign of that great work which God is ma- in the king way for. It seems to be furious, to reign, and get ground; nevertheless, in truth it is falling; for forsake Poas God discredited the Religion of the Pagan

Idols, pery,
a little before the coming of our Lord Iesus Chrift;
fo he makes this renewed

Paganism of Popery, to be
in lefscredit and efteem than formerly. Men begin

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