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it afcends out of the bottomless pit, that is to say, from Hell. The one hinders not the other. The Papism comes from Hell, but not by the fame means as the first beast did. These two Empires come not from the same place. The first Em. pire springs from the people, and their ambition. The lecond Empire proceeds from the Clergy, and their ambition. It springs from the Earth as a plant , that shoots out small, and becomes great insensibly, without effusion of blood, and without spoil. He had two horns like a Lamb. The Roman Church calls her self the Spouse of the Lamb; ufurps his power , the name of Jesus Christ is always in her mouth; and if the may be believed, The doth but exercise the power of Jesus Christ, that hath been lawfully conferred upon her. Jesus Christ hath two powers, in Heaven and in Earth. All power is given me in Heaven and Earth, faith he. The Roman Church faith the same thing of her self. She ascribes to her self the temporal power, and the spiritual one. He speaks as a Dragon. For he utters blafphemies against God, and terrible threatnings against his Children:

And he exercisetb, all the power of the first beast before him. The Papism hath re-eitablisht all the authority of the ancient Emperours. The Roman Church causes her self to be served by Kings. She takes away their demeanss, the disposes of their Crowns, she draws tribute from them, and exerciseth jurisdiction in all their States. The first Beast, that is to fay, the Roman Pagan Empire, did no more in the countries that were subject to it.

And causeth the Earth, and them which dwell therein to worship the first Beast, Raising up in her self the power of the ancient Empire, the makes that ancient Empire be raised up again,



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under a new name, viz. that of the Roman
Church, be adored and served: And be doth v.13.
great wonders ,
from heaven on Earth in the fight of men. We
shall have occasion to obserye, and prove several
times hereafter, as we have already done be-
fore, that in the style of the Prophets, Hea-
ven, when an Estate and an Empire is treated of,
always fignifies the soveraign region of those
dignițies. The Sun is the Soveraign, the stars
are the Grandees. Here an Empire, a State, is
treated of under the name of a Beast. The So-
veraign region of that State is the Heaven
from that State falls fire, that is to say,
thunders. It can't be doubted, but this is
what the Roman Church it self calls thunders
and thundring Bulls. 'Tis those decrees and those
Papal Bulls, which proceed from the Court of
Rome. These are no other than Paft-board thunders
and artificial fire-works. However 'tis known
that they have set Kingdoms in a flame a hundred
and a hundred times and have many times
thought to set all Europe on Fire. To this are
added Signs, that is to say, prodigies of pride,
ambition, madness ,, policy, carnal weapons,
and other means, by which the Beast of Rome hath
used to establish its dominion, and subject Kings
to its self. This doth not exclude the false mira-
cles which the Papism hath used to eitblish it
self. But as it is here consider'd much more as a
Kingdom than as a Religion, by these signs'tis much
better to understand the wicked means it hath em.
ployed to establish its tyranny, than the lying mira.
cles, which it used to establish its false myiteries.

Ánd deceiveth them which dwell on the Earth
by the means of those miracles. That is to say,

L 2


he induced them by all the ways of deceit and violence to do homage to hiin , and submit themselves to his dominion , Saying to them that dwell on the Earth, that they should make an image to the beaft. And he had power to give life nnto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the Beast, should be killed. This here is an admirable place. The Roman Church is an Empire. However, it is but an image of an Empire, an imaginary Empire, founded only on the 'deceived imagination of men. They need but say NOT, to destroy this Empire. The reality of an Empire confifts in citadells , in fortreffes , in armies. The Roman Church hath none of all this. For the little armies that the Pope might raise, is not that which secures his Em. pire. 'Tis not therfore a true Empire. The Convents of the Monks are his Citadels. The Monks are bis Souldiers and Armies. The Priests are his Emissaries. The Bishops and Arch-Bishops are his Lievtenants. But all these are but images.

Nevertheless this image of an Empire speaks, acts, makes decrees , railes all Europe, and causes all those to be killed , that will not pay it the like homage, which was render'd to the ancient Roman Empire. And he canseth all, both small and great,

&c. to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads. And that no man might buy, or fell, savehe that had the mark or the name of the Beast. The Forehead is the seat of profession. Thence it that ancient Christians fignified their profession of Christianity by a sign of the Cross on the forehead. The Hand is the instrument of action. The inhabitants of the Earth can


V. 16.


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neither buy, nor sell, under the dominion of the
Papifm, that is to say, partake of its favours and
its riches unless they have the Profeffion of
a Papift on their Farebead, and the actions of one
in their Hands. This is what is meant by the
Mark of the Beast, and not fome particular

and one Properly fo called.
Here is wisdom ; let him that hath understan- V. 18.
ding count the number of the Beast: for it is the
number of a man, and his number is fix hundred
threescore and fix. If fo mach had not been wrote
about this, here would be a fubject to write a
great deal upon. But in a few words , I can't
doubt, but that they who have reckoned the
numeral power of the letters of the name of the
Roman Church, and of its Pope, have hit upon
the sense of the Prophecy. 'Tis the number of
his name ; that is to say, expreffely contained
in his name. 'Tis a number of a man; that is to fay,
?tis a number that must be understood according
as men do count ; not in a prophetical and
Mysterious style, which oftentimes under one
number hides another unknown number. But in
what language mnft we count the numeral letters
of the name of the Beaft? 'Tis easy to determin
that. The Prophecies must be explained according
to the language of the Prophets. There are two
languages of the Prophets, Hebrew and Greek.
Look for the name of the Roman Church in these
two languages. In Hebrew you will find Romiyth,
and in Greek Lateinos. The first signifies the
Roman Beaft, or the Roman Church. The second
fignifies the Emperour or the Latin Pope. And
in the one and in the other there is exactly fix
hundred threescore and fix.

Here I might stop with reference to the

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ber 144•


Church, becaule of

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number 666. And 'tis with some difficulty that I enter upon the depths of the interpretation of those Authors, who would have this Num. ber 666. respect not the Name of the Beast, but of his Empire. They pretend , that as the

Number 144. is consecrated to signify the EmThe num. pire of 7. Christ, which appears by the 144.

thousand Sealed ones , pretty often mention'd in the whole the Revelation ; in like manner the Number

666. mystically denotes the entire Empire of the welve , Beast and its principal Characters. They obferve, its Square that the Number 144. hath for its square root

the Number, twelve. For twelve multiplied by it self, twelve times twelve makes 144. The Number of twelve is sacred, becaule of the twelve Patriarchs of the ancient Ifrael, and the twelve Apostles, that are the Patriarchs of the new Israel. So the Number 144. that myftically fignifies the whole Church of 1. Chrift, is founded on the Number twelve. That is to say, the whole Christian Church is founded on the Apostles, who make one divine Hierarchy. Wherfore the number twelve bears fway in all the parts of the description of the ferusalem, which we read of in the 21. Chap. of the Revelation. She hath twelve Foundations, twelve Gates , iwelye angells, twelve Tribes', twelve thousand Furlongs. The Tree of Life, which is in the midst of the place, bears twelve Sorts of fruits every year; and lastly, the Wall is of 144. Cubits, iie. twelve times twelve. So the Church, which hath her root in the number twelve, by the multiplication of this number twelve by it felf, makes 144. a sacred Number. But the number 666. which is exorbitant, and which exceeds the number oftwelve, and hath not this number twelve for its root,


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