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verse, join them with these here, and place them all thus : And the eighth King is also of the Beast, which was, and is not. He is of the seven ; and when he shall come , he must continue for a short Space, and then goerh into perdition. See herean eighth King, that belongs to the Roman Empire, And this eighth King is of the seven , he is of the number of the seven Governments. It must necessarily be, that this eighth King must come from hence, that one of the seven is divided into two. And 'tis the Head of the Roman Empe: rours divided into two. Forthe Roman Emperours are either Pagans , of Christians. The conversion of the Emperours made fo great a change, that the Christian Emperours deserved to be reckon'd for an eighth head.

However, because they last but a short space, and because in respect of their Temporal , they were perfe&tly like the fore-going Emperours, the Holy Spirit ranks them under the seventh head.. And when he cometh, he must continue a Short space. That is to say, when the second part of the Head of the Emperours shall become, viz. the Christian Emperours, it shall not continue long Indeed the Christian Emperours did not possess the Empire, but from the conversion of Constantine to Valentinian the third about 130, or 135.years

. Besides, the transposition of the words which I have supposed ; doth not make any difficulty here; for if I made a commentary, I could easily bring examples much more harth in the writings only of the N. Testament,

And the ten Horns, which thou sawest , are ten Kings, which bave received no Kingdom as jet : but receive power as Kings one hour with the Beaft. These are the ten Kings, or the ten King



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y. 13•

doms into which the Roman Empire was rent ; when the Imperial power was deliroyed in the Weft. And the fame time that the ten Kings were made ; the Beast, that is to say, the second Beast of the 13th. Chapter , the Beast with two Horns, the Roman Church, began to form its Empire. This is one of the most remarkable places of the Prophecies, to find the point of the birth of the Antichristian Empire. Therfore it deserves a larger reflection, which shall be found afterwards in its proper place. These have one mind, and fhall give their power and ftrength unto the Beaft

. These ten Kings, or these ten Kingdoms , shall voluntarily submit themíclves to the yoke of the Roman Church, For she shall not obtain her dominion by the way of Conquest, but by the way of illusion, of fé

and perswasion. She shall perswade the Kings of the Earth to give her their power. In truth this did fo happen. The Princes doating on this Idol of St. Peter's Chair , the Apoftolical Seė, raised this throne so high, that it was like afterwards to have swallowed them up.

These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb sallovercome them. They shall lend their arms and their power to the Roman Church to fmother the truth. But the truth of Jesus Christ shall surmount them , fhallenlighten them, and get such a victory over them, as shall be happy for those that are overcome. England, Sweden, Denmark, and many other States have been already overcome in this manner.

And he saith unto me the waters which thon Jarveft, where the whore fitterh, are peoples, and multitudes and nations and tongues. This Woman , this corrupted Church, fhåll have the multitude for her, the shall afcribe great honour

V. 15.


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to her self from thence, and make use of that as
an argument, that she is the true Spouse of Jesus
And the ten Horns, which thou fawst upon the

V.16. Beast, these soall hate the whore , and make her desolate, and naked , and fall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire , &c. We shall have occasion afterwards more than once to reflect on these words. Therfore we shall say nothing of them at present.

The woman which thou sawelt, is that greai City, 1.16. which reigneth over the Kings of the Earth, The great City, is not precisely the City of Rome , 'tis the Roman Church, that hath its seat at Rome on the seven Mountains. This is an important fruch, that the great City in the Revelation signifies not Rome precisely, but Rome conjunctly with its Ecclesiastical Empire. It should be proved; but we must reserve the proofs for another place where it will be very material for us to fix this, what the City signifies.

CHAP. xvii.
Babylon in the 17th. and 18th. Chapters of

the. Revelation is Rome Antichristian
and Papal, and not Rome Pagari



"He 17th Chapter is one of those wherin the

description of the Antichristian Empiré is çertainly contained.

We have applied it to the See of Rome with the same successas we have done the foregoing Prophecies. But we have some considerations to add to prove that that City spoken'

Chri. ftian and

of in that Chapter is Rome together with its Em

pire , of Chrisiian become Antichristian. That Rome Tis a place where the Papifts find themselves

reduced to mighty straits. They have confessed, not Pagan that the issh. and 13th. Chap. of the Revelation Babylon & spoke concerning Antichrisi.' But because in the the seat of ith. Chap. the seat of Antichrist is called the Ansichrif

City where I. Christ was crucified, they will not
acknowledg it to be Rome. And because in the
13th. Chap. Rome is not named , they will by no
mcans have it to be found there. But in this 17th.
Chap. they are forced to see Rome in the city on
seven Mountains, and in that great city, that reigned
over the kings of the Earth. This brings them to
the last extremity, and we need but see what
they say on this point , to convince them that
their Holy Roman See is the seat of the Anti-
christian Empire.

ist. They say that Rome in this 19th. Chap.
is Rome Pagan and not Rome Christian. The
faliness of this supposition is evident. First it is
clear that the Beast which carries the woman, is

the same with that 'Beast that ariseth out of the the 13th Sea in the 13th. Ch. This had seven heads and ten that of the horns, and

his horns ten Crowns, and

his heads the name of blasphemy. The Beast in
the 17th. Ch. is described after the faine man-
ner. "The Woman sate upon a scarlet-coloured

Beast , full of names of blafphemy, having seven C. 13. 1.

heads and ten Horns. Secondly the Beast of the C.17.;. 13th. Ch. ariseth out of the Sea. And I saw a

Beasi rise up out of the Sea. That of the 17th.

Ch. ascends out of the bottomless pit, or the
Chap. 17. deep. The Beast that thon Sawest was and is not,

and shall ascend ont of the bottomless pit, or
the deep: Now the deep and the sea in the visi-


Bellarm. 1. 3. de Pontif Rom. c. 13. The first Beast of

170h are the fame.




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ans are the same thing. Thirdly, 'Tis said of the Chap. first Beast , that all the World wonders after the Beast. That all that dwell upon the earth shall*. 8. worship him, whose names are not written in the book of Life. 'Tis faid also of that in the seven- Chap. 17 teenth. That they that dwell on the earth shall . wonder, whose names are not written in the book of Life, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and get is. Fourthly, The Beast in the 13th Chap. makes ar with the Saints , and 'tis Chap. 13. given to him to overcome them. That in the 17th 7Chap.. carries a Woman, that makes her self drunk: Chap. 17. with the blood of the Saints. Fiftbly , T'he Beast ó. of the 13th Chap. receives a deadly wound in one of his heads, which dies and rises again. The Beast in the 17th Chap. was, and is not, and musi Chap. 74 afcend out of the bottomless pit, or the deep; was, and is not, and yet is. Who doth not see, that the latter is an explication of the former ? The Beast was, and is not, because his head hath been mortally wounded. He is however, and must ascend out of the bottomless pit , because his deadly wound' shall be healed , and the Beast shall rise again. Sixthly, The Beast in the 13th Ch. hath ten horns, which Gignify ten Kings. That in the seventeenth hath likewise ten Horns; and the ten. Horns which thou sawest are ten Kings.

These so exact and perfect resemblances plain-why tiere ly shew, that these two Beasts are one. But why is there a Woman seen sitting on the second Beast, Sitting on and none upon the first ? we have already hinted of the 13th the reason. In the thirteenth Chap. there are Chap, as two Beasts, which by the confession of all Inter- that of the preters, even the popish ones themselves, signify 17th. one and the same thing; only the Beaft with the seven heads signifies the Empire; and the Beast

is not a Woman

M 3.


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