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The bottomless pit is Hell. Here the sea signifies a great number of people. The Roman Monarchy rose from the midst of the people, as amonfter that should rise out of the sea. 'Tis because it was establisht with a terrible havock, such as a hideous monster, that should rise out of the sea, and of an enormous greatness would cause, making the waves to foam , blowing the water with his noftrills, and sending out terrible Bellowings. 'Tis the emblem of the manner , wherby the Roman Empire was establisht.

This Beast bath seven Heads. The Spirit explains this of so many Kings, and so many mountains. The seven heads are seven Kings,

and Seven Mountains. See here the Character of Rome together with its Empire. It fits on seven Heads that is to say, on seven Mountains ; and it had seven Kings, that is to say, seven forms of Soi veraign Governments. We have already reckon'd them

up in the foregoing Chapter: 1. Kings. 2. Consuls. 3 Decemvires. 4. Tribunes of the people. 5. Perpetual Dictators. 6. Emperours. 7. Popes.

He hath ten Hörns. The Prophet doth not say how these Horns were distributed on the Heads. But however it is certain , that they were all on The teni the seventh Head, that is to fay, on the Head

only on of the Popes. For 'tis under the Papal Domi-the seventhi mion, that the Roman Empire is divided among ten Horns, that is to say, among ten Kings. Exrope, that obeyeth the Pope, is divided into ten Principal Kingdoms. 1. Germany. 2. Hungary. 3. Poland. 4. Suedeland. 5. France, 6. Spain. 7. Italy. 8. England. 9. Portugal. 19. Scotland. The other Kingdomes and States were dependencies on these. From the first divifionof the Roman Em. pire, that happened in the fifth Age, the partition

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was made among ten Kings also, as we shall observe afterwards. Horns always signify power in the Scripture : this is known. So that these ten Horns must be powers, But to signify that these Powers are Soveraign ones, and not subordinate, the Spirit gives them Diadems. They are Soveraigns in name

but in truth they are dependents on the seventh bead, which is the Pope, and the Pas pism. For the Papism fubje&ts all Kings to the Pope.

On the heads there is a name of blafphemy. This is not on one of the heads, but on all of them, And the name of blafphemy, is that of the Queen of the universe, which she would always bear, since she attained to her greatness.

Terrarum Dea, Gentiumque Roma.

'Tis the title of Rome eternal, as Saint Ieromë Ad Algas

. hath observed. The Roman Emperours made themquzft. i lo selves be called your Divinity. They built Tem

ples to them, they burnt incense to their Genius, they sacrificed to them. The feventh head hath also its names of blasphemy. The Pope is called his Holiness, Vice-Göd, God on Earth, Vicar of Jesus Christ. Rome under his Dominion is cailed infallible Rome, eternal Rome..

The Dragon gives him his power; 'Tis the Devil which gives to the Roman Empire the false Religion, the idolatries and heresies, by which it makes war against God; the ambition, the cruelty, and the covetousness , by which it makes war a

gainst men. Hozi And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded

to death, and his deadly wound was healed, and all the world wondered after the Beast. The Prophet doth not say, what head was wounded: but it can't be doubted, but that it was the last fave


one. For that which comes in the place of that which is wounded, lasts to the end. Therefore the bead wounded to death must be the fixth; and the resurrection of this head must make the fevenih bead, or the seventh Government. The fixth head is that of the Emperours. 'Tis wounded by the Goths and the Vandals. The Roman Empire is destroyed. But it rises again under another head, and a new kind of government , viz.

De Donat: that of the Popes. In the power of the Papacy is Conftant. brought forth again, if not the grandure of the ancient Empire , yet at least a form of government, that is not very much different from that, by which all the nations once obeyed the Emperours. "I'is the confession of Steuchus Bishop of Agobio.

All the World wondered after the beast. The Earth being astonisht, to see the Roman Empire establisht under the new name of the Roman Church, follows this new Beast , submits to this Church ; being ravisht with this dignity, that appeared to lift up. Christianity to the height of grandeur , it submitted to this Chimera of the Ipiritual and temporal Principality of the Church of Rome.

And there was given to him a mouth, Speaking visa great things and blafphemies. After this,'tis only the seventh bead that is treated of, which is called the Beast fimply, because 'tis the longe it duration of the fourth Monarchy. 'Tis therefore this feventh head, the Pope and the Papifmi, that brings forth thele great things. Can there be any thing greater than that which the Roman Church faith of it self, that she is the Spouse of Christ, the Queen of all the Churches, the infallible Judge of all controversies, the Ark, out of which there is no falvation, the Divinity to which all nations



pay homage, the common mother of all Ćhristians the Soveraign of the Kings of the Earth, that can depofe them , transfer their Crowns, and give them to whom she thinks fit? See the great things, and these great things are blafphemies. This is clear. For to attribute that to her felf, which belongs only to God, is to blafpheme.

And power was given to him to continue forry and two months. "Tis still the seventh head that is treated of. 'Tis to it that the period of forty and two months of twelve hundred ảnd sixty days, that is to say, of twelve hundred and fixty years , is assigned. 'Tis cleaf , that these fortý two months do not respect the entire Beast, that is to say, the seven heads , or the seven Gevernments for after the third verse , 'tis only the feventh head that is spoken'of. Moreover, the seventh Monarchy g in its whole extent, hath lasted almost twice forty two prophetical months, as we have before observed. 'Tis therefore the duration of the Antichristian Empire, or of the lecond period of the fourth Monarchy , that must be extended to 1260. years.

opered his mouth in blasphemy against God. 'Tis to blaspheme God to attribute to it self his power , as the Roman Church doth against his name : that is to say, against his glory. The Papism ravishes away the glory from God to give it to the creatures. Against his Tabernacle, that is to say, against his Temple and his Church, in calling the true Children of God, which are his house heretiques and schismaticks. Against them that dwell in Heaven: These are the Saint's and Angels, of whom the Papism makes idols, and whom by consequence it greatly injureth.


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V. 7

Aud it was given to him to make war with the · Saints, and to overcome them. 'Tis well enough known how the Papism hath employed Anathemaes , thunders, fire, and sword to extinguish the truth, and to destroy the faithful. ;

And i bebeld another beast coming out of the villa Earth, and he had two horns like a Lamb, and he Spake as a Dragon.

In the fore-going vision, the Holy Spirit re- Beat hath presented the fourth Monarchy in its two Periods, two horns, and its whole extent by only one Beast. We have seen more than once, that this Monarchy hath two periods very near of the fame duration. The firft is from the birth of Rome, to the ruin of the Imperial dignity, and the division of the Empire into ten Kingdoms. The second , from the destruction of the Imperial dignity, to the entire ruin of the Roman Church. Tis this fe.. cond period, which the Prophet here represents under the image of a second Beast. 'Tis another Beaft, because it is another name , another fort of Empire, an Empire hidden under the name of the Church. - 'Tis a matter that begins again all anew. - As the City of Rome in its birth was little, insensible, a smallmatter in a word, during two or three ages ; so this new Roman Empire, that was to be brought forth again, was to commence also from weak beginnings, and to be but a very little thing for some ages. As this later period of the fourth Monarchy was to last as long as the other, and was to have a form wholly different from it, it deserved to be called another beaft.

This second Beast ascends out of the Earılı, and not out of the Sea. 'Tis the same Beast, that is spoken of in the eleventh Chapter, that


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