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drines concern ing Da wons.

What mud were to cause this Apoftacy, and teach this Dobethecbe čtrine of Demons. For at last these terms of Apothole, that Racy and the Do&trine of Devils, or of Demons, beteach Do ing general, the Subjects of Antichrijf would al

ways have been able to have saved themselves, bý the help of the doubtfulness and ambiguity of them, in saying, that every keres; is apoftacy, and every lye is a Doctrine of Devils. But see here, that which makes the meaning of Saint Paul exceeding clear. The Doctrines of Demons were to be taught by Hypocrites , enemies to Marriage, and such as shall forbid the use of meats. By the

hypocrisy, or fiction of lyars, feared in their conScience, that will forbid to marry, and command to. abstain for meats, which God hath created for them that believe.

It may be , there is nothing in the prophecies more admirable, and more particular. We have already obferv'd', that we must not take this as if it were here the Doctrines of Devils, which the Apostates from the Christian Religion were to teach. The Holy Spirit Thews it us by what they have of fair and specious, to the end we may know them by those particulars, for which they greatly value themselves.

We here see their character, and afterwards the means whereby they are to advance this Apoftacy

, and worship of Demons. Their Chara&ter, is, that they greatly affect outward austerity , in abstaining from Marriage , and depriving themselves of the use of ordinary meats.

The means they use to establish this worship of Creatures, and the Theology of Damons, is hypocrisy , fiction

I know nat whether one cannot see in this pourtraiture the Roman Clergy in general, and the

Monks

and lying

were by the Monks.

Monks in particular, that so greatly value themselves

upon the Law of Celibacy, their Fasts, and their abitinence from certain Meats. And here. Idolatry upon ; that we may fee how admirably the event wlis hitin anfwers to the Prophecy; we must observe, that the Church idolatry began in the Church precisely the very time the same time, and in the very fame age, and, which Laws of tais more, by the very fame Authors as the Laws Celibacy of Celibacy and the Monastick life did.

It was in the 14th age, Paul the Theban and Anthony, the two Patriarchs of the Monks, lived pretty late in this fourth age, Saint Anthony died Anno 358, and Panl the Theban was dead a little before. 'Twas at the same time that men begail to speak of the Reliques of the Martyrs, to fcek after them, and attribute Miracles to them. And a little time after, the Monks that had been hid in the deserts of Syria and Thebais, spread themselves.eyery where. · Saint Bazil in the East, afGifted by Gregory Nazianzen and Gregory of Nyilla, establisht them in Greece ; from a Hermires life he made them pass to a Monastick one, and gave them rules. Saint Ambrose in the West was as great a Zealot for the monastical life. In the saine age, Lent, and the Fafts , that consist in the di

Itinction of Meats, began to be establisht. And it was the authors, of and zealots for these ill understood austerities, that pushed forwards also the worship of creatures. For St. Bafil, St. Ambrose, and the two Gregories, are the most ancient * Authors, in whom we begin to find the worship and invocation of creatures. If we prosecute the History of the Monks, we shall admire how they have been in all ages the promoters of Idolatry and Superftition. We have a passage of Ennapixa the Heathen, who lived in the time of Theodofius

the

opere Mo.

tan,

nachorum,

the
great ,

which informs us, that the Monks were the original cause of Idolatry, the guardians of Reliques.

In the life of Edesius he makes a long complaint concerning the violence, which the ChriAians had offer'd to the Temples of the false Gods in Egypt, and faith, that Monks were establisht in the place of Canopus, instead of intelligible Gods to worship slaves. So he calls the Martyrs for Christianity ; and adds, that these Monks redu. cing into ashes the heads and the bones of persons condemned to death for their crimes, made Gods of

them, and prostrated themselves before them. Lec Lib. de

us see what they did in Saint Auftin's time. Sa

faith he, spread abroad a great number of bypocrites, who in the habit of Monks run over alle the Provinces, without being sent, never staid long

in one place , never stood, and never sate ; they fold the members of a Martyr, false or true. They addressed themselves to all ihe World, and required a reward of a rich poverty, or of a false, and appearing holiness. Gregory of Tours, that lived in the following age, i, e. 'in the 6th, faith, that the Monks came to Rome , in the night digged up the bodies near the Church of Saint Paul, and that being gone away, they confessed they intended to carry them into Greece, and there make them pass, for the Reliques of the Martyrs. He also gives us the History of a Monk, that pretended to come from Spain, with Martyrs Reliques, and it was discovered, that they were only roots of certain herbs , with råts teeth and

some other such like things. He adds, that there were many the like cheats at that time , who ceased not endeavouring to seduce the poor people and the ignorant. They were the fame Monks that were the zea

lous

Hiftor.

1.

lous defenders of Images in the feventh and eighth The Monks Age, on which account they fuffer'd so much, defenders which gives occasion for the fad complaints of cf Images. those both ancient and modern Historians, that are worshippers of Images, on account of the great violence th:t was offer'd to the Monks by the Emperours that were breakers of Images. Con. ftantine surnamed Copronymus, was their mortal Enemy, as well as he was fo to Images. He made

some of them be whipt, and others of them be - dragged through the streets. He is accused of

having burnt a whole Convent, with the best Li-
: brary of the East. He did crush, as far as he was

able, this generation of vipers, and did feverely
chastise those that would not renounce this sort
of life, full of hypocrisy. The Monk Theophanes,
and lately the Jesuite Maimbourg in his History
of the Iconoclase, describe these pretended cruel-
ties in a tragical manner. There is somewhat of
lying without doubt in what these Authors fay;
buthowever, 'tis true, Constantine did use some
feverity against the Monks, because in a violent
manner they opposed the design, which the Em-
perours had to cleanse the Church again from the
abomination of Images. This is not a point that
needs proof; the Historians that are for the wor-
îhipping of Images confess it, and glory in it.

In the following Ages the new orders of Monks Mons are were in the West the corrupters of Religion. They of all the were those that brought Transubstantiation and corrupti. the Corporal Presence of J. Christ in the Sacra- duced into went into the World.

It was one Paschase a the Churche Monk of Corbia , which first lick't this Bear into shape. They are the mendicant Fryars, that have carried the worship of the creatures, of Saints, and the blessed Virgin , 'to those extravagant

heights,

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The Idola

heights, that they are at this day, abhorr'd by ali men of good sense, without excepting the Papifts themselves. One need not have very much understanding in History to be assured of this: The proofs of it may be seen in our just prejudices against popery; for there I have thewed these excesses, that smell of the spirit of reprobation; and that they have had for their authors a Saint Doc minick and his facobins , a Saint Francis and his Cordeliers, and generally all the orders of the Monks:

By what means did these persons establish Idotry of the latry? by hypocrisy and lying : by the bypocris, establisht of liars seared in their consciences. Behold preby the Fa- cisely the very way by which the Roman Clergy, fictions of and generally the Priests and Monks, as well those the Monks of the East as of the West, have establisht Idola

try ; by profound hypocrisy, by lies and fables, How many false visions were there to establish, the invocation of Saints ? How many false mira. eles? You should consult the Legends on this point; and if any will not give himselfthat trouble, let him read eleven Chapters of our prejudi. ces in the second part, from the Irth to the 23th. We have given our felves the trouble to make a considerable collection of the horrid, filthy, shamefull fallities, which the Papism, its Priests and Monks have advanced , to uphold the idolatrous worship of Saints, Reliques and Images. And it should be observ'd, that this Spirit of fables was introduced into the Church, exactly at the same time that the Antichristian Idolatry began to enter into it. The lives of the ancient Monks Paul, Anthony, Hilarion, &c. were written by St.ferom, without honesty and judgment. The History of the Church from this yery time begins to be a Ror

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